Blood Borne Pathogen Training


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Blood Borne Pathogen Training

  2. 2. Annual Bloodborne Pathogen Training <ul><li>Required by OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) </li></ul><ul><li>To protect employees in the workplace by decreasing the hazards of bloodborne pathogens </li></ul>
  3. 3. Universal Precautions <ul><li>When safeguards like gloves, training, and proper work practices are provided transmission can be decreased or eliminated and lives saved. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Points to Remember <ul><li>Bloodborne pathogens are disease causing organisms found in the blood or body fluids of an infected person. </li></ul><ul><li>People can feel and look fine and yet spread the pathogen without knowing they are infected. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to treat all blood and body fluids as if they are infected and protect yourself (universal precautions). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Diseases Caused by BBP <ul><li>Hepatitis B (HBV) </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis C (HCV) </li></ul><ul><li>HIV </li></ul>
  6. 6. HBV and HCV <ul><li>HBV Hepatits B </li></ul><ul><li>Greater risk for school employees because it is more easily transmitted </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccine available </li></ul><ul><li>HCV Hepatitis C </li></ul><ul><li>Some antiviral drugs have been effective for those with disease </li></ul><ul><li>No vaccine available </li></ul>
  7. 7. HBV and HCV both… <ul><li>Attack the liver </li></ul><ul><li>Have symptoms that can be mild or severe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>yellow skin and eyes (jaundice), fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can be detected by a blood test </li></ul>
  8. 8. HIV … <ul><li>Attacks a person’s immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Destroys WBC and the body’s ability to fight infection </li></ul><ul><li>Can lead to AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Is diagnosed with a blood test </li></ul>
  9. 9. Current HIV Realities <ul><li>No cure </li></ul><ul><li>No vaccine </li></ul><ul><li>Number of those infected has decreased due to universal precautions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Facts About Transmission <ul><li>HIV,HBV, and HCV are all spread by contact with an infected person’s blood, body fluid containing visible blood or through sexual transmission </li></ul><ul><li>To actually get HIV, HBV,or HCV, the virus must get inside your body </li></ul><ul><li>In a school environment the chance of becoming infected is very small, but it could happen </li></ul>
  11. 11. Bloodborne Pathogens are NOT… <ul><li>Spread through the air like cold or the flu </li></ul><ul><li>Transmittable by working next to someone who is infected </li></ul><ul><li>Spread via drinking fountains, food, coughing or sneezing </li></ul>
  12. 12. Entering The Body
  13. 13. Pathogens can enter the body… <ul><li>When contaminated blood or body fluid gets into your eyes, nose, or mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Indirectly when you touch an infectious material and then touch your mouth, eyes, nose or open cut </li></ul>
  14. 14. Skin is a natural protective barrier against Blood borne Pathogens.
  15. 15. Bloodborne pathogens can get through the skin by… <ul><li>Cut/scratch </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing needles </li></ul><ul><li>Razor nick </li></ul><ul><li>Skin abrasion </li></ul><ul><li>Dermatitis/acne </li></ul>
  16. 16. Exposure Control Plan <ul><li>District 225 has an exposure control plan </li></ul><ul><li>It is a requirement of OSHA </li></ul><ul><li>It lists the potential hazards of the job and explains how to reduce the risk </li></ul><ul><li>Every person is considered a carrier of a bloodborne pathogen and all blood and body fluids are treated as if they were infected </li></ul>
  17. 17. Protecting Yourself from Exposure <ul><li>Every classroom has an emergency kit with gloves, paper towels, bandages </li></ul><ul><li>Kit is located in the acrylic holder next to the classroom door </li></ul><ul><li>Use gloves when necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Protect yourself and do not touch any blood directly </li></ul>
  18. 18. Classroom Example <ul><li>If a student has a nosebleed, instruct him or her to use a tissue and apply direct pressure to the nose </li></ul><ul><li>Send the student to the nurse </li></ul><ul><li>Call the maintenance department for necessary cleanup </li></ul>
  19. 19. Further Guidelines for Protection <ul><li>Always cover your own open cuts with a bandage before coming to work </li></ul><ul><li>A red biohazard bag is provided in the kit for any used gloves or towels, gauze… </li></ul><ul><li>Always wash hands before eating drinking handling contact lenses or applying cosmetics </li></ul>
  20. 20. What to Do if Exposed <ul><li>Do not panic! Being exposed to infectious material does not mean you will be infected </li></ul><ul><li>Wash skin with soap and water immediately </li></ul><ul><li>If infectious material gets into eyes, nose, or mouth flush with large amounts of water </li></ul><ul><li>Report incident to IS and school nurse </li></ul><ul><li>We will advise you regarding testing and follow up steps to take </li></ul><ul><li>Incident will be kept confidential </li></ul>
  21. 21. Review <ul><li>The risk of being exposed to bloodborne pathogens at school is low </li></ul><ul><li>Treat all blood and body fluids as if they were infected with bloodborne pathogens </li></ul><ul><li>Wear gloves whenever you may be exposed to bloodborne pathogens </li></ul><ul><li>Wash your hands with soap and water </li></ul>
  22. 22. Finally… <ul><li>Take charge of your safety by following the guidelines you have learned in this presentation. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Resources <ul><li>Information adapted from: </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal Training Technologies Corp. </li></ul><ul><li>American Red Cross Bloodborne Pathogens Training: Instructor Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Images: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>BE SURE TO GO TO THE NEXT SLIDE </li></ul>
  24. 24. Resources <ul><li>Information adapted from: </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal Training Technologies Corp. </li></ul><ul><li>American Red Cross Bloodborne Pathogens Training: Instructor Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Images: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>BE SURE TO GO TO THE NEXT SLIDE </li></ul>
  25. 25. Return to your email that contained the link to this presentation to complete the final step.