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What has caused the decline in reading and literary thinking in the Arab world and strategies to tackle this stagnation

What has caused the decline in reading and literary thinking in the Arab world and strategies to tackle this stagnation

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  • This line is sometimes taken in isolation as claiming "the rich get richer and the poor get poorer": taken in context it asserts that ambition and risk-taking will be rewarded, while those who fail to utilize the talents loaned to them will be punished.
  • Museum

Raising a reader open series Raising a reader open series Presentation Transcript

  • Open Lecture Series
    SWC
    Cultivating anEffective Reader is Raising
    a Lifelong Learner
    Ghassoub Mustafa
    Dubai Women’s College
    ghassoub.mustafa@hct.ac.ae
  • 7 Habits
    Sow a thought, reap an action
    Sow an action, reap a habit
    sow a habit, reap a character,
    Sow a character, reap a destiny
    Sow a reader,
    reap a lifelong learner
  • Creating Reading as a Habit
  • Today’s Points
    Why our students DO NOT read???
    Motivate: a horse and water
    A lost great history of reading!!!!
    Advantages of reading
    Raising an effective reader - Cradle to Grave
    15 strategies
    Reading material
    Reading mission statement
    Reflecting on teaching
    I am addressing teachers and students
  • You will be the same person in 5 years as you are today except for the books you read and the people you meet!Mandino
  • Strategy OneTestimonySayings
  • Asya testifies
    “after reading The Secret my life changed. I started being positive and read any book whether they are fiction or non-fiction. Because now I realized that all books you read, you learn from them, and you will think 'out of the box' after reading various types of books. You will have a general idea of such topics and issues”
  • Can you sell ice to an Eskimo?
    If you can, then you can sell reading to our students!!
  • Let’s sell them a book
    “When you sell a man a book you don't sell him just 12 ounces (340 grams) of paper and ink and glue - you sell him a whole new life.” Christopher Morley
  • Kindle 19x12. 240 gms - 1500
  • “Reading is a discount ticket to everywhere.” - Mary Schmich
  • Reading and lying…!! loud
    A teacher of religious studies said “..I plan to discuss the sin of lying”. And “…….I want you all to read this book."
    Two weeks later as the teacher and students met to discuss the book:
    The teacher asked for a show of hands:
    He asked “How many of you have read Chapter17?”
    Every hand went up.
    The teacher shook his head smiled and said,
    “This book has only sixteenchapters”
    “Let’s discuss the sin of lying."
  • Strategy TwoGive shocking factsserious situation
  • Reading in The Middle East
  • Reading - Death Bed
    In 2008, a survey by the UN:
    The average Arab in the Middle East reads approximately four pages worth of literature a year– 5 words a day.
    5 words – restaurant menu!!
    American -11 books a year
    Briton eight books.
    http://epaper.khaleejtimes.com/KT/KT/2010/02/02/ArticleHtmls/02_02_2010_007_002.shtml
  • Arab Human Development Report 2002-2005 –Results – Gloomy facts
    N0 Arab countries………. Population: ……..
    Arabs constitute 5%- Books output is only 1.1% (less than Turkey -71m)
    Print runs 1,000 and 3,000 copies only.
    In 1996, Arab countries published 1945 books
    Spain publishes 50,000 a year
    Arabs translates 330 books – one fifth of Greece with only 11 m people.
    Books translated since Al Ma’moun, 9th Century - 100,000
    Book 5000 best seller. Da Vinci 60m. 44 lang.
  • http://www.ikoo.com/wikipedia-may-have-answer-for-arabic-advertisers
    Despite being the fifth most-spoken language in the world, there are only 128,610 Arabic entries on Wikipedia, ranking it the 24th language by number of articles. Wikipedia has more than 3.3 million articles in English.
    “Last year we noticed Arabic content on Wikipedia was pretty low. The Indonesian version had 60 million words, the Portuguese version had 140 million, but the Arabic version had only 22 million. This was a joke considering that 350 million people speak Arabic.”
  • What went wrong?
  • You put him to sleep you wake him up!!!!
  • Why Arab students do not read???
    Powerful Rivals :TV , BB, Cinema, Shisha, Cars
    Young people attitude - Tempt
    Home culture - Oral culture
    Childhood– wasted opportunity
    Reading is a School’s task hateful - exams
    limited First language reading
    Censorship – writers handcuffed
    • Distribution- bookshops
    Authors’ Arabic vs. dialects
    “Nobody reads in the house, school”
    All of the above culminated in “a lost generation”
