MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Open Source and the Girl Geeks
Girl Geek Dinners Milano
24 October, 2008
with the contribut...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Open Source
• What is Open Source (OS)
• Why Open Source
• Open Source in the world
• The G...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
What is Open Source?
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
What is Open Source
• Free Software <> Open Source <> Free
The primary objective is not the...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
The Different Types of
Software
Proprietary:
Limits of use, distribution
and license, decid...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
The Different Types of
Software
GPL (Gnu General Public License)
– We're at version 3.0…
– ...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
The Four Foundation
Rights of GPL
Rif. [12]
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Use it at your Discretion
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Study and Modify it
(even the source code)
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Distribute the Original
Software
(copy and share)
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Distribute the modified
software
(even the source code)
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Why Open Source
• It's everywhere, it's around us...we use it
and we don't even realize it....
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Why Open Source…today?
Economic Crisis
Less Budget!
OS Skills in demand!!!
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Linux Administrator Demand Trend
JOB Market
Rif. [13]
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
LAMP Demand Trend
JOB Market
Rif. [13]
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Open Source is
Growing!!!
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
New Open Source Projects
Rif. [2]
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Total Open Source Projects
Rif. [2]
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Where are the Women?
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Presence of Women in
Proprietary Software
[Rif. 1]
72%
28%
Male
Female
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Presence of Women in
Open Source Software
[Rif. 1]
98.5%
1.5%
Male
Female
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
There are Women…
Linux Chix
KDE Women
*elenco nell’appendice A
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
And the Girl Geek?
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Navigates with
Reads RSS feeds with
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Transfers the photos
to her site via FTP with
Modifies images/photos with
Writes a post on ...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Uses OpenOffice to
write and manage her
important documents
Manages her
projects with
GANTT...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Condivide i video GGD
peer-to-peer con
Transmission
Chats with
her friends
with
Pidgin/Adiu...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
The world of Open Source is
close to the Girl Geek
Why not get Closer?
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
How to Contribute
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Before Contributing...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
How to Start...
• Which software do you use?
• Is it Open Source?
• Change
• Try
• Get Info...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
While you're using...
• Identify cool or interesting features
• Note points for improvement...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Now You're Ready!
You should Contribute!
There are many
ways to do it!
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Contribute: Q&A, Testing
• Testing and reporting bugs
• Recommend new desired features
• Fe...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Contribute: Program
• Program!
• Create a plugin or
add-on
• Share your
modifications of th...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Contribuire: Usability
• Explore a paradigm of interaction
• Improve the learnability
• Pla...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Contribute: Documentation
• Create or improve documents or manuals
• Contribute to support ...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Contribute: Altruism
• Donate money!!!
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Contribute: Advocacy
• Speak about it on the site,
with your online and
offline networks
• ...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Contribute: Advocacy
• Become a
consultant who
promotes the use of
OS solutions with
your c...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Contribute: Translate
• Speak more than one
language?
• Translate software
menus, manuals, ...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Ready??
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Sara Rosso
sara.rosso@sararosso.com
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Want to Know More?
Bibliography
1. FLOSSPOLS: Gender: Integrated Report of Findings, Bernha...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Photo Credits
• Slide 3: http://www.flickr.com/photos/oberazzi/318947873/
• Slide 9: http:/...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Groups of Women in OS
• Debian Women http://women.debian.org/
• Linux Chix http://www.linux...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Appendix A:
Some Open Source
Alternatives
for Proprietary Software
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Operating System
Proprietary:
• Windows, Mac OS
Open Source:
• Linux (generale) http://www....
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Web Browser
Proprietary:
• Internet Explorer, Opera, Safari, Google
Chrome
Open Source:
• F...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Presentations, Documents,
Spreadsheets
Proprietary:
• Microsoft Office, Lotus Suite
Open So...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Wiki
Proprietary:
• Confluence, Google Sites, Wikispaces, PBWiki
Open Source
• MediaWiki
– ...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Web Sites and CMS
Proprietary:
• Dreamweaver, custom CMS
Open Source:
• Wordpress
– http://...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Instant Messaging
Proprietary:
• GTalk, MSN Messenger, Skype, Yahoo
Open Source:
• Pidgin
–...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Create PDF
Proprietary:
• Adobe PDF Creator
Open Source:
• PDF Creator
– http://sourceforge...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
FTP
Proprietary:
• Bulletproof, WinFTP
Open Source:
• FileZilla
– http://filezilla-project....
