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Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations
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Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations

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Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations. This is a narrated PPT file. To hear the audio, download the file and play the slide show. The …

Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in Community Based Research with Indigenous Populations. This is a narrated PPT file. To hear the audio, download the file and play the slide show. The contents are owned by the authors, and shared through the Global Journal of Community Psychology Practice (http://www.gjcpp.org/).

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  • 1. Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in CommunityBased Research with Indigenous Populations Joseph E. Trimble, PhD Center for Cross-Cultural Research Department of Psychology Western Washington University Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling
  • 2. THEME“Never look for a psychologicalexplanation unless every effortto find a cultural one has beenexhausted.” - Margaret Mead (1959, p. 16) quoting William Fielding Ogburn, one of her mentors at Columbia University. Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling
  • 3. DEFINITIONCultural equivalence refers "to theproblem of whether, on the basis ofmeasurements and observations,inferences in terms of some commonpsychological dimension can be made indifferent groups of subjects" (Poortinga,1983, p. 238). Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling
  • 4. Cultural Measurement Equivalence Concepts • functional equivalence; • conceptual equivalence; • stimulus equivalence; • linguistic equivalence; and • metric equivalence.*Best Practices in Human Resources, Issue 653, September 30, 1999. Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling
  • 5. Response Styles of Culturally Different Respondents(1). Not all cultural groups judge, evaluate, and assess stimuliin a linear manner;(2). The number of salient choice options can vary fromindividual to individual both within and between societalgroups;(3). Responses are difficult for some because they dont yetunderstand what the collective will accept;(4). The conventional psychometric format common to paperand pencil tests and instruments may not work in all culturaland ethnic groups; and(5). The need to capture information through a paper andpencil approach may be inconsistent and unrelated to emicstyles of information sharing (Trimble & Lonner, 1993). Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling
  • 6. Measurement is the Assignment of Numbers to Objects,Stevens’s (1946, 1951) representational view isalmost universally followed and accepted. Thisview holds that measurement is the assignment ofnumerals or numbers to objects, or, strictlyspeaking, attributes of objects according to aconsistent rule (Stevens 1951). The crucial pointis that this definition presumes measurementrather than defines what has to be fulfilled toconstitute measurement. The manifest data areimmediately seen as being measures. Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling
  • 7. Burden of Problems of “Incomparability”Cross-cultural psychologists contendthat, “comparing elements from differing societiesleads to inadmissible distortions of reality”(Kobben, 1970, p. 584).“Our own categories of explanation anddefinition, embedded in our psychologicaltheories, may not be appropriate when projectedon some other culture”(Price-Williams, 1975, p. 23). Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling
  • 8. Malinowskian Dilemma“Malinowski was most insistent that every culture beunderstood in its own terms, that every institution beseen as a product of the culture within which itdeveloped. It follows from this that a cross-culturalcomparison of institutions is essentially a falseenterprise, for we are comparing incomparables”(Goldschmidt, 1966, p. 8).“…social facts are functions of the social system ofwhich they are a part; therefore they cannot beunderstood when they are detached” (Durkheim,1960, p. 133). Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling
  • 9. Interpretive and Procedural CategoriesJohnson (1998) identified 52 types ofmeasurement equivalence. He pointed out“(that) in no other field of inquiry…has thisseemingly elementary concept (equivalence)been assigned as many alternative meaningsand disaggregated into as many componentsas in the field of cross-cultural research” (p.2). Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling
  • 10. Approaches to Comparing Behavior Across Cultures• Demonstrate that the behaviors to be compared are functionally equivalent in the cultures.• Existing categories and concepts then can be applied to the behavior systems in a tentative way. The imposed etic must be modified so that it becomes an adequate description from within each culture being studied.• With a derived etic in hand, measurement tools and techniques can be devised that meet the standards for cultural equivalence. (after Berry, 1969) Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling
  • 11. Response Intervals 1 ? 2 ? 3 ? 4 ? 5 ? 6 ? 7……Are the intervals between choice alternatives equal?It’s assumed there’s an integer difference butwhat is the role of subjective culture? Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling
  • 12. Ethno-Measurement and Ethno-Scaling Obstacles in CommunityBased Research with Indigenous Populations Joseph E. Trimble, PhD Center for Cross-Cultural Research Department of Psychology Western Washington University Ethno-measurement and Ethno-scaling

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