Reading vocabulary
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Reading vocabulary

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This presentation familiarizes the readers to the different vocabulary acquisition techniques.

This presentation familiarizes the readers to the different vocabulary acquisition techniques.

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Reading vocabulary Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Reading Vocabulary
  • 2. Objectives
    At the end of the lesson, we should be able to:
    • Recognize the different ways words can be derived and understood;
    • 3. Identify basic types of context clues
    • 4. Become familiar with different vocabulary acquisition techniques
  • A. Match the list of words in Column A with the language (in Column B) from which they were borrowed.
    Banana
    Chalk
    Magazine
    Orange
    Poodle
    Shampoo
    Arabic
    East India
    Latin
    German
    Persian
    Spanish
  • 5. B. Can you guess the words that were derived form the following personalities and places?
    ____________1. Nicholas Chauvin
    ____________2. J.I. Guillotin
    ____________3. Anton Mesmer
    ____________4. Hamburg, Germany
    ____________5. Sparta, Greece
  • 6. Match the list of words in Column A with the language (in Column B) from which they were borrowed.
    Banana
    Chalk
    Magazine
    Orange
    Poodle
    Shampoo
    Arabic
    East India
    Latin
    German
    Persian
    Spanish
    F
    C
    A
    E
    D
    B
  • 7. B. Can you guess the words that were derived form the following personalities and places?
    Chauvinism
    ____________1. Nicholas Chauvin
    ____________2. J.I. Guillotin
    ____________3. Anton Mesmer
    ____________4. Hamburg, Germany
    ____________5. Sparta, Greece
    Guillotine
    Mesmerized
    Hamburger
    Spartan
  • 8. Different ways to understand words
    Understanding words through their structure
    Root – basic structure of the word
    Affixes – a form added to the beginning, middle or end of a word to create a derivative word or inflection
    Understanding words using context clues
  • 9. Greek roots used in English
  • 10.
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  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23. The next slide is a partially completed table containing sample of Greek roots with their meaning and examples. Fill in the missing blanks using the available words as guide
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26. Latin roots used in English
  • 27.
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  • 57.
  • 58. Study the following words and their meaning
    Root
    cap
    duct
    fring
    leg
    mar
    Meaning
    take
    lead
    break
    read, choose
    sea
    Root
    aqua
    cis
    fract
    greg
    manu
    Meaning
    water
    cut, kill
    break
    group
    hand
  • 59. The italicized word in each sentence contains a root. Select the word that means nearly the same as the italicized/underlined word. Write the letter of the correct answer
    1. The manuscript found in the monastery was written a thousand years ago.
    code
    signal
    document
    symbol
    2. Some fishermen in various parts of the island infringed on the regulation set by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources
    followed
    violated
    modified
    obeyed
  • 60. 3. The aqueous portion of the land has been planted to kangkong.
    watery
    useless
    rich
    black loam
    4. He has to be rushed to the orthopedic hospital because he has several fractured bones caused by the accident.
    small
    delicate
    soft
    broken
    5. Certain chemicals are sprayed on plants to induce flowering.
    lengthen
    bring on
    delay
    stop
  • 61. 6. It would be surprising if the countries in the Middle East would say that they abound in marine life.
    forest
    mine
    sea
    desert
    7. A literate person’s handwriting islegible.
    educated
    elaborate in style
    readable
    bold
    8. The incision in his stomach bled when he carried the heavy load from the car to his room.
    bag
    pocket
    disease
    operation
  • 62. 9. A capacious work area is needed to allow worker free movement.
    congested
    roomy
    luxurious
    modern
    10. Man is by nature gregarious and will always seek the joy of friendship.
    selfish
    suspicious
    sociable
    aggressive
  • 63. The italicized word in each sentence contains a root. Select the word that means nearly the same as the italicized/underlined word. Write the letter of the correct answer
    1. The manuscript found in the monastery was written a thousand years ago.
    code
    signal
    document
    symbol
    2. Some fishermen in various parts of the island infringed on the regulation set by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources
    followed
    violated
    modified
    obeyed
  • 64. 3. The aqueous portion of the land has been planted to kangkong.
