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Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
Atlantic Council - Randall Rush
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Atlantic Council - Randall Rush

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“Advanced Fossil Energy Technologies” …

“Advanced Fossil Energy Technologies”
Southern Company Perspectives on Energy R&D

Published in: Technology, Business
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  • 1. Atlantic  Council   “Advanced  Fossil  Energy  Technologies”   Washington,  D.C.  -­‐  September  9,  2013 Southern  Company  Perspectives  on  Energy  R&D   Randall  Rush   GM,  Gasification  Technology  
  • 2. Southern  Company  R&D  Attributes   “Learn  by  Doing”   Centrally  located  research  engineers   and  scientists   Laboratories  dispersed  across   operating  assets   Active  collaboration  with  utilities,   universities,  vendors     Heavily  leveraged  by  external  funding   partners   Intellectual  property  positions  that   do  not  impede  technology   deployment   Research  portfolio  provides  hardened   technology  options  delivered  in  close   cooperation  with  in-­‐house   Operations  and  EPC  capability      
  • 3. DOE/Southern Company R&D Project Timeline 1970 2013 Solvent Refined Coal Advanced Coal Cleaning 100 MW Chiyoda Demo SCR Pilot Plant Switchgrass Co-Firing Advanced T-Fired Burner DOE/EPRI Coal Quality Expert Activated Carbon Injection SECARB CO2 Injection Citronelle CO2 Injection SECARB Phase IIIIDMS GenVARR Stack Water Recovery PSDF NCCC Activated Carbon Injection MerCAP Scrubber Additives Low Temperature Oxidation Catalysts CCPI 3 CCS Demo Kemper IGCC- CCPI Advanced Wall-Fired Burner 2010-2018 2007-Present
  • 4. Development 1-10 MWe Demonstration 10-100+ MWe Commercial 250 MWe + Research < 0.1 MWe Coal-­‐based  Technology  Development  Directly  Resulting   from  DOE/Southern  Company  R&D  Partnership  
  • 5. Development 1-10 MWe Demonstration 10-100+ MWe Commercial 250 MWe + SCR systems FGD systems Baghouse w/ activated carbon Research < 0.1 MWe Carbon Dioxide (Capture & Storage) Coal-­‐based  Technology  Development  Directly  Resulting   from  DOE/Southern  Company  R&D  Partnership   Low NOx burners
  • 6. Confidential and Proprietary Development 1-10 MWe Demonstration 10-100+ MWe Commercial 250 MWe + SCR systems Crist Clean Coal Project 1992-1995 9 MW SEI Birchwood 1996 250 MW 18,000 MW 8,000 MW FGD systems Scholz 1978 23 MW Yates Clean Coal 1992 100 MW Baghouse w/ activated carbon Miller 1995 1 MW Gaston 2&3 1996 & 2001 2*250 MW Research < 0.1 MWe Carbon Dioxide (Capture & Storage) Daniel 2009 SECARB II 3000 tons Barry 500 tpd 2011 - 2014 25MW Citronelle 2009 - 2020 SECARB III 100k tpy National Carbon Capture Center Coal-­‐based  Technology  Development  Directly  Resulting   from  DOE/Southern  Company  R&D  Partnership   Industry Southern 100,000 MW 11,000 MW 8,000 MW* 1,600 MW • Denotes estimate • provided by EPRI 500 MW 325,000 MW 22,000 MW Low NOx burners Hammond Clean Coal 1991 500 MWSmith Clean Coal 1992 180 MW Kemper 3 MM tpd 2014 - 2054 584 MW
  • 7. Confidential and Proprietary Development 1-10 MWe Demonstration 10-100+ MWe Commercial 250 MWe + SCR systems Crist Clean Coal Project 1992-1995 9 MW SEI Birchwood 1996 250 MW 18,000 MW 8,000 MW FGD systems Scholz 1978 23 MW Yates Clean Coal 1992 100 MW Baghouse w/ activated carbon Miller 1995 1 MW Gaston 2&3 1996 & 2001 2*250 MW Research < 0.1 MWe Carbon Dioxide (Capture & Storage) Daniel 2009 SECARB II 3000 tons Barry 500 tpd 2011 - 2014 25MW Citronelle 2009 - 2020 SECARB III 100k tpy National Carbon Capture Center Coal-­‐based  Technology  Development  Directly  Resulting   from  DOE/Southern  Company  R&D  Partnership   Industry Southern 100,000 MW 11,000 MW 8,000 MW* 1,600 MW • Denotes estimate • provided by EPRI 500 MW 325,000 MW 22,000 MW Low NOx burners Hammond Clean Coal 1991 500 MWSmith Clean Coal 1992 180 MW Kemper 3 MM tpd 2014 - 2054 584 MW
