Are you legal?


            Glenn Wiebe
               ESSDACK
      glennw@essdack.org
                  ©2007
Sticky ideas?
Copyright is not
 the enemy / Fair
 Use is your friend
You’re probably
 breaking the law
 but you’re not going
 to jail
There is a lot of
 stuff out there
 you can use
www.socialstudiescentral.com
This presentation contains
 copyrighted material used under
 the educational fair use
 exemption to U.S. Copyright
 law.
Michael Mukasey
    lawyer
Glenn Wiebe
Michael Mukasey
                  not a lawyer!
    lawyer
CopyRight / CopyWrong

  • <www.csus.edu/indiv/p/
    peachj/edte230/copyright>
Copyright myths
If it doesn’t have a notice, it’s not copyrighted
If it doesn’t have a notice, it’s not copyrighted

It’s not really a crime so I can’t get in trouble
If it doesn’t have a notice, it’s not copyrighted

It’s not really a crime so I can’t get in trouble

Everything I copy fo...
If it doesn’t have a notice, it’s not copyrighted

It’s not really a crime so I can’t get in trouble

Everything I copy fo...
If it doesn’t have a notice, it’s not copyrighted

It’s not really a crime so I can’t get in trouble

Everything I copy fo...
Copyright truths
“There is no such thing as true
 intellectual property; there is
 only temporary permission
 to control an idea.”
The law is designed to

 “ . . . promote the betterment
 of society by encouraging the
 creation of, and the public’s
 acc...
Copyright protects the creator of a
 “creative work”

  • A unique way of expressing
    something

  • Requires only a mi...
A creative work is any original
 work that is in tangible form:

  • Photos
  • Web site
  • Arrangement of facts
  • Musi...
The creator has the right to:

  • Reproduce, sell, or distribute work
  • Publicly perform and display work
  • License w...
What could happen?

  • $250 -10,000 per infringement /
    misdemeanor or felony

Who’s liable?

  • Teachers	 	       Me...
Copyright List-Serv
<www.umuc.edu/cip/listserv.html>

A Visit to Copyright Bay
<www.stfrancis.edu/cid/
copyrightbay>

The ...
Copyright and Fair-Use in the
 Classroom
<www.umuc.edu/library/copy.html>

American Library Association
<www.ala.org/ala/w...
What web sites can you share?
Fair Use
The law does allow some use
 without specific permission:

  • To criticize / comment

  • To write news articles

  • For ...
Law says:

  • Limited copying is in the best interest
    of society

  • When used correctly, “the fair use
    of a cop...
Allows “use of a work in a
 reasonable manner” if:

  • Brevity
    • Amount used
  • Spontaneity
    • When and how often...
Reasonable
manner?
Is the work protected?

  • Works that lack originality

  • Works in the Public Domain

  • Government works

  • Facts
Do you wish to “exercise” one of
 the owner’s rights?

  • Make a copy or a derivative
    work

  • Distribute / publish ...
Is your use exempt from liability?

  • Fair Use
What is the nature of the creative
 work?

  • Published      vs.   unpublished?

  • Out of print   vs.   available?

  •...
Purpose for using the creative work?

  • Commercial?

  • Educational?

  • Non-profit?
Effect on potential market?

  • Does the work appeal to the
    same audience as the original?

  • Does the new work con...
How much are you using? How
 often?

  • Does the amount you use exceed a
    reasonable expectation?

  • Are you using t...
Huh?
No easy answers

  • Use the checklist in your packet
    to help you decide
What is one question you have?
What’s one specific classroom
 situation you are concerned
 about?
Remember:

  • The words may & might!

  • All guidelines are subject to bias

   • Just court precedents
Remember:

  • Be careful of the percentages

   • % of use is not the same as % of
     impact
What can be copied for
 scholarship?
• A chapter from a book
• A chapter from a book

• An article from a periodical or
  newspaper
• A short story, essay, or poem
• A short story, essay, or poem

• A graphic from a book,
  periodical, or newspaper
What can be copied for face-to-
 face instruction?
• A poem of 250 words or less /
  250 words from a longer poem

• Articles, stories or essays that
  are 2,500 words or less
• Excerpts up to 1,000 words or
  10 percent of the total work

• One graphic per book or per
  periodical issue
Music, lyrics, and music video:

