F S Workshop Suiza Glenn Hyman

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Presentation at the mountain research initiative's (MRI) food security in mountains workshop, held in Aeschi, Switzerland March 22-25. Focuses on food security in the Andes, with emphasis on the impacts of recent food price rises.

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  • File: consumo90_2001_dd.shp (Cambio Headcount ratio 1990 - 2001) Attribute Field: D_F_0_H Layer: Cambio headcount ratio 1990 - 2001.lyr CIAT has also been analyzing the change in the headcount ratio between 1990 and 2001. Parroquias in the coastal section of the country were worse off in 2001. Some evidence points to the severe effects of the 1998 El Nino on the coastal region.
  • F S Workshop Suiza Glenn Hyman

    1. 1. Poverty and food security in the Andes Glenn Hyman, Alex Marin, Chereen Ball Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical Cali, Colombia
    2. 2. Food security in the Andes <ul><li>Historical context and current status </li></ul><ul><li>Key drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of the recent crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty/food insecurity exit pathways </li></ul>
    3. 3. Historical context and current status
    4. 4. Afro-Colombians as a Percentage of total population Indigenous Colombians as a Percentage of total population Percent of Households with Unmet basic needs
    5. 5. Ecuador: concentration of malnutrition and extreme poverty in the Andes
    6. 6. Desnutrición en Perú
    7. 7. Bolivian Andes <ul><li>High levels of unmet basic needs </li></ul><ul><li>Low household consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Low levels of income, education and life expectancy </li></ul>
    8. 8. Pobreza relativa
    9. 9. Broad scale poverty patterns <ul><li>Poverty higher in the Andes compared to the coastal regions of Andean countries (exception: Colombia) </li></ul><ul><li>Higher levels of poverty in dry Bolivian and Peruvian Andes compared to humid Ecuador and Colombia </li></ul>
    10. 11. Larrea, C. 2005. Desnutricion, etnicidad y pobreza en el Ecuador y el area Andina. FLACSO. Ecuador
    11. 12. ECUADOR Courtesy of Andrew Farrow
    12. 13. Key drivers
    13. 14. Capital natural
    14. 15. Capital físico
    15. 16. Capital Financiero Bolivia
    16. 17. Capital humano
    17. 18. Food security and natural hazards
    18. 19. Regression of stunting and food consumption Staples Stunting Fruits/veg Stunting Z
    19. 20. Broad scale poverty patterns <ul><li>Issues surrounding health, education, land pressure and land degradation exacerbate poverty </li></ul>
    20. 21. Impact of the recent crisis
    21. 22. Source: http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/ai484e/ai484e06.htm Price trends in Bolivia: 2007-2009
    22. 23. Ambato
    23. 24. % de la población con necesidades básicas insatisfechas En Perú, pobreza es mayor en los distritos aguas arribas de las cuencas, que también muestran altas tasas de desnutrición Perú desnutrición N Promedio desnutrición Aguas arriba 59 .40 Aguas abajo 19 .22
    24. 25. <ul><ul><li>What is the status of food insecurity for different groups in the communities in your case study area? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AMBATO </li></ul></ul>1 si 2 no 1 Una semana o menos 2 Entre 1 y 4 semanas 3 Entre 1 y 2 meses 4 Más de 2 meses 8 No me acuerdo
    25. 26. <ul><ul><li>What is the status of food insecurity for different groups in the communities in your case study area? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JEQUETEPEQUE </li></ul></ul>1 si 2 no 1 Una semana o menos 2 Entre 1 y 4 semanas 3 Entre 1 y 2 meses 4 Más de 2 meses 8 No me acuerdo
    26. 27. <ul><ul><li>What is the status of food insecurity for different groups in the communities in your case study area? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AMBATO </li></ul></ul>Venta y consumo familiar Hubo Tiempo que no habia suficiente alimento Cuanto tiempo duro en esta epoca de crisis alimenatria si no Una semana o menos Entre 1 y 4 semanas Entre 1 y 2 meses Más de 2 meses No me acuerdo Consumo 22 24 7 7 6 1 1 Mayoria Consumo 24 20 5 8 6 2 2 Mitad consumo mitad venta 88 64 16 20 35 12 5 Mayoría venta 58 49 5 18 8 12 11 Venta 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 No sé 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 No datos 5 3 0 3 0 2 0
    27. 28. <ul><ul><li>What is the status of food insecurity for different groups in the communities in your case study area? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JEQUETEPEQUE </li></ul></ul>Venta y consumo familiar Hubo Tiempo que no habia suficiente alimento Cuanto tiempo duro en esta epoca de crisis alimenatria si no Una semana o menos Entre 1 y 4 semanas Entre 1 y 2 meses Más de 2 meses No me acuerdo Consumo 78 115 12 12 11 23 3 Mayoria Consumo 12 47 1 4 1 3 2 Mitad consumo mitad venta 18 44 5 1 5 3 2 Mayoría venta 6 22 2 2 2 0 0 Venta 2 3 0 0 0 2 0 No sé 3 2 2 0 0 1 0 No datos 14 26 2 1 4 5 0
    28. 29. What is the impact of the recent food crisis and global recession on food insecurity in mountain communities? <ul><ul><li>JEQUETEPEQUE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AMBATO </li></ul></ul>1 Todo es para consumo familiar 2 La mayoría es para el consumo familiar 3 La mitad es para el consumo famil. y la mitad es para la venta 4 La mayoría es para la venta 5 Todo es para la venta 6 La mayoría es para exportación a otro país 7 Todo es para exportación a otro país 8 No sé
    29. 30. To what extent are mountain farmers isolated from international and national markets, and to what extent are market signals transmitted to farmers despite their distance from markets and their partial integration in a market economy? <ul><ul><li>AMBATO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JEQUETEPEQUE </li></ul></ul>1 si 2 no
    30. 31. <ul><ul><li>AMBATO </li></ul></ul>To what extent are mountain farmers isolated from international and national markets, and to what extent are market signals transmitted to farmers despite their distance from markets and their partial integration in a market economy? <ul><ul><li>JEQUETEPEQUE </li></ul></ul>1 a una compañía 2 a un comprador local 3 otro
    31. 32. Food insecure households a greater crop diversity Ambato Jequetepeque
    32. 33. Ambato Jequetepeque Little difference between food security and insecure households with respect to livestock diversity
    33. 34. Ambato Jequetepeque Food insecure households have slightly larger household size
    34. 35. Ambato Jequetepeque Remittances appear to make no difference
    35. 36. Ambato Jequetepeque Remittances appear to make no difference
    36. 37. Ambato Jequetepeque Irrigation appears to make little difference
    37. 38. Ambato Jequetepeque Whether family members work outside of the household appears to make little difference
    38. 39. Ambato Jequetepeque In Ambato, food secure households own more cattle. In Jequetepeque, cattle ownership makes little difference.
    39. 40. Ambato Jequetepeque Soil fertility shows little relation to food security
    40. 41. Ambato Jequetepeque Market orientation and food security up here unrelated
    41. 42. Poverty exit pathways
    42. 43. Trends and poverty exit pathways <ul><li>Urbanization of poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Non-farm rural employment (NFRE) and income (NFRI) </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy, high value crops (flowers, coffee, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Remittances </li></ul><ul><li>-------------- </li></ul><ul><li>Information and communication technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Technological and infrastructure changes </li></ul><ul><li>Payment for environmental services (?) </li></ul><ul><li>High value and specialty crops </li></ul><ul><li>supermarkets </li></ul>

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