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Jim Underschultz - CSIRO (and their collaborators) present 'a rapid tour of projects: Carbon Storage and Groundwater
 

Jim Underschultz - CSIRO (and their collaborators) present 'a rapid tour of projects: Carbon Storage and Groundwater

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Jim Underschultz, CSIRO (and their collaborators), present A rapid tour of projects: Carbon Storage and Groundwater

Jim Underschultz, CSIRO (and their collaborators), present A rapid tour of projects: Carbon Storage and Groundwater

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    Jim Underschultz - CSIRO (and their collaborators) present 'a rapid tour of projects: Carbon Storage and Groundwater Jim Underschultz - CSIRO (and their collaborators) present 'a rapid tour of projects: Carbon Storage and Groundwater Presentation Transcript

    • CSIRO (and our collaborators), a rapid tour of projects:Carbon Storage and GroundwaterJim Underschultz,GCCSI Groundwater Thematic Workshop
    • Carbon Storage Projects in Australia Gorgon QLD DMP GCCSI & ANLEC Coolimba ZeroGen/Wandoan Flagship Geosciences Australia WA DMP Otway Collie Hub CarbonNet Flagship Flagship Vic DPICSIRO through the CO2CRC and collaborations with WADMP
    • Coolimba Study Area 114°00"E 115°00"E 116°00"E 29°00"S Ü GERALDTON 29°00"S IR W Mt Horner IN RI MINGENEW VE MORAWA R DONGARA Dongara Mondarra Mondarra Beharra Springs Legend CARNAMAH Oil and Gas Fields ENEABBA Woodada Towns 30°00"S Roads 30°00"S Coolimba Power Station g Fault Railways Darlin Indian VE R RI Ocean MO OR E MOORA MOORE RIVER 31°00"S LANCELIN 31°00"S GINGIN ER IV R N O AV HEL EN AR IVE R 0 20 40 80 Kilometers PERTH 32°00"S 32°00"S 114°00"E 115°00"E 116°00"E
    • Woodada area deep saline formation storage prospects • Woodada NW • Woodada West • Woodada East • Woodada East Extension (and deep) • Woodada Field deeper strata Issues • Smaller Field • Less Compartmentalisation • In-situ Stress • Hybrid storage solution • Less data • Well leakage
    • Woodada Hybrid Storage Concept
    • Groundwater use in the northern Perth Basin
    • Carbon Storage Projects in Australia Gorgon QLD DMP GCCSI & ANLEC ZeroGen/Wandoan Flagship Geosciences Australia WA DMP Otway Collie Hub CarbonNet Flagship Flagship Vic DPICSIRO as well a CSIRO through the CO2CRC and collaborations with WADMP
    • The Lower Lesueur Prospective storage option VLAMING System SUB-BASIN within the defined study MANDURAH TERRACE High area PERTH Roe High Fault Parmelia Cockburn 1 Rockingham 1 Ha a rve n Badamin yT ran On-shore south of sfe r Lake Preston Pinjarra 1 YILGARN Ha rv CRATON eyR idg DU e N SB VLAMING Lake Preston 1 OR SUB-BASIN OU GHCross Section FA UL T Wonnerup 1 BUNBURY TROUGH
    • North – South structural section across the Harvey Ridge
    • West – East hydrogeological section near Harvey Ridge Thin Fresh-Water wedge Suggests low hydraulic conductivity
    • Petrophysics Lake Preston 1 Logs
    • South West WA Sustainable Yields Study Water for a Healthy Country Flagship Estimate groundwater availability Current and future climate and land development. Surface water - groundwater interactions. Identify information gaps.
    • Submarine Groundwater Discharge in Geographe Bay, BunburyEstimation of the offshore groundwater discharge (SGD) into Geographe BayApplication of satellite IR imagery to detect areas of offshore groundwater dischargeApplication of satellite data to detect bathymetric features indicative of SGDHelp constrain overall water balance
    • Carbon Storage Projects in Australia Gorgon QLD DMP GCCSI & ANLEC ZeroGen/Wandoan Flagship Geosciences Australia WA DMP Otway Collie Hub CarbonNet Flagship Flagship Vic DPICSIRO as well a CSIRO through the CO2CRC and collaborations with GSQ and GA
    • Bowen/Surat Hydrostratigraphy Water CSM O&G CO2 (modified after Willink, 2004)
    • Regional Flow Net: Precipice FormationHodgkinson, et al, 2009 Hodgkinson et al. APPEA Journal 2010
    • Regional Flow Net: Hutton FormationHodgkinson, et al, 2009 Hodgkinson et al. APPEA Journal 2010
    • Basin locations: Surat & Bowen(CSIRO Land and Water)
    • Topography