  • Obstacles to reading in English
    Lack schemata
    Lack vocabulary
    Author’s culture Vs students experience
    Difficulty and give up
    Top-down VS Bottom up
    Grades The only motivator
    Lack the habit
  • Reading is a hypnotistReading MPF
    Memorize - Pass - Forget
  • library data - items borrowedtotal of student 2235 –
    401 never taken an item = 17%
    333 have borrowed  1 – 5 items
    301 have borrowed 6 -10 items
    439 have borrowed 11 - 20 items
    688 have borrowed 21 – 50 items
    197 have borrowed 51 – 100 items
    62   have borrowed 101 – 199 items
    11 have borrowed  200 – 299 items
    4 have borrowed 300 – 399 items
    2 have borrowed  over 400 items+ 0.089%
  • Historical Reasons- decline in Readinghttp://wishsubmission.wordpress.com/2007/08/14/the-fall-of-muslim-spain
    • Great civilizations annihilated
    • The Fall of Cordoba – 14th Century
    • Decisive blow to Arabic
    • Setback Reading, literary, science
    • In 1492, “the brutality of which I better not mention, except that no less than a million books on theology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, philosophy and medicine burned”
  • Climax of reading in Islamic SpainEmirate of Córdoba (c. 750-1492)
    Cordoba the literary center of Middle Ages
    Cordoba had 70 public libraries
    The Caliph library 400,000-600,000…amounted to more books than all the libraries of the rest of Europe put together or France
    Introduced genre and catalogue
    Christians, Jews and Muslims - Arabic
    http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=454
  • The Fall of Baghdad – 12th 1258-Mongol invasion - decisive blow
    House of Wisdom – the Grand Library 9-13th C burnt
    Scholars from around the globe dispersed
    Books flung into the river Tigris
    Scholars, polymaths, scientists killed
  • The House of Wisdom – Climax in Reading
    unrivalled centre for the study of humanities and for sciences
    A library -translation institute
    Major intellectual center
    Global academy
    • Excellent research educational institute
    welcomed scholars persecuted by the Byzantine Empire
    Al Khawarizmi – father
    Of Algebra, algorithm
    Studied translated great minds
    Plato,
    Aristotle,
    Hippocrates,
    Euclid,
    Plotinus,
    Galen,
    Sushruta,
    Charaka,
    Aryabhata
    Brahmagupta
  • The Printing Press Banned
    1440 in Germany
    Printing was banned by Islamic authorities because religious men deemed it evil
    Koran would be dishonored by appearing out of a machine.
    Arabs did not acquire printing
    presses until the 18th century
  • Strategy ThreeArouse emotionsPrideSurprise them
  • Reawaken a dormant passionWael Al Sayegh
    We Arabs must reawaken our passion for reading
    For
    A nation that does not read is one that
    Will never succeed
  • And I add to Al sayegh…….
    When Arabs were devoted Readers
    They were world leaders
  • Great History
    History of Reading authoring
    An inspiration to Western Authors
  • Arabs and Islam Golden Age 8-13th Century – unrivalled
    The greatest university in the world was a collection of books
  • Had no rival!!!
    ‘The ink of the scholar is more sacred than the blood of the martyr'
  • The very first fiction novel In history– “HayyIbnYagthan”
    • Latin: PhilosophusAutodidactus
    • Best seller 17th C
    An AndalusianMuslim
    Arab THINKER
    12th Century
  • Hay IbnYaqdhan
    Direct impact on
    the Age of European Enlightenment
    He depicted “the development of the mind of a feral child "from a tabula rasa to that of an adult, in complete isolation from society" on a deserted island.
  • Inspired the creation of “Tarzan” the Lord of the Jungle” in 1912 – western version
  • Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy
    Preeminent work of Italian literature1308 – great epic
  • Derived A LOT from IbnArabi
    In 1264 , Night Journey
    The Resalat Al-Ghufranor “Epistle of Forgiveness” of Al-Ma'arri
    Confirmed In 1919, Professor Miguel Asín Palacios, a Spanish scholar and a Catholic priest
  • MajnunLaila – Romeo and Juliet
    Romantic: Virgin love and never married
  • Abraham Lincoln and the Arabian nights
    The Arabian Nights…gave him a treasure trove of stories that he could entertain listeners with over the fire of an evening, and storytelling was a talent much prized in those days.
    http://www.britannica.com/blogs/2009/02/young-abraham-lincoln-child-of-the-american-frontier/
  • The very first verse Quran"Read, for your Lord is most Generous, Who teaches by means of the pen, " (96: 1-5) (إقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلق read- resonance NOT fight or kill“Indeed this very first word “READ”Gave the world, a nation, for 8 centuries, of READERS, translators, scholars, doctors, etc..”