  • 10 percent of the work or 30
    seconds from an individual musical
    work

  • “Em...
Illustrations or photographs:
  • Five images or less from one artist
    or photographer

  • No more than 10% or 15 imag...
Broadcast television
  • Show for 10 days & kept for 45

  • “face-to-face instruction”

Cable television
  • Not under th...
Video

  • No restrictions

  • Must be “legally obtained”

  • “face-to-face instruction”

  • Purchase performance right...
Whadda’ you got?
Technology in Education & Copyright
  Harmonization Act

  • <www.lib.ncsu.edu/scc/legislative/
    teachkit>

  • Covers ...
Lawfully obtained
  copy
                        Can’t change format
Part of systematic       to prevent ease of
  instruc...
So what to do?
Use permission templates
Use permission templates

Check “terms of use”
Use permission templates

Check “terms of use”

Cite your usage
Use permission templates

Check “terms of use”

Cite your usage

Purchase what you want to use
Use permission templates

Check “terms of use”

Cite your usage

Purchase what you want to use

Use something else
Government web sites are
 considered public domain
Government web sites are
 considered public domain

Create a district or building
 copyright policy

  • <www.bham.wednet....
Style Sheets for Citing Internet &
  Electronic Resources
  • <www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/
    Guides/Internet/Style...
How to Cite a Web Resource
  • <www.tekmom.com/cite/index.html>

Citation of Sources
  • <www.yahooligans.com/tg/
    cita...
BibMe.org

EasyBib.com

NoteStar
  • <notestar.4teachers.org>


                               carols_67501
Music Copyright WebQuest
  • <www.edgerton.k12.wi.us/ms/
    Webquest>

6th Grade WebQuest
  • <www.hazelwood.k12.mo.us/
 ...
Kathy Schrock

  • <school.discovery.com/
    schrockguide/referenc.html>

Copyright Lessons

  • <lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/wp/
   ...
What might be some examples of
 Fair Use in the classroom?

  • 20 Question Fair Use Quiz
It’s the Friday before Christmas
  break and you have two more
  hours to kill . . . uh . . . use for
  educational purpos...
The Wichita Eagle printed a story
 yesterday that fits your present
 class topic. You make enough
 copies for all of your s...
A student steps on a new software
 CD and breaks it. You purchase
 a new CD and the principal tells
 you to make a copy of...
You want students to have access
 to material from several different
 books but not the whole book.
 You photocopy those p...
You cut and paste a Mickey
 Mouse digital logo from the
 Disney web site and after
 “blowing it up” with a projector,
 use...
One of your students “rips” a song
 from a music CD he owns and
 uses it in a PowerPoint project.
 You place the project o...
Copyright Quizzes
  • Kent School District

   • <www.kent.k12.wa.us/KSD/IT/
     wwwdev/tests/T_F_Quiz.htm>

  • CyberBee...
Copyright Quizzes
  • Copyright for Kids

   • <www.copyrightkids.org/
     quizframes.htm>

  • CopyRight / CopyWrong

  ...
Flickr Creative Commons
  • <flickr.com/creativecommons>

Wikipedia Commons
  • <commons.wikimedia.org>

Creative Commons
 ...
Podsafe Music

  • <music.podshow.com>

Public Domain Music

  • <www.pdinfo.com>

Public Domain Photos

  • <www.pdphoto....
Public Domain Art, Books, Images,
 Links
  • <www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/
    links/clipart.htm>

Pics4Learning
  • <w...
Multimedia Resources for Educators
 & Students
  • <www.uen.org/curriculum/
    multimedia_resources.shtm>

Freefoto
  • <...
Plagiarism is
 happening
at your school
You can detect it
It can’t be prevented but you
 become a better teacher
Jerry Scott & Jim Borgman 2007
Jerry Scott & Jim Borgman 2007
The top 10 jobs
  predicted for 2010
  didn’t exist         in
  2004
There are over
150 million people
  using social networks
more
China has
 gifted kids
 than we have kids
A seven year-old signed a
six figure endorsement deal
      to play professional video games
So what?
“Today’s students
are no longer the people
our educational system
was designed to teach.”

