Adapting a Brief Measure of the RelationshipDimension in Yup’ik Alaska Native FamiliesJames AllenUniversity of Alaska Fair...
How can we create measures that are:• culturally  resonant• responsive to  change  associated with  intervention
Family Environment Scale              (FES; Moos & Moos, 1981)• Our goal: Adapt for Yup’ik adolescents to measure  change ...
Tools We Used                  to Develop a Measure                  of Family Relationship• Collaborative measurement  de...
Collaborative                                                      measurement                 University                 ...
Item Revision• English usage is a dialect – embedded in Yup’ik linguistic  syntax, with different colloquialisms and usage...
Response Format: “Use 3’s”            !                                                                         !         ...
SID (person) - MAP - OCQ (Item)               <more>|<rare>    6             . +                     |                    ...
Internal Structure              E1   !       E3    !         E6   !         E7 !         E12    !         E14   !       E1...
Quyana• Elder’s Councils• Tribal and Planning Councils• Rural Alaska Public High Schools• Yupik Regional Coordinating Coun...
Adapting a Brief Measure of the Relationship Dimension in Yup’ik Alaska Native Families
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Adapting a Brief Measure of the Relationship Dimension in Yup’ik Alaska Native Families

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Adapting a Brief Measure of the Relationship Dimension in Yup’ik Alaska Native Families

  1. 1. Adapting a Brief Measure of the RelationshipDimension in Yup’ik Alaska Native FamiliesJames AllenUniversity of Alaska FairbanksDavid HenryUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoCarlotta Ching Ting FokUniversity of Alaska FairbanksPeople Awakening TeamUniversity of Alaska Fairbanks
  2. 2. How can we create measures that are:• culturally resonant• responsive to change associated with intervention
  3. 3. Family Environment Scale (FES; Moos & Moos, 1981)• Our goal: Adapt for Yup’ik adolescents to measure change in Family Protective Factors in response to intervention
  4. 4. Tools We Used to Develop a Measure of Family Relationship• Collaborative measurement development• IRT modeling at the item level• SEQ modeling at the subscale level
  5. 5. Collaborative measurement University development Co-researchers Yup’ik Yup’ik Individual Cultural Focus Administration Experts Groups Cognitive Interviewing Community Co-researchers Outcome Measurement Measure Development Pilot 2 Pilot 1 In Study N = 50 N = 50Intervention N = 450 Feasibility Experts Study IRT / CFA IRT IRT Experts
  6. 6. Item Revision• English usage is a dialect – embedded in Yup’ik linguistic syntax, with different colloquialisms and usages – Family members rarely become openly angry. – In our family we are really mad at each other a lot. – Family members hardly ever loose their temper. – In our family we lose our tempers a lot. – Family member try to one up or outdo each other. – In our family there is a feeling of togetherness.
  7. 7. Response Format: “Use 3’s” ! ! 1.0! 1.0! 1! 3! 1! 5! 2! 0.8! 0.8! P(theta)!P(theta)! ! 0.6! 0. 6! 3! 0.4! 0. 4! 2! 0.2! 0. 2! 0.0! 4! 0.0! -4! -2! 0! 2! 4! -4! -2! 0! 2! 4! theta! theta! Five-category calibration Three-category calibration Figure 3. Comparison of trace lines for the five- and three-category calibrations for Item 9.
  8. 8. SID (person) - MAP - OCQ (Item) <more>|<rare> 6 . + | | 5 # | | + | Item Difficulty | | | 4 + .##### T| | . | | 3 .## + ###### | | .##### | .######### S| 2 ######## +T | ITEM19=In our family we raise our voice when we are mad. (R) .####### | ######## | ITEM3=In our family we spend a lot of time doing things together at home. | 1 ######## +S ITEM18=In our family we begin discussions easily. ITEM8=In our family we sometimes tell each other about our personal problems. .######### M| ########### | ITEM2=In our family we argue a lot. (R) ITEM4=In our family we can talk openly in our home. | ########### | ITEM7=In our family there is a feeling of togetherness. ITEM9In our family we lose our tempers a lot. (R) 0 .######## +M ITEM6=In our family we work hard at what we do in our home. | ITEM16=In our family we really get along well with each other. .######### | ####### | .#### S| ITEM11=In our family we often put down each other. ITEM12=My family members really support each other. ITEM13=My family members sometimes are violent. (R) -1 +S ITEM1=In our family we really help and support each other. ITEM5=In our family we are really mad at each other a lot. (R) .#### | .### | ##### | | -2 # +T ITEM14=I am proud to be a part of our family. . | .# T| | . | -3 # + | . | | | -4 + . | | | | -5 + <less>|<frequ>EACH "#" IS 2. EACH "." IS 1.
  9. 9. Internal Structure E1 ! E3 ! E6 ! E7 ! E12 ! E14 ! E16! E4 ! E8 ! ! E18 E2 ! E5 ! E9 ! E11 ! E13 ! E19 ! Item1 ! Item3 ! Item6 ! Item7 ! Item12 ! Item14 ! Item16 ! Item4 ! Item8 ! Item18 ! Item2 ! Item5 ! Item9 ! Item11 ! Item13 ! Item19 ! .64 ! ! .57 .55 ! ! .73 .66 ! ! ! .61 ! .64 ! ! .55 ! ! ! .65 .76 .66 ! ! ps1 ! .60 .70 .61 .56 .62 ! ps2 ! ps3 ! Cohesion! Expressiveness! Conflict! 1.07 ! ! .77 .62 ! Family Relationship !Chi-square=164.9, df=101CFI=.95GFI=.93RMSEA=.05** p < .01Figure 4. Final 16-item second-order three-factor confirmatory factor analysis model with three-category calibration.!
  10. 10. Quyana• Elder’s Councils• Tribal and Planning Councils• Rural Alaska Public High Schools• Yupik Regional Coordinating Council• People Awakening Coordinating Council• Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation• National Institutes of Health – National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) and the National Center for Minority Health Disparities (NCMHD) 1RO1 AA 11446- 03, National Center for Research Resources (P20 RR016430, Gerald V. Mohatt, PI), NIAAA Grants 1R21 AA015541 (Gerald V. Mohatt, PI and James Allen, Co-I) and 1 R21 AA016098-01 (James Allen, PI, Gerald Mohatt and John Gonzalez, Co-I), and NCMHD 1R24 MD001626 (Gerald V. Mohatt, PI, James Allen and John Gonzalez, Co-I), and NCMHD 5R24 MD001626 (James Allen, PI, Gerald V. Mohatt, Co-I) – A special thank you to the youth and families who participated in Elluam Tungiinun
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