CO2 GeoNet and CGS Europe: the relevance of pilot and demo projects

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CO2 GeoNet and CGS Europe: the relevance of pilot and demo projects

  1. 1. CO2GeoNet and CGS Europe: the relevance of pilot and demo projects Sergio Persoglia CO2GeoNet Secretary General COP$19$/$CMP$19$–$IETA$Pavilion$–"15"November,"WARSAW! 1
  2. 2. CO2GeoNet & CGS Europe – towards a panEuropean scientific body on CO2 Geological Storage CO2GeoNet$ is$ the$ European$ scien?fic$ authority$ on$ CO2$ geological$storage$$ !   !   !   !   !   Created as a FP6 Network of Excellence in 2004 Transformed into a non profit scientific Association under French law in 2008 Founding Members: 13 research institutes over 7 countries Now: 24 research institutes over 16 countries CGS$Europe$is$a$FP7$Coordina?on$Ac?on$(2010I2013)$ !   !   !   !   Builds on the sound foundation of CO2GeoNet Involves 34 research institutes from 28 countries Will enable the expansion of the CO2GeoNet Association to cover the whole of Europe International recognition: Activities: ! ! ! ! Joint research Scientific advice Training Information & communication COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 2
  3. 3. A pan-European coverage COUNTRY COVERAGE OF CGS EUROPE Participants joined from the existing networks of: CO2GeoNet CO2NET EAST ENeRG EuroGeoSurveys, etc. COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 3
  4. 4. CO2GeoNet & CGS Europe - an integrated community of researchers !   Multidisciplinary expertise: !  geology, geophysics, geochemistry, geomechanics, hydrology, microbiology, reservoir engineering, oceanography, psycho-social science, … !   Masters every facet of CO2 storage: !  site selection and characterization, modelling and monitoring CO2 fate and site behaviour, environmental impacts, risk assessment, and safety protocols !   Provides integrated research results, synthesized knowledge and advices, shared by a large and independent scientific community Our activities are oriented to consolidate and develop a scientific community able to answer to the requests of knowledge on CO2 storage coming from all sectors of our society COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 4
  5. 5. CO2GeoNet & CGS Europe key activities since Venice Open Forum 2012 Key reports: !   State-of-play on CO2 storage in the 28 European countries covered by CGS Europe !   State-of-the-art of Monitoring Methods to evaluate Storage Site Performance !   State-of-the-art of CO2 Storage Site Selection and Characterisation Methods !   CO2 storage related Directives and Regulatory Regimes related to Operational and Safety Risks (Dec. 2013) !   Opportunities for CO2 storage pilots in Europe (under preparation – in collaboration with ZEP) COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 5
  6. 6. CO2GeoNet & CGS Europe key activities since Venice Open Forum 2012 External contracts for research and scientific advice: !   FP7: RISCS project on ecosystems impacts (2010-2013) !  deployment of the CO2GeoNet Benthic Chamber Lander in a Norwegian fjord !   IEAGHG: Study on mitigation of undesired CO2 migration in the subsurface !   DG Energy: CO2Stop project for mapping storage potential in Europe !   DG Clima: Framework contract in relation to climate change !  4-year contract led by ICF Consulting Ltd (2012-2015) !  Service Requests arrive periodically from the Commission in relation to the CCS Directive and the NER300 programme !  CO2GeoNet/CGS Europe presently involved in the contract "Implementation of Directive 2009/31/EC on the geological storage of carbon dioxide (CCS Directive) – support to the implementation report" COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 6
  7. 7. CO2GeoNet Strategy " Focus on: Knowledge Management ! Knowledge Development: joint research through alignment of institutes’ research programmes and external support, knowledge-sharing workshops, staffexchange programme ! Knowledge Repository: collect, structure, summarize knowledge for easy use ! Knowledge Dissemination: Annual Open Forum, CO2 storage awareness-raising workshops, CO2 storage Spring School, Brochures, central website with links to national websites "" "" COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 7
  8. 8. CO2GeoNet Strategy " This implies: ! Strong interaction with all the stakeholders in Europe and elsewhere ! Active participation in the EU and international initiatives (such as ZEP, EERA, ECCSEL, EU Demo Network, ISO, GCCSI, CSLF ....) ! Direct involvement in the running (and planned) large-scale and small-scale storage projects (such as Weiburn, Sleipner, Snohvit, In Salah, K-12B, Ketzin, Hontomin, Longyearbyen - Svalbard ....) "" COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 8
