History Alive French Revolution Part Iii


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Part III, based on History Alive

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History Alive French Revolution Part Iii

  1. 1. The French Revolution: Part III <ul><li>The Radical & Violent Stage: 1792-1794 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Louis & Marie’s Escape Plot… <ul><li>June 1791 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Louie disguised as a servant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But it was not to be. Louis began to treat this serious occasion as an excursion -- he ordered extra stops so that he could stop for his favorite meals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The King and Queen were caught and returned to the city. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The people view him as a traitor to the revolution </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. Fear begins to spread… <ul><li>Countries surrounding France increased border patrols to stop the “French Plague” from spreading. </li></ul><ul><li>Emigres – Nobles, Clergy who fled the Revolution in told stories where they fled. </li></ul><ul><li>Predictions that the revolution would end up with “Plots and assassinations” </li></ul>
  4. 6. The Sans-Culottes <ul><li>They were the poorest, working class radicals of the 3 rd Estate. </li></ul>They get their name for the long pants they wore. Completely different from the fashionable, short, knee length Culotte. Sans-Culottes = without Culottes This group felt that a moderate (peaceful) revolution didn’t solve any of the problems and they were major players in driving the revolution into a more radical Phase.
  5. 7. The French Revolution enters the Radical Phase The bloodiest days of the revolution.
  6. 8. Bye, Bye National Assembly <ul><li>More radical revolutionaries (Sans-Culottes) took control of the National Assembly… </li></ul><ul><li>Land owned by Nobles (rich) was seized. </li></ul>
  7. 9. The Sans-Culottes destroyed prisons, street fights broke out And barricades were set up throughout the city. More than 1000 people were killed.
  8. 10. The Republic & Year 1 in France <ul><li>On September 21st and 22nd, 1792, the monarchy was officially abolished and a republic established. </li></ul><ul><li>The 22nd of September, 1792 was now known as day one of the year one. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Death of a King <ul><li>In December, Louis XVI was placed on trial for violating the liberty of his subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>Louis was convicted by a single vote…put to death. </li></ul><ul><li>January 21, 1793, Louis was executed like an ordinary criminal. </li></ul><ul><li>From this time on, the Revolution had no recourse but to move forward. </li></ul>
  10. 14. The Committee of Public Safety Takes Control <ul><li>12 member committee with absolute power is created. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone is forced to pay taxes to support the revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Any Counter-Revolutionary (anti-revolution) was seen as a threat. </li></ul>
  11. 15. Maximilien Robespierre Leader of the Committee of Public Safety: Believed France could achieve a “republic of virtue” only through the use of terror. “ Liberty cannot be secured, Unless criminals lose their Heads.” Robespierre was the top leaders in the “ Reign of Terror”
  12. 16. The Reign of Terror “Hail the Republic!” “Death to the traitors!” <ul><li>July 1793 – July 1794 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolutionary courts conducted quick trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15,000-17,000 people died. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anyone against the Republic was killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crimes: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“Down with the republic” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Owning a book with King Louis XVI seal on it. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method of execution…The Guillotine </li></ul></ul>
  13. 19. The Reign of Terror Ends <ul><li>By 1794 the terror ended </li></ul><ul><li>Robespierre’s power and leadership dwindled. </li></ul><ul><li>Robespierre is soon arrested and guillotined… </li></ul>
  14. 21. Soon there will be a New ruler of France…