From Problem Models to Solutions: the Global Livestock CRSP


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The Director of the GL-CRSP, Dr. Montague Demment, introduces the GL-CRSP "End of Program Conference" in Naivasha, Kenya. The presentation provides an overview of GL-CRSP achievements, lessons learned, and conference objectives.

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From Problem Models to Solutions: the Global Livestock CRSP

  1. 1. Global Livestock CRSP End of Program Conference From Problem models to solutions <ul><li>Montague Demment </li></ul><ul><li>Director, Global Livestock CRSP </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Plant Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>UC Davis </li></ul>
  2. 2. Comments <ul><li>Where we started. </li></ul><ul><li>What we did to adapt. </li></ul><ul><li>What we are. </li></ul><ul><li>How we have evolved. </li></ul><ul><li>Some personal perspectives on the future and its challenges. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Where we started. <ul><li>The environment of the 1990s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The “A” word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on short-term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CRSP funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher versus Basic Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Where we started. <ul><li>Old CRSP model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No open competition for projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BOD composed of representatives of the participating institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PIs controlled the allocation of resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disciplinary focus at project level, interdisciplinary across projects </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What we did. <ul><li>New CRSP structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gore’s redesign of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Top-down-bottom-up planning process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stakeholders set themes and regional problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open competition for Assessment Teams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final proposals </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Global Livestock CRSP Program Design Goals for Program Design Regions & General Focus Middle Level Input: Problem Models Grassroots Input PM Development & Team Building Synthesis Meeting USAID Meeting Regional Conferences Assessment Team Workshops Assessment Phase Final Proposals & Selection Peer Review, Regional Input & PAC
  7. 7. GL-CRSP/ASARECA WORKSHOP 29 January - 1 February 1996 <ul><li>Ensuring food security and development needs of resource poor households </li></ul><ul><li>Improving the ability of pastoral people to cope with and recover from drought </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing enabling policy environment </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and evaluate practical methods to increase animal products in children’s diets </li></ul><ul><li>Matching livestock genotypes to ecological and economic environments </li></ul><ul><li>Improving input and output markets </li></ul><ul><li>Conserving forage and browse plant and livestock biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Optimizing land use and natural resource conservation by integrating domestic and wild animal species </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock/Wildlife Production Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock/Wildlife Policy </li></ul>1 3 4 2 5, 6 5, 6 9 7 10 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 7 Priority Problem Models Ranking for SR-CRSP Ranking for ASARECA
  8. 8. What we did. <ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EPAC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EEP/EPAC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outreach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USAID Missions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Model brings diverse partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research Briefs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Website </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Characteristics of the New CRSP <ul><li>Reduce Transaction Costs (National Performance Review, Synthesis Meetings) </li></ul><ul><li>Diversify Granting Mechanisms (Synthesis Meetings) </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Assessment and Problem Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>(USAID Re-engineering, Synthesis Meetings) </li></ul><ul><li>Diversify Partnerships: Private Sector, IARCs </li></ul><ul><li>(New Partnership Initiative, Synthesis Meetings, USAID/AFS) </li></ul><ul><li>Regionalization (Synthesis Meeting, USAID/AFS) </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Oriented (USAID Reengineering, Synthesis Meetings) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Problem Models <ul><li>Results orientation with strong logic framework </li></ul><ul><li>Integrative mechanism for disciplinary research </li></ul><ul><li>Continuum from research to extension </li></ul><ul><li>Diversification of member institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporation of collaborators on the front end </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalize on other funding sources </li></ul>
  11. 11. Regional Institutions NARS CRSP Grassroots input NARS IARCs IARCs NARS NGOs NGOs Regional Regional Workshops Workshops AT AT i i Problem Problem Diagnosis Diagnosis Team Team Building Building Problem Problem Diagnosis Diagnosis AT AT i i Full Full Proposal Proposal M M i i M M i i Team Team Building Building PROPOSAL DEVELOPMENT CYCLE PROPOSAL DEVELOPMENT CYCLE Selection Selection
  12. 12. Who we are <ul><li>Conference Brochure </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of the CRSP model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost effective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leveraged funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US university and host country contribution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term engagement and partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem solving and capacity building linked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internationalization of US HEIs and increase ability to produce globally competent students </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. How we evolved: 3 examples <ul><li>Between CRSP evolution : Nutrition CRSP>GL-CRSP CNP>GL-CRSP ENAM </li></ul><ul><li>Within project transformation : PARIMA: Fundamental to action research to implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Technology developed, implemented and spread : LEWS/LINKS > Gobi > PEACE > MLPI </li></ul>
  14. 14. How we see the future <ul><li>Changing landscape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food crisis, the Return of Agriculture and Higher Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lugar/Casey Bill </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Africa-U.S. Higher Education Initiative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obama transition team </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The Challenges <ul><li>USAID and USG foreign assistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implications of Congressional constraints on staffing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fragmentation of foreign assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Influence of State, PEPFAR, MCC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Putting the pieces back together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support for increased staffing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Making the Agency a “learning institution” again </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development vs disaster </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancing partnership with US universities and developing country entities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The Challenges <ul><li>Strong rationale for DA competing with huge budget deficits. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong focus particularly in Africa on agriculture, can it be realized and maintained? </li></ul><ul><li>Building human and institutional capacity particularly in fields related to economic development will increase ? </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Challenges <ul><li>Will higher education and degree training become a major component of the development portfolio? (Atlas Program) </li></ul><ul><li>Can research return to rightful place in USAID development portfolio…can we learn by doing? </li></ul><ul><li>Can the USG FA effort take full advantage of the S&T capacity of US higher education in the knowledge age? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Challenges at the Program Level <ul><li>Risk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoonotic disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connection to markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child nutrition and development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon cap and trade systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Building linkages with USAID Missions </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Conference <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highlight achievements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss lessons learned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify major challenges to conducting international development research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examine challenges by which the program has functioned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulate dialog for way forward for animal agricultural research in international development. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Thank you