  • Strategy Five
  • Show visual Evidence
    “When the Moors rules in Europe”
    The Arabs of Spain brought paper to Europe 10th C
    The Arabs love of books was legendary
    Documentary by a British historian
    BettanyHughes
    Cordoba the Reading and Cultural Capital of the worldCordobaCordoba.VOB
  • Strategy SixTalk about advantages
  • What does Reading do to you?
    Aware and informed
    Critical Skills
    Self-Esteem
    Self-Confidence
    Problem Solving
    Reasoning
    Decision Making
    Child’s mental health.
    Good writing ,proper spelling ,grammar
    More articulate speaker – rich
    Independence
    Better future!!!!
    Richer and richer
    Healthy
    Sociable
    Old age ….. good memory
  • Decisions!!!
  • Listening
    VOCAB
    SPEAKING
    READING
    WRITING
    GRAM
  • How do we cultivate and raise an effective reader to be a lifelong learner?
  • Effectiveness Defined
    PC
    P
  • The Golden Egg MentalityP = PC
  • Learning at young age, carving in stone
    Curious
    Explorer
    Intrinsic
    Critical
    Persist
    Imitators
    Scientist
    Edison
  • Reading starts at home
  • How can you raise a Reader? Sow a reader…..
    Sow - start at 3 years old
    Be a model to your children/students
    Set family/ class Reading time
    Shared enjoyable activity – not a chore
    Respect their TV, games, other class activities
    Surround them with books/ shelves/ tables
    Wide variety of reading – fiction -non fiction
    They participate in building a home/ class Library
  • Continue
    Habit: Shopping for books – books budget
    Books as gifts
    Read aloud sometimes
    Bed reading/ class groups
    Use salting techniques - be Shahrazad
    Stick interesting quotes
    Listen attentively to their stories
  • Continue
    Get them to recommend books for others
    D something from a book:
    • a recipe. Eg. Starts ‘F’
    Instructions in a book
    They give books as gifts
    Influence others
  • Passion for Reading
    Desire
    Hunger
    Thirst
    Craving
    Appetite
  • Children Décor Designers - Librarians
    “Iwould be most content if my children grew up to be the kind of people who think decorating consists mostly of building enough bookshelves.
    ~Anna Quindlen,
    New York Times, 7 August 1991
  • A house or a school without books- a house without windows
  • In mother’s tongue First
  • The dilemma: MSA vs Dialect – Children
    What are you saying?
  • Arabs in Israel
    "We are an entire people who do not read," "Reading is not properly encouraged anywhere in the Arab world. It will solve all our problems. Children need to read of their own accord, not to pass a test, and parents must encourage them."
    IhamHalon-Hana, the head of a committee encouraging reading in the Arab sector.
  • The Reading Mother remains a common sentiment on Mother's Day Strickland Gillilan (1869–1954
    The Reading Mother
    I had a mother who read to meSagas of pirates who scoured the sea.Cutlasses clenched in their yellow teeth;"Blackbirds" stowed in the hold beneath.I had a Mother who read me laysOf ancient and gallant and golden days;Stories of Marmion and Ivanhoe,Which every boy has a right to know.I had a Mother who read me talesOf Gelert the hound of the hills of Wales,True to his trust till his tragic death,Faithfulness lent with his final breath.I had a Mother who read me the thingsThat wholesome life to the boy heart brings-Stories that stir with an upward touch.Oh, that each mother of boys were such!You may have tangible wealth untold;Caskets of jewels and coffers of gold.Richer than I you can never be --I had a Mother who read to me.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strickland_Gillilan
  • You may have tangible wealth untold;Caskets of jewels and coffers of gold.Richer than I you can never be --I had a Mother who read to me.
  • Reading Mother = Reading childReading culture = Reading generation
  • Reading child
  • Students Comments -authentic
    She is acting like her mom when she read for her story before sleeping.
    She don’t have a sister or brother so she think of the dog like her sister or brother and read the story for the dog before sleeping.
    A dog is a better listener than a human being.
    She likes to create her own world
    The dog is bored
  • A study in California:Children with poor reading skills often:
    Receive poor grades
    Are easily frustrated
    Have difficulty completing assignments
    Have low self-esteem
    Have behavior problems
    Have more physical illnesses due to stress
    Don't like school
    Grow up to be shy in front of groups
    Fail to develop to their full potential
