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Mysql Essentials Part 1 Mysql Essentials Part 1 Presentation Transcript

  • MySQL Essentials Series – Part 1: Building, Installing and Configuring MySQL Jimmy Guerrero, Oracle/MySQL
  • Agenda • MySQL Overview • Windows Installer • Source Distribution Installation (Linux) • Installation from Dev Tree (Linux) • Installing from Source (Windows) • Post Installation tasks • Next Steps © 2010 Oracle Corporation 2
  • About MySQL • 14 Years of Development • 750+ Partners • 70K+ Downloads Per Day Customers across every major operating system, hardware vendor, geography, industry, and application type Performance ▪ Reliability ▪ Easy to Use © 2010 Oracle Corporation 3
  • MySQL Powers the Web © 2010 Oracle Corporation 4
  • MySQL Powers ISV / OEM Products © 2010 Oracle Corporation 5
  • Industry Leading Customers Web / Web 2.0 OEM / ISV's SaaS, Hosting, Cloud Computing Telecommunications Enterprise 2.0 © 2010 Oracle Corporation 6
  • Popular on Windows • 45,000 downloads per day for Windows packages • Server • Tools • Connectors • MySQL Survey 2009 • 66% percent used Windows for development • 48% deployed on Windows for production • 20% use MySQL & Access • 75% won’t increase use of Access • 60% will increase use of MySQL © 2010 Oracle Corporation 7
  • MySQL Windows Installer © 2010 Oracle Corporation 8
  • MySQL Server Support for Windows • All current Windows versions… – Windows XP – Windows Vista – Windows 7 – Windows Server 2003 – Windows Server 2008 • Minimal additional requirements • 32 and 64 bit x86 architectures supported © 2010 Oracle Corporation 9
  • Where to download, What to download • http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/5.1.html • Select “Enterprise” or “Community Server” • Select 32 or 64 bit version © 2010 Oracle Corporation 10
  • Installation Packages • Complete (MSI Installer or unzip) • Essentials – Excludes Instance Manager – Documentation – Developer Components. © 2010 Oracle Corporation 11
  • Select Nearest Mirror and Save File © 2010 Oracle Corporation 12
  • Begin Installation • Run mysql-5.1.47-win32.msi • Select type of install… – Developers select Complete – DBAs select Typical © 2010 Oracle Corporation 13
  • Complete Installation • Several Next clicks • Then Finish • Leave Configure checked © 2010 Oracle Corporation 14
  • • Select Detailed Configuration To re-launch configuration wizard: Start->MySQL->MySQL Server 5.1-> MySQL Server Instance Config Wizard © 2010 Oracle Corporation 15
  • Selecting Configuration Options • Instance – a running MySQL Server process – or a MySQL Windows Service • Instance features and properties are determined by • Parameters • Startup options • Active (enabled) components • Configuration file is my.ini • Located in the MySQL installation directory © 2010 Oracle Corporation 16
  • • Select appropriate server type • For a trial use Developer Machine © 2010 Oracle Corporation 17
  • • Perhaps a new concept for some DBAs • MySQL supports many database storage engines • Can all run at the same time on the same MySQL Instance • Select Multifunction © 2010 Oracle Corporation 18
  • • Select location for InnoDB files • Performance Tips • High performance storage? – Specify drive letter • Select a disk that has: – Space available – Where OS is not installed © 2010 Oracle Corporation 19
  • Set expected connections • Default Port – 3306 • Use Strict Mode Strict mode controls how MySQL handles invalid or missing input values © 2010 Oracle Corporation 20
  • © 2010 Oracle Corporation 21
  • • Password for MySQL “root” account. • Equiv to “sa” in MSSQL • NOT an OS account • Don‟t forget • Enable access from remote if you plan on non-local access. © 2010 Oracle Corporation 22
  • • Installed and Started as a service • Or from the command line >"C:Program FilesMySQLMySQL Server 5.1binmysqld" --defaults-file="C:Program FilesMySQLMySQL Server 5.1my.ini“ • Hint: if you are having any issues append –-console © 2010 Oracle Corporation 23
  • Source Distribution Installation © 2010 Oracle Corporation 24
  • Installation Overview • Download source file • Add MySQL user and group • Select directory to uncompress • Navigate to top-level directory • Configure and compile • Install the distribution • Navigate to installation directory • Set permissions • Create data directory and initialize GRANT tables • Start Server © 2010 Oracle Corporation 25
  • Download Source dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/#downloads © 2010 Oracle Corporation 26
  • Create MySQL User and Group > groupadd mysql > useradd –g mysql mysql © 2010 Oracle Corporation 27
  • Uncompress Source tar > gunzip < mysql-VERSION.tar.gz | tar –xvf – > cd mysql-VERSION © 2010 Oracle Corporation 28
  • Configure, Compile and Install > ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/mysql > make > make install © 2010 Oracle Corporation 29
  • Set Up Option File > cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf © 2010 Oracle Corporation 30
