C Penrose The Status of CCS Projects Worldwide
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

C Penrose The Status of CCS Projects Worldwide

on

  • 118 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
118
Views on SlideShare
118
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

CC Attribution License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    C Penrose The Status of CCS Projects Worldwide C Penrose The Status of CCS Projects Worldwide Presentation Transcript

    • THE STATUS OF CCS PROJECTS WORLDWIDE CLARE PENROSE – GENERAL MANAGER, ASIA PACIFIC Japan Members Meeting Tokyo, 19 June 2014
    • The world has significant fossil fuel reserves… Source: IEA (2013)
    • …We also need to address climate change  ‘Business as usual’ is incompatible with climate change objectives.  ‘Business as usual’ leads to a world of rising average global temperature. A 4°C world is so different from the current one that it comes with high uncertainty and new risks that threaten our ability to anticipate and plan for future adaptation needs. World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim, November 2012  Renewable technologies are not the sole answer to mitigating the rise in global temperature: o decarbonising power without CCS would cost 40% more than with CCS o in many industrial processes, accounting for over 20% of CO2 emissions, there is no alternative to CCS.
    • The Global Status of CCS 4 The Global Status of CCS: 2013  The Institute monitors Large Scale Integrated CCS projects being deployed around the world as a method of tracking progress in CCS development  Report released annually The Global Status of CCS: February 2014  Provides overview of significant international CCS project, policy and regulatory developments since release of 2013 report
    • Large-scale CCS projects by project lifecycle and year 21 projects in operation or under construction – 50% increase since 2011
    • CO2 capture capacity by actual or expected year of operation CCS is a reality with 40 Mtpa of CO2 that can be captured by active projects
    • Where large-scale CCS projects are being deployed North America continues to dominate the projects landscape; China increasing in importance; project progress has stalled in Europe
    • There is a shift in sectors that are deploying CCS Air Products Century Plant Coffeyville Enid Fertilizer Great Plains Lost Cabin Lula Shute Creek Sleipner In Salah* Snøhvit Val Verde ACTL Agrium Kemper ACTL Sturgeon Boundary Dam ESI Gorgon Illinois Industrial Quest Uthmaniyah Don ValleyHECA Lake Charles TCEP Medicine Bow FutureGen 2.0 NRG PetroChina Jilin ROAD Sinopec Qilu Spectra Yanchang Sinopec Shengli 2015 EOR Dedicated Geological Pre-2014 Power generation 20172016 Hydrogen production Natural gas processing Chemical production Iron and steel production Syngas Fertiliser production Oil refining 2014 2018 2019 2020 = 1Mtpa of CO2 (areas of circle are proportional to capacity) Coal-to-liquids White Rose CCS projects in the power and industrial sectors and projects utilising dedicated geologic storage options becoming more important * Injection suspended Peterhead
    • Key large scale CCS projects 9  Boundary Dam, Saskatchewan, Canada: a post-combustion capture, integrated power station project, due to commence operation in 2014.  Kemper County, Mississippi, US: a pre-combustion capture, IGCC power generation project, due to commence operation in the second-half of 2014.  Yanchang Integrated CCS Demonstration, China: Pre- combustion capture from a coal-chemical plant, for use in an enhanced oil recovery operation in Shaanxi Province.  Emirates Steel Industry, Abu Dhabi, UAE: the world’s first iron and steel project to apply CCS, is scheduled for full-operation by 2016.
    • Key large scale CCS projects 10  Boundary Dam, Saskatchewan, Canada: a post-combustion capture, integrated power station project, due to commence operation in 2014.  Kemper County, Mississippi, US: a pre-combustion capture, IGCC power generation project, due to commence operation in the second-half of 2014.  Yanchang Integrated CCS Demonstration, China: Pre- combustion capture from a coal-chemical plant, for use in an enhanced oil recovery operation in Shaanxi Province.  Emirates Steel Industry, Abu Dhabi, UAE: the world’s first iron and steel project to apply CCS, is scheduled for full-operation by 2016.
    • Business case for CCS TECHNOLOGY  Confidence that the technology will work  Operational projects in power critical to positive perception of CCS and to gain experience. UNDERSTANDING AND ACCEPTANCE  Awareness and understanding of CCS is low, perception of it as ‘experimental’  Operational projects are key to turn this around. POLICY AND MARKETS  Importance of CCS consistently acknowledged in global climate discussions, but  CCS is not treated equivalently to other low- carbon technologies. Business case for CCS Collaboration and aligning three pillars of the business case for CCS
    • Technology ASSESSMENT  Individual components are well understood.  Many aspects are already technically mature.  Safe storage demonstrated by projects for over a decade.  Pilot and larger scale test facilities are important contributors to knowledge.  Confidence that the remaining technical challenges can be met over time. OPPORTUNITIES  Integrated operation at large scale in power and industrial processes is key: o initial CCS demonstrations in power plants – starting in 2014 in Americas o positive perception of CCS as a ‘proven’ technology, building public confidence through large-scale projects in new applications o learning by doing cost savings o more early mover projects will confirm effectiveness, establish best practices.  R&D (collaboration) to advance technologies is a ‘game changer’.  The ‘rocks’ are also important – identification of viable storage sites. 12
    • Policy and markets 13 ASSESSMENT  International policy discussions consistently acknowledge importance of CCS but…  Industry highlights that national climate and energy policies do not provide long term clarity to support widespread adoption of CCS projects.  CCS is often not treated equivalently to other low carbon technologies.  National regulations have advanced but critical uncertainties remain: o in the US, for example, impact of recent EPA proposals o more broadly, addressing long-term liability issues  Existing CCS funding programs for large-scale projects mostly exhausted. OPPORTUNITIES  Re-invigorated policy incentives ( and regulation) to maintain momentum.  Continued development of low-carbon future roadmaps for CCS.  Post Kyoto 2020 agreement for decision in 2015.  Capacity development scope is significant – all can learn from what has worked, building capacity in developing countries is critical for longer-term deployment.
    • Significant global policy and regulatory developments • US EPA releases proposals dealing with power plant CO2 emissions and geologic carbon storage United States • Alberta Government releases final draft of the Regulatory Framework Assessment report Canada • COP 19 held in Warsaw • Focus on universal post-2020 climate agreement in Paris, in 2015 Global • UK Energy Act receives Royal Assent and becomes law United Kingdom • EC proposes climate targets out to 2030 • European Parliament supports MEP Chris Davies’ report on CCS in Europe Continental Europe
    • Understanding and acceptance 15 ASSESSMENT  Stakeholder relationship management accepted as critical to project delivery.  Global awareness and understanding of CCS context is low.  Focus of CCS communication is on risks and challenges not value and benefits.  Perception of CCS as experimental, not cost competitive and associated with fossil fuel instead of role in low-carbon energy.  Building a trusting relationship with key stakeholders is critical for projects. OPPORTUNITIES  Successful global large-scale integrated projects is critical to establish public and political confidence in CCS.  CCS projects are demonstrating improved sharing and use of best practice.  Encourage public advocacy of CCS from trusted groups – academics and NGOs.  Improve access to education materials and experts.
    • Public engagement and understanding
    • Public engagement and understanding
    • New Institute initiatives to strengthen public understanding  An easy-to-access knowledge repository.  Brings together information and publications from the Institute and organisations active in CCS, energy and climate.  http://decarboni.se  Aimed at the general public, explaining CCS in a simple and engaging way.  Addresses challenge of limiting CO2 emissions while keeping global average temperature increase to within two degrees Celsius.  Will house educational resources for students and educators.  http://co2degrees.com