Artificial Intelligence

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Artificial Intelligence

  1. 1. "The science and engineering of making INTELLIGENT machines" -John McCarthy A RTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Sapience of Homo-Sapiens for Machines
  2. 2. C ontents <ul><li>Definition
  3. 3. History
  4. 4. Traits of an Intelligent System
  5. 5. Approaches
  6. 6. Tools
  7. 7. Evaluating Progress
  8. 8. Applications
  9. 9. Predictions </li></ul>
  10. 10. D efinition Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science that aims to create it. Textbooks define this field as &quot;the study and design of intelligent agents&quot; .
  11. 11. H istory <ul><li>Thinking machines and artificial beings appear in Greek myths.
  12. 12. Alan Turing's theory of computation formed the basis of development of the electronic computer and in turn aided the idea of AI research.
  13. 13. The field of AI research was founded at a conference on the campus of Dartmouth College in the 1956.
  14. 14. John McCarthy, one of the leaders of AI Research was regarded as “The Father of AI”. </li></ul><ul>&quot;Machines will be capable, within twenty years, of doing any work a man can do” </ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Herbert Simon </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul>T raits of an Intelligent System </ul><ul><li>Deduction, Reasoning & Problem Solving
  16. 16. Knowledge Representation
  17. 17. Planning & Learning
  18. 18. Natural Language Processing
  19. 19. Motion & Manipulation
  20. 20. Perception & Social Intelligence
  21. 21. Creativity
  22. 22. General Intelligence </li></ul>
  23. 23. A pproaches <ul><li>Cybernetics & Brain Simulation
  24. 24. Symbolic
  25. 25. Sub-Symbolic
  26. 26. Statistical
  27. 27. Integrating the Approaches </li></ul>
  28. 28. T ools <ul><li>Search & Optimization
  29. 29. Logic
  30. 30. Probabilistic Methods for Uncertain Reasoning
  31. 31. Classifiers & Statistical Learning Methods
  32. 32. Neural Networks
  33. 33. Control Theory
  34. 34. Languages </li></ul>
  35. 35. E valuating Progress <ul><li>In 1950, Alan Turing proposed a general procedure to test the intelligence of an agent known as the Turing test.
  36. 36. The broad classes of outcome for an AI test are: </li><ul><li>Optimal
  37. 37. Strong super-human
  38. 38. Super-human
  39. 39. Sub-human </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. A pplications <ul><li>Artificial intelligence has successfully been used in a wide range of fields: </li><ul><li>Medical Diagnosis
  41. 41. Stock Trading
  42. 42. Robot Control
  43. 43. Law
  44. 44. Scientific Discovery
  45. 45. Video Games & Toys
  46. 46. Web Search Engines. </li></ul></ul>
  47. 47. P redictions <ul><li>AI is a common topic in both science fiction and projections about the future of technology and society.
  48. 48. Robot Rights
  49. 49. The impact of AI on society is a serious area of study for futurists.
  50. 50. Transhumanism- RoboCop </li></ul>
  51. 51. A SIMOS
  52. 52. T OPIO
  53. 53. K ISMET
  54. 54. F RIEND
  55. 55. D eep Blue Vs Garry Kasparov
  56. 56. A Small Live Example Elliza
  57. 57. Conclusion
  58. 58. Queries !!!!!
  59. 59. Thank You

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