UBC Radiology Residents 2012

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An early draft of our session on Tuesday July 3rd, 2012 for the new UBC radiology residents.

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UBC Radiology Residents 2012

  1. 1. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 1 Search Scholarship – UBC Radiology Residents Dean Giustini,MLIS, MEd, July 3rd 2012 SEARCH SCHOLARSHIP – UBC RADIOLOGY RESIDENTS 2012 Welcome to your UBC Library tutorial on searching the literature. It is my pleasure to be working with you. My name is Dean Giustini and I work at the UBC Biomedical Branch Library on the 2nd floor of the Diamond Centre, teach at UBC’s School of Library, Archival and Information Studies (SLAIS), and maintain a technologies wiki called HLWIKI <http://hlwiki.ca>. If you wish to develop your search skills, this can be a helpful starting point. This introduction to search scholarship for radiology residents is meant to provide an overview of searching the biomedical literature with an emphasis on your discipline. WORKSHOP 1: ACCESS & SEARCH SKILLS A. How do I access UBC Library’s Radiologyresearchguide? – a useful startingpointfor your searching First, go to: www.library.ubc.ca  Select‘RESEARCHGUIDES’  Type in ‘RADIOLOGY’  ClickSEARCH OR go to: http://toby.library.ubc.ca/subjects/subjpage1.cfm?id=282 B. Access & Search Skills 1. Howdo I find a radiology referencein Medline? 2. Howdo I search for articles appearing in a specific journal? 3. Howdo I savearticles to my NCBIaccount? 4. Howdo I search for articles using the ISSN? 5. Howcan I refine / apply limits to my searches? WORKSHOP 2: ADVANCED SEARCH SKILLS 6. How can MeSH termsrefine my search? (e.g.,makeit moreprecise?) 7. Howcan I combinesearches? And useBoolean operators? 8. Howcan I find whatelse an authorhaspublished?find thetop authors in a given area? WORKSHOP 3: BIBLIOGRAPHIC SOFTWARE,BIOMEDICAL DATABASES & GREY LITERATURE 9. Howto use bibliographicmanagementsoftware(RefWorks) 10. Howto access biomedicaldatabases(PubMed, MEDLINE & EMBASE via OvidSP)
  2. 2. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 2 The UBC Library subscribestomore than 75,000 online journals,books,pamphletsandgovernment documents.We are movingfurtherand fasterintothe digital era for facultyandstudentsthaneverin 2011. Our goal today is to share ideaswithyouabouthow to findthese materials. Note: When off campus change your computer’s settings to show you are affiliated with UBC. To change settings, remember your CWL and UBC Library card. To try the myVPN or EZproxy, see the instructions: http://www.library.ubc.ca/home/proxyinfo/ 1-How to refresh and enhance your searching? A- AccessSkills 1- How do I access UBC Library’sresources? First,go to: www.library.ubc.ca  UBC Library  Select‘E-RESOURCES’  Then,Indexes&Databases Bookmark the UBC Library page for PubMed PubMed.gov ismaintainedbythe U.S.National Libraryof Medicine (NLM) and is freely-accessible BUTif youaccess it fromthe UBC Library informationpage,youwill seeUBC’s‘linkresolver’ forourfull text collections.Thisiswhatthe linkresolver lookslike…
  3. 3. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 3 B- Search Skills 1. How do I find a reference? Let’sworkwiththe followingreference: Lungren MP, Horvath JJ, Welling RD, Azene EM, Starikovsky A, Bashir MR, Mollura DJ, Maxfield C. Global health training in radiology residency programs. Acad Radiol. 2011 Jun;18(6):782-91. PMID: 21458308 There are several waystoretrieve the fulltextof articlesBUT firstgoto PubMedTools. Scroll downand clickon the SingleCitationMatcher. Selectsome unique elementsof the citation andtype them into the box such as year,volume,issue andfirstpage of article. THEN,clickGO. Note: Every article in PubMedhasa uniquenumberor PMID assigned by thelibrarians at theNational Library of Medicine whereMEDLINE is created.In the ‘brief record’,citations are given a PMID. Type the PMID21458308 into thesearch box. This is a quick way to get the citation (and savestime) To obtain full-text, clickon the UBC CitationLinker whichtakesyouhere:
  4. 4. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 4 2. How do I search for articles appearing ina specificjournal? Go to PubMed.At the top of the page,use the ‘Search’dropdownmenu,scroll downto “Journals” Type in “British Journal ofRadiology” and “Go” to retrieve arecordthat providesthe ISSN. Clickthebox at left and fromthe dropdownmenuabove,select“Addto search builder”.Thiswill paste intothe searchbox the following:"BrJ Radiol"[Journal].Now,clickonthe button “SearchPubMed”.
