Grey Literature Producers

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A draft for the April 12th webinar

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  • Hello Dean, excellent presentation! You are wonderfully comprehensive. I don’t have anything to suggest adding, just some comments to contribute from my experience.

    * Definitely agree with all you said about issues of reproducing grey lit searches in the telecon with Academy Health: it’s problematic. Sometimes for difficult or narrow topics I will try a dozen different approaches, and pull individual items here and there: this is difficult to document accurately and concisely. HTA has many supplemental searches as well. A few years ago we reviewed how other Canadian HTAs document their searches, and it really varies.

    * Also collaborate on a consistent strategy with with your publishing team, web team, and communications/KE team. (CADTH has the benefit of many hands to help here, though others may not.) This way everything coming out of your org is consistent.

    * For smaller or newer orgs, don’t forget the basics like clearly stating authorship & obtaining ISBNs (Canada: National Library of Canada has a team to help with this). There is some literature about how not completely stating your authorship is detrimental to your credibility - a general issue with grey lit. (I don’t have these sources handy!). Also drives me bonkers when I find a good source but can’t evaluate it, figure out the date, or have everything to cite it properly.

    ... Now that end of fiscal is over, I’ll try to comment on the group’s presentation more. It’s great to meet you all!
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  • Dean, this is a marvelous presentation on Grey Literature!
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Grey Literature Producers

