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Illinois Basin – Decatur Project, USA

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  • 1. Robert J. Finley and the MGSC Project Team! Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium! Illinois State Geological Survey! University of Illinois, USA! Knowledge Sharing in MVA for CCS Demonstrations! Mobile, Alabama! 16 May 2012!
  • 2. •! The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy through the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) via the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program (contract number DE-FC26-05NT42588) and by a cost share agreement with the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, Office of Coal Development through the Illinois Clean Coal Institute. !•! The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) is a collaboration led by the geological surveys of Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky!•! Landmark Graphics software via University Donation Program and cost share plus Petrel software via Schlumberger Carbon Services!
  • 3. •!A collaboration of the Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium, the Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM), Schlumberger Carbon Services, and other subcontractors to inject 1 million metric tons of anthropogenic carbon dioxide at a depth of 7,000 +/- ft (2,000 +/- m) to test geological carbon sequestration in a saline reservoir at a site in Decatur, Illinois!
  • 4. •! IBDP fully operational 24/7! •! IBDP is the first 1 million tonne carbon capture and storage project from a biofuel facility in the US! •! Injection through fall 2014! •! Intensive post-injection monitoring under MGSC through fall 2017!Cumulative Injection (5/11/12): 149,876 tonnes
  • 5. •! IBDP is the first demonstration-scale (1 million tonne) US project to use carbon dioxide (CO2) from an industrial source within the DOE Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (RCSP) program!•! IBDP is a fully integrated demonstration, from a compression- dehydration facility and a short pipeline to delivery of supercritical CO2 to a three-well injection and observation system on an intensely monitored site!•! IBDP is the product of four years of effort, from date of funding to CO2 in the reservoir, including site characterization, permitting, 5,424 m (17,900 ft) of drilling, reservoir geology, engineering, and geophysics, risk assessment, outreach, and baseline monitoring!
  • 6. Illinois Basin Pennsylvanian coal seams Stratigraphic ColumnMississippian sandstone and carbonate oil reservoirsNew Albany Shale back-up sealsMaquoketa ShaleSt. Peter SandstoneEau Claire Shale sealMt. Simon Sandstone reservoir
  • 7. MGSC monitoring wellMGSC Injection and geophone wells 0.5 milephoto by Illinois Dept. of Transportation, 8 November 2010
  • 8. 800 m 800 mD! D E CC ! C B! B B A! A A
  • 9. Soil flux! Groundwater! Eddy Covariance!
  • 10. Verification well rig on siteInjection well Twenty-one artificial reflectors installed in updip plume direction
  • 11. RST* 6,800! Top of Log! CO2 6,900! 7,000! 7,100! Injection Perforations *Reservoir Saturation Tool!Logged March 1, 2012 with ~75,000 tonnesmetric tons injected! from Schlumberger Carbon Services!
  • 12. Geophone in special carrierstrapped to 3.5 inch (8.9 cm)tubing •! 3,500 ft (1,060 m) well with 31 geophones cemented into uncased hole on tubing string Injection Well
  • 13. Baseline 2 Image Monitor 1 Image Difference Image 2000 2000 3000 3000 4000 4000 5000 5000 6000 6000 7000 7000Depth (ft) -1000 -500 0 500 1000-1000 -500 0 500 1000-1000 -500 0 500 1000 Offset (ft) !! Shown above in the left two panels is a west-east image section !! Rightmost panel is the difference of the two !! The input to migration is the processed and cross-equalized, notch filtered upgoing data from Schlumberger Carbon Services! 13
  • 14. NRMS computed between NRMS computed between 5000-5500 ft (1524-1677 m) depth 6950-7100 ft (2119-2165 m) depth NRMS NRMS 0 0800 800 14 14600 27 600 27 41 41400 400 55 55200 200 69 69 0 82 0 82-200 96 -200 96 110 110 -800 -400 0 400 800 -800 -400 0 400 800 VSP well Injection well Verification well Preliminary Analysis! from Schlumberger Carbon Services! 14
  • 15. November 2010Nine Sampling Levels In the!Mount Simon Sandstone! Two Sampling Levels! Above the Eau Claire Shale! P port Two Fluid Sample Sets! Collected Preinjection! sampling port *Mark of Schlumberger!