  5. 5. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 5 By clickingonSearch PubMed,youretrieve all articlesfromthe BritishJournal ofRadiologyfromvol 1, iss1 or when PubMed begantoindex it. Youretrieve about~14000 articles. Notethe ISSN 0007-1285. 3. How do I save articles to myNCBI? At PubMed,select“Save Search”andregisterfor My NCBI.Whenitemsare enteredinto PubMed that fitthe parametersof your search,theywill be emailedtoyou. Give yoursearcha name. Timesaver: Every journal has an identifying number called an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN). You can search that number instead of using the journal name.
  6. 6. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 6 4. How do I search for articles in specific‘high-impact’radiologyjournals? In PubMed’s‘JournalsDatabase’type inthe journal title togetthe print(p) and electronic(e)?SSNs: 1. Academicradiology /ISSN:1076-6332 (Print) ;1878-4046 (Electronic) 2. AJNR- Americanjournal of neuroradiology /0195-6108 (Print) 1936-959X (Electronic) 3. AJR- Americanjournal of roentgenology /0361-803X (Print) ; 1546-3141 (Electronic) 4. Britishjournal of radiology /ISSN:0007-1285 (Print) 1748-880X (Electronic) 5. CanadianAssociationof Radiologists journal /0846-5371 (Print) 0846-5371 (Linking) 6. Emergency radiology /ISSN:1070-3004 (Print) 1438-1435 (Electronic) 7. European radiology /ISSN:0938-7994 (Print) 1432-1084 (Electronic) 8. Investigative Radiology /0020-9996 (Print) 1536-0210 (Electronic) 9. Journal of the AmericanMedical Association (JAMA)/ pISSN:0098-7484 / eISSN:1538-3598 10. JMRI - Journal of magneticresonance imaging/1053-1807 (Print) 1522-2586 (Electronic) 11. Lancet / 0140-6736 (Print) 1474-547X (Electronic) 12. NewEnglandjournal of medicine 0028-4793 (Print) 1533-4406 (Electronic) 13. Nuclearmedicine andbiology /0969-8051 (Print) 1872-9614 (Electronic) 14. Radiographics /ISSN:0271-5333 (Print) ;1527-1323 (Electronic) ;0271-5333 (Linking) 15. Radiology /ISSN:0033-8419 (Print) ;1527-1315 (Electronic) ;0033-8419 (Linking) Create a search across Fifteen (15) High Impact Radiology Journals in one ‘saved search set’ using OR 1076-6332 OR 1878-4046 OR 0007-1285 OR 1748-880X OR 0846-5371 OR 1070-3004 OR 0938-7994 OR 1432-1084 OR 0098-7484 OR 1538-3598 OR 0140-6736 OR 1474-547X OR 0028-4793 OR 1533-4406 OR 0271-5333 OR 1527-1323 OR 0033-8419 OR 1527-1315 OR 1872-9614 OR 0969-8051 OR 1053-1807 OR 1522-2586 OR 0020-9996 OR 1536-0210 OR 0195-6108 OR 1936-959X OR 0361-803X OR 1546-3141 Thissearch retrievesjustover~356,000 articles+.Withthissearchsaved, youcan now combine itwitha topicor actual clinical question.GotoPubMed loginwithyourID and passwordandclickon My NCBIat the bottomright handcorner. To begin,findyoursaved searchcalled‘Radiologyjournals’. 5. How do I save an article to my NCBI? Afteryouhave createdan account inMy NCBI, youcan save articles inyour account.Enter the following PMID (numberonly):20334558. Select“Go”. Thiswill bringupthe ‘Da Vinci surgical’article fromearlier.
