Livestock Early Warning System: A Tool that Holds Promise for an Integrated Natural Resource-based Conflict Management


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Livestock Early Warning System: A Tool that Holds Promise for an Integrated Natural Resource-based Conflict Management. Presented by Abdi Jama (FAO/IGAD) at the GL-CRSP End of Program Conference on June 17, 2009, Naivasha, Kenya.

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Livestock Early Warning System: A Tool that Holds Promise for an Integrated Natural Resource-based Conflict Management

  1. 1. GLCRSP/Livestock Early Warning System: A tool that holds promise for an integrated natural resource-based conflict Management. Abdi Jama
  2. 2. Global Livestock CRSP Early Warning System for Monitoring Nutrition and Livestock Health for Food Security of Humans in East Africa. …..blending monitoring/modeling and spatial technologies to improve food security of pastoral communities in East Africa Lead Institution: Texas A&M University System
  3. 3. Livestock Early Warning System for East Africa • -
  4. 4. Livestock Early Warning System
  5. 5. Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism for the IGAD Region
  6. 6. LEWS Policy Meeting in Entebbe, Uganda 1998
  7. 7. Key Products of LEWS • Automated forage supply modeling package – Satellite based rainfall estimates (RFE) – Satellite based Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). • Livestock movement modeling. • Water monitoring system • Deployment of a rural ICT technology and development communications strategies.
  8. 8. LEWS Forage Supply Monitoring
  9. 9. Integration of Models and Imagery Max Temperature Regional Forage Maps MinTemperature Geostatistical PHYGROW Analysis Model Rainfall Servers Climate Imagery Site Analysis with 90-Day Forecasting
  10. 10. Waterhole Monitoring in E. Africa
  11. 11. A Waterhole in Southern Ethiopia
  12. 12. Community Information Centers • Low levels of computer literacy, limited power supply, and harsh and dusty climatic conditions. • System delivers relevant local language and international content. • Equipment: rugged, energy efficient desktop computer, an ink efficient printer, a WorldSpace satellite receiver, and a CD/cassette/AM/FM radio, all of which are powered by solar energy and designed to withstand the elements of heat and dust in the arid regions of Eastern Africa
  13. 13. CEWARN Mandate To collect and share information concerning potentially violent conflicts as well as their outbreak and escalation in the IGAD region, undertake analysis of the information and develop case scenarios and formulate options for response.
  14. 14. Focus on Pastoral Conflicts – CEWARN mandate covers all types of conflicts, but it was agreed that, as entry point, the Mechanism should start by monitoring cross-border pastoral conflicts, because: – Over 60% of the region’s land is arid and semi-arid lands inhabited by pastoralists. – Agreement among Member States on the need to address the plight of pastoral communities across borders of the IGAD region. – Many conflicts in the region are natural resource based. – The focus on pastoral conflicts is a spring board for building the necessary confidence among MS to address other conflicts through EW and ER
  15. 15. Conflict in the Eastern Africa Region No Comment 34
  16. 16. Karamoja and Somali Clusters
  17. 17. CEWARN Functions – Collection of information – Analysis – Formulation of most likely case scenarios and response options. – Communication of recommendations on policy and response options to prevent/mitigate pastoral conflicts to decision-makers – Promote the exchange of information and collaboration among IGAD MS on EW and ER – Creation of linkages and sharing information with other regional and international organizations dealing with Early Warning and Early Response.
  18. 18. Organizational Structure of the CEWARN Mechanism IGAD Council of Ministers IGAD Secretariat R CPS E Peace & Agriculture & Economic Committee of Permanent Secretaries G Security Environme Cooperation I Policy Decisions at Regional Level Division Division nt O Division N A Sub-Regional L Peace Councils TCEW Technical Committee CEWARN Unit (to be created) on Early Warning Coordination, Monitoring and Quality Control EARLY RESPONSE EARLY WARNING N structur A e in all CEWERU NRI T IGAD Conflict Early Warning National Research Institutes I Member and Early Response Unit O States (Steering Committees) CC N CEWARN Country Coordinator A Response Initiatives L Coding and Analysis of Information Early Warning Reports L O C Local Committees FM Structural A Field Monitors Relation Implementation at Local Level L Data Collection in Flow of Areas of Reporting Information
  19. 19. Conclusion • The integration of LEWS technology to CEWARN will provide a missing link i.e.: Linking Early warning to response and contingency planning
  20. 20. Pastoralists???