Global ccs institute aep feed webinar presentation

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Global ccs institute aep feed webinar presentation

  1. 1. Mountaineer Commercial Scale CCS Project Project Overview and Summary of FEED Activities Global CCS Institute CO2 Capture Plant FEED Study Webinar Presented By: Matt Usher, P.E. & Guy Cerimele, P.E., P.M.P. American Electric Power December 15, 2011American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or theaccuracy of the information contained therein. Use of the presentation and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient.American Electric Power Company, its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained inthe report, including but not limited to, any errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred asthe result of the use of any of the information.
  2. 2. AcknowledgementUS Department of Energy: National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) sponsored the project under Round Three of their Clean Coal Power Initiative. This material is based upon work supported by the US Department of Energy Award Number DE-FE0002673. 50% cost shareIntegrated Project Team: Alstom Power - Chilled Ammonia Process technology owner & conceptual design WorleyParsons Group – Architectural & Engineering services for the balance of plant and CO2 pipeline engineering & design Battelle Memorial Institute - CO2 storage scope The Geologic Experts Team - Advisory body Input to challenges, strategies, plans, designs, operations, results and recommendations of AEP and its project team for injection and storage of CO2. Global CCS Institute - Funding for project support and facilitation of knowledge sharing American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of the information contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company, its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 2 errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  3. 3. DisclaimerDisclaimerUS Department of Energy: This report was prepared as an account of worksponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the UnitedStates Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes anywarranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for theaccuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, orrocess disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately ownedrights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service bytrade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constituteor imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United StatesGovernment or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressedherein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government orany agency thereof.American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 3errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  4. 4. AgendaAEP & Mountaineer Plant OverviewProject Information & ObjectivesChilled Ammonia Process OverviewFEED Technical ObjectivesSummary of FEED ActivitiesFEED DeliverablesKey FEED Studies & Investigations Steam Supply and Condensate Return Reagent / Refrigerant Byproduct Bleed Stream Study CO2 Compression Study CCS Control SystemsFEED Conclusions & Key Technical TakeawaysEstimate ApproachProject Cost EstimateMajor Risks and OpportunitiesRisk ModelingClosing RemarksAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 4errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  5. 5. AEP Overview5.2 million customers in 11statesIndustry leading size and scaleof assets: #2 Domestic generation with 38,000 MW #1 Transmission with 39,000 miles #1 Distribution with 216,000 milesCoal & transportation assets Over 7,500 railcars involved in operations Own/lease and operate over 2,850 barges& 75 towboats AEP Generation Capacity Portfolio Coal handling terminal with 20 milliontons of capacity Coal/ Gas/ Nuclear Other – Lignite Oil (hydro, wind, Consume 76 million tons of coal per year etc.)18,712 employees 66% 22% 6% 6% American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of the information contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company, its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 5 errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  6. 6. Mountaineer PlantAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 6errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  7. 7. Mountaineer Plant Operated by Appalachian Power Company, a subsidiary of AEP. Located on State Route 62 near New Haven, West Virginia A single 1300 MW net pulverized coal plant Emission Controls ESP – Original Equipment SCR – Installed 2001 FGD and SO3 Mitigation installed 2007 Primary fuel is bituminous coal Host site for Alstom’s 20 MWe Product Validation Facility (PVF) for Chilled Ammonia Two (2) onsite CO2 injection wells Operated 2009 – 2011 Currently in post-injection monitoringAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 7errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  8. 8. MT CCS II Project OverviewPurpose: Advance the development of the Alstom Chilled AmmoniaProcess (CAP) CO2 Capture technology and demonstrate CO2 storageand monitoring technology at commercial scaleProject Participants AEP, USDOE, Alstom, Battelle, WorleyParsons, Potomac Hudson, Geologic Experts Advisory TeamLocation: Mountaineer Power Plant and other AEP owned propertiesnear New Haven, WVPreliminary cost estimate: $668 million 50/50 DOE cost share up to $334MProject Technical Objectives 90% CO2 removal from the stack gas Store 1.5 million metric tons of CO2/year Demonstrate commercial scale technologyAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 8errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  9. 9. Chilled Ammonia Process Overview Gas to CO2 Chilled Stack Water Reagent CO2 CO2Flue Gas Gas Cooling Cooled CO2 CO2 CO2from FGD Flue Gas Absorber Regenerator and Cleaning Clean CO2 to Storage Reagent Heat and Pressure American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of the information contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company, its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 9 errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  10. 