Marc Prensky
Stand and find two other people:

  • Assuming kids are different, how
    might that affect how you teach?
    How might t...
Any good war stories?
HS cheating / copying jumped from
 58% to 97% from 1969 to 1989

80% of college-bound students admit
 to cheating / 95% do...
Turnitin.com ©2004
Turnitin.com ©2004
Helen Keller 1892   Colin Powell 2003
                    Jayson Blair 2003
Alex Haley 1976
                    Wichita KS...
Paper due by next week

  • What to do!?

  • Google search / cut & paste
Questions for discussion
Schoolsucks.com

Paper Mill List

  • <www.coastal.edu/library/
    presentations/mills2.html>

Specific Content Paper Mill...
From Latin plagiarius meaning
  “kidnapper of slaves”
From Latin plagiarius meaning
  “kidnapper of slaves”

Roman poet Martial extended its
 meaning; “to steal text”
English writer Ben Johnson introduced
 word to English language
English writer Ben Johnson introduced
 word to English language

Only in the last 100 years has
 academic world really foc...
Problem? What is it!?

  • “I’m not really sure but I’ll know it
    when I see it!”

  • In the margin of your packet, wr...
Problem? What is it!?

  • “I’m not really sure but I’ll know it
    when I see it!”

  • In the margin of your packet, wr...
“When students submit work purporting to
 be their own, but which in any way
 borrows ideas, organization, wording or
 any...
Are there different types?
Fraud - willfully submitting work done
  by someone else
Patchwriting - using words / phrases
 from a source text and patching
 them together into new sentences
Failure to cite - not acknowledging
 sources
Failure to quote - not providing
 quotation marks for direct
 quotation
Failure to quote - not providing
 quotation marks for direct
 quotation

 Rebecca Moore Howard
 University of Maryland
Cryptomnesia
Cryptomnesia
  • “Source memory” failure
Cryptomnesia
  • “Source memory” failure
  • Remembering without being
    aware we're remembering
Cryptomnesia
    • “Source memory” failure
    • Remembering without being
      aware we're remembering
       

    
   ...
But why!?
Lazy
  • It’s easier to copy!
Lazy
  • It’s easier to copy!

Lack of time / planning
  • Work outside school, class load,
    home situation
Lazy
  • It’s easier to copy!

Lack of time / planning
  • Work outside school, class load,
    home situation

Fear of fa...
Competition / Grades
  • Scholarships, college admissions,
    jobs, parental pressure
Competition / Grades
  • Scholarships, college admissions,
    jobs, parental pressure
Lack of knowledge
  • We shouldn’t ...
Competition / Grades
  • Scholarships, college admissions,
    jobs, parental pressure
Lack of knowledge
  • We shouldn’t ...
What are signs of
plagiarism?
Mark Pett ©2000
Writing style, vocabulary, word
 choice, tone, etc doesn’t “sound
 like” the student
Writing style, vocabulary, word
 choice, tone, etc doesn’t “sound
 like” the student

Older citations, inactive web sites
Writing style, vocabulary, word
 choice, tone, etc doesn’t “sound
 like” the student

Older citations, inactive web sites
...
Writing style, vocabulary, word
 choice, tone, etc doesn’t “sound
 like” the student

Older citations, inactive web sites
...
Formatting:

  • Strange text at the top / bottom

  • Gray letters in the text indicating a
    hyperlink

  • Web addres...
Writing style changes within the
 paper or assignment
Writing style changes within the
 paper or assignment

Dated references      (i.e., “Last month, the US
 lost 345 men in V...
Writing style changes within the
 paper or assignment

Dated references      (i.e., “Last month, the US
 lost 345 men in V...
Writing style changes within the
 paper or assignment

Dated references      (i.e., “Last month, the US
 lost 345 men in V...
Others?
Challenges / Benefits?
Becomes an enforcement issue
 rather than an educational one

Student intellectual property issues

Effectiveness?
Think about student intent

  • Think like a teacher, not a judge
Think about student intent

  • Think like a teacher, not a judge

iKids?
Think about student intent

  • Think like a teacher, not a judge

iKids?

Cultural differences?
Refer to district policy

Talk with other educators

Don’t take it personally!

