AND ANTARCTICA AS WE KNOW ITTODAY.... WAS FORMED....
TERRA AUSTRALISBetween the 15th to 18th century A.D, ahypothetical land called Terra Australis(South Land) appeared in the world maps.Although the landmass was drawn onmaps, Terra Australis was a hypotheticalobservation by early philosophers likeAristotle and Ptolemy that the land mass inthe North must be balanced out by land in theSouth.
In 1820 several expeditions claimed to havebeen the first to have sighted Antarctica, thevery first being a Russian expedition.The first landing was probably just a yearlater when American Captain John Davis, setfoot on the Continent.
THIS IS ROALD AMUNDSEN, THE FIRST MAN TOREACH THE SOUTH POLE IN DECEMBER, 1911
This is THE CRABEATER SEAL• Despite their name, these seals donot eat crabs. They eat only krill(small crustaceans that look likeprawns, shrimps etc.).• They have specially adapted teeth sothat when they gulp in seawater, theycan strain out the krill.
The female penguins lay 1 egg in Juneand spend the remaining winter in thesea. The males stay on land allwinter, sometimes even without foodkeeping the egg warm.The femalereturns just in time when the egghatches!Dont you wish males of the humanspecies could be as enterprising asthat??
Antarctica is acontinent enclosed bya coldwater currentcircling a landmass solarge that the totalarea ofFrance, Germany &Spain would fit in itTEN times!!
EXPEDITION CRUISING IS TODAY’SRESPONSE TO THE TIMELESS URGE TOEXPLORE AND DISCOVER
Polar Itineraries are designed to allow flexibility, totake advantage of local conditions or deviate fromplanned activities.
Average Temperature December to February -6 to+10cHigh Summer 20+ hours of daylightWeather & ice set the schedule, not clocks!Antarctic visits are concentrated on the ice freecoastal zones from November to FebruaryOperating standards are regulated by theInternational Association of Antarctic TourOperators (IAATO)Only 100 people at any one time maybe landed inany one placeTHE ANTARCTIC SEASON
• Warmestmonths, longer days.• Penguin chicks hatching.• Receding ice for moreexploration.HIGHLIGHTS OF SAILING IN JANUARY
Earlier, very little thought wasgiven to luxuryonboard expedition shipsOlder ships were used - oftenconverted from fishing trawlers orlocal ferries.***Then, Russian Research vesselsbecame popular.***Basic accommodation withshared facilities.***Basic food and service.***No stabilizers.
WHY SAIL ON THE MS FRAM• She is the only brand new vessel sailing inAntarctica• Board landing craft via a unique sea level dockingbay built right into the hull of the ship - no needto climb a ladder to access landing craft• Shes a true expedition ship with ice classifieddouble hull, yet she also boasts luxurious "oceanliner" amenities and facilities.• Norwegian Officers with years of experiencenavigating Antarctic/Arctic waters
WHY SAIL ON THE MS FRAMCABIN FEATURES• All cabins have flat panel televisions and refrigerators• Modern bathrooms have built in hair dryers and heatedfloors• Amenities on board include internet café, wi-fi, fitnessroom, sauna and Jacuzzi• Observation lounges, restaurant and bars have floor toceiling windows for viewing the spectacular scenery• On board lectures by renowned scientists in state of the artmulti media conference rooms• Newly designed sturdy Polar Circle Boats are used forlandings - not old fashioned zodiac craftCopyrights reserved with GOTG
Observation LoungeCopyrights reserved with GOTG
The team willhold lectures &talks throughoutyour voyage toensure that youlearn all aboutyour destinations& ensure thatyou have thebest experiencepossible
STOP PRESS!As a coastal voyage traveller, you are becoming partof United Nation’s World MeteorologicalOrganisation’s (UNWMO) agenda to raise socialawareness on how various human activities, affectclimatic changes and the resulting distributing ofwater resources.In all its voyages to the Polar regions, expert resourcepersonnel deliver lectures to tourists, whileexperienced guides take them on shoreexcursions, to raise awareness of global warming andenvironmental issues in this fragile region.
Before anyone is allowedto Land in Antarctica theyhave to attend the IAATObriefing, failure to do sowill result in no landingsfor the passengers.