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Various Tools
• Web Statistics: AWStats
– http://awstats.sourceforge.net/
• Create Podcasts...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Various Tools
• Modify Images: GIMP
– http://www.gimp.org
• XAMPP – package of web server a...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
PC Backup
Proprietary:
• Genie Backup, Norton Ghost, Mozy
Open Source:
• Amanda
– http://am...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Database
Proprietary:
• Access, MS SQL, IBM DB2, Oracle database
Open Source:
• MySQL
– htt...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Server Web & Mail
Proprietary:
• Microsoft IIS & Exchange
Open Source:
• Sendmail
– http://...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
Metaverse
Proprietary:
• SecondLife
Open Source:
• The OpenSource Metaverse Project
– http:...
MILANO
October 2008
Sara Rosso
(Management) ERP/CRM
Proprietary:
• SAP, JD Edwards (Oracle)
Open Source:
• Compiere : ERP ...
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Open Source and the Girl Geek (English)

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Presented at the 5th Girl Geek Dinner Milano October 24th, 2008. An introduction to Open Source, the world of women and Open Source, and the Girl Geek and Open Source.

* What is Open Source (OS)
* Why Open Source
* Open Source in the world
* The Girl Geek and the Open Source World
* How to Contribute
* Appendix A: Some Open Source Alternatives for Proprietary Software

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
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Transcript of "Open Source and the Girl Geek (English)"

  1. 1. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Open Source and the Girl Geeks Girl Geek Dinners Milano 24 October, 2008 with the contribution of Bruna Gardella and the support of the team GGD Milano Sara Rosso
  2. 2. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Open Source • What is Open Source (OS) • Why Open Source • Open Source in the world • The Girl Geek and the Open Source World • How to Contribute • Appendix: Some Open Source Alternatives for Proprietary Software
  3. 3. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso What is Open Source?
  4. 4. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso What is Open Source • Free Software <> Open Source <> Free The primary objective is not the (lack of) cost of the software, but its survival! • Free Software Foundation (Stallman, GPL) • OSI (Netscape) and Free/Libre and Open Source Software (F/LOSS) Community
  5. 5. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso The Different Types of Software Proprietary: Limits of use, distribution and license, decided by the author Public Domain: No copyright Open Source: With copyright but free! Can be redistributed.
  6. 6. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso The Different Types of Software GPL (Gnu General Public License) – We're at version 3.0… – Copyleft : GPL applied also the modifications made to the original – LGPL : copyleft on the original source file, not “contagious” – Apache License : free with a note on copyright, without copyleft.
  7. 7. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso The Four Foundation Rights of GPL Rif. [12]
  8. 8. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Use it at your Discretion
  9. 9. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Study and Modify it (even the source code)
  10. 10. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Distribute the Original Software (copy and share)
  11. 11. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Distribute the modified software (even the source code)
  12. 12. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Why Open Source • It's everywhere, it's around us...we use it and we don't even realize it. • There are no barriers to entry: – no expensive courses – no expensive licenses • Meritocracy
  13. 13. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Why Open Source…today? Economic Crisis Less Budget! OS Skills in demand!!!
  14. 14. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Linux Administrator Demand Trend JOB Market Rif. [13]
  15. 15. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso LAMP Demand Trend JOB Market Rif. [13]
  16. 16. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Open Source is Growing!!!
  17. 17. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso New Open Source Projects Rif. [2]
  18. 18. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Total Open Source Projects Rif. [2]
  19. 19. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Where are the Women?
  20. 20. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Presence of Women in Proprietary Software [Rif. 1] 72% 28% Male Female
  21. 21. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Presence of Women in Open Source Software [Rif. 1] 98.5% 1.5% Male Female
  22. 22. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso There are Women… Linux Chix KDE Women *elenco nell’appendice A
  23. 23. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso And the Girl Geek?
  24. 24. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Navigates with Reads RSS feeds with
  25. 25. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Transfers the photos to her site via FTP with Modifies images/photos with Writes a post on her blog with
  26. 26. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Uses OpenOffice to write and manage her important documents Manages her projects with GANTTProject Creates PDF with pdfforge
  27. 27. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Condivide i video GGD peer-to-peer con Transmission Chats with her friends with Pidgin/Adium Watches a film with VLC
  28. 28. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso The world of Open Source is close to the Girl Geek Why not get Closer?
  29. 29. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso How to Contribute
  30. 30. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Before Contributing...
  31. 31. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso How to Start... • Which software do you use? • Is it Open Source? • Change • Try • Get Informed about the Community • And then? Contribute!
