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Persuasive speech safe sex powerpoint


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  • 1. SAFE SEX: WHY EVERYONE SHOULD PRACTICE SAFE SEX Heartland Alliance Refugee Health Programs
  • 2. It is an infection passed from person to person through intimate sexual contact. STIs are also called sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs. STIs are caused by germs that are passed through sexual contact The only way to protect against STIs is by using condoms WHAT IS AN STI? Heartland Alliance Refugee Health Programs
  • 3. Pain and discomfort Men and women might not be able to have children (infertility) Babies can be born too early, sick, or dead A person can even die IF THEY ARE NOT TREATED, STIS CAN CAUSE SERIOUS PROBLEMS Heartland Alliance Refugee Health Programs
  • 4. CONDOMS ARE THE ONLY WAY TO PROTECT AGAINST STIS! It is very important to use condoms every time someone has sex. Heartland Alliance Refugee Health Programs
  • 5. A PERSON MAY HAVE AN STI IF HE OR SHE HAS ONE OR MORE OF THESE SIGNS: • an unusual or bad-smelling discharge itching or painful genitals sores or blisters on the genitals pain in the stomach pain during sex Heartland Alliance Refugee Health Programs
  • 6. Sometimes STIs do not have any signs at all! A person can feel healthy, but actually may have an STI. Get tested! Heartland Alliance Refugee Health Programs
  • 7. The doctor will test blood or urine to see if the person is infected. IF SOMEONE THINKS THEY MIGHT HAVE AN STI, HE OR SHE SHOULD GO TO THE DOCTOR AS SOON AS POSSIBLE! Heartland Alliance Refugee Health Programs
  • 8. TYPES OF STDS According to National Institute of Human Development approximately 20 different infections are known to be transmitted through sexual contact. Here are descriptions of some of the most common and well known: •Chlamydia •Gonorrhea •Genital Herpes •HIV/AIDS •Human Papillomavirus (HPV) •Syphilis •Bacterial Vaginosis •Trichomoniasis •Viral Hepatitis s/types.aspx
  • 9. CHLAMYDIA Most people who have chlamydia don’t know it since the disease often has no symptoms. Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the United States. Sexually active females 25 years old and younger need testing every year. Although it is easy to cure, chlamydia can make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant if left untreated The center for control and disease prevention stated that chlamydia is a common STD that can infect both men and women. It can cause serious, permanent damage to a woman's reproductive system, making it difficult or impossible for her to get pregnant later on. Chlamydia can also cause a potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy that occurs outside the womb). Chlamydia.htm
  • 10. GONORRHEA According to Planned parenthood Gonorrehea is an infection caused by a kind of bacteria that is passed during sexual contact. It can infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra, or throat. Sometimes it is called "the clap" or "the drip." Gonorrhea can be a serious health risk if it is not treated. It affects more than 800,000 women and men in the United States every year. Often, gonorrhea has no symptoms. Most people are not aware that they have the infection — especially women. Four out of five women with gonorrhea have no gonorrhea symptoms. One out of 10 men with gonorrhea has no gonorrhea symptoms. If you do get gonorrhea symptoms, they may begin in as little as 1–14 days after you got the infection.
  • 11. GENITAL HERPES According to Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV). HSV causes genital herpes by entering the skin or mucous membranes through microscopic breaks in the skin and mucous membranes. Genital herpes is transmitted by any type of sexual contact with the genital area. When symptoms are present, they may include painful blisters and/or ulcers in the genital area, itching, burning or tingling sensations in the skin and some individuals may develop fever, body aches and swollen lymph nodes; symptoms come and go over the person's lifetime. s_in_women_overview/article.htm
  • 12. HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS The U.S. Food and Drug Administration stated that HPV (human papillomavirus) is a sexually transmitted virus. It is passed on through genital contact (such as vaginal and anal sex). It is also passed on by skin-to-skin contact. At least 50% of people who have had sex will have HPV at some time in their lives. HPV is not a new virus. But many people don't know about it. Most people don't have any signs. HPV may go away on its own-- without causing any health problems.
  • 13. HPV (CONTINUATION.) Who can get HPV? Anyone who has ever had genital contact with another person may have HPV. Both men and women may get it -- and pass it on-- without knowing it. Since there might not be any signs, a person may have HPV even if years have passed since he or she had sex. You are more likely to get HPV if you have: sex at an early age, many sex partners, or a sex partner who has had many partners. If there are no signs, why do I need to worry about HPV? There are over 100 different kinds of HPV and not all of them cause health problems. Some kinds of HPV may cause problems like genital warts. Some kinds of HPV can also cause cancer of the cervix, vagina, vulva, or anus. Most of these problems are caused by types 6, 11, 16 or 18.
  • 14. SYPHILLIS According to the New York Times Syphilis is a sexually transmitted, infectious disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum . This bacterium causes infection when it gets into broken skin or mucus membranes, usually of the genitals. Syphilis is most often transmitted through sexual contact, although it also can be transmitted in other ways. Syphilis occurs worldwide. Syphilis is more common in urban areas, and the number of cases is rising fastest in men who have sex with men. Young adults ages 15 - 25 are the highest-risk population. People have no natural resistance to syphilis. Because people may be unaware that they are infected with syphilis, many states require tests for syphilis before marriage. All pregnant women who receive prenatal care should be screened for syphilis to prevent the infection from passing to their newborn (congenital syphilis).
  • 15. A dangerous infection that harms the liver Signs: fever, no appetite, tired and weak feeling, pain in the belly Sometimes there are no signs even if a person has Hepatitis B HEPATITIS B Heartland Alliance Refugee Health Programs
  • 16. HEPATITIS B A person can get Hepatitis B  During sex  By using unclean needles or knifes for circumcisions or tattooing  A mother can give Hepatitis B to her child during childbirth Heartland Alliance Refugee Health Programs
  • 17. HIV/AIDS Heartland Alliance Refugee Health Programs According to Medicalnewstoday AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The illness alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases. This susceptibility worsens as the disease progresses. There is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS. Treatments can slow the course of the disease - some infected people can live a long and relatively healthy life. 17131.php