Someone once wrote of a teacher: Even on your worst day on the job, you are still some children’s best hope. The society expects much from a teacher For a teacher to cope up with these many expectations, she/he should be anchored on a bedrock foundation of moral ethical principles.
It is a natural occurrence for animals, say dogs, when driven by sexual instinct, to find another dog who is in heat. Man’s nature is contrary to this.
Strive to know the truth Resolve to resist evil Say nothing to hurt others Respect life, morality and property Engage in job that does injure others Strive to free their mind of evil Control their feelings and thought Practice proper forms of concentration
The teaching profession gda
You, the Teacher, as a Person in
John Donne said in Meditation XVII: No man is an island...
"All mankind is of one author, and is one volume; when one man dies, one
chapter is not torn out of the book, but translated into a better language;
and every chapter must be so translated...As therefore the bell that rings to
a sermon, calls not upon the preacher only, but upon the congregation to
come: so this bell calls us all: but how much more me, who am brought so
near the door by this sickness....
No man is an island, entire of itself...any man's death diminishes me,
because I am involved in mankind; and therefore never send to know for
whom the bell tolls; it tolls for thee.”
The idea that people are not isolated from one another, but
that mankind is interconnected.
No Man Is an Island
No man is an island,
No man stands alone,
Each man's joy is joy to me,
Each man's grief is my own.
We need one another,
So I will defend,
Each man as my brother,
Each man as my friend.
I saw the people gather,
I heard the music start,
The song that they were singing,
Is ringing in my heart.
No man is an island,
Way out in the blue,
We all look to the one above,
For our strength to renew.
When I help my brother,
Then I know that I,
Plant the seed of friendship,
That will never die.
We don’t live in a vacuum.
We live in a society. We are part of society. Our
thoughts, values, and actions are somehow shaped by
events and people we come in contact with.
We, in turn, help shape society-its events, its people,
and its destiny.
In the context of your life as a teacher, we would say:
“No teacher is an island. No teacher stands alone”
Indeed, YOU can’t become a TEACHER alone!
It is therefore, no joke to become a
Why? Many a time the teacher is blamed for the many ills in
society. There are lot of demands and much is expected from
Your influences on your students and on other people with
whom you work and live are greater. But these influences
depend greatly on your Philosophy as a Person and as a
Thus, Your Philosophy of Life and your Philosophy of Education
serve as your “window” to the world and “compass” in the sea of
Within your personal Philosophy are your Principles and Values
that will determine how you regard people, how you look at life
as a whole. They govern and direct your lifestyle, your thoughts,
decisions, actions and your relationships with people and
Teachers are expected to . . .
not to sCARE
look straight in the eyes
gentle touch/pat on the back
s C A R E
ignoring one’s capacity
Output 1: Answer this on a ½ crosswise yellow paper
1. Why do you want to become a Teacher?
2. For you, what is meant by “No teacher is an island.
No Teacher can stand alone”.
THE EXISTENTIAL QUESTION
We are heirs to a rich philosophical heritage from the
different philosophies of great thinkers in the past.
They reflected on LIFE in this planet and search for
answers about human existence.
What is life?
Who am I?
Why am I here?
What am I living for?
What is reality?
Is the universe clear?
Existential Questions (in the world of teaching)
Why do I teach?
What should I teach?
How should I teach?
What is the nature of the learner?
How do learners learn?
Assignment: (encoded or written in
short coupon bond)
Research on the following philosophies. Be able to
describe: “Why teach? What to Teach? How to
3. Rousseau's Philosophy
Formulating YOUR Philosophy of
What does a philosophy of education contain or
include? It includes your concept about:
1. The human person, the learner in particular and
the educated person
2.What is true and good, and therefore must be
3.How a learner must be taught in order to come
close to the truth
Philosophy of Education of a Grade School Teacher
(The human person, the learner in particular and the educated person)
I believe that every child
has natural interest in learning and is capable of
is an embodied spirit
can be influenced but not totally by his/her
is unique and so comparing a child to other children
has no basis
(What is true and good, and therefore must be taught)
I believe that there are unchanging values in changing
times and these must be passed on to every child by
my modelling, value inculcation and value integration
in my lessons
(How a learner must be taught in order to come close to the truth)
I believe that may task as a teacher is to facilitate the
development of every child to the optimum and to
the maximum by
- Reaching out to all children without bias and prejudice
towards the “least” of the children
- Making every child feel good and confident about him/herself
through his/her experiences of success in the classroom
- Helping every child master the basic skills of reading, communication
in oral and written form, arithmetic and computer skills
- Teaching my subject matter with mastery so that every child will use
his/her basic skills to continue acquiring knowledge, skills and values
for him/her to go beyond basic literacy and basic numeracy
- Inculcating or integrating the unchanging values of respect, honesty,
love and care for others regardless of race, ethnicity, nationality,
appearance and economic status in my lessons
- Consistently practicing these values to serve as model for every child
- Strengthening the value formation of every child through “hand-on-
minds-on” experiences inside and outside the classroom
- Providing every child activities meant to develop the body, the mind
and the spirit
Output 1- (Answer the questions to be given by
Output 2- FORMULATE your own Personal
Philosophy of Education
- to be submitted next meeting
- to be encoded in long coupon bond
and inserted in a long clear book
- the clear book will be used for your
other outputs and will serve as your
portfolio in Educ 104 (Color Code: BEED – 2A
Yellow; BEED 2B- Green; BEED 2C- Red; BEED 2D – pink)
What is Morality?