  • 16. June-August 2011
  • 17. Constituent Shallow Ironton- Mt. Simon Groundwater Galesville (injection formation) •! Shallow groundwater!Conductivity (mS/cm)! 1.5! 80! 170! (16 well average)!TDS (mg/L)! 1,000! 65,600! 190,000!Cl- (mg/L)! 170! 36,900! 120,000! •! Ironton-Galesville ! (2 zone average; swabBr- (mg/L)! 1! 180! 680! only)!Alkalinity (mg/L)! 380! 130! 80!Na+ (mg/L)! 140! 17,200! 50,000! •! Mt. Simon !Ca2+ (mg/L)! 100! 5,200! 19,000! (9 zone average)!K+ (mg/L)! 1! 520! 1,700!Mg2+ (mg/L)! 50! 950! 1,800!pH (units)! 7.2! 6.9! 5.9!
  • 18. CO2 in Annulus3! CO2 in Reservoir 2! Non-CO2 Fluid Movement Westbay Zones Westbay Zones 2 and 3! equivalent to lower and upper! perforations, respectively! from Schlumberger Carbon Services!
  • 19. 1.21 MPa (175 psi) increase! 1.21 MPa (175level increase! at psi) of perforations! at level of perforations! 33 m above perforations! 33 m above perforations! from Schlumberger Carbon 100 m above perforations!100 m above perforations! Services multilevel groundwater! characterization and! monitoring system!
  • 20. Verification! Well!Injection Well!
  • 21. Valley eroded into Precambrian! Precambrian High!
  • 22. From Schlumberger Carbon Services!~ 675 ft msl 31 Verification 30 Well #1 24 levels of the 3-Component geophones are collecting microseismic data. Geophysical Active Levels are 8 to 31. Well #1 Inactive, are levels 1 to 7, not shown. With OYO 3C geophones 29 St. Peter 8 ADM CCS #1 (Injection well) Sandstone With PS3 OYO 4C geophones Two of the 4-Component geophones are within the Mt. Simon, the third is positioned above the caprock 3 Top of the Mt. Simon (Eau Claire Shale). Sandstone 2 1 Perforation Zone Within the Mt. Granite Wash Simon TD= 7236 feet MD (Base of the Mt. Simon) 24
  • 23. 1Schlumberger PS3 System!
  • 24. ft! Min -3.85 Max -1.73 Diff 2.12 Avg. -3.213465784 STD 0.348842139 1! 3!2! from Schlumberger Carbon Services!
  • 25. Preliminary Analysis! 3! 2! 1! Injection Well with Sensors!from Schlumberger Carbon Services!
  • 26. courtesy Schlumberger Carbon Services!
  • 27. •! Reservoir Model:! •! Eclipse 2011.2! •! 20 " 20 mile coverage! •! ~ 3M Cells, 143 " 143 "148! •! Cell Horizontal Dimensions are from 5 ft and 50 ft at wells to 1500 ft at the model boundaries! •! Cell Vertical Dimensions from 3 ft to 30 ft! •! Infinite acting boundary conditions! from Schlumberger Carbon Services! Reservoir Model! Static Model!
  • 28. March 2012 from Schlumberger Carbon Services!
  • 29. 2013 from Schlumberger Carbon Services!
  • 30. 2014 from Schlumberger Carbon Services!
  • 31. IL-ICCS! IL-ICCS!IBDP!IBDP! Injection! Verification!
  • 32. (IL ICCS) Project will Prove CCS at Scale •! Commercial scale operations of one million metric tons 2017! 2019! per year will be achieved! •! Will build on the leading-edge technology of the Illinois Basin - Decatur Project by expanding injected volumes! IL-ICCS! •! Will add an education and training component through Richland Community College, National Sequestration Education Center! •! IBDP and IL ICCS will be a first in the world to assess two injected carbon dioxide plumes in the same reservoir that resemble volumes derived from a commercial coal- fired power plant! IBDP!
  • 33. 2012 SAVE THE DATE!MIDWEST CARBONSEQUESTRATION September 17 – 19 2012 Champaign, IL USASCIENCE This 2–day event features:CONFERENCE A full day of presentations on the IBDPThe Midwest Geological SequestrationConsortium (MGSC), one of the US 1-million tonne saline reservoir injectionDepartment of Energy Regional demonstration, including geology,Carbon SequestrationPartnerships, the Sequestration geophysics, environmentalTraining and Education monitoring, outreach/education, andProgram (STEP), andSchlumberger Carbon compression/infrastructure. A visit to theServices are hosting a Project site at the Archer Daniels Midlandknowledge sharing Company in Decatur, Illinois will be offered.event at the IllinoisBasin-DecaturProject (IBDP). A STEP developed educational opportunity will be available to all attending. Networking opportunities including an opening mixer, conference reception and dinner, and meeting lunches.
  • 34. Photo credits: Daniel Byers