Lecture 5

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Lecture 5

  1. 2. Noun cases: <ul><li>Yalın hali </li></ul><ul><li>-e hali </li></ul><ul><li>-i hali </li></ul><ul><li>-de hali </li></ul><ul><li>-den hali </li></ul>
  2. 3. Yalın hali <ul><li>‘ Nominative case’ </li></ul><ul><li>No suffix is added to the noun. </li></ul><ul><li>Örnekler: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bu bir ev . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(This is a house.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Üç tane elma var. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(There are three apples.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ben çok yorgunum. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(I am very tired.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ayşe çok güzel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Ayşe is very beautiful.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 4. -e hali <ul><li>‘ Dative case’ </li></ul><ul><li>Implies ‘movement toward’ – same as ‘to’ in English. </li></ul><ul><li>If noun is soft, use –e. If noun is hard, use –a. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If noun ends with vowel, add –y- before the suffix. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Örnekler: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ev e git. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Go to the house.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Okul a git. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Go to the school.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Araba ya gel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Come to the car.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Göl e git. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Go to the lake.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Pronouns that change in the –e case: <ul><li>Ben (me, I)  Bana (to me) </li></ul><ul><li>Sen (you)  Sana (to you) </li></ul>
  5. 6. -i hali <ul><li>‘ Accusative case’ </li></ul><ul><li>Indicates that the noun is the particular subject of the action. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes functions as ‘the’ in the sentence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes functions as ‘him’ or ‘her’ in the sentence. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Örnekler: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ev i sevdim. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(I like the house. – versus ‘Bir ev sevdim’ which means ‘I like a house.’) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elma yı sevdim. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(I like the apple.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sen i seviyorum. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(I love you .) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sasha’ yı gördüm. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(I saw Sasha .) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. If the last letter of the word is p, ç, t or k… <ul><li>… and we’re adding a suffix that starts with a vowel, like –e or –i, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>p  b </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kitap + a = kitaba (to the book) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ç  c </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ağaç + a = ağaca (to the tree) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>t  d </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kağıt + a = kağıda (to the paper) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>k  ğ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ayak + a = ayağa (to the foot) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 8. -de hali <ul><li>‘ Locative case’ </li></ul><ul><li>Indicates that the object is at, in, on something. </li></ul><ul><li>Örnekler: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ev de kaç tane masa var? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(How many tables are there in the house?) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Okul da otuz öğrenci var. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(There are thirty students at the school.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oberlin, Ohio’ da . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Oberlin is in Ohio.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gizem, Amerika’ da . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Gizem is in America.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. -den hali <ul><li>‘ Ablative case’ </li></ul><ul><li>Implies that the action is ‘from’ something. </li></ul><ul><li>Örnekler: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ev den geldim. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(I came from home.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ben den sana bir hediye. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(A gift from me to you.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>İstanbul’ dan geldim. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(I came from İstanbul.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. If the last letter of the word is p, ç, t or k… <ul><li>… and we’re adding a suffix that starts with the consonant d, like –de or –den, there is a change in the suffix. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>p + de/den </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kitap + de = Kitapta (in the book) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ç + de/den </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ağaç + den = ağa çtan ( from the tree) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>t + de/den </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kağıt + den = kağı ttan ( from the paper) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>k +de/den </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ayak + de = aya kta ( on the foot - standing ) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Exercises: <ul><li>Çocuk _____________ . (The child is at home.) </li></ul><ul><li>_______________ tut. (Hold my hands.) </li></ul><ul><li>_______________ seviyorum. (I like dogs.) </li></ul><ul><li>_____________ seviyorum. (I love Turkish.) </li></ul><ul><li>_______________ üç tane kalem var. (There are three pencils on the table. Table=Masa) </li></ul><ul><li>_______________ geldim. (I came from the beach. Beach=Sahil) </li></ul><ul><li>________________ gidiyorum. (I’m going to Turkey.) </li></ul><ul><li>Bu ____________ çok eğlenceli. (This class is very fun. Class=Ders) </li></ul>evde Ellerimi Köpekleri Türkçe’yi Masada Sahilden Türkiye’ye ders

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