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Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
Emerging Technologies in Libraries
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Emerging Technologies in Libraries

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Foundations of Library and Information Science, Queens College, July 28, 2011

Foundations of Library and Information Science, Queens College, July 28, 2011

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
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  • 1.  
  • 2. A word about me <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Extra-curricular activities </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 3. What are emerging technologies? Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 4. Technology & Health <ul><ul><li>The Pew Internet & American Life Project finds that, of the 74% of adults who use the internet: 80% of internet users have looked online for information about any of 15 health topics such as a specific disease or treatment. This translates to 59% of all adults. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pew Internet & American Life Project, The Social Life of Health Information, May 12, 2011: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://bit.ly/PewHealth_QC </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 5. Narrowing down the playing field <ul><li>Mobile </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd party literature mining – PubMed </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping up to date </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 6. Mobile – the numbers <ul><li>Research - 35% of US adults own a smartphone of some kind, and one quarter of smartphone owners say that their phone is where they do most of their online browsing. </li></ul><ul><li>Pew Internet & American Life Project, Smart Phone Adoption and Usage, July 11, 2011: </li></ul><ul><li>http://bit.ly/PewMobile_QC </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 7. Smartphones Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 8. Tablets Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 9. E-readers Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 10. Uses <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>News </li></ul><ul><li>Games </li></ul><ul><li>Apps </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 11. Librarians reaching out to mobile users <ul><li>Chat & text messaging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text-a-Librarian – http://textalibrarian.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meebo – http://meebo.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foursquare – NYPL - http://bit.ly/foursquare_QC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>QR codes </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 12. QR Codes Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11 <ul><li>2-dimensional barcodes </li></ul><ul><li>Users need barcode reader app to scan, most are free. </li></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to a website or email address </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dial a phone number or launch a text message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add an address to a contacts list </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Easy & free to create </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google “QR code generator” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: http://qrcode.kaywa.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative codes: http://on.mash.to/QR_QC </li></ul>This QR links to METRO’s Mobile SIG meetings. http://bit.ly/METRO_QC
  • 13. Microsoft Tags Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11 <ul><li>Similar to QR codes </li></ul><ul><li>Generator and reader are free from Microsoft </li></ul><ul><li>Provides statistics </li></ul><ul><li>URLs, app downloads, free text, phone dialer </li></ul><ul><li>2-D barcodes in Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>http://crln.acrl.org/content/71/10/526.full </li></ul><ul><li>Ashford, Robin. (2010). QR codes and academic libraries. College & Research Libraries News, 71 (10), 526-530. </li></ul>
  • 14. Mobile-friendly websites <ul><li>http://m.library.einstein.yu.edu </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to create </li></ul><ul><ul><li>html & css </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Platform independent </li></ul><ul><li>Separate interface for mobile? </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 15. Library apps <ul><li>Top library iPhone apps: http://bit.ly/LibApps_QC compiled by Ellyssa Kroski </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Library apps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vendor & database apps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book related apps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some can be used offline </li></ul><ul><li>Platform specific </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which to support? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What to do when OS changes? </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 16. What to do about devices? <ul><li>Lending </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loan period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pre-loaded resources / apps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to buy? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lock down so users can’t add on </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 17. Texas A & M University Medical Sciences Library <ul><li>http://bit.ly/tamu_ipad_QC </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11 https://chiron.tamu.edu/ Search iPad as Title Keyword
  • 18. Vendor apps and sites <ul><li>IP authentication issues </li></ul><ul><li>UserID & password </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing for individuals, not for institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public libraries & OverDrive vs. Harper Collins </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 19. Cloud computing… Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11 … a logical extension of mobile.
  • 20. Attraction to the cloud <ul><li>Multiple devices in multiple locations on multiple platforms </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration across long & short distances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>File sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flash drives tend to disappear. CDs and DVDs are easily damaged & hard to transport </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic software upgrades/updates </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 21. Types of clouds <ul><li>Infrastructure / Storage – IaaS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon’s Elastic Cloud (EC2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dropbox, box.net </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Platform – PaaS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google’s App Engine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applications / Software – SaaS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complex statistical programs, email, video sharing </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 22. Science in the cloud <ul><li>Collaboration, collaboration, collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Crunching huge numbers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advances in genomics will enable researchers to generate terabytes (1012 bytes) or even petabytes (1015 bytes) of data. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can’t be done with high-end PCs and Excel </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 23. Libraries in the cloud <ul><li>Everything old is new again… </li></ul><ul><li>Hosted services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online catalogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citation managers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LibGuides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SerialsSolutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OCLC (EZproxy, ILLiad) </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 24. Personal clouds <ul><li>Email </li></ul><ul><li>Data storage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Photos, videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bookmarks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal health record </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>anti virus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>backups </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 25. More personal clouds <ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Docs, Zoho </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zotero, Mendeley, RefWorks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operating systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Chrome </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 26. Pros <ul><li>Easy to expand (or contract) when needed </li></ul><ul><li>Usually quick to implement </li></ul><ul><li>No infrastructure investments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>except network bandwidth … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Less IT support needed </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 27. Cons <ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional firewalls </li></ul><ul><li>Stability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Providers go out of business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for project ends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delicious </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yahoo! Bought & sold </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google – repeat offender </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notebook, Wave, Health </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 28. 3 rd party PubMed data mining <ul><li>National Library of Medicine’s database of biomedical journal articles </li></ul><ul><li>20 million+ citations from 1940’s – present </li></ul><ul><li>PubMed dataset can be used by search engines to make information available in different ways </li></ul><ul><li>http://pubmed.gov </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 29. PubMed search engines can be used to <ul><li>Identify MeSH terms easily from keyword searches </li></ul><ul><li>View search results categorized by concepts, publication date, journal </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examine statistical tools analyzing research trends </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search biomedical literature and related grants simultaneously </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieve article PDFs immediately, even while browsing a journal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Find the appropriate journal for manuscript submission </li></ul></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 30. LigerCat <ul><li>Literature and Genomics Resource Catalogue </li></ul><ul><li>http://ligercat.ubio.org </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by the Biology of Aging Project at the MBLWHOI Library </li></ul><ul><li>Mines MeSH terms from keyword searches and/or protein/DNA sequences to create a Tag Cloud that illustrates important concepts and trends. Users select the desired MeSH tags to create a more specific query that is sent directly to PubMed </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 31. gopubmed <ul><li>Searching is now sorted! </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gopubmed.org </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uses controlled vocabulary to sort results from PubMed queries into four categories: what (concepts), who (authors), where (affiliation / journal), and when (pub. Dates). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GoPubMed has a statistics tool, which provides bibliometric analyses of the search results. </li></ul></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 32. Pubget <ul><li>Find papers fast </li></ul><ul><li>http://pubget.com </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps users browse journals and search for specific articles but also immediately provides the full text PDF. Librarians are encouraged to contact Pubget in order to activate their institution for free. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Offers links to scientific journals from its home page, creation of a personal library, and RSS feeds. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PaperPlane toolbar bookmark helps users access PDFs directly from PubMed. </li></ul></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 33. eTBLAST <ul><li>A text-similarity based search engine </li></ul><ul><li>http://etblast.org </li></ul><ul><li>searches MEDLINE and other databases to identify documents similar to the query. </li></ul><ul><li>Users enter entire portions of text (not just keywords). </li></ul><ul><li>eTBLAST uses natural language processing, keyword weighting, and sentence alignment to output a list of articles or grants ranked by relevance to the original text. </li></ul><ul><li>Results can be organized to find an expert or journal, view publication history, or identify implicit keywords. </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 34. Quertle <ul><li>Relationship-driven biomedical research </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.quertle.info </li></ul><ul><li>Finds relevant results in context, not just retrieving long lists of documents. </li></ul><ul><li>Has an ontology of biological, medical, and chemical terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Understands capitalization, so it can tell the difference between NO (nitric oxide) and no (as opposed to yes); and AIDS (the disease) and aids (the verb form). </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 35. Keeping up to date – think local <ul><ul><li>METRO http://metro.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local chapters of national organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NY/NJ MLA http://nynjmla.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New York Chapter of SLA http://newyork.sla.org/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ACRL/NY http://www.acrlny.org/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IEEE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ALA TechSource - http://www.alatechsource.org </li></ul><ul><li>South Central MLA chapter’s mobile CE course </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://bit.ly/mobileCE_QC </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 36. More Library Resources <ul><li>WebJunction – educational resources for libraries from OCLC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.webjunction.org/technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Library Success: A Best Practices Wiki – idea- and information-sharing resource for librarians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://bit.ly/LibSuccess_QC </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 37. Keeping up to date -- read <ul><li>Computers in Libraries - http://www.infotoday.com/cilmag/default.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>Wired Magazine - http://www.wired.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>New York Times business section (not just on Thursdays) http://www.nytimes.com </li></ul><ul><li>Humanities 2.0 series in the NY Times http://nyti.ms/humanities20_QC </li></ul><ul><li>Fast Company http://www.fastcompany.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregate – Pulse News app - http://www.pulse.me/ </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 38. Keeping up to date - authors <ul><li>Clay Shirky – effects of the Internet on society http://www.shirky.com </li></ul><ul><li>Adam Greenfield, Everyware: the dawning age of ubiquitous computing, New Riders Publishing; 1st ed., 2006. ISBN-13: 978-0321384010 </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Pink – business/management/design http://www.danpink.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall Breeding – Library Technology Guides http://www.librarytechnology.org/ </li></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 39. Keeping up to date – social networking <ul><li>Find folks to follow on Twitter or Google+ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See who they follow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hash tags for meetings </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11
  • 40. Thank you! <ul><li>Feel free to contact me – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>718-430-3108 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nrglassman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://linkd.in/Nancy_QC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.facebook.com/nglassman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://bit.ly/NancyGoogle_QC </li></ul></ul>Science at the heart of medicine 08/01/11

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