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College psychology

College psychology



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    College psychology College psychology Presentation Transcript

    • COLLEGE PSYCHOLOGY Prepared by: Glenn M. Apuhin R.N M.N
    • THE DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY – is derived from the greek word “psyche” which means soul - “logos” which means knowlede or study. Mental Philosophers began to translate psyche “mind” and psychology was then defined as a “ study of the mind”  Psychology >It is eventually replaced by the definition of psychology as a “the science of behavior”
    •  Psychology aims to: Help man understand himself so that he can adjust to his environment better.  To predict human behavior  To influence or control the behavior of the individual so that he can achieve the goal he desires.  Psychology can aid your own understanding about.  
    • METHODS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH Inspection Method – In this method, psychologist studies himself, records his own feelings and experiences and later interprets them.  1.  2. Observation Method- It is a visual or oral method of examining, describing, and interpreting the reactions of individuals and group in a classroom, lab or out of school situations.
    • Experimental Method – It emphasizes accurate observations, the collection and arrangement of tentative explanatory theories and the testing of theories by trial under controlled conditions and practical application in life situations.  3.  4. Survey Method- Data are obtained through written questionnaires or interviews from a large group particularly of that which constitutes a representative sample. Empiricism(Empirical Method) – Information is gained from direct observation and measurement  5.
    • OBJECTIVES OF PSYCHOLOGY  1. Describe the behavior  2. To Understand  3. To predict human behavior by means of observation and experiment.  4. To influence or alter the behavior of the individual or group in desirable ways so that the designed goal can be achieved.
    •  Psychologists have different ideas about what psychology should or should not include.  When a large number of psychologists strongly support a certain a view they called themselves “school”. These were group of psychologists who became associated with the leader of a movement. They shared the same ideas about what psychology was and how it was studied. .
    • STRUCTURALISM Was founded by Wilhelm Wundt ( is often considered the father of experimental psychology)  He started the study of psychology based on conscious experience broken into elements such as images, physical sensation or feelings.  Structuralism stated that all complex substances can be analyzed through their component elements. 
    • SCHOOLS OF PSYCHOLOGY 1. Structuralism 2. Functionalism 3. Gestalt 4. Behaviorism 5. Psychoanalysis
    • PSYCHOANALYSIS  Sigmund Freud who advocated psychoanalysis insisted on human desires and primitive impulses as the central factor of behavior.  Psychoanalytic theory stresses that behavior is constantly influenced by unconscious thoughts,impules or desires.  Freuds point of departure was his belief that mental life is like an inceberg.
    •  psychoanalytictheory2-121213222649-phpapp02.pptx