    • Surface water drainage to different basins
    • GAB intake beds
    • Regional GAB flow (Land and Water)
    • Water balance of the GABGAB Resource Study (1998)
    • Great Artesian BasinWater Resource Assessment(GAB WRA)Project Overview forGlobal CCS Institute Workshop
    • GAB WRARe-appraisal of GAB water resources • Updated conceptualisation of Habermehl (1980) and Radke et al (2000)Next in the series of CSIRO ‘Sustainable Yield’ projects • MDBSY  NASY  SWSY  TasSY • Spans 4 states • Basin-wide collation of data• Groundwater focus • Basin-scale assessment: • Hydrodynamics, Hydrogeochemistry, Recharge, Discharge, • Groundwater modelling to evaluate regional management scenarios: • Effect of increased abstraction for mining and energy development • Impact on groundwater resource from increased abstraction • Impact on key environmental aspects (e.g. springs)
    • GAB WRA• Delivered by end of 2012• Parallel workflow • Updated geology and hydrodynamics • Concurrent flow modelling during re-conceptualisation • Geology • Jurassic & Cretaceous aquifers • Over/underlying aquifers where justified by vertical leakage • Hydrodynamics • P(z) profiles, hydrochem, isotopes • Eastern recharge studies • Western discharge studies (link with GAB D3)
    • Estimating Diffuse DischargeNatural discharge in the GAB thought to occur by two mechanisms: • Preferential flow along faults/fractures • Diffuse leakage through aquitardSub-program D3 aims to: • Estimate the magnitude of diffuse upward leakage • Investigate techniques for upscaling
    • Estimating Diffuse DischargeCombined hydraulic and hydrochemical approach • High-resolution, point-scale field investigation • Accurately quantify 1D flux2 coring sites at GAB discharge margin • West side of Lake Eyre • Located adjacent to existing GAB pastoral bores for depth control • Coring to base of confining aquitard63 mm continuous core through the Maree Subgroup • Oodnadatta Fm • Coorikiana Sandstone • Bulldog Shale
    • Estimating Diffuse Discharge Vertical profile approach • Porewater chemistry (major ions) • Isotopes ( 2H 18O of water, 4He, 36Cl) • Hydraulic head and temperature • Physical parameters (K, particle size) • Transport parameters (ne, De) 1D modelling Site 1 Site 2
    • Carbon Storage Projects in Australia Gorgon QLD DMP GCCSI & ANLEC ZeroGen/Wandoan Flagship Geosciences Australia WA DMP Otway Collie Hub CarbonNet Flagship Flagship Vic DPICSIRO as well a CSIRO through the CO2CRC and collaborations with GSV and GA
    • Latrobe Strata
    • Pre-Human Groundwater System (Head mSS) ~80 GL/yr recharge Upper Latrobe Aquifer System - Virgin Hydraulic Head (m ) Distribution sin N nd Ba Northern Platform p sla f Gip eo dg x. E p ro Sole Field Ap Lake Wellington Fault System 50km Maffra 40 (89) 25 North Strzelecki Terrace ~25 GL/yr Sale (75) 42 (85) 24 Rosedale Fault System 1 60 97 50 -12 60 -23 Moonfish 97 70 40 34 Traralgon Rosedale 38 50 40 11 134 Tuna 79 Morwell Latrobe -1 47 77 (79) 55 12 (80) 48 33 5 34 Valley bc rop 45 10 Seahorse 90 25 Whiting 89 10 -40 63 80 e su 3(81) 70 rob 60 15 Snapper 81 43m head 2 70 Lat 60 -44 21 59 Angelfish Barracouta 69 Marlin 69 80 34 34m head 22 (83) 82 18 Churchill Seaspray (79) 46 (86) 50 (86) 25 50 14 17 -46m head 64m head sin 30 60 Flounder Ba 40 la n d Depression 40 Central ~85 GL/yr 48 -23 59m head Halibut 70 ps 34 15 8 -11 -24 ip o fG Tarwhine 90 Deep 12 40 -3 -2m head -17 Fortescue 83 53 -5 -74 -45 g e -9 59m head Ed ? -6 15 Corbia 79 -23 x. ? 50 o Bream 88 pr (85) 21 Dolphin 90 22m head -49 Mackerel 77 Ap 58m head ~10 30 GL/yr 52m head op bcr Bream B 96 e su (84) 26 rob Lat 30 (82) 20 Darriman Fault System West Kingfish 82 45m head 47m head Kingfish 71 (93) 23 11 Head (used indirectly) 48 Head (used directly) (83) 15 Foster Fault System South Strzelecki Terrace Scale 0 25km
