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Cold War Ends

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Cold War Ends Cold War Ends Presentation Transcript

  • Ronald Reagan calls the U.S.S.R. an “evil empire”
  • Berlin Wall - 1961
  • Pressures on USSR • Reagan increases spending on military. • “…tear down this wall!” • Begins development of “Star Wars.” • Provides aid to Afghan
  • Tear Down the Wall
  • Mikhail Gorbachev (1985-1991) Tries to save communism by easing restrictions on people behind the Iron Curtain.
  • Glasnost—”openness” more freedom of speech—leads to independence of Soviet satellites and republics
  • Perestroika—”restructuring” of the economy to include some capitalism.
  • What were the major political reforms in the USSR under Gorby? • Elections- June 1987 • Dissidents released from prison. • Early 1990- legalization of other political parties.
  • Reagan and Gorbachev at Summits
  • The beginning of the end of the Cold War
  • Berlin Wall Falls in1989
  • COCA-COLA in Eastern Europe Capitalism is re- introduced behind the Iron Curtain. Former Eastern bloc nations swarm to Western goods.
  • Coup d’etat against Gorbachev attempted in 1991by communist hardliners
  • Breakup of the Soviet Union (1991)