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Power Point For Sharne

  1. 1. The Divine <br />and <br />Demoniac Natures<br />BhagavadGita As It Is<br />Chapter 16<br />From the teachings of <br />His Divine Grace AC Bhaktivedanta<br />Swami SrilaPrabhupada<br />
  2. 2. The Divine and Demoniac Natures<br />Those who possess demoniac qualities and who live whimsically, without following the regulations of scripture, attain lower births and further material bondage. But those who possess divine qualities and live regulated lives, abiding by scriptural authority, gradually attain spiritual perfection. <br />
  3. 3. Verses 1-3: Describes qualities of godly men endowed with divine nature Verse   4: Describes the demoniac qualities Verse   5: Arjuna learns that he has divine qualities, so he is automatically situated on the transcendental plane and will go back to Godhead. Verse   6-20: Describes the qualities and actions of demoniac people. Verse 21-23: Describes what happens when the living entity continues to stay in the demoniac mode.      In the verses 1-3, Lord Sri Krishna is describing to Arjuna the 26 elements that belong to men who are endowed with divine nature.  These 26 elements are broken down in detail to describe what they are and how a person is affected by that particular element.  For example, the word abhijatasya refers to one who is born of transcendental qualities, or godly tendencies.  This person has parents who are Krishna conscious and who wished to have children that will be Krishna conscious.  Because the parents are fully absorbed in their devotion and love of God, they are blessed with children who have these wonderful qualities. And, as stated in the Bhagavad-gita, we have studied before that sex life for begetting a good child is Krishna Himself. Sex life is not condemned, provided the process is used in Krishna consciousness.<br />
  4. 4. In Verse 16.1-3 Prabhupada assures us that “according to Vedic rites, activities in the mode of goodness are considered auspicious for progress on the path of liberation, and such activities are known as daiviprakriti, transcendental by nature. Those who are situated in the transcendental nature make progress on the path of liberation.”  Therefore, those devotees who can exhibit these 26 qualities are considered the most transcendental among the human race, and will surely go back to Godhead.<br />
  5. 5. In verses 16.1-3 Prabhupada explains that those with Demoniac qualities “...are acting in the modes of passion and ignorance, on the other hand, there is no possibility of liberation. Either they will have to remain in this material world as human beings, or they will descend among the species of animals or even lower life forms...”<br />
  6. 6. Prabhupada describes those who posses “demoniac qualities are on the road to royal hell.” He goes on to define some of these qualities by saying “The demoniac want to make a show of religion and advancement in spiritual science, although they do not follow the principles. They are always arrogant or proud in possessing some type of education or so much wealth. They desire to be worshiped by others, and demand respectability, although they do not command respect...They do everything whimsically, according to their own desire, and they do not recognize any authority, etc”<br />“...These demoniac qualities are taken on by them from the beginning of their bodies in the wombs of their mothers, and as they grow they manifest all these inauspicious qualities.”<br />
  7. 7. In verse 4, we find the qualities that demoniac people posses and also how these persons are affected by such qualities.  We see they are covered by pride, anger, selfishness, etc. and they show others their ignorance by displaying these qualities with no shame.  The word ahimsa means not arresting the progressive life of any living entity.  In other words, "Thou shalt not kill".  And this means any living thing, including animals.  Everyone should be able to understand that we human beings did not give life to other species, so it is not our right to take life away. This right is that of Krsna’s, and His alone. As it states in the purport for this verse, "There is no necessity for animal killing.  This injunction is for everyone". <br />
  8. 8. Because there is an ample food supply, there is more than enough to go around for everyone - as long as countries do not hoard more than their share.   One of the main reasons for not killing an animal is to let the natural cycle of birth and death take place.  If this does not happen, then that spirit soul will have to take birth again in that same animal species and body and continue living until a natural end of life is reached. <br />
  9. 9. Another reason for not killing animals for food is that karma will be incurred by that individual. For the person who kills an animal, he must come back as that animal and be killed by the animal who has taken on a human form.  <br />Therefore, to avoid the whole mess of karma, it is better not to kill any animals at all.  <br />
  10. 10. An example of one, who acts in transcendental qualities or godly tendencies, is that of Arjuna in the great battle of Kuruksetra. Krsna is telling Arjuna in verse 16.5 “Do not worry, O son of Pandu, for you are born with the divine qualities.”Arjuna wasn’t acting out of anger, but rather that of religious principles. This means that Arjuna is transcendentally situated, for one who acts not of demoniac qualities but that of one who is situated in the qualities of a godly man endowed with divine nature.<br />
  11. 11. In verses 6-20, we learn the true nature of the demoniac individual.  <br />We can see from the description that Lord Sri Krishna is giving to Arjuna that demoniac people do not follow any rules or regulations, lacking in cleanliness or proper behaviour - be they spiritual or otherwise, The demoniac people are puffed up, arrogant, perpetual liars; stubborn, rude just to name a few. <br />