    • Mid 1990’s System (Head mSS) Upper Latrobe Aquifer System - Inferred Hydraulic Head (m ) Distribution for m id 1990’s sin N an d Ba Northern Platform p sl f Gip eo dg x. E p ro Sole Field Ap Lake Wellington Fault System 50km Maffra (95) 19 20 20 Data from the m ine site area is taken from “Latrobe Valley regional groundwater and land surfac e m onitoring report five year review as at June 2000. # 1000/8505/99 Geo-eng pty ltd. 0 10 (95) 20 North Strzelecki Terrace 10 0 Sale (95) 7 Rosedale Fault System -10 (95) 21 (95) 14 (95) 20 -10 -16m head -20 -12 -23 Moonfish 97 -30 Traralgon Rosedale 38 40 Tuna 79 Morwell Latrobe (95) 40 -1 -50 50 p (95) 32 Seahorse 90 o Whiting 89 -50 Valley e su bcr Snapper 81 -40(95) 60 rob Lat 43m head -44 Angelfish 60 (95) 80 (95) 23 Barracouta 69 Marlin 69 22 -4 0 34m head 20 Churchill (95) 29 30 (95) 45 70 60 sin Seaspray (95) 15 14 -46m head -10 -30 Ba -20 la nd Depression 10 20 Central Halibut 70 ps -50 ip o fG Tarwhine 90 Deep -10 -2m head Fortescue 83 -74 g e (95) 14 -100 59m head Ed ? Corbia 79 Locally depressed o x. ? 0 Bream 88 pr hydraulic head surface 7 (97) Dolphin 90 Mackerel 77 also noted by S report KM Ap (95) 11 (January 2004) op (95) 20 bcr Bream B 96 e su 20 rob Lat (95) 16 Darriman Fault System -30 West Kingfish 82 Kingfish 71 20 (95) 21 11 Head (used indirectly) 10 (95) 11 48 Head (used directly) Foster Fault System South Strzelecki Terrace Scale 0 25km
    • GSV Top Seal PotentialFrom Goldie et al. 2010, APPEA Journal , 50, 463-486.
    • Water levels in deep and shallow bores in Latrobe Valley in Gippsland Basin, Victoria 60 50 40Water level (m AHD) 30 20 10 0 B112998 - Shallow B128029 - Shallow B128030 - Shallow B128031 - Shallow LY2676 - Deep TS36 - Deep -10 09/1991 01/1993 06/1994 10/1995 03/1997 07/1998 12/1999 04/2001 09/2002 01/2004 05/2005 10/2006 02/2008 07/2009 11/2010 Date
    • Simulation results of the Golden BeachFormation
    • Sedsim Results of the Latrobe Group(overlying Golden Beach)
    • Sedsim results of the Seaspray Group(overlying Latrobe and Golden Beach)
    • Gippsland Basin - Hydrodynamic Model (variable-density)Wireline logs of 125 petroleum wells in the onshore and offshore Gippsland Basin have been analysed to obtain the shale volume (Vshale) at wells.
    • Gippsland Basin - Hydrodynamic Model (variable-density) 10000 4 3.5 1000 3 2.5 100 2 AVg Log K Avg K Avg K y = 8152.4e-5.4733x 1.5 Series3 y = -2.8667x + 2.8142 R2 = 0.9461 Series4 R2 = 0.9946 10 Avg Log K 1 Expon. (Avg K) Linear (Avg Log K) 0.5 1 0 -0.5 0.1 -1 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 Avg VCL 0.35 0.30 y = 0.0273x + 0.1304 R2 = 0.4416 0.25 0.20 Phi 0.15 y = 0.027x + 0.1313 R2 = 0.4725 0.10 y = 0.0342x + 0.1141 R2 = 0.6406 0.05 0.00 -3.00 -2.00 -1.00 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 Log k• Correlation of Vshale with conventional core-derived permeabilities• MICP tests have been related to depositional facies• Correlation of core-derived permeability and porosity has been used to distribute porosity in the Latrobe and Lakes Entrance formations.
    • Gippsland Basin - Hydrodynamic Model(variable-density) • Nine hydrostratigraphic units, comprising aquifers and aquitards, have been defined for the 3D Modflow/SEAWAT model of the Gippsland Basin. • Over the next 3 months the model will be calibrated under pre-stress steady state conditions.
    • Mitigation of Resource Conflicts for CO2 StorageNew ANLEC R&D research through WAERA• Study areas: Flagship CCS sites - Perth Basin (Collie Hub), Gippsland Basin (CarbonNet ) and Surat Basin (Wandoan).• Gap Analysis• Potential impacts of carbon storage on water, conventional and unconventional hydrocarbons, coal, geothermal and other resources.• Develop guidelines for adoption of mitigation options for potential conflicts and high risk issues.• Recommend suitable monitoring strategies.
    • Challenges with Carbon Storage and Groundwater• Saline water displacement• Regional pressure changes that shift the migration direction of saline water• Regional pressure changes that increase the flux of saline formation water out of sealing strata• Other possible current and future resource conflicts
    • Challenge:Integrated Subsurface Management Competing use of pore space Minable Coal Groundwater Coal Seam Methane Conventional Petroleum Geothermal CO2 Storage Shale Gas Marine Park
    • Thank YouCSIRO ENERGYHelping Australia to achieve a secure, clean, wealth-creating energy economy, tailored for a carbon-constrained world Phone +61 8 6436 8700 Email James.underschultz@csiro.au Web www.csiro.au/cpr