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Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the Brazilian offshore and marine supply chain
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Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the Brazilian offshore and marine supply chain

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Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the Brazilian offshore and marine supply chain and Procedure Perspectives for Attenuation of Technological’ Bottlenecks......

Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the Brazilian offshore and marine supply chain and Procedure Perspectives for Attenuation of Technological’ Bottlenecks The Logic of the Course of Action Suggested

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  • 1. Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the offshore and marine supply chain (channel integration).Page 1 of 9Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in theBrazilian offshore and marine supply chain and Procedure Perspectives forAttenuation of Technological’ BottlenecksThe Logic of the Course of Action Suggested1The logic of action proposed in this report is a method of choice for an array related to thetechnological complexity or intrinsic to this technological bottleneck and presented withpreliminary verification of the volume of supply of technology, characterized by the presence inthe State of Rio de Janeiro for ICT and providers organizations of technology solutions. Thedegree of technological complexity is mandatory to set the option for typologies: TechnologyTransfer, Capacity-Building and Dissemination of Technological Content.The programs recommended for mitigation of technological bottlenecks were being chosenaccording the "availability of technological supply".The courses of action are pre-configured as:o Technology Transfer, comprising (i) participation in projects of R&D, especially thosesubsidized by S & T sector funds, especially in situations that may involve developingsolutions for local content in the long term given the technological complexity faced, (ii)approach to providing of technology where the bottleneck will be mitigated by purchasingequipment or modifications to the manufacturing process through acquisition of licensesand methods that address technical and scientific knowledge by providing and/or bytechnical assistance programs and training; and (iii) agreements between peers forproviding technology among members of a collaborative network aimed at transferringnon-burdensome that encourage the development of technologies to be shared in theresolution of common bottlenecks.1 Recommended Citation: Gripp, W. and Bastos, G. at Logike Associados S/C (Redetec’ report, 2013).
  • 2. Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the offshore and marine supply chain (channel integration).Page 2 of 9o Capacity-Building, comprising (i) training programs upstream and downstream inpartnership with inducers anchor enterprises aiming the elevation of technologicalcompetence of micro and small enterprises through the use of purchasing power, (ii)training programs under horizontal organization with aggregation conformed to thesectorial proximity and (iii) training programs opened in the array of services offered bySystem S and REDETEC.o Dissemination of knowledge, comprising (i) stimulating the participation in symposiapromoted by the ReINC (Network of Incubators Enterprises, Parks and TechnologicalPoles of Rio de Janeiro), National Organization of Oil Industry (ONIP) or by the BrazilianAssociation of Production Engineering (ABEPRO), among others, (ii) workshops programsof short duration presented by the "Rede Petro" in the State of Rio de Janeiro and (iii) useof booklets, brochures and standards provided by the System S” and “REDETEC”.
  • 3. Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the offshore and marine supply chain (channel integration).Page 3 of 9Subsystem: Instrumentation, Automation and Control.Bottleneck: Inconsistency in the commissioning of instrumentation.Program: Technology Transfer. Description of BottleneckThe SME (Small and medium enterprises) does not have in its technical staff professionals withminimum experience required to test equipments, manage and provide teams for acceptancetesting, commissioning and mounting panels, instruments, power lines and signs, supportsystems and cables. Purpose of ActionTrain technicians and inspectors to perform mesh testing. Macro-Contento Electrical tests on panels of medium and high voltage;o Instrumentation Test on: Field transmitters and gauges, control panels and signalingand power cables.o PETROBRAS Standard for Quality Control on Services of Construction, Installation andCommissioning of Equipment and Instrumentation Systems Skills to performUpon completion of the program, the SME should be able to interpret, critically analyze and adoptpractices of preparing the documentation of the mesh test and mechanical verification of meshcomponents and trials on mesh components.
  • 4. Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the offshore and marine supply chain (channel integration).Page 4 of 9Subsystem: Instrumentation, Automation and Control.Bottleneck: Inconsistency in the commissioning of instrumentation.Program: Technology Transfer. Description of BottleneckSME have technical limitation in assembly, installation and maintenance of fiber optic systems. Purpose of ActionTrain the SME to design and build structured networks and offer solutions for Structured CablingOptical using workmanship fitted for Fiber Optic Fusion. Macro-Contento Classification of Optical Fibers;o Methods for manufacturing fibers and Construction Technologies for Optical Cables;o Types of Optical Connectors and Splices;o Optical accessories and passage boxes. Skills to performUpon completion of the program, technicians should be able to Mount fiber optic connectors,implement splices using connection and fusion; conceive, design and operate terminal boxes andconnections in humid environments with presence of flammable materials.
