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MAKING SENSE OF STATISTICS
AT THE REFERENCE DESK
Write down a statistical
question that you’d like help
answering
MAKING SENSE OF
STATISTICS AT THE
REFERENCE DESK
ANDREA CAMERON
CARLA GRAEBNER
SYLVIA ROBERTS
Health Libraries Association...
SESSION GOALS:
Increase confidence and understanding in answering
statistical queries
Learn the difference between data ...
STATISTICAL TRIVIA
Highest alcohol consumption per capita: Spain, Estonia or
Canada?
Estonia! (OECD factbook)
Do more Cana...
DATA VS STATISTICS
DATA
•Facts or figures* from which conclusions can be
drawn
•Numeric files created and organized
– for analysis, or to cre...
STATISTICS
Statistics are processed data, or data that have
been analyzed in some way
Generally used to support an argum...
DATA OR STATISTICS?
STATISTICS OR DATA?
RAW OR COOKED?
GBD HEATMAP
How do different health challenges rank across countries?
Rank and compare causes and risks in different count...
CANSIM
Updated continuously
Free / Fee based
Access via Statistics Canada Website* or
licensed through CHASS @ the Univ...
JURISDICTIONS AND
DIMENSIONS
THE BUILDING
BLOCKS
Basic methods for gathering statistics:
Census: Census of Canada
Survey: Canadian Community Health Sur...
CAN YOU TRUST THE
NUMBERS?
Image credit: Wikipedia
AND MORE RECENTLY
WHO MIGHT GATHER
THESE STATS?
International infant mortality Cost of rent in Lethbridge
Drinking fountains in Vancouver To...
SOURCES BY CATEGORY
Official
Inter-
governmental
United
Nations
World Bank
IMF
WHO
Governmental
Federal
Statistics
Canada
...
FOLLOW THE DATA…
Data re-use at the Provincial level
THE REFERENCE
INTERVIEW
THE REFERENCE
INTERVIEW
Intent
Content
Constraints
What do they
want to do
with the info?
Use in a
report: they
need
statistics!
Can you find
an existing
table/
graphic/map?...
CONTENT
CONSTRAINTS
Geography Time
Particular
Measures Outputs
YOUR TURN!
A bewildered patron has been wandering the halls, asking
that SOMEONE please help her find some numbers …can
yo...
SECONDARY SOURCES
AS SHORTCUTS
SECONDARY SOURCES
AS SHORTCUTS
News articles
Citations from research sources (books, articles,
reports)
Statistical yea...
FAST STATS! STATISTICAL COMPENDIA
META GUIDES
Off Stats (University of Aukland)
Statistics Canada’s external links
Library guides, e.g. York University
...
STATISTICS CANADA –
A BRIEF TOUR
WHAT CAN WE FIND IN
STATISTICS CANADA
AS SUPPORT FOR OUR DISCUSSION?
STATISTICS CANADA TIPS
 Another word for: Higher education? Fitness?
Poverty?
 Try a broad search term and scope the res...
CENSUS OF CANADA
CENSUS
Census profiles
• I want to know everything about my province, municipality,
neighbourhood
Highlight tables
• How d...
NATIONAL
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
NHS Profiles
• Like Census profiles, but smallest entity is Federal Electoral
District (no censu...
BEYOND STATISTICS
CANADA
SOURCES BY CATEGORY
Official
Inter-
governmental
United
Nations
World Bank
IMF
WHO
Governmental
Federal
Statistics
Canada
...
Unofficial
Non-Profit
Think Tanks
Canadian Centre
for Policy
Alternatives
Fraser Institute
Trade / Professional
Associatio...
OPEN DATA
“Like many others, I believe access to
government information can lead to
better informed public policy debates
...
Canada’s Action Plan on Open Government
Canada’s Action Plan on Open
Government: Figure 1: Our Commitments
OPEN HEALTH DATA
Research Data
“… recorded factual material commonly accepted
in the scientific community as necessary to
validate research...
RESEARCH LANDSCAPE
 Social Science and Humanities Research Council
(SSHRC):
"All research data collected with the use of ...