    http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com/learning/improving_reading.shtml
  • You are participating in creating an effective lifelong learner
  • Primary school Role
    Be welcoming - friendly
    Library – variety of material
    Classroom environment; groups, books, Rawi
    Bulletins: News Bulletin; put pupils’ news
    Their Reading news
    Curriculum: variety
    Take books home – little research
    Involve parents – discuss – create communication
    No exams
    Observation only – create a sheet
    Reading competitions
    Swapping books
  • Matthew Effects – children’s Reading
    The more words a child knows, the more complex text that child will be able to read.
    The more complex texts a child can read, the more words they will learn.
    The reverse is also true.
    Thus, the “rich get richer and the poor get poorer.”
  • Vocabulary
    Native English child by 6 – 10,000 words (Anglin1993)
    Has acquired 90% adult language structure (Daniels 1998)
    Arabic: unaware of rules, no research
    English teachers :(3000)High Frequency words
    No exams: fun, block busters, games, pictures
    Learn how to teach vocab
  • WE
    I
    You
    Reading Growth Continuum
  • School Teacher Reading Mission Statement
    Reading at home = joy, comfort, happiness
    The classroom is attractive library
    Reading time a constitution
    Bed time reading- Class as well
    Find interesting relevant material
    Daily journal – class reading
    Peer influence
  • Reflection on Teaching
    Plato: Life without reflection is not worth living
  • One of the killers in education
  • The ishfeek teacher!!
  • Teaching from the Heart
  • The passionate teacher
  • A teacher
    A teacher is one who makes himself progressively unnecessary. ~
    Thomas Carruthers
    Many teach because of three reasons:
    What are they?
    - June, July, and August. 
  • Judge Vs teachers
  • Teaching Reading to College Bachelors
  • Challenges
    They are a product of a no reading environment
    Adults resist molding – fossilization
    Obsessed with grades
    Lack basic skills
    Cannot work under pressure
    Extrinsic motivation
    No passion
    Skeptical about the value of reading
    Improve writing through writing
    MPF
    Exams’ impact
    Reading rivals; gadgets
  • Debate with them
    The smallest bookstore still contains more ideas of worth than have been presented in the entire history of television. ~Andrew Ross
  • Our students’ attitude to reading
    “I divide all readers into two classes; those who read to remember and those who read to forget”
    William Lyon Phelps
  • Reading Aloud- important strategy
    Reading aloud with children (now adults) is known to be the single most important activity for building the knowledge and skills they will eventually require for learning to read.”
    Marilyn JagerAdams
  • Advantages of loud reading
    Stress intonation
    Sound and spelling
    Can motivating them
    Reflect and correct own writing
    Remedy for the very shy… present
    Create self confidence to speak
    Engagement with the text
    Students test themselves in private
    Stimulus to read more
    A trick – starts loud ….ends silent
    The trick read loud from a book
  • Short Jokes
    little girl came home from school and said to her mother, "Mommy, today in school I was punished for something that I didn't do." The mother exclaimed, "But that's terrible! I'm going to have a talk with your teacher about this ... by the way, what was it that you didn't do?" The little girl replied, "My homework."
  • Short Poems
    Forever Friends
    Together forever until the end Facing the worst with my very best friend To count on for comfort with a hand to guide Standing forever side by side Problems arise but disappear Whenever I see that you’re near Laughter, sorrow, secrets, to share Always showing your passion and your care When in doubt my saddening will stay Until you’re there with a kind word to say Facing the future until the end Standing together forever friends
  • Funny
    Poor old teacher, we missed you so, When in hospital you had to go.For you to remain there is a sin, We're sorry about the banana skin.
  • Short Stories - Inspirational
    Sand and Stone
    A story tells that two friends were walking through the desert. During some point of the journey they had an argument, and one friend slapped the other one in the face. The one who got slapped was hurt, but without saying anything, wrote in the sand: "TODAY MY BEST FRIEND SLAPPED ME IN THE FACE."
    They kept on walking until they found an oasis, where they decided to take a bath. The one, who had been slapped, got stuck in the mire and started drowning, but the friend saved him. After the friend recovered from the near drowning, he wrote on a stone: "TODAY MY BEST FRIEND SAVED MY LIFE."