  • 8. Confidential and Proprietary Development 1-10 MWe Demonstration 10-100+ MWe Commercial 250 MWe + SCR systems Crist Clean Coal Project 1992-1995 9 MW SEI Birchwood 1996 250 MW 18,000 MW 8,000 MW FGD systems Scholz 1978 23 MW Yates Clean Coal 1992 100 MW Baghouse w/ activated carbon Miller 1995 1 MW Gaston 2&3 1996 & 2001 2*250 MW Research < 0.1 MWe Carbon Dioxide (Capture & Storage) Daniel 2009 SECARB II 3000 tons Barry 500 tpd 2011 - 2014 25MW Citronelle 2009 - 2020 SECARB III 100k tpy National Carbon Capture Center Coal-­‐based  Technology  Development  Directly  Resulting  from   DOE/Southern  Company  R&D  Partnership   Industry Southern 100,000 MW 11,000 MW 8,000 MW* 1,600 MW • Denotes estimate • provided by EPRI Kemper 3 MM tpd 2014 - 2054 584 MW 500 MW 325,000 MW 22,000 MW Low NOx burners Hammond Clean Coal 1991 500 MWSmith Clean Coal 1992 180 MW
  • 9. R&D Portfolio: Carbon Capture and Storage Coal Seam Injection Study Pilot Capture Demo Groundwater Impacts Study Underground Carbon Injection 1 MW Solid Sorbent Pilot Kemper County IGCC Geologic Suitability Study National Carbon Capture Center University Training Program Biomineralization Study UAB Cap Rock Lab 25 MW CCS
  • 10. R&D Portfolio: Carbon Capture and Storage Coal Seam Injection Study Pilot Capture Demo Groundwater Impacts Study Underground Carbon Injection 1 MW Solid Sorbent Pilot Kemper County IGCC Geologic Suitability Study National Carbon Capture Center University Training Program Biomineralization Study UAB Cap Rock Lab 25 MW CCS
  • 11. 25 MW CCS Demo Integrated CO2 capture, compression, pipeline transportation, and geologic sequestration 90% CO2 capture Integrated Operations August 2012 171,400 tons of CO2 captured , 78,100 tons injected Plant Barry
  • 12. National  Carbon  Capture  Center   Project  Partners  
  • 13. National  Carbon  Capture  Center   Partial  List  of  Technology  Suppliers  
  • 14. Development  of  the  Transport  Coal  Gasifier  for   Power  and  Chemical  Production   TRIGTM Leverages Long History of Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Expertise Late   30's   1942   1951   Early   1960's   1976   1980's   1990   1996   1996   China  2011  USA  2014   First   Commercial   FCC  Unit   for  Exxon   Orthoflow™   A  Design   Orthoflow™   C  Design   Resid   FCCs   Orthoflow™  F   Design   Design  Based  on   FCC  Technology   Pilot  Plant   Tech  Center   Grand  Forks,  ND   2,600  Hours  Test  Run   PSDF  at  Wilsonville,  AL.     >19,000  hrs  in   gasification  including   >3,000  hrs  on  Miss.   Lignite  thru  Aug‘13   TRIGTM  In  Kemper   County,  MS,  USA    
  • 15. Kemper  County  IGCC     Plant SitePlant Site Test results from the NCCC allow ~40MW more output than would have been possible from higher Steam/CO ratios required in refinery applications • 15+ years of development at the NCCC • 524MW on syngas w/ 65+% CO2 capture • CO2 & other emissions ~equal to NG • 3 MM TPY CO2 for EOR • Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) plus treated effluent from City of Meridian, MS and moisture from coal drying as makeup water
  • 16. Kemper  County  IGCC  
