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Primary Sources For the 21st Century
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Primary Sources For the 21st Century Primary Sources For the 21st Century Presentation Transcript

  • Primary Sources in the 21st Century Glenn Wiebe ESSDACK glennw@essdack.org
  • “A morsel of genuine history is a thing so rare as to be always valuable.” Thomas Jefferson 1817
  • make some decisions & place some dots
  • primary or secondary? Old history New history textbook textbook Band of Brothers Diary Photo Blog Artifact Digital photo Printout of email Wikipedia article World Book
  • Direct traces of the event
  • Direct traces of the event Accounts created at the time it occurred, by firsthand observers and participants
  • Direct traces of the event Accounts created at the time it occurred, by firsthand observers and participants Accounts created after the event occurred, by firsthand observers and participants
  • Definitions?
  • Definitions? Primary sources • Contemporary accounts of an event, created by someone who experienced or witnessed the event in question • “a first-hand account of an event, person, or place”
  • Secondary sources • Materials that interpret, assign value to, conjecture upon, and draw conclusions about the events reported in primary sources • “An account of an event, person, or place that is not first-hand”
  • Secondary sources? • Materials that interpret, assign value to, conjecture upon, and draw conclusions about the events reported in primary sources • “An account of an event, person, or place that is not first-hand”
  • need to change any of your dots?
  • 21st Century skills
  • make complex choices frame, analyze and solve problems
  • “I learned that to do history, you have to be objective and be able to look at a puzzle of historical events and put them together in order.” 10th grader
  • analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media
  • “When my students read the Whitman letters, I saw a sheen of tears in their eyes and noted an avid interest in the soldiers as people, not just historical figures.” HS teacher
  • being open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives
  • “Discovering that two students view a document differently creates a kind of dissonance that opens up meaning and creates new understanding in learners.” MS teacher
  • understand the interconnections among systems and content
  • “The Civil Rights Movement finally made sense to me when I looked at lynching postcards from the 1900s and some of the writings of Ida B. Wells.” HS student
  • articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  • “I enjoy putting my ideas out there.” MS student
  • www.socialstudiescentral.com
  • National Archives & Records Administration www.archives.gov/education
  • Library of Congress www.loc.gov/teachers
  • Digital Vaults www.digitalvaults.org
  • Kansas Memory www.kansasmemory.org
  • Footnote www.footnote.com
  • Newspaper Archive www.newspaperarchive.com
  • so what ’s it look like?
  • Pearl Harbor unit
  • Pearl Harbor wiki
  • • make complex choices • frame, analyze and solve problems • analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media • open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives • understand the interconnections among systems • articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  • Google Earth
  • • make complex choices • frame, analyze and solve problems • analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media • open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives • understand the interconnections among systems • articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  • Online resources Man on the Street interviews
  • • make complex choices • frame, analyze and solve problems • analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media • open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives • understand the interconnections among systems • articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  • BibMe
  • Evernote BibMe
  • • make complex choices • frame, analyze and solve problems • analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media • open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives • understand the interconnections among systems • articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  • Pearl Harbor blog
  • • make complex choices • frame, analyze and solve problems • analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media • open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives • understand the interconnections among systems • articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  • Exit card?