    The friend who had slapped and saved his best friend asked him, "After I hurt you, you wrote in the sand and now, you write on a stone, why?"
    The other friend replied: "When someone hurts us, we should write it down in sand where winds of forgiveness can erase it away. But, when someone does something good for us, we must engrave it in stone where no wind can ever erase it."
    LEARN TO WRITE YOUR HURTS IN THE SAND, AND TO CARVE YOUR BENEFITS IN STONE
  • Create Own literature – be published in class –Notice Board
    Something I have read!!!
    A funny thing happened to me
    A story from my mother, grand…
    Personal story
    My first day at school
    Let me tell you about myself
    Recipe
    Restaurant menu
  • Institution literature
  • Recipe: Preparation of Mutton Biryani recipe
    Grind ginger, garlic, mint and coriander leaves to a fine paste along with yogurt.
    Wash the rice and meat pieces. Heat oil and fry all the spices and onions. Fry them till they turn to golden brown. Now add the ground masala paste and finely chopped tomatoes. Fry this out till it is cooked well. Now add the washed meat and water. When it starts to boil add salt, turmeric, chilly powder. Add the rice and allow it to cook for about 15 minutes.
    Cover the half cooked biryani and over this keep red hot coal for about 20 minutes. Stir in-between once. Keep it close till it is served. Serve it hot with any spicy curry and raitha.
  • Favorite Song
    HOW MANY ROADS MUST A MAN WALK DOWN LYRICS
    How many roads must a man walk downBefore they call him a manHow many seas must a white dove sailBefore she sleeps in the sandHow many times must the cannonballs flyBefore they are forever bannedThe answer, my friend, is blowing in the windThe answer is blowing in the wind
    Bob. Dylan
  • Speed Reading
  • Practice Speed Reading
    Watch a video : Speed Read fish
    Exercise:
    • One familiar passage
    • One less familiar passage
    • Discuss
  • Salting strategy in Reading
  • You can Lead a horse……
  • A Farmer said “you can” by …
  • The Salting TechniquesShahrazad Secret- 1000
  • The Salting Techniques. PP. 204-207 Steven K. Scott
    handouts
  • Do you want to know the secret of happiness? Emotional
    Promote the book 65m
    Paulo Coelho style
    Page ??????
  • Law of Attraction
  • Pictorial emotional stories on Reading the skill that performs miracles
  • Og Mandinofailure into success
  • Og Mandino – suicide - Part 1
  • Part 2- Reading the Miraclegreat author
  • Al Rawi Circles- Shahrazad Classroom
  • Al Rawi version in Cuba
    Reading while rolling Cuba's famous cigars
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8406641.stm
  • Story telling
    A Time to kill – the lawyer tells the jury
  • Peer Teaching and Retention
  • FVR program
    Students select different articles
    Read and prepare
    Presents and teaches peers
    Peers give feedback
    Interesting, useful, inspiring interaction
    • Results:
    • Reading more – writing – speaking - knowledge
    • Seeing the advantages of reading
  • Read and teach others- Slogan : Improve a weakness, enhance a strength
    Maryam: What is social anxiety?
    Wafa: 5 quick tips to successful stress reduction.
    Sareea: How to stay cool when speaking in public?
    Jameela: improving your memory: tips and techniques for memory enhancement.
    Shaikha : 8 tips to create your internet business.
    Reeham: the 6 daily habits of highly successful people.
    Hessa: Teen and smoking tobacco.
    Nada: How to build self confidence?
    Fatma: Ten ways to improve your quality of life.
    Khalood: Motivation to achieve your goals.
    Alia: How to be a good presenter.
    Salma: Get the respect you deserve.
    Shaikha : Development communication skills in children.
    Khulood: Personal development and self discipline are the secret to enjoying a terrific life.
  • Teach two words – illustrate -
  • Mariam Marzouqi
    April, 2008
  • “Reading is your chance to better Speaking”
    Assemblies -Students talk about books
    Articles, any material
    Toast master
    Reader of the year, semester, week, century
    Award books
    Good readers influence
  • Peer Influence
  • Advice: The same author
    Khalood Abdulla – Year 2 DWC
  • Fatma Al BanniaThe Sheikh Mohd Bin Zayed Scholars Program in cooperation with NYU “I believe one of the main factors that helped get me into the program is that they saw my passion for reading, which is one of the requirements to get into the program because there is a lot of reading”
  • Fatma: Books I read in Childhoodthe same author
  • Fatma: Early Teen Years
  • Fatma: what I am reading at Present
  • Award BooksFrom rejection to dedication !!
    Hi sir,
     
