Space Tourism
Tourism Planning and Development
Visitor
Tourism
Came from Hebrew word “toran”
Founders of travel.
(a) Sumer...
Pleasure
1) Leisure
2) Culture
3) Sports
4) VIP
Professional
1) Missions
2) Meetings
3) Conference
Other Purpose
1) Study
...
History of Tourism Development
Early Ages

Planning – management of the natural
resources for tourism purposes. Also
achie...
Tourism Planning and Development

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9593 - This Act shall
be known as “The Tourism Act of 2009″

Chapter 1:...
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Tourism Planning and Development (TPAD) Reviewer (prelims)

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Tourism Planning and Development (TPAD) Reviewer (prelims)

  1. 1. Space Tourism Tourism Planning and Development Visitor Tourism Came from Hebrew word “toran” Founders of travel. (a) Sumerians (Mesopotamia or Iraq) (b) Money (c) Will (d) System of Trade UNWTO – United Nations World Travel Organization Tourism – Activities of persons travelling to and staying into places outside the usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purpose (Journal: Recommendation of Tourism stat. 1993) Forms of Tourism Domestic - Residents visiting destinations within their own country's boundaries. Inbound - International visitors, traveling to a country, who are resident of other countries. Outbound - Resident of a country, traveling as visitors to other countries. Internal - visits by residents of a country to their own country. National - internal tourism plus outbound tourism. International - has two kinds which is the inbound and outbound tourism Types of Tourism Ecotourism i) Spelunking ii) Snorkelling iii) Scuba Diving iv) Bird Watching Arts Tourism Educational Tourism Dark Tourism Silver Tourism Pink Tourism Excursionist – Same day. Less than 24 hrs. Tourist – Overnight. More than 24 hrs. Types of Tourists based from purpose Pleasure (personal Traveller) Business Traveller Tourism System of Leifer 1) Tourists 2) Tourists Generating Region (TDR) 3) Transit Route 4) Tourists Destination 5) Tourism Industry Tourist Personality (Stanley Plog) Psychocentric - tourists enjoy destinations that are familiar to them. Allocentric - tourists who try new things, they don't like things being organized or planned and they do not return to the same destination. Midcentric - tourists are not particularly adventurous and there will be no self-effort to visit bizarre places. Major Reasons for Tourist Travel (Ryans 1991) 1) Escape 2) Relaxation 3) Play 4) Family Bonding 5) Prestige 6) Social Interaction 7) Sexual Opportunity 8) Educational Opportunity 9) Self-Fulfilment 10) Wish-Fulfilment 11) Shopping
  2. 2. Pleasure 1) Leisure 2) Culture 3) Sports 4) VIP Professional 1) Missions 2) Meetings 3) Conference Other Purpose 1) Study 2) Health 3) Transit Main Source of the Tourism Industry 1) Accommodation 2) Attraction 3) Transportation 4) Travel Organizers 5) Destination Organization Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Physiological Needs Safety Needs Love/Belong Self-esteem Self-actualization. DOT – Department of Tourism Secretary: Mr Ramon R. Jimenez Jr. TIEZA – Tourism Infrastructure and Enterprise Zone Authority TPB – Tourism Promotion Board Theories of Tourism Development Walter Christaller – A German Geographer and planner has observed a continual development on the creation of destination Observation 1) Destinations change over time. 2) Involvement of locals change over time. 3) Impacts change over time. 4) Level of tourist experiencechange over time. 5) New cycles regarding destinations will not likely to occur. Resort Cycle Evolution Model (Adopted from Butler) Exploration Involvement Development Consolidation Stagnation Post-Stagnation Socio-Cultural Impacts Handicrafts Lifestyle Dress Religion Gastronomy Arts Music and Dance etc. Economic Impacts Foreign-exchange earnings Government Resources Regional Development Employment Environmental Impacts Biodiversity Erosion Pollution Resources Depletion Visual/Structural Change
  3. 3. History of Tourism Development Early Ages Planning – management of the natural resources for tourism purposes. Also achieving goals. Sumerians Wheel Money (Founders of Travel) Travelling Business Tourism Policy – set of rules and regulations for tourism development. Queen Hatshepsut – Egyptian Pharaoh Cruise – Land of Punt (East Coast of Africa) Bubastis, Papremis, Said, Buto Herodotus – Epic of Gilgamesh – Deity Greeks – pleasure travel Olympics – popular game Pythagoras, Isthmian, Neman Romans Money Language Excellent roads Phoenicians – shipwrights Lied along Mediterranean Sea Middle Ages Medieval Period/Dark Ages Religious Pilgrimage Crusades Canterbury, Winchester, Walsingham Renaissance Period Rebirth/Age of enlightenment Grand Tour Modern Age Mass Tourism Cruise Tourism Space Tourism Sustainable Tourism Nature of Planning Planning is a process. Planning is comprehensive Planning pertains to future. Approaches of Planning Historical Economic Sociological Comprehensive Integrated Geographical Scientific Systems Cultural Environmental Steps to Tourism Planning Study Preparation Objective Setting Survey Analysis Synthesizing Alternatives/Recommendations Implementation/Monitoring Evaluation/Period Review
  4. 4. Tourism Planning and Development REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9593 - This Act shall be known as “The Tourism Act of 2009″ Chapter 1: Area Profile Physical Features Biological Features Cultural/Anthropological Historical Socio-economic Transportation Tourism Support Services Utilities Protective Services Chapter 2: Site Product Development Plan Company Background Vision Mission Objective Logo and Tagline Organizational Chart Others Chapter 3: Site Plan and Layout Exterior Properties Chapter 4: Marketing Plan Target Market Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threat (SWOT) Analysis Promotions Chapter 5: Financial Plan Budget Proposal Return of Income Chapter 6: Contingency Plan Tourism System of Leifer Chart Tourists Tourist Generating Region Transit Route Tourist Industry Tourist Destination region

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