0
NEW CHALLENGES TO PRIVACY DUE
TO EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND
DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF
YOUNGER GENERATIONS:

THE EU PR...
.1
.2

PRACTIS
-

.3

DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
–

DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
-

-

DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
–(Polis

DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
!!!
--

YouTube -

Facebook

Talkbacks
Twitter
Whatsup
DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
www.youtube.com/watch?v=UrBq5Ble1Oo

Immigrants vs.
Natives
DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
P R I VAC Y – AP P R A I S I N G C H AL L E N G E S TO
TECHNOLOGIES AND ETHICS
PROJECT ACRONYM: PRACTIS

PA R T I C I PA N...
ICT

.1

.2
EU-

.3

DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
Number of respondents:
1428 respondents•
385 Israel•
177 Finland•
247 Germany•
261 Belgium•
222 Austria•
136 Poland•
Gende...
DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
Students use SNS mostly to communicate and exchange
information with ‚real world„s friends

DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION O...
Scenarios show that convenience, discounts, and an increase in security are perceived
as such benefits in everyday life si...
1.2. ONLINE ACTIVITIES AS PART OF THE SPHERE OF
PRIVACY

DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
1.4. STUDENTS ARE READY TO TRADE OFF PRIVACY
FOR BENEFITS

Scenarios show that convenience, discounts, and an increase in ...
2.2. ADULTS HAVE A DIFFERENT USE OF ONLINE
COMMUNICATION TOOLS
Adults are shorter times online than students.

DIFFERENT P...
2.2. ADULTS HAVE A DIFFERENT USE OF ONLINE
COMMUNICATION TOOLS
Adults use mainly person-to-person type of communication to...
2.3. FEWER ADULTS ARE WILLING TO USE EMERGING
TECHNOLOGIES

DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
2. GENERATIONAL DIFFERENCES
1. Adults have a higher awareness for privacy and data
protection

2. Adults have a different ...
DIFFERENCES AMONG COUNTRIES:
DIFFERENCES IN PRIVACY AWARENESS
Austria and Germany are more reluctant to use Facebook appli...
3.2. DIFFERENCES IN INTERNET USE

DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
3.2. DIFFERENCES IN INTERNET USE

DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
3.2. DIFFERENCES IN INTERNET USE

DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS
1. Differences in privacy awareness can be observed:
 Countries with a higher awareness: Germany, ...
DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER
GENERATIONS
THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES
1. Nanotechnology and New Materials:
Future ultra-sensitive nanosensors are
envisioned, with a dr...
THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES (CONT’)
2. Medicine, Biology and Biometrics: Such technologies together
with micro sampling devic...
THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES (CONT’)
3. Robotics and cyborgs: Depending on their functions

and the variety of embedded sensor...
THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES (CONT’)
4. Cognition: In the not too distant future researchers will
probably achieve the ability...
THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES (CONT’)

5. Information and Communication
Technologies: The "digital universe" is growing at
an e...
THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES (CONT’)
A particularly notable aspect of ICTs is that of Ambient
Intelligence (AmI). AmI, and the...
PRINCIPLES FOR KEEPING REASONABLE PRIVACY
The right to close the door
Consent is a critical key of privacy protection
Tran...
PRIVACY CHALLENGES - DEFINITION

The situation in which an
emerging & future technology
is likely to have a negative
impli...
PRIVACY CHALLENGES
Loss of Control
Privacy Divides
Distributed Agencies

Privacy Paradox
Notoriously difficult to define p...
MAJOR RECOMMENDATIONS
Basket of Solutions
Data Subject's Control
Privacy by Design (PbD)
Encourage the development and exp...
MAJOR RECOMMENDATIONS (CONT’)
Reduce privacy divides:
Identify the many causes of privacy divides. Based on the
findings, ...
–
Niv Ahituv, “The Open Information Society”,
Communications of the ACM, Vol.44, No. 6 (June 2001),
pp 48-52.
www.practis....
מצגת של פרופ' ניב אחיטוב בסמינר בי"ס לחינוך
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

מצגת של פרופ' ניב אחיטוב בסמינר בי"ס לחינוך

95

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
95
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "מצגת של פרופ' ניב אחיטוב בסמינר בי"ס לחינוך"