  • But take responsibility
“You Be the Judge”
 <www.fairfield.edu/documents/
 Library/plagicourt.swf>
“You Be the Judge”
 <www.fairfield.edu/documents/
 Library/plagicourt.swf>
“You Be the Judge”
 <www.fairfield.edu/documents/
 Library/plagicourt.swf>



In groups of two, read the
  supplied texts
Let’s go back to “war stories”

  • What could be done to prevent
    reoccurrence?

  • Who is responsible for fixing it?
Idealistic
   • Talk about ethics & character
Idealistic
   • Talk about ethics & character

Realistic
   • Design high quality assignments
Make sure district policy is clear and
 available!
Make sure district policy is clear and
 available!

Educate parents
Make sure district policy is clear and
 available!

Educate parents

Clearly define plagiarism &
 intellectual property wit...
Make sure district policy is clear and
 available!

Educate parents

Clearly define plagiarism &
 intellectual property wit...
Make sure district policy is clear and
 available!

Educate parents

Clearly define plagiarism &
 intellectual property wit...
Don’t encourage younger students
 to copy from sources
Don’t encourage younger students
 to copy from sources

Assign work that is age appropriate
Don’t encourage younger students
 to copy from sources

Assign work that is age appropriate

Go to web “paper mills” with ...
Focus on the process of learning

  • Data / information / knowledge

  • Require rough drafts of sections /
    final copi...
• Assignments must be specific
• Assignments must be specific

• Quality design

 • “Working on the work”

 • Engaging / stimulating /
   challenging
What does the “perfect” plagiarism
 proof assignment or assessment
 look like?

  •Things to think about:

      • Time	 R...
“Build beautiful
 cathedrals”
 
 - Doug Johnson / Mankato, MN
Student-designed graphic
  organizer
Student-designed graphic
  organizer

4 page newspaper
Student-designed graphic
  organizer

4 page newspaper

Resumes
Student-designed graphic
  organizer

4 page newspaper

Resumes

Comic strip & cartoons
Illustrated children’s book or book
   cover
Illustrated children’s book or book
   cover

Online museums & simulations
Illustrated children’s book or book
   cover

Online museums & simulations

PBL & water table
Movie script & ads
Movie script & ads

Community service projects
Movie script & ads

Community service projects

Blogs & Wikis
Movie script & ads

Community service projects

Blogs & Wikis

Video games
Whadda’ you got?
Final advice?
Review your district policy
Review your district policy

Review the work you design for
 students
Review your district policy

Review the work you design for
 students

Be a role model for your students
Reflection
  • One piece of bad news
  • Two pieces of good news
  • Three next steps
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom
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Are You Legal? Copyright & Plagiarism in the Classroom