  • 17. DOE/Southern Company R&D Project Timeline 1970 2013 Solvent Refined Coal Advanced Coal Cleaning 100 MW Chiyoda Demo SCR Pilot Plant Switchgrass Co-Firing Advanced T-Fired Burner DOE/EPRI Coal Quality Expert Activated Carbon Injection SECARB CO2 Injection Citronelle CO2 Injection SECARB Phase IIIIDMS GenVARR Stack Water Recovery PSDF NCCC Activated Carbon Injection MerCAP Scrubber Additives Low Temperature Oxidation Catalysts CCPI 3 CCS Demo Kemper IGCC- CCPI Advanced Wall-Fired Burner 2010-2018 2007-Present
  • 18. Southern  Company’s   Diverse  Generation  Portfolio   Potential 2020 Range Average Actual Low Gas Price High Gas Price ‘07-’08 2012 High Coal Price Low Coal Price Natural Gas 16% 45% 57% 34% Coal 69% 36% 22% 45% Nuclear & Other 15% 19% 21% 21% Generation Mix by Fuel Source The reliability of our generation fleet and the flexibility to utilize the least expensive fuel source keeps retail prices low and less volatile
  • 19. National  Carbon  Capture  Center   Wilsonville,  Alabama   Integrated  Gasification  Combined  Cycle   Mississippi  Power  Plant  Ratcliffe   Second  Largest  U.S.  Solar   Cimarron  Solar  Facility   Largest  U.S.  Biomass   Nacogdoches  Generating  Facility   Mercury  Research  Center   Gulf  Power  Plant  Crist   25-­‐MW  CCS   Alabama  Power  Plant  Barry   Water  Research  Center   Georgia  Power  Plant  Bowen   Power  Delivery  and  End-­‐Use   Technology  Lab   U.S.  first  New  Nuclear   Georgia  Power  Plant  Vogtle   Smart  Grid:  Integrated  Distribution   Management  System   Air  Quality  Science  Center   SEARCH  network;  ARIES;  mercury   Savannah  Seaport  Electrification   All-­‐electric  Crane  Demonstration   Campo  Verde  Solar  Facility   Imperial    County,  California   Apex  Solar  Facility   North  Las  Vegas,  Nevada   Spectrum  Solar  Facility   Clark  County,  Nevada   Granville  Solar  Facility   Granville  County,  North  Carolina   R&D  Delivers  Benefits  to  the  Industry   Recent  Southern  Company  Projects  with  R&D  Foundations  
  • 20. National  Carbon  Capture  Center   Wilsonville,  Alabama   Integrated  Gasification  Combined  Cycle   Mississippi  Power  Plant  Ratcliffe   Second  Largest  U.S.  Solar   Cimarron  Solar  Facility   Largest  U.S.  Biomass   Nacogdoches  Generating  Facility   Mercury  Research  Center   Gulf  Power  Plant  Crist   25-­‐MW  CCS   Alabama  Power  Plant  Barry   Water  Research  Center   Georgia  Power  Plant  Bowen   Power  Delivery  and  End-­‐Use   Technology  Lab   U.S.  first  New  Nuclear   Georgia  Power  Plant  Vogtle   Smart  Grid:  Integrated  Distribution   Management  System   Air  Quality  Science  Center   SEARCH  network;  ARIES;  mercury   Savannah  Seaport  Electrification   All-­‐electric  Crane  Demonstration   Campo  Verde  Solar  Facility   Imperial    County,  California   Apex  Solar  Facility   North  Las  Vegas,  Nevada   Spectrum  Solar  Facility   Clark  County,  Nevada   Granville  Solar  Facility   Granville  County,  North  Carolina   R&D  Delivers  Benefits  to  the  Industry   Recent  Southern  Company  Projects  with  R&D  Foundations  Non-­‐Coal  Focus  
  • 21. Benefits  from  Investments  in  Clean  Coal  Technology   +183% -82% -88% Sources: EPA National Air Pollutant Emission Trends EIA Annual Energy Review -96% Coal-fired Generation Emission Rates Between  1970  and  2008    U.S.  SO2,  NOx,  and  particulate   emissions  from  coal-­‐fired  electric  power  plants  were   reduced  by  82  to  96%,  while  coal-­‐fired  generation  almost   doubled.       Between  1990  and  2010  Southern  Company’s  SO2,  NOx,   and  mercury  emissions  from  coal-­‐fired  electric  power   plants  were  reduced  by  60  to  80%,  while  coal-­‐fired   generation  increased  by  40%.      

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