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Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
Qui & Sbc
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Qui & Sbc

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  • 1. Quit India Movement and Subhas Chandra Bose
  • 2. Contents
    • Events leading to QIM
    • Resignation of Congress Ministers
    • Implications of the Resignation
    • The August Offer 1940
    • Individual Satyagraha
    • Cripps Mission 1942
    • Rejection of the Offer
    • The Course of the Movement
    • Government Repression
    • Impact of the Movement
    • S C Bose and the INA
  • 3. 1. Events leading to the QIM
    • The British Govt had thought that something had to be done in order to continue their rule in India.
    • After 3 RTC the British drew proposals for the reforms of the Indian Govt.
    • These reforms gave rise to the GIA 1935.
    • This Act provided for the creation of the AIF comprising the eleven British provinces and these Princely states
    • Elections in 1937- Congress ministers were formed in 7 out of 11 provinces.
    • 3 Sept 1939- II WW
  • 4. Resignation of Congress Ministers
    • British declared war without consulting the Indian leaders.
    • Indians did not wish the Britain to lose because they looked down upon the Nazis and the Fascists as enemies of freedom and progress.
    • Indians opposed Imperialism of Italy, Germany and Japan.
    • British was against Imperialist tendencies.
    • Indians were unhappy.
    • Indian troops were sent to Singapore and Middle East.
    • ILA passed emergency laws – limited the autonomy of the provinces and restricted the civil liberties of the people- hurt Indians.
    • CWC 8 th Sept 1939.
  • 5.
    • Lord Linlithgow- Viceroy of India issued a statement on 17 th Oct 1939.
    • Viceroy proposed to establish an advising council, representing all Indians in order to associate them in the war efforts of the British.
    • Attitude- not ready to part with power and grant complete freedom- Dominion Status distant future.
    • Preaching of British.
    • Viceroy ordered the PG to carry on the war policy and made the Congress leaders powerless.
    • Congress accused British of Imperialistic designs.
    • Perpetuating their rule in India
  • 6. 3. Implications of the Resignation
    • Viceroy was relieved by the resignation of the Congress Ministers as they controlled several policies.
    • Congress justified by reiterating its demands for independence and its opposition to imperialism.
    • Congress lost its goodwill of the British.
    • Resignation of Congress gave new lease of life to ML
    • ML lying low for 2 years burst into creativity and offered its friendship to British Govt.
    • Dec 22 nd 1939- ML celebrated as a day of deliverance and launched a new offensive against the Congress.
    • Ministers of Punjab Bengal and Sindh did not resign and won the goodwill of the British.
  • 7. 4. The August Offer
    • In WW II England was the target of Germans.
    • CWC offered help to British in War but……..
    • India’s demand for independence should be conceded and a provincial National Government was formed at the Centre.
    • Also Viceroy should continue to hold office, but he should not veto the decision of the NG.
    • League opposed and British rejected to grant.
    • Reason – Power could not be given to a body whose authority is denied by large and powerful elements in India’s national life.
    • Aug 8 th 1940- Lord Linlithgow- August Offer
  • 8. The August Offer
    • After the war the Constitution would set up a Constitution making body to frame a Constitution for India.
    • The present Executive Council of the Viceroy would be expanded to include Indian leaders.
    • The Govt would give due weightage to the minority’s demand in the new scheme of reforms.
    • OFFFER WAS REJECTED BY CONGRESS BECAUSE:
    • AO did not satisfy the demands of the Congress.
    • No time limit to set up the Constitution making body.
    • No agreement could be reached on the expansion of the EC.
    • AO did not touch the provision of the NG
    • Nehru- AO was ‘as dead as a door nail’.
    • AO strengthen the hands of Jinnah to veto all Constitutional progress.
  • 9. 5.Cripps Mission 1942
    • Dec 1941- Japan entered against in WW against England and started advancing towards India.
    • March 1942 Japanese were at the eastern frontiers of India.
    • Possibility of Indian soldiers supporting the Japan.
    • British were alarmed.
    • British made another offer to Indian nationalists in order to win their support.
    • PM Churchill sent Sir Stafford Cripps with fresh proposals of Constitutional reforms.
  • 10. Offer made by the Cripps
    • A Constitution making body would be set up to draft a new Constitution.
    • Indian would be given the Dominion Status immediately after the end of the war.
    • It envisaged a federation of British India and the Indian states as a dominion within the British Commonwealth.