  • Set Permissions > cd usr/local/mysql > chown –R mysql . > chgrp –R mysql . © 2010 Oracle Corporation 31
  • Data Directory and GRANT tables > bin/mysql_install_db –user=mysql © 2010 Oracle Corporation 32
  • Set Up Option File > chown –R root . > chown –R mysql var © 2010 Oracle Corporation 33
  • Start MySQL Server > bin/mysqld_safe –user=mysql & © 2010 Oracle Corporation 34
  • Installing from Development Tree (Linux) © 2010 Oracle Corporation 35
  • Configure the Build Machine • Bazzar • GNU make • autoconf 2.58 or greater • automake 1.81 • libtool 1.5 • m4 • bison © 2010 Oracle Corporation 36
  • Bazzar Repo and Initialize Directory > mkdir mysql-server > bzr init-repo –trees mysql-server © 2010 Oracle Corporation 37
  • Create Local Tree > cd mysql-server > bzr branch lp:mysql-server/5.1 mysql-5.1 © 2010 Oracle Corporation 38
  • Copy Active Branch > bzr branch mysql-5.1 mysql-5.1-build © 2010 Oracle Corporation 39
  • Prepare Source Tree for Configuration > cd mysql-5.1 > autoreconf –force --install © 2010 Oracle Corporation 40
  • Configure and Compile > ./configure [OPTIONS] > make > make install © 2010 Oracle Corporation 41
  • Make Install > ./configure [OPTIONS] > make © 2010 Oracle Corporation 42
  • Installing from Source (Windows) © 2010 Oracle Corporation 43
  • Configure the Build Machine • Bazaar • Visual Studio Express • Windows Platform SDK • CMake • Bison for Windows • Cygwin • WiX © 2010 Oracle Corporation 44
  • Building MySQL on Windows • Configure the Build Machine • Obtain MySQL Source • Build the Source – Configure CMake • Build the Source – Create VS Solution • Build the Source – Build the Solution • Test the Build – Run the Test Suite © 2010 Oracle Corporation 45
  • Download MySQL Source Files © 2010 Oracle Corporation 46
  • Uncompress Download © 2010 Oracle Corporation 47
  • Build the Source – Configure CMake • win/configure.js used to create the configuration file (win/configure.data) used by CMake • Configuration options are defined in win/README • Example: 'cscript win/configure.js WITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE WITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE WITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE WITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE WITH_EXAMPLE_STORAGE_ENGINE WITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE __NT__' © 2010 Oracle Corporation 48
  • Execute configure.js © 2010 Oracle Corporation 49
  • Build the Source – Create VS Solution • CMake uses files named CMakeLists.txt in each directory to create the necessary solution/project files • Three batch files are provided to create Visual Studio solutions • win/build_vs71.bat • win/build_vs8.bat • win/build_vs8_x64.bat © 2010 Oracle Corporation 50
  • Create Visual Studio Solution © 2010 Oracle Corporation 51
  • Open Solution in Visual Studio © 2010 Oracle Corporation 52
  • Build the Solution • Open the solution „MySQL.sln‟ with Visual Studio • Choose the configuration • Official MySQL builds use Debug and RelWithDebInfo • Click Build > Build Solution (F7) to start the build © 2010 Oracle Corporation 53
  • Select Configuration Options © 2010 Oracle Corporation 54
  • Build Solution (F7) © 2010 Oracle Corporation 55
  • Test the Build – Run the Test Suite • Microsoft allows building different configurations of the source in the same tree • Useful for mix-match, release/debug, client/server testing • Mysql-test-run(mtr) will try to guess which configuration but better to be specific with –vsconfig dir option © 2010 Oracle Corporation 56
  • Test the Build – Debugging • Debugging MySQL in Visual Studio can be awkward but well worth the effort • If you haven’t already done so, build the solution’s Debug or RelWithDebInfo configuration • MySQL Test suite has a ‘-manual-debug’ option which displays configuration options needed to run the server in the debugger © 2010 Oracle Corporation 57
  • Test the Build – Debugging • Example output… dir: z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/mysql-test exe: z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/sql/debug/mysqld.exe args: --no-defaults --basedir=z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/mysql-test --character-sets- dir=z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/sql/share/charsets --secure-file-priv=z:/mysql-5.1- maint_win/mysql-test/var --log-bin-trust-function-creators --default-character- set=latin1 --language=z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/sql/share/english --tmpdir=z:/mysql- 5.1-maint_win/mysql-test/var/tmp --pid-file=z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/mysql- test/var/run/master.pid --port=10510 --socket=z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/mysql- test/var/tmp/master.sock --datadir=z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/mysql-test/var/master- data --log-output=table,file --log=z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/mysql- test/var/log/master.log --log-slow-queries=z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/mysql- test/var/log/master-slow.log --server-id=1 --loose- innodb_data_file_path=ibdata1:10M:autoextend --local-infile --loose-skip-innodb -- loose-skip-ndbcluster --key_buffer_size=1M --sort_buffer=256K -- max_heap_table_size=1M --ssl-ca=z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/mysql- test/std_data/cacert.pem --ssl-cert=z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/mysql- test/std_data/server-cert.pem --ssl-key=z:/mysql-5.1-maint_win/mysql- test/std_data/server-key.pem --gdb --skip-log-bin --core-file --open-files-limit=1024 © 2010 Oracle Corporation 58
