Soc200 workshop3indstudy

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Soc200 workshop3indstudy

  1. 1. SOC200 Marriage and Family WORKSHOP 3 “ The Family Life Cycle” Instructor: Glenn Johnson
  2. 2. Devotions & Prayer 9  Two are better than one, because they have a good return for their work: 10  If one falls down, his friend can help him up. But pity the man who falls and has no one to help him up! 11  Also, if two lie down together, they will keep warm. But how can one keep warm alone? 12  Though one may be overpowered, two can defend themselves. A cord of three strands is not quickly broken. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12, NIV What is God’s intention for each person within a family?
  3. 3. TO MARRY OR COHABIT: What Difference Does Marriage Make? Marriage brings challenges to IDENTITY and COMMUNICATION <ul><li>IMPORTANT CHANGES THAT BEING MARRIED WILL MAKE </li></ul><ul><li>Self Image </li></ul><ul><li>Partner Relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships to Others </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Changes </li></ul>
  4. 4. TO MARRY OR COHABIT: What Difference Does Marriage Make?
  5. 5. TO MARRY OR COHABIT: What Difference Does Marriage Make? <ul><li>CHANGES TO SELF IMAGE </li></ul><ul><li>Married people take on NEW PATTERNS of thinking about themselves </li></ul><ul><li>SPOUSE becomes an extended self or extended conscience </li></ul><ul><li>Changes the way people spend TIME and MONEY </li></ul>
  6. 6. TO MARRY OR COHABIT: What Difference Does Marriage Make? <ul><li>CHANGES IN THE RELATIONSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>DISENCHANTMENT in early years </li></ul>
  7. 7. TO MARRY OR COHABIT: What Difference Does Marriage Make? <ul><li>CHANGES IN THE OTHER RELATIONSHIPS </li></ul><ul><li>You do indeed MARRY THE FAMILY… </li></ul>
  8. 8. TO MARRY OR COHABIT: What Difference Does Marriage Make? <ul><li>CHANGES IN THE OTHER RELATIONSHIPS </li></ul><ul><li>PROXIMITY TO SPOUSE’S FAMILY OF ORIGIN </li></ul><ul><li>NEGOTIATIONS are needed </li></ul>
  9. 9. TO MARRY OR COHABIT: What Difference Does Marriage Make? <ul><li>LEGAL CHANGES </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Laws: Property and Debt </li></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES OF LIVING TOGETHER WITHOUT MARRIAGE: </li></ul><ul><li>-No jointly held insurance, tax advantages or other benefits; living expenses may be higher </li></ul>
  10. 10. PARENTING ISSUES GOAL OF PARENTING What is the Goal? For children to mature into healthy, independent, productive, self-disciplined, competent members of society
  11. 11. PARENTING ISSUES DEVELOPMENTAL ISSUES For children to mature into healthy, independent, productive, self-disciplined, competent members of society <ul><li>6 Stages of Parenting Ellen Galinsky </li></ul><ul><li>Parental Image Stage </li></ul><ul><li>Nurturing Stage </li></ul><ul><li>Authority Stage </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretive Stage </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependent Stage </li></ul><ul><li>Final Stage </li></ul>
  12. 12. PARENTING ISSUES BOUNDARY TRANSITIONS FOR NEW PARENTS <ul><li>Family and Friends </li></ul><ul><li>The Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Work and Family </li></ul><ul><li>Roles </li></ul><ul><li>New Areas of Conflict </li></ul>
  13. 13. PARENTING ISSUES PARENT/ADOLESCENT RELATIONSHIP <ul><li>ADOLESCENCE: a construct of the 20 th century </li></ul><ul><li>ERIC ERICKSON: a time of crisis when young people must develop a sense of personal identity while avoiding role confusion </li></ul>
  14. 14. PARENTING ISSUES CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT <ul><li>Causes are not well understood </li></ul>
  15. 15. PARENTING ISSUES TIPS FOR MORE EFFECTIVE PARENTING <ul><li>Consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Children Need Choices </li></ul><ul><li>Children Need To Know What’s Expected of Them </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline Must Fit The Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Do Not Threaten </li></ul><ul><li>Remain Calm </li></ul><ul><li>Do Not Expect a Young Child Who Is Hungry/Tired to Remember Rules or Obey Them </li></ul><ul><li>Curfews: Older Children Can Be Involved In Determining When to Be Home </li></ul><ul><li>Know Childrens Friends and Their Parents </li></ul>
  16. 16. NICHOL’S STAGES OF FAMILY DEVELOPMENT -William Nichols: 4 Stages in Marital Life Cycle & The Changes Needing to Take Place in Each Stage Across the Marriage <ul><li>Identified These As CORE TASKS Grouped in 5 Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Caring </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict/Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Contract </li></ul>
  17. 17. NICHOL’S STAGES OF FAMILY DEVELOPMENT STAGE 1: THE BEGINNING-Mating and Marriage CORE TASKS -Development of affectionate and sexually satisfactory relationship -Determining if there is a sufficient amount of caring to proceed to marriage
  18. 18. NICHOL’S STAGES OF FAMILY DEVELOPMENT STAGE 2: EARLY YEARS-Expanding the Base CORE TASKS -Deepening Loyalty To One Another
  19. 19. NICHOL’S STAGES OF FAMILY DEVELOPMENT STAGE 3: MIDDLE YEARS: Affirmation & Preparation CORE TASKS -Maintaining solid couple boundary and bond -Communication and conflict resolution
  20. 20. NICHOL’S STAGES OF FAMILY DEVELOPMENT STAGE 4: LATER YEARS-Consolidation and Celebration CORE TASKS -Support in search for meaning and remaining productive member of society WELL-BEING -2030: 65 and older=20% of population -50% of those 65-69 say it’s best years
  21. 21. MID-LIFE: CRISIS OR TRANSITION? MONUMENT IN MODERN AMERICAN SOCIETY
  22. 22. MID-LIFE: CRISIS OR TRANSITION? SIGNS OF A MID-LIFE TRANSITION <ul><li>Questioning meaning of life </li></ul><ul><li>General discontent with one’s lifestyle that has previously provided happiness </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion about who one is and where one’s life is going </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning decisions that were made in the past </li></ul><ul><li>Greatly increased or decreased ambition or drive </li></ul><ul><li>Boredom or discontent with people or activities that have been previously enjoyed </li></ul><ul><li>Day dreaming, irritability or unexpected anger that is different that earlier life </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling adventurous with the desire to do something completely different </li></ul><ul><li>Giving in to alcohol, food or drug compulsions </li></ul><ul><li>Greatly increased or decreased sexual desire with sexual affairs especially with someone much younger </li></ul>
  23. 23. MID-LIFE: CRISIS OR TRANSITION? MENOPAUSE Both men and women go through hormonal changes that affect them physically and emotionally, signalling the end of one’s reproductive years.
  24. 24. BOWEN THEORY <ul><li>Dr. Murray Bowen </li></ul><ul><li>(Refer to attachment in email) </li></ul><ul><li>Came to discover the family as and EMOTIONAL UNIT </li></ul>1.      Triangles 2.      Nuclear (or Core) Family Emotional Process 3.      Family Projection Process 4.      Multigenerational Transmission Process 5.      Differentiation 6.   Sibling Position 7.      Emotional Cutoff 8.      Emotional Process in Society
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