    • Britain would accept the Constitution framed by Constitution making body, subject to few conditions.
    • Indian leaders were invited to participate in the Council of their country and the Commonwealth.
    • The power of Viceroy would remain as hitherto and he would be responsible for the defence of the country.
  • 11. Rejection of the Offer
    • It offered Dominion Status and at the same time, granted provinces the right to secede from the Union.
    • The powers of the Viceroy remained undiminished during the war and he was still responsible for the defence of the country.
    • Foundation of the British Empire seemed to be uncertain at the moment .
    • The people from the Princely States had no right to send their representatives to the proposed Constitution making body. Their representatives were to be selected y the rulers.
  • 12. 6. Quit India Resolution
    • CWC met at Wardha- demanded immediate withdrawal of the British from India.
    • Adopted a resolution known as - QIR.
    • AICC- ratified the Resolution at Mumbai in 1942.
    • Resolution said that – the continuance of BR in India was not good for India nor for the success of the allied nations.
    • Insisted – provisional government should be formed in India.
  • 13. Reasons that led to the Passing of QIR
    • Failure of Cripps Mission.
    • Japan posed a threat to India.
    • Acute Communal Problem.
  • 14. 7.The Course of the Movement
    • QIR – Gandhi: Final struggle for the freedom of the country.
    • 9 th August Gandhi and others were arrested.
    • QIR and arrest of leaders reached India and the people responded by organising protests and demonstrations.
    • People from all walks of life and of all ages actively participated.
    • British offices of administration were attacked.
    • Some places – hartals, processions and demonstrations.
    • Violent protest halted public life and everything was paralysed.
    • In Ballia UP, the local leaders took over the town, Satars & Karnataka farmers started underground guerrilla resistance
    • Jayprakash Narayan, Ram Manohar Lohia, and Asaf Ali- prominent leaders of the underground movement.
  • 15. Government Repression
    • Sharp reaction by the Govt.
    • Repression transformed the country into a police state.
    • QIR and arrest of leaders reached India and the people responded by organising protests and demonstrations.
    • 10,000people were killed.
    • Unarmed people were killed in firing in Delhi by British.
    • Congress leaders of Bombay were hustled away from city in a special train.
    • Gandhi was detained in AKP & other leaders in jail at Ahmednagar Fort.
    • Machine gunning of mobs in Patna, Bhagalpur, Monghyr, Nadia and Talchar city. Many were convicted under the Defence of India Rules.
    • QIM was the last uprising against the British Rule in India & marked the culmination of British Rule in India.
  • 16. Impact of the Movement
    • It displayed the depth of national feelings.
    • People acquired great capacity for struggle and sacrifice.
    • It made the British realize that their days are numbered.
  • 17. Subhash Chandra Bose and The INA
    • Subhash Chandra Bose.
    • Forward Bloc
    • Arrest of Subhash Chandra Bose.
    • His work in South East Asia.
    • Formation of Indian National Army
  • 18. Subhash Chandra Bose
    • Born on 23 rd Jan 1897 in a Bengali family settled at Cuttack in Orissa.
    • Joined Presidency college at Calcutta
    • Went to England for higher studies & passed ICS exam in 1920.
    • Didn’t like to work as a bureaucrat under British, hence joined the freedom movement.
    • Did not agree with Gandhiji yet actively participated in the freedom movement.
    • Participated in the CD movement. Filled with socialist ideas. Was elected President of Congress with the support of the younger elements in the Congress.
    • His differences with Gandhiji reached their heights in 1939.
    • Again elected President off Congress in 1939.
  • 19. FORWARD BLOC
    • Bose founded FB on 3 rd May in 1939 after having differences of opinion with Gandhiji.
    • FB wanted to unite the members of the left wing under 1 banner.
    • Aim of FB- rally all progressive, radical and anti imperialist elements in the Congress for struggle, for immediate liberation of India 4rm da British.
    • FB worked 4- rebuilding India on Socialist, fair and equitable lines.
    • Workers, peasants, employees, students and youths.
    • FB stood for world peace, disarmament, friendly relations with socialist countries, non alignment and a new economic order.
  • 20. Formation of Indian Army
    • Tokyo Conference passed a resolution:
    • To form an INA
    • To establish provisionally an Indian Independence League of overseas Indians in all Asian countries controlled by Japan.
    • To hold a conference of the representatives of Indians at Bangkok in June 1942.

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