OUR FUTURE IS CARBON NEGATIVE A CCS Roadmap for Romania
The Bellona Foundation and CCS • 1990s: initial CCS discussions with Norwegian research and industry • 2005: one of the founders of ZEP • 2008: Bellona Scenario shows CCS crucial to combat climate change • 2007-09: influencing EU energy & climate legislation; NER 300 funding • 2009: BEST founded; Member State mapping, Romania central country • 2011: EU Energy Roadmap 2050 • 2010-12: BEST Country Roadmaps
CCS & ROMANIA Impending Energy Gap • Capacity retirement • Diverse Capacity • Coal + Lignite • Fossil Gas • Renewable • Nuclear CO2 Storage Potential • 7.5 Gt (EU GeoCapacity) • 18 Gt (GeoEcoMar) Depleted Oil & Gas Reservoirs • 490 Mt (EU GeoCapacity) • 4 Gt (GeoEcoMar) • Long history of hydrocarbon production Enhanced Oil Recovery • CO2 EOR provides revenue • Reuse of suitable infrastructure • Onshore reduces costs and risks Infrastructure • Extensive gas pipeline network • Reuse of wells where suitable
MODELLING THE FUTURE POWER SECTOR New Coal A 2030 Caveat: Nuclear A 2030 No modelling of renewables and energy Nuclear B 2035 efficiency – taken from draft Romanian Energy Plan 2011-2035 Good potential for RES, but CCS will New Coal A 2030 anyway be needed to ensure baseload – and for other industries (also covered in the New Coal B 2030 BEST Roadmap) New Coal C 2035
BIOFUEL POTENTIAL • Largest potential for sustainable biofuels production in the EU • Low-cost capture options – carbon-negative fuels • Investments under way • Tarom/Airbus/Honeywell/Camelina Company Espana
The message is simple but clear: CCS will be necessary to avoid soaringenergy prices in Romania • Fossil energy production will become much cheaper with CCS than without CCS • Combined with biomass co-firing, CCS can even make buying CO2 quotas completely unnecessary for the Romanian power sector • Though the EUA price is currently very low, the European Commission will soon table options for strengthening the EU ETS and rise the price to ensure emission reductions
RECOMMENDATIONS • Support Getica • CCS readiness requirements for all new thermal generation • Further refine and reassess CO2 storage legislation • Accelerate near-term commercial CCS • Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) • Comprehensively characterise available CO2 storage capacity • Ensuring sufficient storage capacity be available by 2020 • Produce detailed assessments of depleted and tail-end hydrocarbon fields available for CO2 storage • A National Programme addressing the timing and potential re-use of pipelines or corridors as well as injection wells • Electricity market reform • Reward dependable low carbon generation • Define CCS clusters
BEST+ ROADMAPS Vă mulţumesc pentru atenţie! www.bellona.org/CCS email@example.com
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