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CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak
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CCS - liquid logistics shipping concept - Anthony Veder Vopak

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Presentation by Anthony Veder Vopak at the Global CCS Institutes 2011 Member's Meeting in Rotterdam

Presentation by Anthony Veder Vopak at the Global CCS Institutes 2011 Member's Meeting in Rotterdam

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  • 1. Preliminary results GCCSI Study Liquid logistic Shipping Concept Lessons learned to date Rotterdam May 11th, 2011 Michael Tetteroo & Cees van der Ben5/13/2011 1
  • 2. Preliminary results CINTRA logistic concept • Bulk making/breaking for off shore CO2 storage • Intermediate Storage • Combine and link pipeline systems and barging/shipping routes: 4 routes • Provide independent custody transfer metering (for ETS) • Network building block (at rivers and coast lines)5/13/2011 2
  • 3. Preliminary results Hub service: CO2 transfer barge/ship pipe BARGE/SHIP PIPE5/13/2011 3
  • 4. Preliminary results CO2 Transport and Storage systems • Transport from the Emitters via pipelines or barges; Liquefaction at the Emitter’s site • Collecting CO2 in storage tanks at the or at the CO2 Hub CO2 Hub; • Loading sea vessels for transport to depleted offshore gas fields. Connecting Hub to offshore trunk line • Locking the sea vessel to a floating turret or loading tower linked with the sub-sea system of the depleted gas field; • Injecting the CO2 into the porous rocks (depleted gas or oil field or aquifers, at required temp’s and pressures ; • As an alternative, mooring near a platform for discharging the CO2 into a depleted field via the platform utilities5/13/2011 • Ship is designed to carry both CO2 and LPG 4
  • 5. Preliminary results Hub Concept Organic Growth Model: Asset build up follows the volume build-up Source 1 Source 2 Source 3 Source 4 Source n 3 1 2 21. Early scheme: single source flow too small to justify off shore 3. Final mature scheme: pipe multiple sources &2. Intermediate scheme: two sinks, both depleted combined flows do allow for an reservoirs and EOR at off shore pipe => ship moves production wells into alternative CO2 or LPG 3 service 2 3 1 2 Potentially Ship now could ship that become pipe used to sail line for 2 on sink 1 Sink 3: EOR Sink 1 Sink 1 Sink 2 Sink n 5/13/2011 sources at oil field 5
  • 6. Preliminary results GCCSI LLSC study: lessons learned to dateGeneral• Start engineering at the sink• Minimize CO2 composition requirements• Combining multiple emitters in one network is technically feasible.• No metallurgical/corrosion issues found other than water: dry at the sourceSHE• No items of concern encountered• Low vessel collision risk due to high LCO2 density• On shore pipeline through busy areas: 40 barCompression• Up to 100 bar: bull gear compressor (bull gear), beyond: pump.• Moderate ambient temperatures: no power consumption difference between compression or compression/liquefaction/pumping.Pipeline• In dense phase in order to minimize costs.5/13/2011 6
  • 7. Preliminary results GCCSI LLSC study: lessons learned to date Liquefaction • Optimum CO2 liquefaction condition: -50 ˚C, 7 bara. • Combining parallel compression and liquefaction in one machine feasible. Storage • Terminal minimum storage volume: 10,000 m3 • Min. costs/m3: > 2000 m3 shop fabricated spheres • Other considerations may call for horizontal bullets. Legislation Biggest remaining uncertainties: • CO2 custody transfer: who, when and to whom • Monitoring requirements in the mean time5/13/2011 7
  • 8. Preliminary results GCCSI LLSC study: lessons learned to date ship sizes Ship transport capacity [mmt/yr] 3.5 • Loading & discharge 2000 t/hr • Sailing speed 15 kts 3 • Voyage related spare 1 day 2.5 2 30,000 cbm ship 1.5 1 10,000 cbm ship 0.5 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 0 Distance [nm]5/13/2011 8
  • 9. Preliminary results LLSC mission statement • Depleted gas field NS • Stand alone operation • Stay above hydrate formation bottom hole temperature: 13 ˚C • Challenges: all solvable Intermittent flow Pressure over sink life time: 150 – 400 bar at well head 450 400 Ship manifold pressure (bara) 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Time line (years)5/13/2011 9
  • 10. Preliminary results Shipping Source: AnthonyVeder – IP Anthony Veder • LPG/CO2 carrier • 30,000 m3 • Stand alone operation • Onboard conditioning • Key challenge: uptime • Conventional • X - bow Source Anthony Veder, X-Bow® IP of Ulstein Sea of Solutions5/13/2011 10
  • 11. Preliminary results Conventional hull Source: AnthonyVeder – IP Anthony Veder LOA 210 m DP 2 B 33.6 m Sailing speed 17kts (lpg trade)5/13/2011 T 11 m Gradual power generation build 11
  • 12. Preliminary results CO2Conditioning Source: AnthonyVeder – IP Anthony Veder5/13/2011 12
  • 13. Preliminary results Rotterdam distance to sinks Dutch sinks are all within the 400 km range.5/13/2011 13
  • 14. Preliminary results GCCSI LLSC study: lessons learned to date Barging/shipping • No CO2 venting/re-liquefaction in transit • Barge max. LOA 135 m → 150 m in the future • Max barge size Ruhrgebiet → R’dam: 7500 tonnes (Ruhrgebiet → Karlsruhe: 6000 tonnes) • Required ship sizes: 10,000 - 30,000 m3 • Ship min. required off loading temperature: 0 ˚C • => sea water suffices as heat source for LCO2 “vaporization” Ship off loading • HP pressure CO2 unmanned off loading: technically feasible at acceptable uptimes in deep and shallow water. • Depleted reservoir’s existing wells require retubing • Ship → sink batch injection technically feasible, multiple wells likely to be required flow wise. • Tubing: low temperature material of construction.5/13/2011 14
  • 15. Preliminary results GCCSI LLSC study: lessons learned to date Costs: contract duration Pipeline system tariffs are hurt the most by short term contracts5/13/2011 15
  • 16. Preliminary results Transportation Costs: insight evolution LNG CO2 Source: IEA GHG, 2004 CO2 CO25/13/2011 16
  • 17. Preliminary results GCCSI LLSC study: lessons learned to date Costs • CO2 transportation is to be considered as a regular infra structural project: 20+ year contract durations • CO2 liquefaction’s energy intensity is relatively low => cost break even distances are 1. for on shore pipe versus barge: 200 km (and not 1500 km) 2. for off shore pipe versus ship: 150 km (and not 750 km) • Depending on flow and distance the transportation costs may vary from 20 to 120 €/ton (20 year contract) • Combining multiple emitters in one system is paramount to make CCS affordable, especially for industrial (smaller) emitters5/13/2011 17
  • 18. Preliminary results THANK YOU QUESTIONS?5/13/2011 18
  • 19. Preliminary results BACKUP SLIDES5/13/2011 19
  • 20. Preliminary results Which transport solution to choose cost wise5/13/2011 20
  • 21. Preliminary results Transportation tariffs5/13/2011 From capture flange to storage well head; 20 year take or pay 21
  • 22. Preliminary results Transportation tariffs5/13/2011 From capture flange to storage well head; 20 year take or pay 22
  • 23. Preliminary results Transportation tariffs5/13/2011 From capture flange to storage well head; 20 year take or pay 23
  • 24. Preliminary results Transportation tariffs5/13/2011 From capture flange to storage well head; 20 year take or pay 24
  • 25. Preliminary results CO2 Hub Process Flow Diagram5/13/2011 25

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