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Arthur lee ccs_needs_challenges

Arthur lee ccs_needs_challenges






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    Arthur lee ccs_needs_challenges Arthur lee ccs_needs_challenges Presentation Transcript

    • CCS: Critical Need and Challenges Arthur Lee Chevron Fellow and Principal Advisor Chevron Corporation 15 November 2013 © 2013 Chevron 1
    • Critical Need for CCS  IEA analysis shows that CCS must be an integral part of any lowest-cost mitigation scenario where long-term global average temperature increases are limited to significantly less than 4 °C, particularly for 2 °C scenarios (2DS). Other studies have reached similar conclusions.  By 2050, a total of over 950 gigawatts (GW) of power generation capacity would have be equipped with capture, or 8% of all power generation capacity globally. © 2013 Chevron  Industrial applications of CCS are just as important in the 2DS, particularly in iron and steel manufacture and biofuel production, as they would account for 45% of the total volume captured and stored between 2013 and 2050.
    • Challenges  Costs: Estimated CO2 capture cost continues to be high for the power sector, the refining industry and other industries. More than $100 to $200 per tonne CO2. Lower cost exists only for applications where there is purer stream of CO2, such as in natural gas separation.  Policy: Few nations in the world have policy driver to limit CO2 emissions, other than the EU.  Low CO2 Price: EU ETS CO2 price is so low (a few euros) that it does not present any incentive to install CCS technology  Infrastructure: Role of government or private sector (?) to develop largescale CO2 transport pipelines © 2013 Chevron   CCS Policy and Regulatory Framework: Most countries in the world do not have any policy and regulatory framework to deploy CCS. Only U.S., parts of Canada, Australia and EU have such policies and regulatory frameworks. Public Acceptance: Largely unknown or mixed results at best (Shell’s Barendrecht Project cancelled due to public pressure).
    • Gorgon Project Australia’s Largest Single Resource Project  3 x nominal 5 MTPA LNG trains and domestic gas plant The Australian Government has committed $60 million to the Gorgon Project's Carbon Dioxide Injection Project as part of the Low Emissions Technology Demonstration Fund.  A domestic gas plant with capacity of 275 MMscf per day  The world’s largest carbon dioxide injection project Joint Venture Participants  Chevron (47.3%)  ExxonMobil (25%)  Shell (25%)  Osaka Gas (1.25%)  Tokyo Gas (1%)  Chubu Electric Power (0.417%) © 2013 Chevron 4
    • Australian Industry Participation $20 billion committed to local industry 10,000 jobs created around Australia Australian Marine Complex Henderson, Western Australia © 2013 Chevron 5
    • LNG Plant Site Materials Offloading Facility Condensate Tanks LNG Jetty Permanent Operations Facility LNG Tanks LNG Train 1 Gas Turbine Generators AGRU Train 1 © 2013 Chevron Pre-assembled Rack Modules 6
    • Full Steam Ahead: LNG Train 1 LNG Train 1 © 2013 Chevron 7
    • Taking Shape: Acid Gas Removal Unit Train 1 © 2013 Chevron 8
    • Taking Shape: Acid Gas Removal Unit Train 1 Amine Absorber AGRU process modules AGRU Train 1 © 2013 Chevron 9
    • Pre-assembled Rack Modules (PARs) Pre-assembled Rack Modules © 2013 Chevron 10
    • Gorgon Upstream Scope Jansz-Io Field Installation of Subsea Equipment Perth Drilling Activities Scarp Crossing Gorgon Field Barrow Island Domestic Gas Pipeline Installation Domestic Gas Metering Station © 2013 Chevron 11
    • Subsea Tree Installation © 2013 Chevron 12
    • Offshore Pipeline Installation Continues © 2013 Chevron 13
    • Carbon Dioxide Injection Project Drill Center A Drill Center B Drill Center C © 2013 Chevron 14
    • Approved Development Concept CO2 Injection and Reservoir Management  9 CO2 Injection Wells (3 drill centers)  Active pressure management (2 drill centers) o 4 water production wells o 2 water injection wells  2 Reservoir Surveillance Wells  7 kilometer buried CO2 Pipeline System  Surface injection facilities  Major compression units within LNG plant  Extensive reservoir and environmental monitoring program © 2013 Chevron 15