  32. 32. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso While you're using... • Identify cool or interesting features • Note points for improvement or missing features • Identify improvements from a usability point of view
  33. 33. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Now You're Ready! You should Contribute! There are many ways to do it!
  34. 34. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Contribute: Q&A, Testing • Testing and reporting bugs • Recommend new desired features • Feedback on usability • Participate on the forums
  35. 35. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Contribute: Program • Program! • Create a plugin or add-on • Share your modifications of the software with the community
  36. 36. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Contribuire: Usability • Explore a paradigm of interaction • Improve the learnability • Plan the interfaces adaptable for new evolutions • “Where Open Source meets Usability” – http://openusability.org/
  37. 37. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Contribute: Documentation • Create or improve documents or manuals • Contribute to support forums or mailing lists • Create a theme, logo or graphic for the site or for the software
  38. 38. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Contribute: Altruism • Donate money!!!
  39. 39. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Contribute: Advocacy • Speak about it on the site, with your online and offline networks • Show which OS software you use in the software of your site • Link to donation sites and participation in the communities
  40. 40. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Contribute: Advocacy • Become a consultant who promotes the use of OS solutions with your clients • Create courses or workshops (even free) to teach the use of OS software
  41. 41. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Contribute: Translate • Speak more than one language? • Translate software menus, manuals, web sites, support documents or forums
  42. 42. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Ready??
  43. 43. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Sara Rosso sara.rosso@sararosso.com
  44. 44. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Want to Know More? Bibliography 1. FLOSSPOLS: Gender: Integrated Report of Findings, Bernhard Krieger, James Leach – http://www.flosspols.org/deliverables/FLOSSPOLS-D16-Gender_Integrated_Report_of_Findings.pdf – http://flossproject.org/report/FLOSS_Final4.pdf 1. The Total Growth of Open Source, Amit Deshpande, Dirk Riehle, SAP Research, SAP Labs LLC – http://www.riehle.org/2008/03/14/the-total-growth-of-open-source/ 1. Women Open Source Free Software - Biblio – http://www.linuxchix.org/women-open-source-free-software-bibliography.html 1. Women in Open Source Mini-conference – http://it.toolbox.com/blogs/bsd-guru/women-in-open-source-miniconf-14404 1. Open-source needs more women developers – http://www.computerworld.com/developmenttopics/development/story/0,10801,103777,00.html 1. Elenco di Programmi Open Source – http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elenco_di_programmi_open_source 1. Un introduzione a Open Source In Italiano – http://www.slideshare.net/archimedix/free-software-open-source-floss 1. Geek Feminism Wiki on Open Source 1. http://geekfeminism.wikia.com/wiki/Open_Source_Software • Top 5 Open Source Wiki Engines – http://www.benh.org/techblog/2007/08/top-5-open-source-wiki-engines/ 1. PDF Editing & Creation: 50+ open source/free alternatives to Adobe Acrobat – http://www.cogniview.com/convert-pdf-to-excel/post/pdf-editing-creation-50-open-sourcefree-alternatives-to-adobe-acrobat/ 1. Open Source slides from WebChick – presentati alla GGD Montreal, Gennaio 2008 – http://webchick.net/node/19 1. Intervista a Stallman – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uJi2rkHiNqg 1. IT Jobs Watch: Computing Careers – http://www.itjobswatch.co.uk/jobs/uk/linux%20administrator.do
  45. 45. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Photo Credits • Slide 3: http://www.flickr.com/photos/oberazzi/318947873/ • Slide 9: http://www.flickr.com/photos/silvertje/2620875254/ • Slide 10: http://www.flickr.com/photos/kool_skatkat/2277548303/ • Slide 11: http://www.flickr.com/photos/silvertje/2621932632/ • Slide 12: http://www.flickr.com/photos/chesire_cat/2616119267/ • Slide 17: Sara Rosso, www.sararosso.com • Slide 28: http://www.flickr.com/photos/annetta/2610001681/ • Slide 31: http://www.flickr.com/photos/fahdad/1574112409/ • Slide 34: http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcioeugenio/2757948090/ • Slide 35: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cobalt/409924867/ • Slide 36: http://www.flickr.com/photos/alisdair/135306281/ • Slide 38: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bobeirasa/956242230/ • Slide 39: http://www.flickr.com/photos/blampert/2119535732/ • Slide 40: http://www.flickr.com/photos/notionscapital/2493066577/ • Slide 41: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gaspi/80538071/ • Slide 42: http://www.flickr.com/photos/tosaytheleast/2317331669/ • Slide 43: http://www.flickr.com/photos/naiadsspring/185867053/ **All the photos in this presentation have a Creative Commons license or the permission of the author.