10. FEED Technical ObjectivesConceptual Design Basis Complete Complete technical studies and investigations related to Establishing process design parameters Balance of Plant (BOP) systems integration Location/Arrangement of equipment Environmental Impact Statement (to satisfy NEPA) Engineering and design documents to support cost +/- 25% cost estimate Engineering in position to freeze design early in Detailed Engineering phase.American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 10errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  11. 11. MT CCS II Summary of FEED ActivitiesProcess Design w/ Alstom & WorleyParsons Site Design Conditions and Criteria (AEP) Weather Data (temps, rainfall, wind rose) Site Characteristics (location, elevation, seismic criteria, etc.) Available Water & Utilities Info AEP Design Criteria (by discipline) Applicable codes & standards Periodic site walk-downs Equipment locations Steam and other BOP tie-ins Integrated E&D workshops (CAP and BOP) Wiesbaden, Germany Knoxville, TN Reading, PA Columbus, OH CAP/BOP Design Basis, M&E Balances and Process Flow DiagramsAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 11errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  12. 12. MT CCS II Summary of FEED ActivitiesProcess Hazards Analysis Utilized WorleyParsons’ HAZID Process Team Meeting at WorleyParsons in Reading, PA Identified potential process and logistical hazards & risks Precursor to a formal HAZOP (Phase II) Used in Phase I to identify focal points for detailed engineering/design Constructability Reviews Participation from AEP Construction, WorleyParsons and Alstom Modularization Equipment Delivery (i.e. Barge Unloading) Construction-related risks Weather Labor Assembly logistics and crane utilization Materials of construction (alloys, vessel packing etc.) 3D Model / Accessibility Reviews (Monthly) Used to determine maintenance access, egress, walk-ability.American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 12errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  13. 13. Summary of FEED Deliverables (Capture)Process Flow Diagrams (PFDs)Material and Energy Balances Summer (full load) Average Ambient (full load) Low Ambient Part LoadGeneral Arrangements (GAs)Process & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)Electrical One-Line DrawingsSystem Descriptions (Control Philosophy)3D Model (included piping 2.5 inches and larger)American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 13errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  14. 14. Key Studies & InvestigationsSteam Supply to CAP Based on steam cycle evaluation and process optimization, the conceptual design basis would be to extract steam at two different pressure levels: higher pressure steam for regeneration from the IP/LP crossover utilizing throttling valves (butterfly type) Lower pressure to supply steam for process stripping.Condensate Return from CAP returned to the Mountaineer feed water heating system to reclaim the condensate as well as offset a portion of the overall energy demand. To minimize contamination concerns, a condensate storage “buffer” tank is included in the design, which is continuously monitored for contamination.American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 14errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  15. 15. Key Studies & InvestigationsCAP Reagent Study Anhydrous ammonia selected: optimum reagent to maintain/control ammonia molarity in the CAP and to recover from molarity upsets during process upsets, load fluctuations and maintenance activities least risk of impurity addition, which can cause process upsets, and effluent for streams requiring additional treatment. lowest capital and operating cost of the reagents comparedCAP Refrigerant Study Ammonia offers the lowest energy consumption (highest efficiency) and the lowest installed capital cost, with minimal environmental impact with respect to ozone depletion, greenhouse effect, or global warming.American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 15errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  16. 16. Key Studies & InvestigationsChilled Ammonia Process Byproduct Handling Focused on beneficial use and disposal options Recovery of Crystallized Ammonium Sulfate for Resale Recovery of 40 wt% Ammonium Sulfate for Resale Alternate process to react ammonium sulfate with lime to recover ammonia and produce gypsum that could be combined with Mountaineer’s gypsum waste product from the FGD. 40 wt% solution selected as design basis Lower energy demand Optimal product for end-userAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 16errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  17. 17. Key Studies & InvestigationsCO2 Compression Maximum injection pressure into the geological formations targeted for the project is expected to be approximately 3000 psi (207 bar). Injection pressures in the 1200 psi – 1500 psi (83 – 103 bar) range are expected early in the life of the target injection wells (from PVF operating experience). Compression to an intermediate pressure, followed by variable speed pumping to the final injection pressure offers greater flexibility and efficiency over the life of the system as compared to full compression to the maximum expected injection pressure. Integrally geared technology is proven, cost effective, and offers, with the use of a variable-speed drive on the CO2 pump, a wide range of outlet pressures.American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 17errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  18. 18. Key Studies & InvestigationsCCS Control Systems All control and monitoring associated with process systems and equipment will generally be from the Distributed Control System (DCS) terminal located in a dedicated CCS control room located near the CAP. CCS Control Room Features Designed as a continuously occupied control center designed to accommodate two (2) operators and a shift supervisor. Included all the necessary displays for safe operation of both the capture and storage systems. Normal control and monitoring will be from the DCS Operator Interface Terminal (OIT)American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 18errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  19. 