  7. 7. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 7 From the “Sendto” dropdownmenu,select“Collections”.Youwill getaPop-upbox thatasks whether youwant to start a newcollectionorappendthisarticle toan existingone.Save the article orcancel it. Whyis thishelpful? Thisis a good strategyforsavingarticlesyou wantto read later. Create aCollection called“Future Reading”. YourCollectionsandSearchesstoredinyourmyNCBIaccount are onthe PubMed serversotheycan be accessedfromanycomputer. Summary of Search Scholarship I Duringthishour,you have learnedto:  Findthe ‘RADIOLOGY’SubjectGuide atthe UBC Library website http://www.library.ubc.ca  Access PubMed fromthe UBC Library website http://www.library.ubc.ca  Use PubMed identifyingnumbers(PMIDs) tofindspecificcitationsorarticles  Use a journal’s International StandardSerialNumber(ISSN) tofindspecificjournals  Findjournalsusingthe JournalsDatabase in PubMed  Use Single CitationMatcherandopena MyNCBI account inPubMed  Save to CollectionsandSearchesin MyNCBI  Create savedsearches inMyNCBI in PubMed End of Session I
  8. 8. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 8
  9. 9. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 9 6. How do “limits” make my search more manageable?  Make sure youare loggedinto My NCBI.  Enter youraccount by clickingthe MyNCBI logoat the upperrighthand corner.  Go to your Searchesandselect RadiologyJournals.  Run that searchagainby clickingonthe title of the search.  Selectthe limitstabthatisabove the pinkhorizontal line. Note the many differentrestrictionsyoucanputon a search.SelectPublishedinthe lasttenyears.From Type of Article,selectrandomizedcontrolledtrial.Thenselect“Go”.Note that the limitsthatare operational appearinyellowabove the entries.Youshouldretrieve ~[blank] articles. 7. How can MeSHterms refine my search – to make it more precise? MeSH terms Everydatabase has a thesaurusof terms that are usedtoorganize references.In PubMed,these are calledMedical Subject Headings(MeSH) andprovideawayto search forarticles“about”topics.When searchingbykeyword, anysearchtool will finditemswhere keywords are found inthe citation. BUTif youuse MeSH, articles are indexedwiththose terms therebymakingretrieval moresensitive. Let’sfindthe followingarticle byenteringitsPMID: 21436101 Thisis whatyou should come up: Chammas MC, Moon HJ, Kim EK. Why do we have so many controversies in thyroid nodule Doppler US? Radiology. 2011 Apr;259(1):304. Timesaver: What MeSH termsare associatedwith thisarticle?Nextto“Display”, see the dropdown menufor“Abstract” or “MEDLINE” or clickthe + signby PublicationTypes, MeSHTerms
  10. 10. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 10 Timesaver: The MEDLINE tagged formatis usedtoenterarticles inPubMed – IMPORTANT information whenyoutry to importinto RefWorks.Fornow, lookat the MeSH terms giventothis article: MH - Aged MH - Aged,80 and over MH - Biopsy,Fine-Needle MH - Chi-Square Distribution MH - Female MH - Humans MH - Male MH - LogisticModels MH - Middle Aged MH - Neovascularization,Pathologic– *ultrasonography MH - Predictive Value ofTests MH - ROC Curve MH - Retrospective Studies MH - Thyroid Neoplasms/*ultrasonography MH - Thyroid Nodule/*ultrasonograph MH - Ultrasonography,Doppler
  11. 11. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 11 8. How can I combine searches? MeSH Terms give you furtherideastorefine yoursearchforsimilararticles.Fromthe dropdownmenu at the topof the page where yousee “PubMed”,scroll downto MeSH. Type in ‘self assessment’ asa MeSH Term and clickon SEARCH
  12. 12. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 12 Put a checkmark nextto the termthat appears.Fromthe dropdownmenuthat appears,clickon “Send to” and select“Searchbox withand”. Thisis StepI of creatinga MeSH searchin PubMed “Search PubMed”.Meanwhile,openupyourMyNCBIaccount andyour savedsearches.Make sure you run yourJournalssearch.Go to AdvancedSearch to see recently performed searchesandcombine your Journalssearch withthe self-assessmentMeSHsearch:  Put yourcursor overthe numberof the search – the numberprecedingthe search  Double clickthe searchnumber;a searchbox shouldpopup withAND,OR & NOT  Use “And”to sendsearchto the searchfield.Dobothsearches.Thenclick“go”. How many articles have you retrieved? How can you make the search even more sensitive? 9. How can I findwhat else an author has published? Note the followingarticle: Forster BB, Cresswell M. Musculoskeletal ultrasound: changing times, changing practice? Br J Sports Med. 2010 Dec;44(16):1136-7. Let’ssee whatotherradiology articlesthatthe firstauthorhas published. Whoisit?In the search field, type inForsterBB andselect“Go”. How manyarticles have been authored by Forster Bruce? You have addedthe followingskillstoyourarsenal:searchingforarticlespennedbyaspecificauthor, searchingbya MeSH term,and combiningsearchesfromwithinthe historytab.