  46. 46. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Groups of Women in OS • Debian Women http://women.debian.org/ • Linux Chix http://www.linuxchix.org/ • Fedora Women http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Women • GNOME Women http://live.gnome.org/GnomeWomen • KDE Women http://women.kde.org/ • Ubuntu Women http://www.ubuntu-women.org/ • PHP Women http://www.phpwomen.org/ • Drupalchix http://groups.drupal.org/drupalchix • Apache Women http://mail-archives.apache.org/mod_ mbox/www-women/ • BSDChix http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/BSDChix/
  47. 47. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Appendix A: Some Open Source Alternatives for Proprietary Software
  48. 48. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Operating System Proprietary: • Windows, Mac OS Open Source: • Linux (generale) http://www.linux.it – Ubuntu http://www.ubuntu.com/ – Debian http://www.debian.org – SUSE http://www.opensuse.org • OpenSolaris http://www.opensolaris.org • BSD http://www.bsd.org
  49. 49. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Web Browser Proprietary: • Internet Explorer, Opera, Safari, Google Chrome Open Source: • Firefox – http://www.mozilla.com/firefox • Flock – http://www.flock.com/ • K-Meleon – http://kmeleon.sourceforge.net/
  50. 50. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Presentations, Documents, Spreadsheets Proprietary: • Microsoft Office, Lotus Suite Open Source: • OpenOffice.org – http://www.openoffice.org • GNOME Office – http://live.gnome.org/GnomeOffice
  51. 51. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Wiki Proprietary: • Confluence, Google Sites, Wikispaces, PBWiki Open Source • MediaWiki – http://www.mediawiki.org/ • Twiki – http://www.twiki.org • PMWiki – http://www.pmwiki.org/
  52. 52. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Web Sites and CMS Proprietary: • Dreamweaver, custom CMS Open Source: • Wordpress – http://www.wordpress.org • Drupal – http://www.drupal.org • Joomla – http://www.joomla.org
  53. 53. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Instant Messaging Proprietary: • GTalk, MSN Messenger, Skype, Yahoo Open Source: • Pidgin – http://pidgin.im/ • Adium – http://www.adiumx.com/ • aMSN – http://www.amsn-project.net/
  54. 54. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Create PDF Proprietary: • Adobe PDF Creator Open Source: • PDF Creator – http://sourceforge.net/projects/pdfcreator • PDF Forge – http://www.pdfforge.org
  55. 55. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso FTP Proprietary: • Bulletproof, WinFTP Open Source: • FileZilla – http://filezilla-project.org • WinSCP – http://winscp.net
  56. 56. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Various Tools • Web Statistics: AWStats – http://awstats.sourceforge.net/ • Create Podcasts: Audacity – http://audacity.sourceforge.net • Manage Projects: GANTTProject – http://ganttproject.biz • Mind Map: Free Mind – http://freemind.sourceforge.net/wiki/index. php/Main_Page
  57. 57. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Various Tools • Modify Images: GIMP – http://www.gimp.org • XAMPP – package of web server apps installable on your PC – http://www.apachefriends.org/en/xampp.html • Delete files, forever: Inferno – http://inferno.sourceforge.net/
  58. 58. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso PC Backup Proprietary: • Genie Backup, Norton Ghost, Mozy Open Source: • Amanda – http://amanda.zmanda.com/ • BackupPC – http://backuppc.sourceforge.net/
  59. 59. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Database Proprietary: • Access, MS SQL, IBM DB2, Oracle database Open Source: • MySQL – http://www.mysql.com/products/database/ • GNOME-DB – http://www.gnome-db.org/ • SQLite – http://www.sqlite.org/ • InnoDB – http://www.innodb.com/
  60. 60. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Server Web & Mail Proprietary: • Microsoft IIS & Exchange Open Source: • Sendmail – http://www.sendmail.org • Apache web server – http://www.apache.org
  61. 61. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso Metaverse Proprietary: • SecondLife Open Source: • The OpenSource Metaverse Project – http://metaverse.sourceforge.net/
  62. 62. MILANO October 2008 Sara Rosso (Management) ERP/CRM Proprietary: • SAP, JD Edwards (Oracle) Open Source: • Compiere : ERP e CRM – http://www.compiere.com/

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