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Learning Theories Behaviorism
 

Learning Theories Behaviorism

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Educational Technology

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    Learning Theories Behaviorism Learning Theories Behaviorism Presentation Transcript

    • BehaviorismPsychological Influences on Education
    • • Prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and/or independent thinking play no essential part in teaching• Developed during the industrial revolution, modernism was the new focus• Learning is purely an objective and experimental branch of natural science• No line between man and animal• Learn through positive and negative reinforcement (conditioning)Behaviorism
    • • Learn primarily through observation• Pavlov, Skinner, and Bandura; key players in development of behaviorism theories• Ex. Students rewarded for good behavior and punished for badStudents of Behaviorism
    • • We would use this in the classroom, especially at the elementary school level, but we would also incorporate parts of the other two theories.What We Think…
    • • Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906• Conducted an experiment where he rang a bell every time he put food in front of dogs.• The food caused the dogs to salivate.• He eventually just rang the bell, and the dogs still salivated.• Classical Conditioning:having a reflex in response to a stimulusIvan Pavlov (1849-1936)
    • • Studied operant conditioning; shaping behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus responses.• Conducted an experiment using pigeons.• When pigeons behaved in a certain way, their behavior was rewarded.• He eventually taught the pigeons to do difficult tasks• Applied the principle to humans.• Rewarded behaviors will be repeated, behaviors with negative responses will stop.B.F. Skinner (1904-1990)
    • • People learn through observational modeling (copying observed behavior)• He studied self- efficacy, one’s personal perspective of their ability to encourage their self to learn.• Studied personality by analyzing one’s environment, behavior, and thoughts.Bandura (1925-) & theSocial Contract Theory
    • • In schools where behaviorism is practiced, they believe frequent objective testing is the best way to determine what students know. They reward students when they learn, even when they learn small things, because it’s behaviorism that is they key to successful teaching.Behaviorism in practicetoday
    • Credits• Robert King III• Leanna Kotun• Danielle Morgan• Giovanni Santiago• Jana Williams