  1. 1. Are you legal? Glenn Wiebe ESSDACK glennw@essdack.org ©2007
  2. 2. Sticky ideas?
  3. 3. Copyright is not the enemy / Fair Use is your friend
  4. 4. You’re probably breaking the law but you’re not going to jail
  5. 5. There is a lot of stuff out there you can use
  6. 6. www.socialstudiescentral.com
  7. 7. This presentation contains copyrighted material used under the educational fair use exemption to U.S. Copyright law.
  8. 8. Michael Mukasey lawyer
  9. 9. Glenn Wiebe Michael Mukasey not a lawyer! lawyer
  10. 10. CopyRight / CopyWrong • <www.csus.edu/indiv/p/ peachj/edte230/copyright>
  11. 11. Copyright myths
  12. 12. If it doesn’t have a notice, it’s not copyrighted
  13. 13. If it doesn’t have a notice, it’s not copyrighted It’s not really a crime so I can’t get in trouble
  14. 14. If it doesn’t have a notice, it’s not copyrighted It’s not really a crime so I can’t get in trouble Everything I copy for class is Fair Use
  15. 15. If it doesn’t have a notice, it’s not copyrighted It’s not really a crime so I can’t get in trouble Everything I copy for class is Fair Use If I don’t charge for it, it’s okay
  16. 16. If it doesn’t have a notice, it’s not copyrighted It’s not really a crime so I can’t get in trouble Everything I copy for class is Fair Use If I don’t charge for it, it’s okay The Internet is Public Domain so I can use anything I find on the Internet
  17. 17. Copyright truths
  18. 18. “There is no such thing as true intellectual property; there is only temporary permission to control an idea.”
  19. 19. The law is designed to “ . . . promote the betterment of society by encouraging the creation of, and the public’s access to, useful works.”
  20. 20. Copyright protects the creator of a “creative work” • A unique way of expressing something • Requires only a minimum amount of creativity • Does not include facts or broad ideas
  21. 21. A creative work is any original work that is in tangible form: • Photos • Web site • Arrangement of facts • Music • Story
  22. 22. The creator has the right to: • Reproduce, sell, or distribute work • Publicly perform and display work • License work • Create derivative works • Control who else may copy the work
  23. 23. What could happen? • $250 -10,000 per infringement / misdemeanor or felony Who’s liable? • Teachers Media Specialists • Administrators BOE
  24. 24. Copyright List-Serv <www.umuc.edu/cip/listserv.html> A Visit to Copyright Bay <www.stfrancis.edu/cid/ copyrightbay> The Copyright Web Site <www.benedict.com>
  25. 25. Copyright and Fair-Use in the Classroom <www.umuc.edu/library/copy.html> American Library Association <www.ala.org/ala/washoff/ WOissues/copyrightb/ copyright.htm> Copyright for Kids <www.copyrightkids.org>
  26. 26. What web sites can you share?
  27. 27. Fair Use
  28. 28. The law does allow some use without specific permission: • To criticize / comment • To write news articles • For research / scholarship • To practice parody
  29. 29. Law says: • Limited copying is in the best interest of society • When used correctly, “the fair use of a copyrighted work . . . is not an infringement of copyright.”
  30. 30. Allows “use of a work in a reasonable manner” if: • Brevity • Amount used • Spontaneity • When and how often used
  31. 31. Reasonable manner?
  32. 32. Is the work protected? • Works that lack originality • Works in the Public Domain • Government works • Facts
  33. 33. Do you wish to “exercise” one of the owner’s rights? • Make a copy or a derivative work • Distribute / publish a copy • Publicly perform or distribute the work
  34. 34. Is your use exempt from liability? • Fair Use
  35. 35. What is the nature of the creative work? • Published vs. unpublished? • Out of print vs. available? • Factual vs. artistic?
  36. 36. Purpose for using the creative work? • Commercial? • Educational? • Non-profit?
  37. 37. Effect on potential market? • Does the work appeal to the same audience as the original? • Does the new work contain anything original? • Is it putting money in your pocket or taking from owner’s?
  38. 38. How much are you using? How often? • Does the amount you use exceed a reasonable expectation? • Are you using the work more than once? • Are you using the quot;heartquot; or quot;essencequot; of a work?
  39. 39. Huh?
  40. 40. No easy answers • Use the checklist in your packet to help you decide
  41. 41. What is one question you have? What’s one specific classroom situation you are concerned about?
  42. 42. Remember: • The words may & might! • All guidelines are subject to bias • Just court precedents
  43. 43. Remember: • Be careful of the percentages • % of use is not the same as % of impact
  44. 44. What can be copied for scholarship?
  45. 45. • A chapter from a book
  46. 46. • A chapter from a book • An article from a periodical or newspaper
  47. 47. • A short story, essay, or poem