the quality of human acts by which we call them right
or wrong, good or evil. Your human action is RIGHT
when it conforms with the norm, rule, or law of
morality. Otherwise, it is WRONG.
Example: When Juan gets the pencil of Pedro without
the latter’s permission, Juan’s action is wrong because it
is contrary to the norm. STEALING IS WRONG.
What is Morality? (cont.)
A man’s action, habit, or character is good when it is
NOT lacking of what is NATURAL to man, that is,
when it is in accordance to man’s nature.
Example: It is not natural for a man to behave like
animal (beast). Man has INTELLECT AND FREE WILL,
while animals are bound by INSTINCTS.
INTELLECT – makes man capable of thinking, judging
FREE WILL – gives man the ability to choose
MEANING OF FOUNDATIONAL
Principle – is from the Latin word princeps, which
means a beginning or a source.
A principle is that on which something is based,
founded, originated, initiated.
A FOUNDATIONAL MORAL PRINCIPLE is,
therefore, the universal norm upon which other
principle on the rightness and or wrongness of an
action are based.
It is the source of morality.
WHERE is this FOUNDATIONAL
It is contained in the NATURAL LAW
Many moralists and authors and philosophers may
have referred to the FOUNDATIONAL MORAL
PRINCIPLE in different terms but it may be
acceptable to all (believers and non-believers) to refer
to it as NATURAL LAW.
WHAT IS THE NATURAL LAW?
The law written in the hearts of man (Romans 2:15)
It is man’s share in the Eternal Law of God
It is the light of natural reason, whereby we discern
what is good and what is evil… an imprint on us of the
Divine light… (St. Thomas Aquinas)
It is the law that says “Do good and avoid evil”
This is the fundamental or foundational moral
All men regardless of race and belief have a sense of
of the foundational moral principle… WHY?
It is ingrained in man’s nature and woven into the
fabric of the normal human mind.
We are inclined to do what we recognize as good and
avoid that which we recognize as evil.
Writings, customs, monuments of the past and present
generations point out to this conclusion: that peoples
on earth, no matter how savage and illiterate, have
recognized a supreme law of Divine origin,
commanding good and forbidding evil.
VERSIONS OF THE NATURAL LAW
1. Kung –fu-tsu
“Do not do unto others
what you do not want
others to do unto you.”
“Do to others what you
like others do to
-Ten Commandments and
3. Immanuel Kant
“Act in such a way that you maxim can be the maxim
for all .”
-8 fold path
- Hatred does not cease by hatred, hatred ceases only
TEACHER AS A PERSON OF GOOD
Duly licensed professionals who
possess dignity and reputation with
high moral values as well as technical
and professional competence. In the
practice of their noble profession, they
strictly adhere to observe, and practice
this set of ethical and moral principles,
standard and values.
(Preamble, Code of Ethics for
When are you of good moral
1. Being fully human-you have realized substantially
your potential as a human person
2. Being a loving person – you are caring in an
unselfish and mature manner with yourself, other
people and God
3. Being a virtuous person- you have acquired good
habits and attitudes and you practice them
consistently in your daily life
4. Being a morally mature person – you have
reached a level of development emotionally,
socially, mentally, spiritually appropriate to your
TEACHERS AS ROLE MODELS
(Teaching character and moral virtues)
Teachers model integrity by choosing to do the right
thing even when no one is looking.
Teachers display honesty by telling the truth and acting
in an honorable way.
An honest person can be trusted. Trust is the belief in
others that develops whenever people fulfill their
promises and commitments.
Fairness is closely linked with trust as students quickly learn
whether or not teachers discriminate against them or treat them
disparately. Fairness requires that all students have the same
opportunity to meet the standards.
Real respect requires that teachers care for those students toward
whom they might not have a positive feeling. Teachers who model
respect will always appreciate each individual students, even when
the behavior of some may be less than worthy of this respect.
Responsible teachers are those who are accountable for
their actions and fulfill their duties. Responsible
teachers are always well –prepared for each class and
provide constructive feedback to students.