19th Century, Palestine was a province of the Ottoman Empire. In 1850 the population was around 4% Jewish, 8% Christian and the rest of Muslim. There was no conflict between the communities.
InEurope Jews faced anti-Semitism and pogroms. In the 1880s over 200,000 Jews were murdered in state organised Russian pogroms.
In1917 Britain, at World War One, agreed to sponsor the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
After Britain took control of Palestine, in 1918, a new wave of Zionist immigration began.
Thesenew immigrants ignored to live with Palestinian population, and they banned their produce, culture and economy. These immigrants with British support set up their own institutions and used their own language.
Palestinians demanded representative self-government but Britain ignored their calls. Tensions between the Palestinians and the new immigrants rised throughout the 1920s and 30s. Palestinians feared for their future. The worst event was the murder of 67 Jews ,in Hebron, in 1929.
In April 1936 the Palestinians rebelled. They want independent government and to stop immigration.
The revolt continued until 1939. British managed to crush it. Around 5,000 Palestinians were killed
Approximately 750,000 Palestinians expelled; 400villages completely destroyed. 78% of Palestine incorporated into Israel.
In1967, after a month of escalating tension Israel attacked Syria and Egypt. In six days both Arab armies were crushed
At the war’s end Israel occupied all of Palestine, the Syrian Golan Heights and the Egyptian Sinai Peninsular.