  1. 1. NEW CHALLENGES TO PRIVACY DUE TO EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS: THE EU PRACTIS PROJECT - NIV_A@MLA/AC/IL
  2. 2. .1 .2 PRACTIS - .3 DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  3. 3. – DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  4. 4. - - DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  5. 5. –(Polis DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  6. 6. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  7. 7. !!! -- YouTube - Facebook Talkbacks Twitter Whatsup DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  8. 8. www.youtube.com/watch?v=UrBq5Ble1Oo Immigrants vs. Natives DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  9. 9. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  10. 10. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  11. 11. P R I VAC Y – AP P R A I S I N G C H AL L E N G E S TO TECHNOLOGIES AND ETHICS PROJECT ACRONYM: PRACTIS PA R T I C I PA N T S : T E L AV I V U N I V E R S I T Y ( C O O R D I N AT O R ) , NEXUS- BERLIN, N A M O U R U N I V E R S I T Y- B E L G I U M , L O D G E U N I V E R S I T Y- P O L A N D , T E M P E R E U N I V E R S I T Y- F I N L A N D
  12. 12. ICT .1 .2 EU- .3 DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  13. 13. Number of respondents: 1428 respondents• 385 Israel• 177 Finland• 247 Germany• 261 Belgium• 222 Austria• 136 Poland• Gender of respondents: • 55,7% female• 44,3% male• DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  14. 14. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  15. 15. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  16. 16. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  17. 17. Students use SNS mostly to communicate and exchange information with ‚real world„s friends DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  18. 18. Scenarios show that convenience, discounts, and an increase in security are perceived as such benefits in everyday life situations. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  19. 19. 1.2. ONLINE ACTIVITIES AS PART OF THE SPHERE OF PRIVACY DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  20. 20. 1.4. STUDENTS ARE READY TO TRADE OFF PRIVACY FOR BENEFITS Scenarios show that convenience, discounts, and an increase in security are perceived as such benefits in everyday life situations. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  21. 21. 2.2. ADULTS HAVE A DIFFERENT USE OF ONLINE COMMUNICATION TOOLS Adults are shorter times online than students. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  22. 22. 2.2. ADULTS HAVE A DIFFERENT USE OF ONLINE COMMUNICATION TOOLS Adults use mainly person-to-person type of communication tools: e-mail (students use mainly SNS) DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  23. 23. 2.3. FEWER ADULTS ARE WILLING TO USE EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  24. 24. 2. GENERATIONAL DIFFERENCES 1. Adults have a higher awareness for privacy and data protection 2. Adults have a different use of online communication tools 3. Fewer adults are willing to use emerging technologies 4. Adults are more willing to trade off privacy for security DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  25. 25. DIFFERENCES AMONG COUNTRIES: DIFFERENCES IN PRIVACY AWARENESS Austria and Germany are more reluctant to use Facebook applications when personal data is submitted. Israel, Poland, and Finland more willing to use such applications. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  26. 26. 3.2. DIFFERENCES IN INTERNET USE DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  27. 27. 3.2. DIFFERENCES IN INTERNET USE DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  28. 28. 3.2. DIFFERENCES IN INTERNET USE DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  29. 29. CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS 1. Differences in privacy awareness can be observed:  Countries with a higher awareness: Germany, Belgium, Austria  Countries with a lower awareness: Israel, Poland, Finland 2. Differences in Internet Use 3. Differences in SNS Use DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  30. 30. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  31. 31. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  32. 32. THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES 1. Nanotechnology and New Materials: Future ultra-sensitive nanosensors are envisioned, with a dramatic impact on surveillance and security – and on privacy. It is expected that such devices will be able, for example, to detect drugs from saliva samples of people, or to detect where a person has been by quickly sampling minute environmental clues on clothes. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  33. 33. THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES (CONT’) 2. Medicine, Biology and Biometrics: Such technologies together with micro sampling devices could be used in the not-distant future to achieve easy and clandestine approach to personal biological samples and production of whole genomic sequences data, without permission of the targeted person. This could result in genetic data being unwillingly made available to interested bodies such as insurance companies, and used by them to the detriment of those people, or for "genetic blackmailing". With regards to Biometrics, the ubiquitous implementation of new and emerging surveillance technologies aimed to improve the security, in face of new threats to the democratic society, is already a fact of life in many countries. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  34. 34. THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES (CONT’) 3. Robotics and cyborgs: Depending on their functions and the variety of embedded sensors, the increasing interaction of robots with humans poses privacy concerns, in particular with regards to surveillance. Moreover, social interaction with robots can have "chilling effect": It can impact on our sense of being alone and able to act freely. The mere presence of a robot, especially a "humanoid" one, may create the subjective feeling of being watched. Example: "cyborg insects DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  35. 35. THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES (CONT’) 4. Cognition: In the not too distant future researchers will probably achieve the ability to understand and describe the biochemical and neuro-electrical processes associated with human intentions, impulses, feelings, etc. and to transfer that knowledge in terms of formally well-defined processes. The recently developed "real-time functional MRI" (rtfMRI) enables watching one‟s own brain activation „live‟, and progress is made towards directly reading a person‟s ongoing mental images. One possible application is highly reliable lie detection, with potential impact on law enforcement and security but also a dramatic potential for misuse, e.g. by inappropriately screening employees or insurance applicants DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  36. 36. THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES (CONT’) 5. Information and Communication Technologies: The "digital universe" is growing at an enormous pace. A significant part of it includes personal information (“digital shadow”) created by people or organizations (in everyday activities, and in many cases unintentionally). The digital trails that each of us leaves are getting richer as ICTrelated technologies make deeper inroads into our life DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  37. 37. THREATENING TECHNOLOGIES (CONT’) A particularly notable aspect of ICTs is that of Ambient Intelligence (AmI). AmI, and the closely related concept of the "Internet of Things" (IoT) pertain to an idea of ubiquitous "invisible" computers and sensors embedded everywhere, and a multitude interconnected objects. AmI system would be able to react appropriately to changes in its environment, particularly to human behaviours. As far as privacy is concerned, one key point of AmI lies in the link between physiological data (gathered through sensors) and emotional assessments that automatically take place thanks to complex algorithms. Add to all that the “Big Data” capabilities. DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  38. 38. PRINCIPLES FOR KEEPING REASONABLE PRIVACY The right to close the door Consent is a critical key of privacy protection Transparency Proportionality (in balance with other societal needs) Privacy by design Data Subject's Control Reveal purpose of data acquisition Meeting Points DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  39. 39. PRIVACY CHALLENGES - DEFINITION The situation in which an emerging & future technology is likely to have a negative implication on privacy; and where this negative implication is likely to be perceived as such in the future DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  40. 40. PRIVACY CHALLENGES Loss of Control Privacy Divides Distributed Agencies Privacy Paradox Notoriously difficult to define privacy Privacy vs. efficiency; trade-offs (control, distributed agency, paradox), national security, law enforcement Globalization EU harmonization Enforcement DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  41. 41. MAJOR RECOMMENDATIONS Basket of Solutions Data Subject's Control Privacy by Design (PbD) Encourage the development and exploitation of Privacy Enhancing Technologies (PETs) Education program towards "safe use of the Internet“ Define the roles and broaden the scope of the duties of Data Protection Agencies Consent Define by law and regulations the right to close the door and to be forgotten Legislation targeting individuals the breach privacy Meeting Points Define by law and regulations the requirements for transparency and proportionality Data categorization Labelling Initiation of a 'grey ecology' DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  42. 42. MAJOR RECOMMENDATIONS (CONT’) Reduce privacy divides: Identify the many causes of privacy divides. Based on the findings, possible policy responses include: Raising awareness of privacy issues, so to address divides that are the result of ignorance. Providing assistance to those in the need, such as people with disabilities, the elder, and children. Simplifying enforcement means so that they are more accessible to more people; adding legal avenues for enforcement on behalf of those who do not access the judicial system. Regulating data controllers' behaviour, by requiring them to use simple, easy to understand, ways of conveying information about their data practices. Mandatory PETs; regulation of prices of technologies. The regulation could also require that whenever a traceless technology alternativePexists, Eit C E P T I O Nbe offered must O F Y O U N G E R DIFFERENT RIVACY P R GENERATIONS at the same price as the tracing technology.
  43. 43. – Niv Ahituv, “The Open Information Society”, Communications of the ACM, Vol.44, No. 6 (June 2001), pp 48-52. www.practis.org DIFFERENT PRIVACY PERCEPTION OF YOUNGER GENERATIONS
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×