  13. 13. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 13 Let’sdevelopastrategytoanswerthe followingquestion:Whatarticleshave beenpublishedonthe topic of “MENTORING” and “RADIOLOGY” inmajor journalsin the last 5 years?  Create a search setusing“MENTORING” OR “MENTOR”  SelectMeSHdatabase and entermentoring.Note the MeSHisMENTORS TimesavingTip: To run a goodsearch on “MENTORING”,bothterms shouldbe used  FindMeSH term;put a check marknextto it; senditto the search box using“sendto”with“or”  Clearthe search.Note the search box with MENTORS termremains Findthe term;put a check mark nexttothe term; sendthe termto the search box usingthe “sendto” drop downmenuwith“or”.  From the searchbox that holdsbothterms ("MENTORING"OR "MENTORS"[Mesh]),runthe search  Go to “limits”tab  Under “Dates”,select“publishedinthe last5 years”  Under Subsets  Journal Groups  thenselectCore Clinical Journals Run the searchagain.Note the appliedlimitsappearin a yellow barattop of PubMed page TimesavingTip: Whenevera search retrieves an inordinatenumberof articles, use limitsto refine! 10. How can I find the top authors for a given topic? How can we deal withthe followingquestion:Whoare the top authors (mostreferences)onatopic in the mainradiology journals?  Go to previoussearchandselect“SortBy” dropdownmenu.Select“FirstAuthor”. Thisis a goodstartingplace.You can alsosort by “Last Author”.  ExperimentwithGoogleScholar: http://scholar.google.com/ Entersearch termsto describe whatyouwouldlike tosearch:_____________________________ 11. How do I report my search strategy in a manuscript? Example: “The literature on mentorsandmentoringin the past5 yearswas searchedusing PubMedwiththe followingsearchterms:xx,xx. XXarticleswere found,of whichxx were directlyrelevanttothe issuesathand.”
  14. 14. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 14 Timesaving Tip: PubMed tutorials are available on a number of topics under ‘Help’. For direct access, see: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/disted/pubmed.html Each tutorialcites thelength of time it takesto view.These tutorialsprovidereinforcementforthe exercises wehavecompleted …. 2-How to use bibliographicmanagementsoftware (RefWorks2.0) Toolssuch as RefWorks 2.0 (newin July 2011) helptoaggregate your citationsintoapersonal library, and provide awayto create a bibliography.UBCLibrary providesaccessto RefWorks® FREEof charge to studentsandfaculty. Youneedto registerforRefWorks butcan access it thereafterfromanycomputer. Continue touse yoursubscriptiontoRefWorksfora nominal annual fee afteryouleave UBC. Note: RefWorksis web-basedand can be accessedfromany web-connectedcomputer.RWhasan enabledExportfeature thatallowsuserstoexportcitationsfromotherdatabases. Touse RefWorksat UBC Library,go to: www.library.ubc.ca  Then‘E-RESOURCES- Indexes&Databases’  Bottomright Instructions to Use RefWorks  commoncitationmanagementtool,widely-usedandweb-based;create apersonallibrary of articles  importand store citations,formatbibliographiesandimportcitations  linktofiles e.g.,PDFs,worddocuments,Excelspreadsheets  add newcitationsbyimportingormanual entering;share citationsfor collaborativeprojects  Go to: http://bit.ly/4r9wVA and“Signup foran individual account” Interface overview  References:add referenceswith pull-down menu  Search:search forcitationsbyaccess point(i.e.author,descriptor,journal name)  Folders:view,editordelete Folders  Bibliographies: create bibliographies  Tools: downloadpluginse.g.RefGrabItand Write-N-Cite