  48. 48. • A short story, essay, or poem • A graphic from a book, periodical, or newspaper
  49. 49. What can be copied for face-to- face instruction?
  50. 50. • A poem of 250 words or less / 250 words from a longer poem • Articles, stories or essays that are 2,500 words or less
  51. 51. • Excerpts up to 1,000 words or 10 percent of the total work • One graphic per book or per periodical issue
  52. 52. Music, lyrics, and music video: • 10 percent of the work or 30 seconds from an individual musical work • “Emergency clause” for performances
  53. 53. Illustrations or photographs: • Five images or less from one artist or photographer • No more than 10% or 15 images from a collection
  54. 54. Broadcast television • Show for 10 days & kept for 45 • “face-to-face instruction” Cable television • Not under the same guidelines • Use Cable in the Classroom • <www.ciconline.org>
  55. 55. Video • No restrictions • Must be “legally obtained” • “face-to-face instruction” • Purchase performance rights for entertainment purposes
  56. 56. Whadda’ you got?
  57. 57. Technology in Education & Copyright Harmonization Act • <www.lib.ncsu.edu/scc/legislative/ teachkit> • Covers online / distance learning
  58. 58. Lawfully obtained copy Can’t change format Part of systematic to prevent ease of instruction digital copying Copyright policies in Solely for students place officially enrolled Must “protect” Fair Use still applies copyrighted materials
  59. 59. So what to do?
  60. 60. Use permission templates
  61. 61. Use permission templates Check “terms of use”
  62. 62. Use permission templates Check “terms of use” Cite your usage
  63. 63. Use permission templates Check “terms of use” Cite your usage Purchase what you want to use
  64. 64. Use permission templates Check “terms of use” Cite your usage Purchase what you want to use Use something else
  65. 65. Government web sites are considered public domain
  66. 66. Government web sites are considered public domain Create a district or building copyright policy • <www.bham.wednet.edu/ technology/copyrightpolicy.htm>
  67. 67. Style Sheets for Citing Internet & Electronic Resources • <www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/ Guides/Internet/Style.html> Citing Internet & Electronic Resources • <www.mlb.ilstu.edu/ressubj/subject/ intrnt/citeweb.htm>
  68. 68. How to Cite a Web Resource • <www.tekmom.com/cite/index.html> Citation of Sources • <www.yahooligans.com/tg/ citation.html> Automatic Citation Machine • <citationmachine.net>
  69. 69. BibMe.org EasyBib.com NoteStar • <notestar.4teachers.org> carols_67501
  70. 70. Music Copyright WebQuest • <www.edgerton.k12.wi.us/ms/ Webquest> 6th Grade WebQuest • <www.hazelwood.k12.mo.us/ ~jdarnell/webq>
  71. 71. Kathy Schrock • <school.discovery.com/ schrockguide/referenc.html> Copyright Lessons • <lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/wp/ copyright-2002/lessonplanfaqs.html>
  72. 72. What might be some examples of Fair Use in the classroom? • 20 Question Fair Use Quiz
  73. 73. It’s the Friday before Christmas break and you have two more hours to kill . . . uh . . . use for educational purposes. You and other teachers bring your classes together to watch Pocahontas.
  74. 74. The Wichita Eagle printed a story yesterday that fits your present class topic. You make enough copies for all of your students to use today.
  75. 75. A student steps on a new software CD and breaks it. You purchase a new CD and the principal tells you to make a copy of it and all of the other CDs you have.
  76. 76. You want students to have access to material from several different books but not the whole book. You photocopy those pages that you want to use into a “course packet” and sell them to students as the textbook.
  77. 77. You cut and paste a Mickey Mouse digital logo from the Disney web site and after “blowing it up” with a projector, use it on a class bulletin board that encourages reading.
  78. 78. One of your students “rips” a song from a music CD he owns and uses it in a PowerPoint project. You place the project on the school web site for others to see as an example of quality work.
  79. 79. Copyright Quizzes • Kent School District • <www.kent.k12.wa.us/KSD/IT/ wwwdev/tests/T_F_Quiz.htm> • CyberBee • <www.cyberbee.com/ cb_copyright.swf>
  80. 80. Copyright Quizzes • Copyright for Kids • <www.copyrightkids.org/ quizframes.htm> • CopyRight / CopyWrong • <www.csus.edu/indiv/p/peachj/ edte230/copyright>
  81. 81. Flickr Creative Commons • <flickr.com/creativecommons> Wikipedia Commons • <commons.wikimedia.org> Creative Commons • <creativecommons.org> • <commoncontent.org>
  82. 82. Podsafe Music • <music.podshow.com> Public Domain Music • <www.pdinfo.com> Public Domain Photos • <www.pdphoto.org>
  83. 83. Public Domain Art, Books, Images, Links • <www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/ links/clipart.htm> Pics4Learning • <www.pics4learning.com>
