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Gaelyk quickie - GR8Conf Europe 2010 - Guillaume Laforge
 

Gaelyk quickie - GR8Conf Europe 2010 - Guillaume Laforge

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    Gaelyk quickie - GR8Conf Europe 2010 - Guillaume Laforge Gaelyk quickie - GR8Conf Europe 2010 - Guillaume Laforge Presentation Transcript

    • F GAELYK a lightweight Groovy toolkit for Google App Engine Guillaume Laforge SpringSource, a division of VMWare mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Guillaume Laforge Groovy Project Manager on Groovy since 2003! JSR-241 Spec Lead Head of Groovy Development at SpringSource (division of VMWare) Initiator of the Grails framework Creator of the Gaelyk toolkit Co-author of Groovy in Action International speaker mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Cloud Computing mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • IaaS, PaaS, SaaS Software as a Service Gmail, SalesForce.com SaaS Platform as a Service Google App Engine PaaS Infrastructure as a Service Amazon EC2 IaaS mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • IaaS, PaaS, SaaS Software as a Service Gmail, SalesForce.com SaaS Platform as a Service Google App Engine PaaS Infrastructure as a Service Amazon EC2 IaaS mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • IaaS, PaaS, SaaS Software as a Service Gmail, SalesForce.com SaaS Platform as a Service Google App Engine PaaS Infrastructure as a Service Amazon EC2 IaaS mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • http://gaelyk.appspot.com mercredi 19 mai 2010 F
    • http://gaelyk.appspot.com mercredi 19 mai 2010 F
    • mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Gaelyk Gaelyk is a lightweight Groovy toolkit on top of the Google App Engine Java SDK Gaelyk builds on Groovy’s servlet support Groovlets: Groovy scripts instead of raw servlets! Groovy templates: JSP-like template engine Both allow for a clean separation of views and logic Gaelyk provides several enhancements around the GAE Java SDK to make life easier, thanks to Groovy’s dynamic nature mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Why Groovy? Groovy is a dynamic language for the JVM very flexible, malleable, expressive and concise syntax easy to learn for Java developers deriving from the Java 5 grammar provides powerful APIs to simplify the life of developers possibility to dynamically enrich existing APIs support for Groovlets and its own template engine The truth: We worked with the Google App Engine Java team before the official launch of the platform, to ensure Groovy would run well on this new environment mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • First steps... • Go to http://gaelyk.appspot.com • Download the template project • Put your first Groovlet in /WEB-INF/ groovy • And your templates at the root • And you’re ready to go! mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • The web.xml "> <web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" version="2.5 <servlet> <servlet-name>GroovletServlet</servlet-name> <servlet-class>groovyx.gaelyk.GaelykServlet</servlet-class> </servlet> <servlet> <servlet-name>TemplateServlet</servlet-name> -class> <servlet-class>groovyx.gaelyk.GaelykTemplateServlet</servlet </servlet> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>GroovletServlet</servlet-name> <url-pattern>*.groovy</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>TemplateServlet</servlet-name> <url-pattern>*.gtpl</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> <welcome-file-list> <welcome-file>index.gtpl</welcome-file> </welcome-file-list> </web-app> mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • MVC: Groovlets and templates Groovlets Templates (controllers) (views) Entities (domain) mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • A groovlet Instead of writing full-blown servlets, just write Groovy scripts (aka Groovlets) def numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4] def now = new Date() html.html { body { numbers.each { number -> p number } p now } } mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • A template <html> <body> <p><% def message = "Hello World!" print message %> </p> <p><%= message %></p> <p>${message}</p> <ul> <% 3.times { %> <li>${message}</li> <% } %> </ul> </body> </html> mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Shortcuts Variables available request / response Google services context / applicaiton datastore session blobstore params / header memcache out / sout / html urlFetch localMode / app.