  15. 15. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 15 Creating& organizingfeatures:  SelectFoldersandchoose Create…  Give yourfoldera name;rename ordelete asnecessary Importingreferences:  SearchPubMedand selectsome citations  Choose Send to and selectFile MEDLINE  Save file as pubmed_result.txt(use “Sendto”“File”option)  In Refworksclickon References …thenImport  From ImportFilter/DataSource pull-downmenu,select“NLMPubmed”  Create Folderyou wantto add referencestoimport pubmed_result.txtfile  Use RefGrab-Ittocapture webpage content.  DownloadpluginwithinRefWorksunder“Tools” Searchingyour reference collections:  Your referencesare all searchable.Choose “Search”then,“Advanced.Ignore “SearchName”  Change yoursearch fieldfrom“Descriptors”to“Anywhere”andchoose foldertosearch  Type a keywordintothe searchbox and clickon “Search.” Annotatingreferences, addingPDFs& other files:  Clickon “Edit”to add comments,keywords,orattachmentstoa reference  Note the “Attachment”option.Note the “User”fields Creatingfootnotes& citationsinpapers: Download Write-N-Cite
  16. 16. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 16 How do I locate the RefWorks2.0 Tutorial? RefWorksmaintainsatutorial withsimplevideosandhandouts: locatedhere:http://www.refworks-cos.com/refworks/tutorials/basic.html RefWorksExercise: 1. Enter the followingcitationsinto your RefWorksaccount:  1: De Langhe E, LoriesR,Maenaut K,De VlamK. The kaleidoscopicpresentation of the spondyloarthritisconceptinafemale patient.JointBone Spine.2011 Jun22.  2: Sobral DT. Student-selectedcoursesinamedical school:scope andrelationships. MedTeach. 2008;30(2):199-205. PMID: 18464147  3: Timpone VM,LattinGE Jr,LewisRB, AzuarK, TubayM, JesingerRA.Abdominal twistsand turns:part I,gastrointestinaltracttorsionswithpathologic correlation. AJRAmJRoentgenol. 2011 Jul;197(1):86-96. PMID: 21701015. 2. Create a foldernamed‘Radiology test’ 3. Put these citationsinto this newfolder 4. Now,create a bibliographyusingthe Wordfor Windowsfile type
  17. 17. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 17 4- How to access “grey” literature; As researchers,we needtoconcernourselveswithwhatis knownas“greyliterature”or“materialsnot formallyorcommerciallypublished …especiallyconference proceedings”.(Matthews,BrianS.Gray Literature:Resourcesforlocatingunpublishedresearch. C&RLNews;March 2004 65(3).) Why isgreyliterature important? Researchsuggeststhatof all conference proceedings,the percentagepublishedin peerreviewedjournalsrangesfrom44% to 63%. (vonElmet al.More insightintothe fate of biomedical meeting abstracts: a systematicreview.BMCMedical ResearchMethodology2003.) SchererRW, LangenbergP,vonElm E. Publicationandaccesscyclesruncounterto one anotherand new researchcan be difficulttoaccess. View “The Flowof ScientificInformation” http://www.lib.uwaterloo.ca/usered/grad/researchskills/flow_of_info.html
  18. 18. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 18 Initially, ideasare sharedonthe webor recorded inprivate notebooks,followedby observationsand hypotheses whilethey remaininthe “invisiblecollege”.Theystarttofilterupthrough disseminationvia emails,memoirs,andinformal meetings.Finally,the researchisorganized byindexesanddatabases such as PubMed.Asresearchfindings are more widelyaccepted,they become more easy toaccess. Here is a graphicshowing“flow”of informationinthe ScientificPublicationCycle http://www.lib.washington.edu/subject/environment/imt220/pubcycle.jpg Note thatinformationeasily foundinindexesappearsparalleltothe latterquartile of the time cycle. Sources for grey or pre-publishedliterature  Google Scholar: http://scholar.google.com Google Scholarhas become one of the world’slargestfree,openacademicindexandhasan excellentcross-sectionof biomedical content.Itisunclearhow large itis,however.  Clinical Trials.Gov:http://ClinicalTrials.gov ~100,000 trialssponsoredbythe NIH,federal agenciesandindustry.Studieslistedare conductedin173 countriesClinicalTrialsreceivesover50 millionpage viewspermonth65,000 visitorsdaily. Youcandetermine principal investigatorsand theircontact information.  NLM Gateway: http://gateway.nlm.nih.gov/gw/Cmd?FAQ.x#Conference Some conference proceedingsandabstractscan be retrievedfromthe NLMGatewaywebsite.