Andrea Cameron: amcamero@sfu.ca
Carla Graebner: cgraebne@sfu.ca
Sylvia Roberts: sroberts@sfu.ca
HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013
HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013
HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013
HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013
HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013
HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013
HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013
HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013
HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013
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HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013

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Transcript of "HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013"

  1. 1. MAKING SENSE OF STATISTICS AT THE REFERENCE DESK Write down a statistical question that you’d like help answering
  2. 2. MAKING SENSE OF STATISTICS AT THE REFERENCE DESK ANDREA CAMERON CARLA GRAEBNER SYLVIA ROBERTS Health Libraries Association of BC June, 2013
  3. 3. SESSION GOALS: Increase confidence and understanding in answering statistical queries Learn the difference between data and stats Share in effective strategies and tools to find the right source Key (and free) Canadian and international statistical sources Answer actual stats questions!!!
  4. 4. STATISTICAL TRIVIA Highest alcohol consumption per capita: Spain, Estonia or Canada? Estonia! (OECD factbook) Do more Canadians have cats or dogs as pets? Cats! (WSPA report) How much has the value of the gluten-free retail market increased in Canada between 2011 and 2012? 2%? 5%? 10%? 10%! (Agri-foods Canada) More people have a mobile phone than a toothbrush: True or False? TRUE! (although difficult to verify) (MMA)
  5. 5. DATA VS STATISTICS
  6. 6. DATA •Facts or figures* from which conclusions can be drawn •Numeric files created and organized – for analysis, or to create a new table –require processing •Includes geographic data –(to make maps)
  7. 7. STATISTICS Statistics are processed data, or data that have been analyzed in some way Generally used to support an argument or position in a study or report Presentation ready
  8. 8. DATA OR STATISTICS? STATISTICS OR DATA? RAW OR COOKED?
  9. 9. GBD HEATMAP How do different health challenges rank across countries? Rank and compare causes and risks in different countries based on deaths, YLLs, YLDs, and DALYs by age group and sex.
  10. 10. CANSIM Updated continuously Free / Fee based Access via Statistics Canada Website* or licensed through CHASS @ the University of Toronto Data statistics, no analysis
  11. 11. JURISDICTIONS AND DIMENSIONS
  12. 12. THE BUILDING BLOCKS Basic methods for gathering statistics: Census: Census of Canada Survey: Canadian Community Health Survey; Twenty Years of Student Sexual Behavior (2004) Administrative data: Vital Statistics-Birth Database; Image credit: jassijava bricks on flickr
  13. 13. CAN YOU TRUST THE NUMBERS? Image credit: Wikipedia
  14. 14. AND MORE RECENTLY
  15. 15. WHO MIGHT GATHER THESE STATS? International infant mortality Cost of rent in Lethbridge Drinking fountains in Vancouver Tobacco use among Canadians Teen Internet Gambling Midwifery Industry Pharmaceutical sales from drug stores Primary school enrollment in Ghana
  16. 16. SOURCES BY CATEGORY Official Inter- governmental United Nations World Bank IMF WHO Governmental Federal Statistics Canada Health Canada Provincial BC stats Provincial Health Authorities Municipal Metro Vancouver Statistics Unofficial Non-Profit Think Tanks Trade / Professional Associations NGOs Academic Research Commercial Euromonitor EIU IMS Health
  17. 17. FOLLOW THE DATA… Data re-use at the Provincial level
  18. 18. THE REFERENCE INTERVIEW
  19. 19. THE REFERENCE INTERVIEW Intent Content Constraints
  20. 20. What do they want to do with the info? Use in a report: they need statistics! Can you find an existing table/ graphic/map? Yes? Done! No? Can one be generated in a database? Yes? Done! No? Perhaps someone else can help Analyze or map: they need data! Can you find an appropriate, accessible data source? Yes? Done! No? Perhaps someone else can help Intent
  21. 21. CONTENT
  22. 22. CONSTRAINTS Geography Time Particular Measures Outputs
  23. 23. YOUR TURN! A bewildered patron has been wandering the halls, asking that SOMEONE please help her find some numbers …can you? Image credit: AlexanderDrachmann on Flickr
  24. 24. SECONDARY SOURCES AS SHORTCUTS
  25. 25. SECONDARY SOURCES AS SHORTCUTS News articles Citations from research sources (books, articles, reports) Statistical yearbooks, abstracts, almanacs Library and organizational metaguides Organizational sites with specialized data
  26. 26. FAST STATS! STATISTICAL COMPENDIA
  27. 27. META GUIDES Off Stats (University of Aukland) Statistics Canada’s external links Library guides, e.g. York University Finding medical / health care statistics online (Dean’s wiki)
  28. 28. STATISTICS CANADA – A BRIEF TOUR
  29. 29. WHAT CAN WE FIND IN STATISTICS CANADA AS SUPPORT FOR OUR DISCUSSION?