* mail userService / user Methods available defaultQueue / queues include / forward / redirect xmpp print / println mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Groovy sugar! mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Sending emails with Gaelyk mail.send to: 'foobar@gmail.com', from: 'other@gmail.com', subject: 'Hello World', htmlBody: '<bold>Hello</bold>' mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • ...compared to Java Properties props = new Properties(); ops, null); Ses sion session = Session.getDefaultInstance(pr String msgBody = "..."; try { Message msg = new MimeMessage(session); m", "Admin"));     msg.se tFrom(new InternetAddress("admin@example.co TO,     msg.addRecipient(Message.RecipientType. "Mr. User"));                      new InternetAddress("user@example.com", n activated");     msg .setSubject("Your Example.com account has bee     msg.setText(msgBody);     Transport.send(msg); } catch (AddressException e) {} } catch (MessagingException e) {} mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Accessing the datastore Direct interaction with the low-level datastore API ty import com.google.appengine.api.datastore.Enti   Entity entity = new Entity("person")   map // subscript notation, like when accessing a entity['name'] = "Guillaume Laforge"   // normal property access notation entity.age = 32 entity.save() entity.delete() datastore.withTransaction { // do stuff with your entities // within the transaction } mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Querying to be improved... import com.google.appengine.api.datastore.* der.* import static com.google.appengine.api.datastore.FetchOptions.Buil   // query the scripts stored in the datastore def query = new Query("savedscript")   // sort results by descending order of the creation date query.addSort("dateCreated", Query.SortDirection.DESCENDING)   author // filters the entities so as to return only scripts by a certain r) query.addFilter("author", Query.FilterOperator.EQUAL, params.autho   PreparedQuery preparedQuery = datastore.prepare(query)   // return only the first 10 results def entities = preparedQuery.asList( withLimit(10) ) mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • ...into something groovier? def entities = datastore.createQuery { select from: savedscript sort DESC, on: dateCreated where author == params.author limit 10 } as List mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • ...into something groovier? def entities = datastore.createQuery { select from: savedscript sort DESC, on: dateCreated where author == params.author te d! limit 10 en } as List l p em t Im t Ye N o mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Task queue API // access a configured queue using the subscript notation queues['dailyEmailQueue']   // or using the property access notation queues.dailyEmailQueue   // you can also access the default queue with: queues.default defaultQueue // add a task to the queue queue << [ countdownMillis: 1000, url: "/task/dailyEmail", taskName: "sendDailyEmailNewsletter", method: 'PUT', params: [date: '20090914'], payload: content ] mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Jabber / XMPP support (1/3) Sending instant messages String recipient = "someone@gmail.com"   // check if the user is online if (xmpp.getPresence(recipient).isAvailable()) { // send the message def status = xmpp.send(to: recipient, body: "Hello, how are you?")   // checks the message was successfully // delivered to all the recipients assert status.isSuccessful() } mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Jabber / XMPP support (2/3) Sending instant messages with an XML payload String recipient = "service@gmail.com"   // check if the service is online if (xmpp.getPresence(recipient).isAvailable()) { // send the message def status = xmpp.send(to: recipient, xml: { customers { customer(id: 1) { name 'Google' } } })   // checks the message was successfully delivered to the service assert status.isSuccessful() } mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Jabber / XMPP support (2/3) Sending instant messages with an XML payload String recipient = "service@gmail.com"   // check if the service is online if (xmpp.getPresence(recipient).isAvailable()) { // send the message def status = xmpp.send(to: recipient, xml: { customers { customer(id: 1) { <customers> name 'Google' <customer id=’1’> } <name>Google</name> } </customer> }) </customers>   // checks the message was successfully delivered to the service assert status.isSuccessful() } mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Jabber / XMPP support (3/3) Receving incoming instant messages Configure the XmppServlet in web.xml Add the inbound message service in appengine-web.xml // get the body of the message