  19. 19. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 19  Scirus: http://www.scirus.com/ ~400 millionscientificarticles,researchers’homepages,courseware,pre-printsandpatents with an emphasisonEuropeanliterature due tocoverage of Elsevierjournals. For a review of ‘grey literature’ searching, see http://hlwiki.slais.ubc.ca/index.php/Grey_literature Are you doing a systematic review? Please see your biomedical librarian for a consult Effective searchingisaprofessional skill undertaken mainly bylibrariansandinformation specialists but,asa radiologyresident,youcancertainlyacquire goodbasicsearchingskills.The aimof searchingisto be as thoroughas possible andtooptimize recall withsufficientprecision. All researchersdoingsystematicreviews(SRs) or meta-analysisshouldensure thatall relevant studiesare found.The focus ison exhaustivenessandleavingnostone unturned.Reviewsare useful toolsforhealthprofessionalsinview of the massive amountof biomedical information publishedworldwideastheyare a useful distillation of evidence. http://hlwiki.slais.ubc.ca/index.php/Systematic_review_searching Other RadiologyResources – eBooks & eBook Collections  Adam: Grainger& Allison'sDiagnosticRadiology,5thed (2008) – online  Basic Radiology, 2e – online  Gangi Imaging in percutaneousmusculoskeletalinterventions(2009) – online  Grainger& Allisondiagnosticradiology(2001) or MD Consult– online 2008  Merrill'sAtlasof radiographicpositions(2003) – print  Mettler:Essentialsof Radiology,2nded(2005) - online  Mueller'sRadiologicdiagnosisof chestdiseases(2001) – print  CT- and MR-guidedinterventionsinradiology(2009) - online  Radiographyessentialsforlimitedpractice (2006) – print  Magneticresonance imaginginorthopedicsportsmedicine - online
  20. 20. Search Scholarship for Radiology Residents 2012 / Giustini - 20 Glossaryfor Radiology Residents Institutional Repository:an institutional repository(IR) isa digital space toupload yourresearchand knowledge-basedassets.Asmore researchisborndigital,institutionsmustidentifyandcollectthis informationforarchival purposesandtosupportfurtherresearch.UBCLibrary hasan IR called cIRcle. ‘Invisible College’:the terminvisiblecollege refersto the free exchange of ideas,expertise and informationcarriedoutwithnoauthorityorestablishmentinstitutionalbodygoverningthe communication;inthe digital age,thisinformationisbeingsharedbyusingonline networks ISSN: a unique eight-digitnumberusedtoidentifyaprintor electronic publication.The ISSN systemhas beenaninternational standardISO3297 since 2007. MeSH Term: The Medical Subject Headings - MeSH thesaurusisa controlledvocabularycreatedbythe National Libraryof Medicine (U.S.) forMEDLINE.MeSH termsare usedto index,catalogue andretrieve biomedical informationanddocumentsfrom PubMed. Openaccess: Openaccess(OA) isthe free and open access to scholarlyresearchwithnorestrictions. OA ispossible whenresearcherspublishinOA journals,self-archive onpersonal websitesorplace their workin digital repositories. PubMedCentral Canada (PMCC):isa freely-accessibleCanada-basedarchive of biomedical research.It providesdownloadsof full-textbiomedical papersinEnglishandFrench.PMCCprovidesaccesstoan online archive of peer-reviewedarticlesandbuildson PubMedCentral,the U.S.National Institutesof Health(NIH) digital archive of biomedical journal literature. Radiology or ‘imaginginformatics’:  Imaging Informatics – alsoknownas radiology informatics ormedical imaginginformatics –isa subspecialtyof biomedical informatics thataimstoimprove the efficiency,accuracy,usability and reliabilityof medical imagingservices inhealthcare.Itisthe studyof how informationabout and containedwithinmedical imagesisretrieved,analyzed,enhanced andexchanged. Radiology 2.0refersto a secondgenerationof radiologypractice applyingthe benefitsof social media. As a medical librarian, I’dlike topartnerwitharadiologyresidenttowrite aboutthistopic.  MoeinA,Malekmohammadi M. Introductiontothe nextgenerationof radiologyinthe web2.0world. Proceedingsof the International FederationforMedical andBiological Engineering(IFMBE). 2010;459-462. RefWorks:isa web-basedtool designedtohelpresearchersgather,manage,store andshare records fromdatabase searchesandgenerate citationsandbibliographiesformanuscripts. Social mediaisdefinedas "...theuseof digitalmedia (including internetand mobile) for collaborating with othersto create user generated contentand formself organizing communities.Blogs,forums,wikis, social networking sites,microblogging sites,socialbookmarking sites,socialvoting sites,social review sites and virtual worldsareall examplesof [social media].”

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