    watery
    useless
    rich
    black loam
    4. He has to be rushed to the orthopedic hospital because he has several fractured bones caused by the accident.
    small
    delicate
    soft
    broken
    5. Certain chemicals are sprayed on plants to induce flowering.
    lengthen
    bring on
    delay
    stop
  • 65. 6. It would be surprising if the countries in the Middle East would say that they abound in marine life.
    forest
    mine
    sea
    desert
    7. A literate person’s handwriting islegible.
    educated
    elaborate in style
    readable
    bold
    8. The incision in his stomach bled when he carried the heavy load from the car to his room.
    bag
    pocket
    disease
    operation
  • 66. 9. A capacious work area is needed to allow worker free movement.
    congested
    roomy
    luxurious
    modern
    10. Man is by nature gregarious and will always seek the joy of friendship.
    selfish
    suspicious
    sociable
    aggressive
  • 67. Affixes
  • 68. kinds of affixes
    Prefix – an affix attached at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning
    Suffix – an affix occurring at the end of a word
    Infix – an affix appearing in the body of a word
    Circumfix – an affix made up of two separate parts which surround or attach to the root or the stem
  • 69. Prefixes
  • 70.
  • 71.
  • 72.
  • 73.
  • 74.
  • 75.
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  • 77.
  • 78.
  • 79.
  • 80.
  • 81.
  • 82. On the next slide, identify the word being described. Use the appropriate prefix for the description. Write your answer on a sheet of paper.
  • 83. Not patient
    Wrongly understood
    Cycle again
    Having many purposes
    Change form
    Not personal
    Determine ahead of time
    Of many cultures
    Establish before
    Without moral
  • 84. Answers:
    impatient
    misunderstood
    recycle
    multi-purpose
    transform
    impersonal
    predetermine
    multi-cultural
    pre-establish
    amoral
  • 85. Suffixes
  • 86.
  • 87.
  • 88.
  • 89. In each description on the right box, look for the suffix clue on the left box. Then write the word being described.
    1. without hope: hopeless
    2. in a strange manner: :
    3. can be washed :
    4. one who plays violin:
    5. made of wood:
    6. like a fool:
    7. in a state of being content:
    8. the quality of being kind:
    9. the quality of being loyal:
    10. filled with fear:
    11. in an up direction:
    • able
    • 90. en
    • 91. ful
    • 92. hood
    • 93. ish
    • 94. ity, ―ment
    • 95. less
    • 96. let, ― ling
    • 97. ly
    • 98. ness, ― ty
    • 99. ology
    • 100. or, ―er, ―ist
    • 101. ward
  • ANSWERS:
    1. without hope: hopeless
    2. in a strange manner: strangely
    3. can be washed: washable
    4. one who plays violin: violinist
    5. made of wood: wooden
    6. like a fool: foolish
    7. in a state of being content: contentment
    8. the quality of being kind: kindness
    9. the quality of being loyal: loyalty
    10. filled with fear: fearful
    11. in an up direction: upward
  • 102. The next slide has a box of words and a Venn diagram. Write each word in the appropriate space in the diagram. If the a word has neither prefix nor suffix, write it outside the circles.
  • 103. reappear appreciate nonsense goodness
    undone discover childish midnight
    poisonous impossible wishful disagreement
    dishonesty adulthood zoology recounted
    quite immature nonworking frequently
    misalign precooked uninformed yellowish
    Suffix only
    Prefix only
    Both Prefix and Suffix
  • 104. Answers:
    quite
    appreciate
    Suffix only
    Prefix only
    Both Prefix and Suffix
    reappear
    poisonous
    dishonesty
    undone
    adulthood
    precooked
    misalign
    childish
    nonworking
    discover
    wishful
    uniformed
    impossible
    zoology
    disagreement
    immature
    goodness
    nonworking
    nonsense
    yellowish
    recounted
    midnight
  • 105. Context clues
  • 106. Context
    • Refers to the parts of a piece of writing or speech that precede or follow a word and contribute to its full meaning.
  • Types of context clues
    Definition
    Synonym
    Simile
    Example
    Apposition
    Inference
    Comparison and contrast
    Negation
    Experience clue
  • 107. Definition
    This is an outright explanation of the meaning of a word by introducing and describing it within the same context.
    Example:
    The cornea is the transparent outer coating of the eyeball.