  12. 12. They are living in an unreal world with no foundations, and no God in control. Some of these people feel as if they are God's gift to the world and others feel they are God.  These are demons who are lost and have no intelligence, who are consumed and absorbed by lust and desire, their sole existence is to secure money by whatever method available to them thus satisfying their senses. For such a person there is no hope of liberation and, in fact, as long as their consciousness is demoniac, life time after lifetime, they will sink lower as they change bodies until they reach the animal kingdom. <br />In verse 16.19-20 Krsna casts the envious, the mischievous and the lowest among men into various demoniac species of life. Gradually they sink down to the most abominable type of existence and lose the chance for approaching Krsna consciousness. <br />Verse 16.21: “There are three gates leading to this hell—lust, anger and greed. Every sane man should give these up, for they lead to the degradation of the soul.”<br />
  13. 13. In verses 21-23, we read that we must be careful to avoid the 'three gates to hell'; namely lust, greed and anger. These are the three main culprits that will drag anyone down and keep one from becoming liberated from this material world.  One who escapes the three gates of hell, acts for self realisation and gradually attains Krsna.<br />
  14. 14. Surrendering unto the lotus feet of Lord Krsna is the best path is to cultivate bhakti-yoga, therefore taking up Krishna consciousness as the topmost yoga system to free one from the cycle of birth and death. Therefore one should understand his duty, by following the regulation of the scriptures, thus one acts in gradual elevation.<br />
  15. 15. The Divisions of Faith<br />BhagavadGita As It Is<br />Chapter 17<br />From the teachings of <br />His Divine Grace AC Bhaktivedanta<br />Swami SrilaPrabhupada<br />
  16. 16. The Divisions of Faith<br />There are three types of faith, corresponding to and evolving from the three modes of material nature. Acts performed by those whose faith is in passion and ignorance yield only impermanent, material results, whereas acts performed in goodness, in accord with scriptural injunctions, purify the heart and lead to pure faith in Lord Krsna and devotion to Him<br />
  17. 17. Verse 1-4 Arjuna enquires as to the three types of faith according to the modes of nature<br />Verse 5-6 Krsna explains how not following scriptural injunctions leads to demoniac birth<br />Verse 7-22 Food, sacrifices and austerities according to three modes of nature<br />Verse 23-27 The goal of all activities is to please Krsna<br />Verse 28 Sacrifice, charity or penance done without faith in Krsna is asat –temporary and useless in this life and the next, as it attains no results.<br />
  18. 18. Verse 1-4: Arjuna enquires about those who do not follow the scriptures but worship according to their own imaginations.  <br />Krsna describes the Divisions of Faith according to the modes of nature. In the mode of goodness-one worships the demigods, in passion-the demons, and in the mode of ignorance-ghosts and spirits. When one’s faith is not completely in the mode of goodness, his faith is subject to any of the modes of material nature. One must become cleansed of the contamination of material nature in order to regain his relationship with the Lord, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. <br />
  19. 19. Verse 5.6 : Those who do not follow the spiritual injunctions, manufacturing their own way of austerities and penances, having no understanding that the Lord forces them to take birth in the wombs of demoniac persons. As a result they will live by demonic principles life after life without any knowledge as to their relationship with the Supreme Personality of Godhead. It is only when such persons are guided by a bona-fide spiritual master of the Lords can they be directed to the path of Vedic knowledge.<br />
  20. 20. Verse 7-22 Food, sacrifices, austerities and charity are also divided into three kinds according to the modes. <br /> <br /> Food in the mode of goodness are said to be: juicy, fatty, wholesome and pleasing to the heart, these foods increase the duration of life, purifying one existence and give strength, health, happiness and satisfaction. <br />Food which is prepared longer than three hours before eating is old (except prasadam, food offered to the Lord,) otherwise it is tasteless decomposed, and consisting of remnants, these are in the mode of ignorance. Sacrifices performed in the mode of ignorance are done so without faith, disregarding the scriptures, without the distribution of spiritual food, chanting of Vedic hymns nor remunerations to the priests. <br />The best food is the remnants of what is offered to the Supreme Personality of Godhead.<br />Sacrifices performed without expecting results are done so in the mode of goodness. Austerities performed in transcendental faith without expecting material benefits are done so for Krsna..<br />Food in the mode of passion is too bitter, sour, salty, hot, pungent, dry and burning-these cause distress, misery and disease. Sacrifices performed for some material benefit, or for the sake of pride are in the mode of passion<br />
  21. 21. Verse 23-27: From the beginning of creation, the brahmanas, while chanting the hymns of the Vedas and during sacrifice use ‘om tat sat’ These three words indicate the Supreme Absolute Truth, Sri Krsna, for His satisfaction. <br /> Penance, sacrifice, charity and foods are divided into three categories: the modes of goodness, passion and ignorance, regardless of the class all are contaminated by the modes of nature. Only when directed towards the Supreme-om tat sat, do they become means for spiritual elevation.  <br />Verse 28: tells us that anything done as a sacrifice, charity or penance without faith in Krsna is impermanent and is called asat, and is useless in this life and the next, as it attains no results. <br />In the pursuit of Krsna consciousness, the ultimate goal is to understand Krsna. Therefore the best action is to work from the very beginning in Krsna consciousness under the guidance of a bona-fide spiritual master. This is the message of chapter 17.<br />
  22. 22. The Divine and Demoniac Natures <br />and<br />The Divisions of Faith<br />from <br />Chapters 16 & 17<br />Bhagavad-gita As It Is<br />by<br />His Divine Grace <br />AC Bhaktivedanta<br />Swami Prabhupada<br />Chapter Summaries<br />by<br />Aditi Devi Dasi<br />and<br />SharneTeudt<br />Online eLearning<br />with<br />Bhaktivedanta Academy<br />Autumn 2009<br />hare krishna hare krishna<br />krishnakrishna hare hare<br />hare rama hare rama<br />ramarama hare hare<br />