  84. 84. Multimedia Resources for Educators & Students • <www.uen.org/curriculum/ multimedia_resources.shtm> Freefoto • <www.freefoto.com>
  85. 85. Plagiarism is happening at your school
  86. 86. You can detect it
  87. 87. It can’t be prevented but you become a better teacher
  88. 88. Jerry Scott & Jim Borgman 2007
  89. 89. Jerry Scott & Jim Borgman 2007
  90. 90. The top 10 jobs predicted for 2010 didn’t exist in 2004
  91. 91. There are over 150 million people using social networks
  92. 92. more China has gifted kids than we have kids
  93. 93. A seven year-old signed a six figure endorsement deal to play professional video games
  94. 94. So what?
  95. 95. “Today’s students are no longer the people our educational system was designed to teach.” Marc Prensky
  96. 96. Stand and find two other people: • Assuming kids are different, how might that affect how you teach? How might that affect how students learn? • Does plagiarism really happen?
  97. 97. Any good war stories?
  98. 98. HS cheating / copying jumped from 58% to 97% from 1969 to 1989 80% of college-bound students admit to cheating / 95% don’t get caught 38% of HS and college students report using the Web to cheat
  99. 99. Turnitin.com ©2004
  100. 100. Turnitin.com ©2004
  101. 101. Helen Keller 1892 Colin Powell 2003 Jayson Blair 2003 Alex Haley 1976 Wichita KS pastor Kansas City Piper 2004 2001 Kaavya Stephen Ambrose Viswanathan 2002 2006
  102. 102. Paper due by next week • What to do!? • Google search / cut & paste
  103. 103. Questions for discussion
  104. 104. Schoolsucks.com Paper Mill List • <www.coastal.edu/library/ presentations/mills2.html> Specific Content Paper Mills • <www.coastal.edu/library/ presentations/mills5.html>
  105. 105. From Latin plagiarius meaning “kidnapper of slaves”
  106. 106. From Latin plagiarius meaning “kidnapper of slaves” Roman poet Martial extended its meaning; “to steal text”
  107. 107. English writer Ben Johnson introduced word to English language
  108. 108. English writer Ben Johnson introduced word to English language Only in the last 100 years has academic world really focused on “plagiarism”
  109. 109. Problem? What is it!? • “I’m not really sure but I’ll know it when I see it!” • In the margin of your packet, write your definition
  110. 110. Problem? What is it!? • “I’m not really sure but I’ll know it when I see it!” • In the margin of your packet, write your definition Share your definition with someone near you
  111. 111. “When students submit work purporting to be their own, but which in any way borrows ideas, organization, wording or anything else from another source without appropriate acknowledgement of the fact, the students are guilty of plagiarism.” University of Kentucky 1998
  112. 112. Are there different types?
  113. 113. Fraud - willfully submitting work done by someone else
  114. 114. Patchwriting - using words / phrases from a source text and patching them together into new sentences
  115. 115. Failure to cite - not acknowledging sources
  116. 116. Failure to quote - not providing quotation marks for direct quotation
  117. 117. Failure to quote - not providing quotation marks for direct quotation Rebecca Moore Howard University of Maryland
  118. 118. Cryptomnesia
  119. 119. Cryptomnesia • “Source memory” failure
  120. 120. Cryptomnesia • “Source memory” failure • Remembering without being aware we're remembering
  121. 121. Cryptomnesia • “Source memory” failure • Remembering without being aware we're remembering Richard Marsh University of Georgia
  122. 122. But why!?
  123. 123. Lazy • It’s easier to copy!
  124. 124. Lazy • It’s easier to copy! Lack of time / planning • Work outside school, class load, home situation
  125. 125. Lazy • It’s easier to copy! Lack of time / planning • Work outside school, class load, home situation Fear of failure • “My skills aren’t good enough, so only way to pass the class”
  126. 126. Competition / Grades • Scholarships, college admissions, jobs, parental pressure
  127. 127. Competition / Grades • Scholarships, college admissions, jobs, parental pressure Lack of knowledge • We shouldn’t assume
  128. 128. Competition / Grades • Scholarships, college admissions, jobs, parental pressure Lack of knowledge • We shouldn’t assume Lack of enforcement • Few clear & consistent policies, fear of parents / publicity / poor evaluation
  129. 129. What are signs of plagiarism?
  130. 130. Mark Pett ©2000
  131. 131. Writing style, vocabulary, word choice, tone, etc doesn’t “sound like” the student
  132. 132. Writing style, vocabulary, word choice, tone, etc doesn’t “sound like” the student Older citations, inactive web sites
  133. 133. Writing style, vocabulary, word choice, tone, etc doesn’t “sound like” the student Older citations, inactive web sites References to charts, graphs, etc that are not included
