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Lecture 5
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  • 1.  
  • 2. Noun cases:
    • Yalın hali
    • -e hali
    • -i hali
    • -de hali
    • -den hali
  • 3. Yalın hali
    • ‘ Nominative case’
    • No suffix is added to the noun.
    • Örnekler:
      • Bu bir ev .
        • (This is a house.)
      • Üç tane elma var.
        • (There are three apples.)
      • Ben çok yorgunum.
        • (I am very tired.)
      • Ayşe çok güzel.
        • (Ayşe is very beautiful.)
  • 4. -e hali
    • ‘ Dative case’
    • Implies ‘movement toward’ – same as ‘to’ in English.
    • If noun is soft, use –e. If noun is hard, use –a.
      • If noun ends with vowel, add –y- before the suffix.
    • Örnekler:
      • Ev e git.
        • (Go to the house.)
      • Okul a git.
        • (Go to the school.)
      • Araba ya gel.
        • (Come to the car.)
      • Göl e git.
        • (Go to the lake.)
  • 5. Pronouns that change in the –e case:
    • Ben (me, I)  Bana (to me)
    • Sen (you)  Sana (to you)
  • 6. -i hali
    • ‘ Accusative case’
    • Indicates that the noun is the particular subject of the action.
      • Sometimes functions as ‘the’ in the sentence.
      • Sometimes functions as ‘him’ or ‘her’ in the sentence.
    • Örnekler:
      • Ev i sevdim.
        • (I like the house. – versus ‘Bir ev sevdim’ which means ‘I like a house.’)
      • Elma yı sevdim.
        • (I like the apple.)
      • Sen i seviyorum.
        • (I love you .)
      • Sasha’ yı gördüm.
        • (I saw Sasha .)
  • 7. If the last letter of the word is p, ç, t or k…
    • … and we’re adding a suffix that starts with a vowel, like –e or –i,
      • p  b
        • Kitap + a = kitaba (to the book)
      • ç  c
        • Ağaç + a = ağaca (to the tree)
      • t  d
        • Kağıt + a = kağıda (to the paper)
      • k  ğ
        • Ayak + a = ayağa (to the foot)
  • 8. -de hali
    • ‘ Locative case’
    • Indicates that the object is at, in, on something.
    • Örnekler:
      • Ev de kaç tane masa var?
        • (How many tables are there in the house?)
      • Okul da otuz öğrenci var.
        • (There are thirty students at the school.)
      • Oberlin, Ohio’ da .
        • (Oberlin is in Ohio.)
      • Gizem, Amerika’ da .
        • (Gizem is in America.)
  • 9. -den hali
    • ‘ Ablative case’
    • Implies that the action is ‘from’ something.
    • Örnekler:
      • Ev den geldim.
        • (I came from home.)
      • Ben den sana bir hediye.
        • (A gift from me to you.)
      • İstanbul’ dan geldim.
        • (I came from İstanbul.)
  • 10. If the last letter of the word is p, ç, t or k…
    • … and we’re adding a suffix that starts with the consonant d, like –de or –den, there is a change in the suffix.
      • p + de/den
        • Kitap + de = Kitapta (in the book)
      • ç + de/den
        • Ağaç + den = ağa çtan ( from the tree)
      • t + de/den
        • Kağıt + den = kağı ttan ( from the paper)
      • k +de/den
        • Ayak + de = aya kta ( on the foot - standing )
  • 11. Exercises:
    • Çocuk _____________ . (The child is at home.)
    • _______________ tut. (Hold my hands.)
    • _______________ seviyorum. (I like dogs.)
    • _____________ seviyorum. (I love Turkish.)
    • _______________ üç tane kalem var. (There are three pencils on the table. Table=Masa)
    • _______________ geldim. (I came from the beach. Beach=Sahil)
    • ________________ gidiyorum. (I’m going to Turkey.)
    • Bu ____________ çok eğlenceli. (This class is very fun. Class=Ders)
    evde Ellerimi Köpekleri Türkçe’yi Masada Sahilden Türkiye’ye ders