  • 108. Synonym
    The meaning of the unknown word is understood because the ideas is repeated in familiar words.
    Example:
    In his complete uniform and with his shining sword, the man appeared bellicose or warlike.
  • 109. Simile
    The words as and like are used to show an idea of comparison.
    Example:
    The boy’s eyes glistened like the bright stars in the sky.
  • 110. Exemplification
    Provides an illustration, instance or model of the word.
    Example:
    The artist engages in aesthetic activities such as writing poems about the beauty of nature and paining scenic spots.
  • 111. Apposition
    An appositive is a descriptive word, phrase, or clause placed beside the unknown word and is often enclosed or set off by commas.
    Example:
    An ecologist, a scientist who specialized in the relationship between living things and their environment, is likely to have authoritative opinion on the problem of pollution versus man’s survival
  • 112. Inference
    To infer is to reach an opinion based on the given facts. It involves making a conclusion as a result of reasoning.
    Example:
    When he passed the sentry, Jose gave his forge ID card and held his breath. The guard on duty was busy talking to a friend and gave it a perfunctory glance, so Jose breathed easily again.
  • 113. Comparison and contrast
    Uses similar or different ideas to illustrate the meaning of the target vocabulary
    Example:
    We must recognize the true from false, the enduring from the ephemeral, the important from the trivial.
  • 114. Negation
    Tells the reader what the word is not
    Example:
    The family is not formal learning institution or university but it does equip is with lessons needed to survive in life.
  • 115. Experience clue
    Uses common experiences that help readers easily relate to the meaning of the word
    Example:
    His room is a pig pen. He has not been cleaning it for several months now.
  • 116. The next slide contains underlined words. Find out each of their meaning by looking at the context clues provided by the sentences. Then identify the context clue used.
  • 117. You may reach the nadir or lowest point in your life, but don’t give up.
    Self-hypnosis is simply using positive words to train the subconscious to replace negative thoughts.
    Many people think that vegetating on front of a television set is relaxing. However, this lack of movement is the cause of many illnesses.
  • 118. Celestial bodies, such as the sun, moon, and stars, are governed by predictable laws.
    Lourdes is always sucking up to the boss, even in front of others. That sycophant  just doesn't care what others think of her behavior.
  • 119. You may reach the nadir or lowest point in your life, but don’t give up. (synonym)
    Self-hypnosis is simply using positive words to train the subconscious to replace negative thoughts. (definition)
    Many people think that vegetating on front of a television set is relaxing. However, this lack of movement is the cause of many illnesses. (comparison and contrast)
  • 120. Celestial bodies, such as the sun, moon, and stars, are governed by predictable laws. (exemplification)
    Lourdes is always sucking up to the boss, even in front of others. That sycophant  just doesn't care what others think of her behavior. (experience clue)
  • 121. Vocabulary acquisition techniques
  • 122. Technique #1: Divide and conquer
    Analyze the parts of the words – their root or stem and their affixes.
    Technique #2: Use context clues
    When we find meaning in contest as we read texts, we learn new vocabulary without disrupting our reading process. Context is important because many words have more than one meaning.
    Technique #3: Look up the meaning in the dictionary
    It helps us learn other information about words. However, do not overuse this technique.
    Technique #4: Skip it
    As long as we can understand the whole passage even without understanding the meaning of some terms, then it won’t make a lot of difference.
  • 123. Practice
  • 124. Read the newspaper article then, on the worksheet, write the unfamiliar words in the first column. In the second column, write the meaning of the unfamiliar word. Then put a check on the technique that you used to understand the meaning of the word.
    What is the overall idea of the article? What helped you arrive at that answer?
    In reading the article, which vocabulary technique helped you the most. Explain your answer.
  • 125. References:
    Villamin, Arcelli M. et.al (1995). Developmental Reading. Quezon City: Phoenix Press, Inc.
    Yu, Pamela et.al. (2007). Keys to confidence and Competence in English 1. Biñan, Laguna: Trailblazer Publication.
    http://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/prefixes.htm retrieved on May 1, 2009.
    http://www.montgomerycollege.edu/~steuben/vocabularycontext.htm retrieved on May 2, 2009.
    http://www.merriam-webster.com/
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_and_Latin_roots_in_English retrieved on April 20, 2009.