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Review the C ase StudyW hich test items, if any, need to be changed?C an you think of a test that included items you felt weren’t worth learning or assessing?H ow do you make decisions about what’s worth assessing?
So . . . ?A select sub-set of all possible important elementsProfessional judgment of relative importance
Step 3Build test items from propositions o“ C learlystated sentences that reflect elements of content aligned to C ourse / U nit EU s & EQ s.” oC reate more than blueprint requires
ExamplesIn a monarchy, the right to govern is secured through birth.The executive and legislative branches differ in that the latter is elected directly by the people.
T rue or FalseIn a monarchy, the right to govern is secured through birth.orIn a monarchy, the right to govern is secured through the approval of those governed.
Fill in the BlankH ow is the right to govern secured in a monarchy?
Multiple C hoiceH ow is the right to govern secured in a monarchy? A . W ith military power B. T hrough birth C . By popular vote D . Through purchase
T rue or FalseThe executive and legislative branches differ in that the latter is elected directly by the people.orMembers of executive and legislative branches are both elected directly by the people.
Fill in the BlankElection of members of the executive and legislative branches differ in what way?
Multiple C hoiceElection of members of the executive and legislative branches differ in what way? A . Legislators are restricted by term limits; presidents are not B. Legislators are elected directly; presidents are not. C . O ne must register to vote for legislators; not for president D . O ne must register to vote for presidents;
Multiple choiceA dvantages oEffectivemeasurement oReduces guessing oC an cover wide range of contentD isadvantages oD ifficult to create
Multiple C hoice suggestionsStem is a clear, explicit & singular questionU se at least four alternativesA void grammatical / sentence structural cuesH ighlight the negative in negatively stated stems
A lternatives are the same format and lengthA ll alternatives should be plausibleA void answer patterns
Is the question any good?Student who knows the content will know the answer before reading the alternatives
“ Your goal is not to trick students or require them to make difficult judgments about two nearly equal options.”
“ Your goal is to write questions that students who understand the material will answer correctly and students who do not understand will answer incorrectly.” D r. John Johnson Penn State U niversity