  • 5. Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the offshore and marine supply chain (channel integration).Page 5 of 9Subsystem: Critical Utilities/ Networks, Pipes and Cargo/ Ballast Tanks.Bottleneck: Failure in the application of welding requirements for special processes.Program: Technology Transfer. Description of BottleneckThe SME does not have in its technical staff professionals with minimum experience required to,not only understand but also, apply the requirements of welding, fabrication, destructive andnondestructive trials established by national, regional and international technical standards. Afailure in the application of welding requirements in specific processes affect immediately thestep of subassembly, the first level of manufacturing in shipbuilding and conformation step. Purpose of ActionCapacitate technicians, engineers and inspectors linked to the industries of machinery, steelstructure, boiler shops, industrial assembly and maintenance, seeking a better understanding ofthe key requirements of the standards and codes that are integral parts of most projects andmanufacturing of equipments and welded components. Macro-Contento Heat Treatment;o Fusion welding processes, manually or partly mechanized;o Visual and Dimensional Inspection;o Acceptance requirements for tests and counterproofs;o Handling and Treatment of consumables;o Underwater welding;o Qualification in the process of Ultrasound and Radiography. Skills to performUpon completion of the program, the SME should be able to reduce misinterpretation of weldingrequirements; understand contractual requirements related to welding standards, establish acorrect welding technical documentation according the standards EN 287-1, EN 1418, MIG -MAGstandards and applicable standards to welding by friction and coated electrode.
  • 6. Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the offshore and marine supply chain (channel integration).Page 6 of 9Subsystem: Power Generation.Bottleneck: Construction, installation, operation and maintenance of electricalinstallations, according to health and safety requirements.Program: Capacity-Building. Description of BottleneckThe SME have difficult to meet minimum health and safety requirements in the work done inelectrical systems and their surroundings, facilities and even services with electricity. Purpose of ActionCapacitate the MPE to execute jobs in electrical systems and their surroundings, ensuring thehealth and safety required by Regulatory Norm Standard # 10 (NR 10). Macro-Contento Security in the project design, construction, installation, operation and maintenance ofelectrical installations.o Working procedures and emergency situations. Skills to performUpon completion of the program the MPE should be able to ensure, based on Regulatory NormNR10, the safety and health of workers who interact with all equipment involved in thegeneration and consumption of energy in FPSO and semi-submersibles platforms, and otheractivities in vicinity of electrical installations.
  • 7. Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the offshore and marine supply chain (channel integration).Page 7 of 9Subsystem: Cargo and Ballast Tanks/ Superstructure/ Power Generation.Bottleneck: Adequacy of projects, operation and maintenance of boilers and pressurevessels to the health and safety requirements.Program: Capacity-Building. Description of BottleneckThe SME have difficulty to conceiving constructive projects of mechanisms related to boilers andpressure vessels. Purpose of ActionProviding the MPE a better understanding of NR 13, via product design workshops inaccordance with the Regulatory Norm Standard # 13 (NR 13), mainly due to the existenceconfined boilers and pressure vessels facilities in FPSO and semi-submersible platforms. Macro-Contento Provide safety conditions in the installation, operation and maintenance of boilers andpressure vessels. Skills to performAt the end of the program the SME should be able to design mechanisms such as pressure controlvalves in accordance with the requirements of the NR 13 and subject pressure vessels to a systemof inspection of the project design and construction features in perfect agreement with the NR 13.
  • 8. Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the offshore and marine supply chain (channel integration).Page 8 of 9Subsystem: Cargo and Ballast Tanks/ Propulsion/ Navigation.Bottleneck: Decommissioning, reconfiguration and maintenance of tanks and ships holds.Program: Dissemination of Technological Knowledge. Description of BottleneckThe decommissioning and reconfiguring of cargo holds and oil tanks for use in the oil processingplant of FPSO involves the use of blasting and welding equipment that producing industrialwaste. When the intention is to employ national companies to perform these services, we face onthe lack of a technology that enables the process, usually within the criteria for wastemanagement. Purpose of ActionEmpower SME to obtain or develop technologies that minimize waste production performed incargo holds and in oil tanks, giving flexibility in the process of closing production operation of thesubsystem cargo, oil tanks and ballast tanks. Macro-Contento Solid Waste Management.o Collection, transportation, treatment and disposal of wastes. Skills to performUpon completion of the program technicians should be able: to understand the concepts,classification and characteristics involving solid waste; effectively manage the collection anddisposal or reuse of waste and how to apply technology to collect "in loco" waste welding andsandblasting in confined environments.
  • 9. Initial analysis of technological restrictions to the admission of SMEs in the offshore and marine supply chain (channel integration).Page 9 of 9Subsystem: Cargo and Ballast tanks/ Superstructure.Bottleneck: Conditions for operation in confined areas.Program: Dissemination of Technological Knowledge. Description of BottleneckFailure to correctly identify confined environment and the consequent understanding of theminimum requirements for the operation, design of projects and performance in such areas inFPSO, platforms, semi-submersibles and dry docks. Purpose of ActionProviding the SME capabilities for the correct identification of confined spaces and takingprecautions to operate in efficient conditions of health and safety as required by the RegulatoryStandard # 33 (NR 33). Macro-Contento Recognition and control of the risks physical, chemical, mechanical and ergonomicnature that may occur in the operating environment.o Planning on moving loads and Simulations of Input and Output in confined areas.o Entry and Labor Permission (Permissão de Entrada e Trabalho - PET). Skills to performAt the end of the program the SME should be able to identify confined spaces and to recognize,evaluate, monitor and control the risks, in order to ensure, on the basis of NR 33, the safety of allpeople and materials that operate directly or indirectly in such areas.