19. FEED ConclusionFEED conceptual design basis was sound and poised forkickoff of detailed engineering and design. CAP design will meet stated objectives Scope of integration is practical and achievable Parasitic load estimates are accurate and realistic Design basis more than adequately supports a +/- 25% cost estimate Opportunities for improvement exist and could be realized in the detailed design phaseAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 19errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  20. 20. Key Technical TakeawaysOverall the conceptual design and integration of the CAP and itsassociated BOP systems into the Mountaineer power generating stationwas a success.Keep integration expectations practical.Collaborative process was instrumental in identifying many of thetechnical risk factors up front.Keep plant personnel involved and informedSelection of process steam source that minimized extraction ties,eliminated significant turbine modifications, and kept the operation of thesteam supply as simple as practical.Based on experience with injection at Mountaineer, pressures below 3000psig (207 bar) were likely to be sufficient to inject CO2 into the targetedunderground reservoirs Reduced overall energy demand due to lower pressure Compression to an intermediate pressure, followed by variable speed pumping offers greater flexibility and efficiencyAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 20errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  21. 21. Estimate ApproachApproach: Front end engineering & design supports a target +/- 25% cost estimate Major equipment costs are based on budgetary quotes Estimated quantities for capture system are based on 3-D model Labor costs for capture are based on quantities and Worley Parson’s data base Estimate aligns with contracting strategy Escalation is applied with respect to the project execution scheduleProcess and Tools: Collaborative team effort involving Alstom, WorleyParsons, Battelle, and AEP engineering and construction inputs Utilized detailed work breakdown structure (WBS) Applied lessons learned from Product Validation Facility Advanced estimate risk modeling techniques per latest industry standard Collective project team review of estimate (i.e. Red Team Review) American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of the information contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company, its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 21 errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  22. 22. Injection & Monitoring System Types of Wells Number Injection 2 Deep Monitoring 9 Intermediate 4 Monitoring Characterization 1• Yellow circle shows the extent of the modeled CO2 plume for 5 year injection.• The green triangle represents injection well (1 at each site)• The red triangle represents monitoring well• Yellow and black triangle represents intermediate monitoring wellAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 22errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  23. 23. Drilling of BA-02 Characterization WellAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 23errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  24. 24. Logging and Coring: BA-02 Core sample showing connected vugs; refer to CCS Storage ReportAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 24errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  25. 25. Project Cost Estimate (USD) System (Phases I, II & III) Estimate ($ x million) Capture Storage Subtotal (Overnight Cost) $825 Escalation $71 Subtotal (As Spent) $896 Risk Based Contingency $103 Total Constructed Cost $999 Phase IV Operations $66 Total Project Cost $1,065 Bottoms-up estimate based on approx. 10 - 15% engineering and use of 3D model.American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 25errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  26. 26. Major Risks & OpportunitiesRisks Opportunities Escalation Initial Overdesign Wide ranging scenarios Address in detailed Underground Injection Control engineering Permit Modularization Application first Apply AEP Experience Scope of Storage Well System Installed spares Additional wells RAM study would confirm Craft Labor extent Schedule built with 5 – 8s and Structural Steel 5% casual overtime Mostly in absorber building Scale-up area Unknown but expected issues post design freezeAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 26errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  27. 27. Risk ModelingRelative Ranking of Risks Probability of under run Risk modeling provides a total cost estimate (Phases I – IV) ranging from $962-million to $1.065-billionAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 24errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  28. 28. In SummaryThe work completed in Phase I continues to support thecommercial readiness of Alstom’s CAP technology at theintended scale and provides AEP and DOE with a goodunderstanding of the project’s risks, capital cost, andexpected operations and maintenance costs during plannedPhase IV operations.The completed front-end engineering and design packageprovides a sound basis for completion of the project whenconditions warrant the continuation of this or a similarproject elsewhere in the U.S.More about AEP at <www.AEP.com>American Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 28errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.
  29. 29. Q&AAmerican Electric Power: This presentation is provided “as-is” and with no warranties, express or implied, whatsoever for the use or the accuracy of theinformation contained therein. Use of the report and the information found therein is at the sole risk of the recipient. American Electric Power Company,its affiliates and subsidiaries, shall not be liable in any way for the accuracy of any information contained in the report, including but not limited to, any 29errors or omissions in any information content; or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of the use of any of the information.

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