    hope you are doing well
     
    sorry for replying you late what to do sir i was busy
     
    well the book which im still reading is called "The Secret"
     
    it tell us the power of our thoughts that we are not aware of. also it says the there is a connection between our thoughts and the nature.
     
    sir its my first time im reading a book like this before ididnt liked to read a book or story this type. but im glad that im reading this secret and being aware of what ididnt know before.
     
    "Think positive things positive will happen"
     
    best wishes,
     
    Asya M
    h00016312
    HD3
  • Students recommend books
  • Rescue approach to IELTS Reading
    IELTS demon, ghost
    Passages informative – general knowledge
    Pre teach vocab
    Pre teach information
    Let them appreciate
    Allow dictionary
  • Sample IELTS interactive lesson
    Sustainablearchitecture – lesson from the ant
    Accidental rainforests Neurology
    Ecology
  • New Directions
    Read
    Research – discuss – present - write
    Student master of time
    Teams
    reflection
  • Library Exploration
    Journals and magazinesPeriodicals.xlsx
    Biographies
  • After visiting the Library: Example of success – Noora
  • Bin Battuta
    Al-Jazari describes fifty mechanical devices
    Aljazari –
    (1174-1200 CE
    “the father of modern day engineering
    http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=848
    http://gloriousancient.blogspot.com/2007/06/muslim-engineer.html
  • Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen, 965–1039 AD)Al Basri – father of obtics
  • Relevant Literature
    Um Jassim and Aboud the dog
  • Reading list
    • Al chemist
    • Who moved my cheese
    • Who moved your cheese
    • Men are from Mars Women are from Venus
    • Teacher Man
    • Angela's Aches
    • The Secret
  • Final Thoughts!!
    In Primary, you are putting foundations, shaping
    Sow reader, reap a leader
    Sow a memorizer, reap an exam taker: MPF!!!
    Change the system
    Invent suitable and more appealing literature
    Involve parents
    Be an action researcher
    Liaise with higher institutions
    Think of reading Week, Day, Fair, any event
    Integrate with other teachers
    Be a reader yourself, self improvement, e.g.
    Market books, a small bookshop at school, on consignment
    Award, reader of the month, week, century
    Students inspire each other
  • Are you ready to sell ice to an Eskimo?
  • Last Advertisement
    “Books are the quietest and most constant of friends; they are the most accessible and wisest of counselors, and the most patient of teachers”
    Charles W. Eliot, The Happy Life, 189
  • Favorite Poem - email
    God forgive me when I whine
    The world is mine
    With feet to take me where I'd go,With eyes to see the sunset's glow,With ears to hear what I should know:I'm blessed indeed, The world is mine;
    Oh, God, forgive me when I whine
    I have everything…
    I am from Palestine
  • ghassoub.mustafa@hct.ac.ae