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Present Perfect


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A Presentation to introduce the Present Perfect to second class students of Liceo Scientifico.

A Presentation to introduce the Present Perfect to second class students of Liceo Scientifico.

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  • 1. 1
  • 2. PAST PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT The P. P. links past and present. 2
  • 3. S + HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE The same form (have + past participle) exists in many European languages, but the uses in English are different. 3
  • 4. The Present Perfect is used to talk about: 1. 2. 3. Recent Past Actions/ Present Result Experiences Unfinished Past 4
  • 5.  I have lost my address book Have the childern had their dinner? The teacher has read my report.  Time is not stated   but I lost my address book in the library three months ago. Did you feed the cat yesterday? The teacher read my report last week.     5
  • 6. The Present Perfect expresses a past action that had a present result. The taxi hasn’t arrived yet. (We are still waiting for it) What have you done to your lip? (It’s bleeding) 6
  • 7. I haven’t done my homework yet (negative) Has the doctor arrived yet? (question) I’ve already done my homework. (positive) She’s just had some good news. The adverbs YET, ALREADY, JUST are common with this use. N.B. The position of the adverbs in the sentence! 7
  • 8.   Do the quiz What have you done recently.pdf 8
  • 9. The Present Perfect is used to talk about experiences in our life. I’ve been to the USA. Time is not stated. N.B. Be careful! There is a difference between go & be 9
  • 10.  Tony has gone to New York (means he has  Tony has been to New York (means he visited left and is still away) New York and is back) 10
  • 11. I’ve never been to USA. (= in my life) I haven’t tried sushi before. (= in my life) Have you ever eaten Chinese? (= in your life) How many times has she been married (= in her life) The adverbs EVER, NEVER,BEFORE, once, twice, three times… are common with this use. 11
  • 12.   Do the quiz Have you ever.pdf 12
  • 13. The Present Perfect expresses an action that began in the past and still continues. We’ve lived in the same house for 25 years. How long have you known each other? They have been married since 1987. ! Difference between SINCE & FOR Italian language expresses this idea with the present. 13
  • 14. The time expressions that are common with this use are: FOR three years = a period of time SINCE 2009 = a moment in time 14
  • 15. Have you stayed in a five-star hotel recently? Me? I’ve never stayed in a five-star hotel! but I stayed in a one-star hotel in 2010. It was terrible! 15
  • 16. Have you ever been to New York? Have you ever been to New York? Yes, I have already been to N. Y. No, I haven’t been to N. Y. yet. Oh, yes. I went there last year and I liked it a lot. Does not say when… Completed Action 16
  • 17. I’ve lived in Texas for six years. (I still live there) I’ve written several books (In my life) Have you seen Amy this morning? (It’s still morning) Unfinished Action I lived in Texas for six years. (Now I live somewhere else) Shakespeare wrote 30 plays. (He’s dead) Did you see Amy this morning? (It’s the afternoon or evening) Completed Action 17
  • 18. We use the Present Perfect Continuous TO EMPHASIZE an Activity which started in the past and is continuing, is still in Progress now, or has just stopped and has present result. I’ve been studying English for years (and I’ m still doing it). I’ve been in class all morning (and I’ve just come out). How long have you been working in this field? ! Remember: State verbs are rarely used in the Continuous. 18
  • 19. I’ve painted the kitchen and now I’m doing the bathroom. I’ve read ten chapters. (with numbers or quantities) I’ve been decorating the kitchen all morning. I’ve been reading all day. (period of time) I’ve cut my fingers. (verbs that dont’ have the idea of a long time: find, break…) It has been rainig! (verbs that have the idea of a long time: wait, work, learn…) Recently completed action Activity over a period of time 19