  9. 9. CO2GeoNet Strategy " ! Is true that the techniques for CO2 geological storage come from the hydrocarbon sector ... BUT ! Every new knowledge we got is due to the projects of REAL CO2 storage !!!! " and ! The NEXT GENERATION of techniques for a large deployment of CCS will come from a meaningful number of new Pilot and Demo projects starting now and in the years to come COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 9
  10. 10. Sleipner project – assessing the limits CO2 storage started in 1996 ~ 1 M t CO2 / year > 13 M t stored so far COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 10
  11. 11. Sleipner project – assessing the limits Injected CO2 11 Accumulated mass (million tons) 10 9 8 7 6 seismic surveys gravity surveys seafloor mapping CSEM survey 5 4 3 2 1 0 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Date - courtesy Statoil - COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 11
  12. 12. Sleipner project – assessing the limits CO2 plume Area : 2,8 km2 Increasing amplitude Length : 3760 m 1 km - reproduced with the permission of the British Geological Survey ©NERC. All rights Reserved - COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 12
  13. 13. Sleipner project – assessing the limits top reservoir Detection limit for Sleipner data ~ 4.000 m3 ~ 2.500 tonnes at top reservoir (0.004% of projected total) - reproduced with the permission of the British Geological Survey ©NERC. All rights Reserved - COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 13
  14. 14. Monitoring at Ketzin – complex geology •  located in the North German Basin •  double anticline above salt pillow reservoir •  sandstones of Upper Triassic Stuttgart formation •  fluvial system •  lateral and vertical heterogeneous Ketzin •  620 – 650 m depth cap-rock •  Upper Triassic shales •  >165 m - Courtesy GFZ - COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 14
  15. 15. Monitoring at Ketzin – wells Observation well P300 Observation well Ktzi 202 Observation well Ktzi 203 Injection/ observation well Ktzi 201 20 m Observation well Ktzi 200 Injection facility e seismic nt passiv Permane array June 2013 - Courtesy GFZ 15
  16. 16. Monitoring at Ketzin – the concept Comprehensive monitoring concept combining permanent and periodic monitoring techniques COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! - Courtesy GFZ 16
  17. 17. Monitoring at Ketzin – 4D seismics 3D Baseline 2005: 41 Templates ~12 km2 3D Repeat Survey 3D Repeat 2009: 20 Templates (~22 kilotons injected) 3D Repeat 2012: 31 Templates (~61 kilotons injected) Survey performed from September to November 2012 Ketzin/Havel 1 km 1 Template: 5 lines, 240 geophones 12 lines, 180 shotpoints - Courtesy GFZ - COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 17
  18. 18. UTM Northing (km) UTM Northing (km) Monitoring at Ketzin – 4D seismics 5818 5817.5 5818 5817.5 3356 3355 UTM Easting (km) 3356 3355 UTM Easting (km) Normalized time-lapse amplitudes Baseline – 2009; 22 kt CO2 Baseline – 2012; 61 kt CO2 Areal extension ~8 hectares ~15 hectares Time-lapse amplitudes at top Stuttgart indicate lateral extent of detected CO2 Lüth et al. (2010), Ivandic et al. (2013) COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! - Courtesy GFZ 18
  19. 19. Monitoring at Ketzin – geoelectric Geoelectric measurements show resistivity increase and give tomographic information Bergmann et al. (2012) COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! - Courtesy GFZ 19
  20. 20. Monitoring at Ketzin – modelling & simulation Project schedule Bielinski (2007) Kopp et al. (2008) Risk assessment Frykman (2008) Process understanding Kempka et al. (2010) Prediction Kempka & Kühn (2012) Klein et al. (2012) Lengler et al. (2010) Modelling and simulation started before injection and accompany entire operation - Courtesy GFZ - COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 20
  21. 21. Monitoring at Ketzin – history matching 06/2009 06/2010 06/2011 06/2012 06/2013 06/2014 Kempka & Kühn (2013) - Martens et al. (2013) COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! - Courtesy GFZ 21
  22. 22. " So, there are many things still to learn from pilot and demo projects ... ! Focus on deep saline aquifers ! Spatial development of CO2 plume (steering, control mechanism) ! Improved resolution of geophysical mapping methods, particularly in aquifers with sparse data ! Improved static and dynamic modelling tools ! Dissolution, residual trapping and associated time-scale processes ! Pressure build-up (monitoring and control) ! Improved knowledge of hydraulic properties of faults ! Cheap wells for exploration and observation ! Abandonment procedures ! Low-cost and long-time monitoring tools for afterclosure periods (transfer of liability) COP"19"/"CMP"19"–"IETA"Pavilion"–"15"November,"WARSAW! 22

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