message.body // get the sender Jabber ID message.from // get the list of recipients Jabber IDs message.recipients   // if the message is an XML document instead of a raw string message if (message.isXml()) { // get the raw XML message.stanza // get a document parsed with XmlSlurper message.xml } mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Memcache service Map notation access to the cache } class Country implements Serialzable { String name   def countryFr = new Country(name: 'France')   in the cache // use the subscript notation to put a country object // (you can also use non-string keys) memcache['FR'] = countryFr   // check that a key is present in the cache if ('FR' in memcache) { the cache using a key // use the subscript notation to get an entry from def countryFromCache = memcache['FR'] } mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • URL Routing system You can have friendly URL mappings with the URL routing system introduce in Gaelyk 0.3.2 all "/blog/@year/@month/@day/@title", @day@title=@title" forward: "/blog.groovy?year=@year&month=@month@day= get "/blog/@year/@month/@day", @day" forward: "/blog.groovy?year=@year&month=@month@day= all "/aboutus", redirect: "/blog/2008/10/20/about-us" get "/book/isbn/@isbn", forward: "/book.groovy?isbn=@isbn", validate: { isbn ==~ /d{9}(d|X)/ } mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Simple plugin system (1/3) Gaelyk 0.4 introduces a simple plugin system for extending your apps and share commonalities A plugin lets you provide additional groovlets and templates contribute new URL routes add new categories define variables in the binding provide any static content add new libraries do any initialization mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Simple plugin system (2/3) A plugin is actually just a zip file! Basically, just a Gaelyk application, minus... the Groovy / Gaelyk / GAE JARs the web.xml and appengine-web.xml descriptors But with a /WEB-INF/plugins/myplugin.groovy descriptor A plugin must be referenced in /WEB-INF/ plugins.groovy with install myplugin shortcut to /WEB-INF/plugins/myplugin.groovy mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Simple plugin system (3/3) An example plugin descriptor /WEB-INF/plugins/jsonPlugin.groovy import net.sf.json.* import net.sf.json.groovy.*   // add new variables in the binding binding { le jsonLibVersion = "2.3"          // a simple string variab  of a 3rd‐party JAR json = new JsonGroovyBuilder()  // an instance of a class }   // add new routes with the usual routing system format routes { get "/json", forward: "/json.groovy" }   // install a category you've developped categories jsonlib.JsonlibCategory   // any other initialization code you'd need mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • What’s coming next? Gaelyk 0.4 was released a few days ago Features a lightweight plugin system A 0.4.1 bug fix is coming soon Expect more sugar around the Datastore An SQL-like query DSL Easier relationship management (builder) Perhaps pre-compiled groovlets and templates More generally... Anything that’ll come up in upcoming GAE SDK versions mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Summary Easy access to a cloud solution Deploying Java apps, as easily as you would with PHP Familiar to Java folks Your good old Servlet centric webapps style Pretty cheap You need a high-trafficed website to reach the quotas Gaelyk provides a simplified approach to creating Servlet centric webapps in a productive manner Leveraging Groovy’s servlet / template support and dynamic capabilities mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Questions & Answers mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Thanks for your attention! e aforg pment ume L Develo Guilla Groovy Hea d of m ail.com afo rge@g E mail: gl glaforge @ T witter : References: • http://gaelyk.appspot.com/ • http://groovy.codehaus.org/ • http://code.google.com/appengine/ mercredi 19 mai 2010
    • Images used in this presentation Clouds http://www.morguefile.com/archive/display/627059 http://www.morguefile.com/archive/display/625552 http://www.morguefile.com/archive/display/629785 Duke ok GAE http://code.google.com/images/duke-on-gae.jpg http://weblogs.java.net/blog/felipegaucho/archive/ae_gwt_java.png Python logo : http://python.org/images/python-logo.gif Gaelyc cross with clouds : http://www.morguefile.com/archive/display/37889 Speed limit : http://www.morguefile.com/archive/display/18492 Warehouse : http://www.morguefile.com/archive/display/85628 Snow foot steps : http://www.flickr.com/photos/robinvanmourik/2875929243/ Sugar : http://www.flickr.com/photos/ayelie/441101223/sizes/l/ mercredi 19 mai 2010