  1. 1. Grey lit 103<br />Standing Out in a Sea of Grey Literature<br />A Producer’s (Librarian) Perspective<br />Dean Giustini, MLIS, MEd<br />UBC Biomedical Librarian<br />Vancouver Canada<br />Wiki: http://hlwiki.ca<br />British Columbia (BC) Inukshuk – common geographical landmark<br />AcademyHealth GreyLit Webinar Series<br />12 April 2011<br />
  2. 2. About me, why I am here<br />To present the "producer's" perspective of grey literature<br />I am a Canadian health librarian <br />Working at Canada’s second largest tertiary hospital<br />UBC teaching hospital & medical school<br />Research how to “find” things including GL<br />Atrium, UBC Faculty of Medicine<br />Diamond Health Care Centre<br />Vancouver Canada<br />Vancouver <br />Canada<br />
  3. 3. Webinar plan – ‘producers’<br />Definition: Grey literature is …<br />“information produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry in electronic and print formats …i.e. where publishing is not the primary activity of the producing body." <br />- Luxembourg, 1997 - Expanded in New York, 2004<br />“… the knowledge of what grey literature is being produced and what the preservation procedures are for major producers is critical…”<br /> - National Library of Medicine, 2008<br />
  4. 4. How can producers enhance their research?<br />Uptake – Rigour – Preservation<br />Map<br />the bibliography<br />Increasevisibility<br />Tools for producers<br />Ensurereliable access<br />Managepreservation<br />The Inukshuk symbolizes <br />‘Someone was here’ and<br />‘you are on the right path’<br />Ensurereproducibility<br />
  5. 5. 1.Map the bibliography(uptake)<br /><ul><li>In mapping phase, what is known about topic, locate best evidence
  6. 6. Primary & secondary research (study of ‘other studies’)
  7. 7. Determine structure of topic, identify major producers
  8. 8. Available evidence – weak or strong? coherent or fragmented?
  9. 9. Are any datasets available – white or grey?
  10. 10. “The Web as Platform” – living documents & evolving ‘evidence’
  11. 11. Means of production is massively decentralized on the web </li></ul>WikiDoc Living Textbook of Medicine<br />The Original Medical Wiki / <br />Encyclopedia<br />Some major American & Canadian producers of GL<br />
  12. 12. LOCATE greylit producers using fifteen (15) websites:<br />http://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph<br />http://www.nlm.nih.gov/hsrproj/<br />http://www.academyhealth.org/<br />http://phpartners.org/<br />http://cadth.ca<br />http://ebling.library.wisc.edu<br />NYAM list of greylit producers<br />Coming May 2011<br />http://hlwiki.ca<br />http://gateway.nlm.nih.gov/<br />
  13. 13. 2. Provide reliable access (uptake)<br /><ul><li>Easy access to high-quality content is a key foundation of research
  14. 14. NIH / CIHR-funded research must be accessible (e.g, PubMedCentral / Canada)
  15. 15. web publishing, self-archiving, institutional repositories
  16. 16. Bibliographic control, findability
  17. 17. Dublin Core Metadata Initiative – metadata quality, recall & relevance
  18. 18. Digital access & rights management, e.g, security
  19. 19. GoogleDocs, wikis, blogs, other social media e.g, Twitter
  20. 20. Social media + public health = public health 2.0?</li></li></ul><li>1. Research output @ University of N.<br />= grey literature & data<br />2. Develop transparent metadata & grey data policies<br /> Example of clear policies ~<br />open-access repository record inOpenDOAR.org<br />http://hlwiki.ca<br />
  21. 21. 3. Manage persistence (preservation)<br /><ul><li>Grey literature part of ‘evidence base’ & historical record
  22. 22. Digital curation & long-term stability of e-documents
  23. 23. ‘Persistently identified’e.g, URIs, DOIs
  24. 24. Poor persistence leads to “404” (file not found) errors
  25. 25. NYAM Library, “Copyright & permissions” & reproduction
  26. 26. Preservation guidelines for documents & data
  27. 27. Guidelines for production of reports – "Nancy Style“ (2007)
  28. 28. NISO Scientific and Technical Reports – Z39.18 2005</li></ul> . Standard ensures long-term preservation of grey literature<br />http://lockss.stanford.edu/lockss/<br />
  29. 29. 4. Ensure reproducibility (rigour)<br /><ul><li>Use explicit, rigorous and reproducible methods
  30. 30. Consult biostatistician & methodologist
  31. 31. Implement state-of-the-art data management & peer review
  32. 32. Consult qualified health librarian
  33. 33. About how to document search & use reporting standards
  34. 34. Ensure reporting is robust:
  35. 35. AGREE Instrument (Appraisal of Clinical Guidelines )
  36. 36. CONSORT Statement (Transparent Reporting of Trials)
  37. 37. SUPPORT Checklist (Supporting Policy Relevant Reviews & Trials)</li></ul>Institute of Medicine. National Academies Press, 2011<br />support-collaboration.org/<br />consort-statement.org/<br />agreecollaboration.org<br />
  38. 38. REPORT YOUR SEARCHES using PRISMA <br />prisma-statement.org/<br />2. LIST ALL SEARCH TERMS FOR GREY LIT<br />ENLIST independent health librarian to review your search …<br />http://hlwiki.ca<br />
  39. 39. 5. Increase visibility (uptake & rigour)<br /><ul><li>Raise research profile by producing exemplary work
  40. 40. Consistent, reliable methods influence perception of rigour
  41. 41. Remix your work … (e.g, pre-prints, slides, YouTube, webcast, final paper)
  42. 42. Examples of style sheets
  43. 43. ICMJE Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts ("Vancouver style“)
  44. 44. The Canadian Style, 2011 (Documents in French & English)
  45. 45. US Government Style Manual, 2008
  46. 46. Market & promote, consider “knowledge dissemination”
  47. 47. Develop checklist of social media, how it will be used
  48. 48. Use social media to help increase the visibility of research</li></ul>NLM Style for Authors,<br />Editors & Publishers<br />
  49. 49. In summary<br /><ul><li>How can producers improve uptake, rigour, preservation?
  50. 50. Think ‘long term’ & evidence-based (e.g, methods, peer review, style, standards)
  51. 51. Be more open, transparent & social e.g, Twitterwith other producers
  52. 52. Describe digital objects, grey documents & ‘grey data’ to optimize findability
  53. 53. Collaborate with health librarians, develop archival, preservation practices</li></ul>All materials in this workshop come under the <br />Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Canada Licence<br />
  54. 54. Thank you<br /><ul><li>AcademyHealth (Jessica Rosen, Rebecca Singer Cohen)
  55. 55. Marcus Banks, Samuel Merritt University
  56. 56. Dominic Farace, GreyNet International
  57. 57. Janice Kaplan, New York Academy of Medicine
  58. 58. David Moher, University of Ottawa
  59. 59. Heather G, Morrison, BC Electronic Library Network
  60. 60. US National Library of Medicine</li></ul>Inukshuk<br /> ‘You are on the right path’’<br />All materials (bibliography, links and preparation) <br />for this presentation are available here: http://hlwiki.ca<br />

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