  • Post Installation Tasks © 2010 Oracle Corporation 59
  • Post Installation Tasks • Delete the test database • Secure the root account • Ensure root cannot login from an anonymous host • Delete anonymous accounts • MSI installer or mysql_secure_installation script (in scripts directory) can be used to automate some of these steps © 2010 Oracle Corporation 60
  • Delete the test Database © 2010 Oracle Corporation 61
  • root Accounts • One (or two) accounts are created named root • Super user accounts that can do anything • The initial root account passwords are blank • One root account for connecting from local host • Other allows connections from any host • Rename the root account with a different (more difficult name) to prevent brute-force attacks © 2010 Oracle Corporation 62
  • Secure root Account © 2010 Oracle Corporation 63
  • Change the Name of root User © 2010 Oracle Corporation 64
  • Anonymous Accounts • Two anonymous user accounts are created by default • Empty user names and no passwords • One anonymous account for connections from the local host • Prior to 5.1.16 had global privileges, just like the root accounts • Other is for connections from any host • Has all privileges for the test database or other databases with names that start with test • Delete these accounts! © 2010 Oracle Corporation 65
  • Delete Anonymous Accounts © 2010 Oracle Corporation 66
  • Directories • Database and most log and status files are stored in the data directory by default • Default directory specified in config file or at startup • By default • C:/Documents and Settings/All Users/Application Data/MySQL/MySQL Server 5.1/Data/ • Confirm location with: • SHOW VARIABLES like „data%‟; • Remember: data files are portable so lock them down © 2010 Oracle Corporation 67
  • Storage Engine Directories • MyISAM • table.frm (structure) • table.MYI (indexes) • table.myd (data) • InnoDB • table.frm in data directory • Data and indexes stored in tablespace made up of datafiles © 2010 Oracle Corporation 68
  • Next Steps © 2010 Oracle Corporation 69
  • MySQL Enterprise • MySQL Enterprise Server • Monthly Rapid Updates Server • Quarterly Service Packs • Hot Fix Program • Subscription: • Extended End-of-Life • MySQL Enterprise • • License (OEM): Global Monitoring of All Servers • Embedded Server Web-Based Central •Console Monitor • Built-in Advisors • Support • Expert Advice • Specialized Scale-Out Help Cluster • MySQL Carrier-Grade • • Training 24 x 7 x 365 Production Support • Web-Based Knowledge Base • Consulting Support • Consultative Help • NRE • Bug Escalation Program © 2010 Oracle Corporation 70
  • MySQL Enterprise Monitor w/ Query Analyzer • Single, consolidated view into entire MySQL environment • Auto discovery of MySQL Servers, Replication Topologies • MySQL Query Analyzer with Visual Correlation Graphs • Customizable rules-based monitoring and alerts • Identifies problems before they occur • Reduces risk of downtime • Makes it easier to scale-out without requiring more DBAs © 2010 Oracle Corporation 71
  • Connectors & Visual Studio • ODBC, JDBC, C++, C…. • Connector/NET • C# • ASP.NET • VB.net • Connector/Net • Implements the ADO.NET interfaces • Integrates into ADO.NET aware tools • Fully managed ADO.NET driver • 100% pure C# • Integrates with Visual Studio http://www.mysql.com/products/connector © 2010 Oracle Corporation 72
  • MySQL Workbench • ER Modeling • Design • Forward/Reverse Engineering • Schema Synchronization • Documentation • New! Administrator Plugin • Start/Stop Server • Account/User Management • Server Variables • Server Logs • Database Objects http://wb.mysql.com/ © 2010 Oracle Corporation 73
  • ISV / OEM Resources • “Running MySQL Embedded Server on Windows Securely” live webcast • 10 June, 9 am Pacific • http://mysql.com/news-and-events/web-seminars/display- 546.html • White Papers, Webinars, Case Studies • http://mysql.com/why-mysql/isv-oem-corner/resources.html • Webinar Replays • http://mysql.com/news-and-events/on-demand-webinars/ • Questions? • http://www.mysql.com/about/contact/sales.html?s=oem • Phone: USA=+1-866-221-0634; Outside USA = +1-208-327- 6494 © 2010 Oracle Corporation 74
  • MySQL on Windows Resources Product Downloads Whitepapers Visual Guides How-Tos Upcoming Webinars Developer Articles Visual Studio Articles Archived Webinar Playbacks Archived Webinar Slides User Forums http://www.mysql.com/windows/ © 2010 Oracle Corporation 75