  30. 30. STATISTICS CANADA TIPS  Another word for: Higher education? Fitness? Poverty?  Try a broad search term and scope the results  Browse by subject from front page  Search secondary sources for leads, e.g. The Daily  Finding and Using Statistics REALLY useful overview of Statistics Canada and statistical research in general  Google searching
  31. 31. CENSUS OF CANADA
  32. 32. CENSUS Census profiles • I want to know everything about my province, municipality, neighbourhood Highlight tables • How do I compare employment levels in different cities? Topic-based tabulations • How do I examine the relationship between ethnicity and employment? Analysis, reports, visualization tools • Instead of analyzing demographic tables myself, is there a ready-made report I can use? Geography • How do I create maps based on the Census? • Geographic files – ArcGIS • Subscription products: Pcensus, SimplyMap • Vancouver data Catalogue, VanMap, GeoSearch 2011
  33. 33. NATIONAL HOUSEHOLD SURVEY NHS Profiles • Like Census profiles, but smallest entity is Federal Electoral District (no census tract) NHS Data Table • Like topic based tabulations NHS Focus on Geography Series • Reports on topics by geographic areas. No map files (yet)
  34. 34. BEYOND STATISTICS CANADA
  35. 35. SOURCES BY CATEGORY Official Inter- governmental United Nations World Bank IMF WHO Governmental Federal Statistics Canada Health Canada Provincial BC stats Provincial Health Authorities Municipal Metro Vancouver Statistics Unofficial Non-Profit Think Tanks Trade / Professional Associations NGOs Academic Research Commercial Euromonitor EIU IMS Health
  36. 36. Unofficial Non-Profit Think Tanks Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives Fraser Institute Trade / Professional Associations NGOs Canadian Institute for Health Information Academic Research NBER Research Data
  37. 37. OPEN DATA “Like many others, I believe access to government information can lead to better informed public policy debates and hopefully some improved services for citizens...” ~ David Eaves Co-sponsor, Open Data Vancouver Initiative eaves.ca, May 2nd, 2012
  38. 38. Canada’s Action Plan on Open Government Canada’s Action Plan on Open Government: Figure 1: Our Commitments
  39. 39. OPEN HEALTH DATA
  40. 40. Research Data “… recorded factual material commonly accepted in the scientific community as necessary to validate research findings, but not any of the following: preliminary analyses, drafts of scientific papers, plans for future research, peer reviews, or communications with colleagues. This "recorded" material excludes physical objects (e.g., laboratory samples).” U.S. Office of Management and Budget
  41. 41. RESEARCH LANDSCAPE  Social Science and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC): "All research data collected with the use of SSHRC funds must be preserved and made available for use by others within a reasonable period of time. SSHRC considers "a reasoable period" to be within two years of the completion of the research project for which the data was collected.“  Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR): "deposit bioinformatics, atomic, and molecular coordinate data into the appropriate public database (e.g. gene sequences deposited in GenBank) immediately upon publication of research results." and "retain original data sets for a minimum of five years (or longer if other policies apply)."
  42. 42. Andrea Cameron: amcamero@sfu.ca Carla Graebner: cgraebne@sfu.ca Sylvia Roberts: sroberts@sfu.ca
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