• Like
Ession 5 Tp 5
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.



Published in Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Session 5 Network Design with Routing
  • 2.
    • DNS servers convert web addresses to IP addresses. This process is called Name resolution
    • Reverse name resolution is the process of conversion of IP addresses to IP addresses
    • DNS servers accept iterative and recursive queries
    • A zone is a contiguous part of the DNS namespace
    • Resource records are part of zonal databases that contain web addresses and their equivalent IP address
    • Multiple DNS servers are useful for d ivision of load amongst various DNS servers
    • Active directory integrated zones secure the dynamically updated DNS zones automatically
  • 3. Objectives
    • Explain routing and its features
    • Explain Static and Dynamic Routing
    • Explain Routing Protocol Communications
    • Identify the requirements for a Routed Network Design
    • Identify methods to secure the Routed Network
    • Troubleshoot TCP/IP Routing
  • 4. Designing a Routing Network
    • Consider the following while designed a routing network:
      • Determine the requirements of the network
      • Identify the features of the Routing and Remote Access (RRA)
      • Integrate RRA with other networking services
      • Locate the router
      • Decide the number of hosts
      • Identify the protocols supported
      • Identify security needs
  • 5. Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS)
    • Features of RRAS:
      • Provides an invisible internal network to the Internet
      • Provides support for IP and IPX/SPX routing protocols
      • Prevents traffic from the internal network segments, the Internet, and other networks
      • Routing and Remote Access provides support for many protocols
  • 6. Choosing WAN Topology
    • The different types of topologies are:
      • Mesh Topology – Connects more than two sites
      • Ring Topology – Connects each site to its adjacent site to form a closed loop
      • Star Topology – Connects multiple WAN connections to a single site that acts like a hub
  • 7. Selecting WAN Technology
    • The different types of technologies that a WAN connection can use to connect the Internet are:
      • Leased Telephone Lines
      • Dial-on Demand Connections
      • Frame Relay
      • Virtual Private Network (VPN)
  • 8. Static Routing
    • Decreases dynamic protocol traffic
    • Increases security by restricting the routing table information
    • Manual updates of routing tables becomes less time consuming
    • Information in the Routing table does not change often
    • Demand dial interface and a default route is added.
  • 9. Dynamic Routing
    • Helps routers to communicate with each other and share the information in their routing table
    • Helps routers to compensate if a router or WAN fails
    • Prevents the traffic from getting forwarded to the failed router instead it is passed from a different route
  • 10. Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
    • Automatic updates the routing table
    • Minimizes time spent on manual updating
    • Changes Routing table information continuously
    • Used by the other routers in the network
    • Creates auto static entries using Routing and Remote Access and Demand Dial
    • Used when the total number of routers is less than 14
  • 11. Securing the routed Network
    • Measures to prevent unauthorized access:
      • Identify the users who require remote access
      • Identify the levels of remote access for the users
      • Identify the applications to be used by the users
  • 12. Methods to Secure Remote Access
    • Limiting Access Using Dial-in Properties - Sets the properties of individual accounts that users uses to connect to the network.
    • Authentication - Enables us to prevent unauthorized users from accessing the network.
  • 13. Limiting Access Using Dial-in Properties
    • Remote Access Permission (Dial-in or VPN)
      • Allow Access
      • Deny Access
      • Control access through Remote Access Policy
    • Verify Called ID
    • Callback Options
      • No Callback
      • Set by Caller
      • Always Callback to
    • Assign Static IP Address
    • Apply Static Routes
  • 14. Authentication
    • Authentication can be ensured using the following options of the Authentication Methods dialog box:
      • Extensible authentication protocol
      • Microsoft encrypted authentication version 2 (MS-CHAP v2)
      • Microsoft encrypted authentication (MS-CHAP)
      • Encrypted authentication (CHAP)
      • Shiva Password Authentication Protocol (SPAP)
      • Unencrypted Password (PAP)
      • Allow remote systems to connect without authentication
  • 15. Troubleshooting TCP/IP Routing
    • Windows operating system offers certain TCP/IP tools that enable to troubleshoot routing problems:
      • Ping.exe - Checks the accessibility of an IP address
      • Tracert.exe - Enables us to trace the path of a packet from one computer to another
      • Pathping.exe - Locates router failure which completely disrupts communication
  • 16. Troubleshooting RRA Configuration
    • Check whether the Routing and Remote Access service is functioning
    • Check whether routing is enabled
    • Check the TCP/IP configuration settings
    • Verify the IP addresses of the router interfaces
  • 17. Summary
    • Features offered by routing are
      • Internal network invisibility
      • Existing network integration
      • Internet and internal network traffic restriction
    • The different types of topologies are:
      • Mesh Topology
      • Ring Topology
      • Star Topology
    • The different types of WAN technologies are:
      • Leased Telephone Lines
      • Dial-on Demand Connections
      • Frame Relay
      • Virtual Private Network (VPN)
  • 18. Summary Contd…
    • Encryption and authentication add more security through Routing and Remote Access
    • Static and dynamic routing are the two types of routing strategies
    • Methods of authentication
      • Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)
      • Microsoft Encrypted Authentication version 2 (Microsoft-CHAP v2)
      • Microsoft Encrypted Authentication (MS-CHAP)
      • Encrypted Authentication (CHAP)
      • Shiva Password Authentication Protocol (SPAP)
      • Unencrypted Password (PAP)
      • Allow Remote Systems to Connect Without Authentication
  • 19. Summary Contd…
    • Windows operating system offers certain TCP/IP tools that enable to troubleshoot routing problems:
      • Ping.exe
      • Tracert.exe
      • Pathping.exe