2009 2010 Exploration & Isolation

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2009 2010 Exploration & Isolation

  1. 1. Exploration Late 1400’s, 1500’s When one group suffers, another group prospers.
  2. 2. What did Europe know?
  3. 3. <ul><li>Why start exploring? </li></ul><ul><li>God </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeans wanted to convert people to Christianity (spread the word) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Gold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spices, raw materials = $ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate the Italian, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslim middlemen </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Glory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renaissance spirit of inquiry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Honor to their name, desire to be the first country to claim </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Mercantilism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A nation’s strength depends on its wealth (measured in gold and silver) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A country must be self-sufficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A colony exists for the parent country ($) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What did they find?
  8. 8. <ul><li>Impact of Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Countries began to establish empires (gain power) </li></ul><ul><li>Empires </li></ul><ul><li>around </li></ul><ul><li>1763 </li></ul><ul><li>http://history.howstuffworks.com/south-american-history/history-of-south-america2.htm </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Columbian Exchange ( Reading ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exchange of plants, animals, people, disease and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemisphere after 1492 ( Why?) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Pick five items that have had the greatest impact on North America today. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Spanish encomienda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists given Native Americans to work the land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Native Americans were taught Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think happened? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Diseases and war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Native American population dropped due to smallpox, measles, malaria and the flu </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Slavery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Triangular Trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/a/aa/351px-Triangle_trade.png </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><ul><li>Middle Passage www.socialistworker.co.uk/.../triangle_map.jpg </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>http://mycommonplace.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/02/Slaveshipposter1.jpg </li></ul>
  16. 17. R.A.F.T.S. <ul><li>Role : Slave ship </li></ul><ul><li>Audience : Ships today </li></ul><ul><li>Format : Letter </li></ul><ul><li>Topic : What did you see, hear, smell, touch, taste? </li></ul><ul><li>Strong verb : Explain </li></ul>
  17. 18. Isolationism She’s Isolated
  18. 19. <ul><li>Isolationism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staying out of world affairs (trade, wars) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good idea or bad idea? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think? </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Who became isolated? </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ming Dynasty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is a dynasty? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Ming Naval Expeditions </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><ul><li>What were the Naval expeditions? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1405-1433 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zheng He sailed from the Indian Ocean as far as Africa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>300 ship fleets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrated Ming China’s power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>P. 116 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 22. http://famoustraveler.blogspot.com/2007_07_01_archive.html
  22. 23. <ul><li>Why become isolated? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voyages were expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European traders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christian missionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential loss of tradition </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>What do you think would result? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Results of being Isolated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smugglers still brought in products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failed to keep up with European advances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religions stayed the same </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shogun or general took control in 1192 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emperor had no real power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese Feudalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese reading </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/.../gr7/images/feudal.gif </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><ul><li>Foreigners welcomed at first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity began to spread </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreigners were no longer welcome </li></ul></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><ul><li>Japan was isolated for more than 200 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the overall impact of isolation? </li></ul>

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