  134. 134. Writing style, vocabulary, word choice, tone, etc doesn’t “sound like” the student Older citations, inactive web sites References to charts, graphs, etc that are not included “Metadata” doesn’t make sense
  135. 135. Formatting: • Strange text at the top / bottom • Gray letters in the text indicating a hyperlink • Web address of “paper mill” in last paragraph • Page numbers, headings, spacing from web browser
  136. 136. Writing style changes within the paper or assignment
  137. 137. Writing style changes within the paper or assignment Dated references (i.e., “Last month, the US lost 345 men in Vietnam.”)
  138. 138. Writing style changes within the paper or assignment Dated references (i.e., “Last month, the US lost 345 men in Vietnam.”) Student can’t provide copies of citations
  139. 139. Writing style changes within the paper or assignment Dated references (i.e., “Last month, the US lost 345 men in Vietnam.”) Student can’t provide copies of citations Student can’t create simple outline of work
  140. 140. Others?
  141. 141. Challenges / Benefits?
  142. 142. Becomes an enforcement issue rather than an educational one Student intellectual property issues Effectiveness?
  143. 143. Think about student intent • Think like a teacher, not a judge
  144. 144. Think about student intent • Think like a teacher, not a judge iKids?
  145. 145. Think about student intent • Think like a teacher, not a judge iKids? Cultural differences?
  146. 146. Refer to district policy Talk with other educators Don’t take it personally! • But take responsibility
  147. 147. “You Be the Judge” <www.fairfield.edu/documents/ Library/plagicourt.swf>
  148. 148. “You Be the Judge” <www.fairfield.edu/documents/ Library/plagicourt.swf>
  149. 149. “You Be the Judge” <www.fairfield.edu/documents/ Library/plagicourt.swf> In groups of two, read the supplied texts
  150. 150. Let’s go back to “war stories” • What could be done to prevent reoccurrence? • Who is responsible for fixing it?
  151. 151. Idealistic • Talk about ethics & character
  152. 152. Idealistic • Talk about ethics & character Realistic • Design high quality assignments
  153. 153. Make sure district policy is clear and available!
  154. 154. Make sure district policy is clear and available! Educate parents
  155. 155. Make sure district policy is clear and available! Educate parents Clearly define plagiarism & intellectual property with examples
  156. 156. Make sure district policy is clear and available! Educate parents Clearly define plagiarism & intellectual property with examples Practice citation with students
  157. 157. Make sure district policy is clear and available! Educate parents Clearly define plagiarism & intellectual property with examples Practice citation with students Write across the curriculum
  158. 158. Don’t encourage younger students to copy from sources
  159. 159. Don’t encourage younger students to copy from sources Assign work that is age appropriate
  160. 160. Don’t encourage younger students to copy from sources Assign work that is age appropriate Go to web “paper mills” with your students
  161. 161. Focus on the process of learning • Data / information / knowledge • Require rough drafts of sections / final copies due different times • Require copies of sources • Require annotated bibliography • Have students do “meta-writing”
  162. 162. • Assignments must be specific
  163. 163. • Assignments must be specific • Quality design • “Working on the work” • Engaging / stimulating / challenging
  164. 164. What does the “perfect” plagiarism proof assignment or assessment look like? •Things to think about: • Time Resources • Who How • What
  165. 165. “Build beautiful cathedrals” - Doug Johnson / Mankato, MN
  166. 166. Student-designed graphic organizer
  167. 167. Student-designed graphic organizer 4 page newspaper
  168. 168. Student-designed graphic organizer 4 page newspaper Resumes
  169. 169. Student-designed graphic organizer 4 page newspaper Resumes Comic strip & cartoons
  170. 170. Illustrated children’s book or book cover
  171. 171. Illustrated children’s book or book cover Online museums & simulations
  172. 172. Illustrated children’s book or book cover Online museums & simulations PBL & water table
  173. 173. Movie script & ads
  174. 174. Movie script & ads Community service projects
  175. 175. Movie script & ads Community service projects Blogs & Wikis
  176. 176. Movie script & ads Community service projects Blogs & Wikis Video games
  177. 177. Whadda’ you got?
  178. 178. Final advice?
  179. 179. Review your district policy
  180. 180. Review your district policy Review the work you design for students
  181. 181. Review your district policy Review the work you design for students Be a role model for your students
  182. 182. Reflection • One piece of bad news • Two pieces of good news • Three next steps

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