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Scrum in an hour


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A brief introduction to Scrum and to benefits of agile metodologies

A brief introduction to Scrum and to benefits of agile metodologies

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  • 1. Scrum in an hour Giordano Scalzo, 12/03/2009
  • 2. Agenda – Introduction to Scrum (30 m) – Scrum in Registratori (10 m) – Q&A? (15 m)
  • 3. Traditional Phased development Anticipated results Up-front design
  • 4. Results Requirements Not Clear Fear to go to the next phase Analysis Paralysis Requirements Change Change gets more and more expensive Customers don’t get what they want
  • 5. Results Project Takes Too Long 34% of projects delivered successfully Long duration defers revenue (Source: Standish Report 2003) No Time for Testing Quality assurance gets crunched Late integration means late failures
  • 6. Results Time Wasted on Junk 52% of requirements implemented 64% of functionality rarely used (Source: Standish Report 1994) Poor Progress Visibility % Task complete not sufficient Average overrun 43% (Source: Standish Report 1994)
  • 7. Agile project management
  • 8. Agile Principles 1. Satisfy the Customer 2. Welcome Change 3. Deliver Frequently 4. Work as a Team 5. Motivate People 6. Communicate Face-to- Face 7. Measure Working Software 8. Maintain Constant Pace 9. Excel at Quality 10.Keep it Simple 11.Evolve Designs 12.Reflect Regularly
  • 9. Scrum
  • 10. Origin of Scrum “The New New Product Development Game” Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka - 1986 “The Knowledge Creating Company” Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka - 1988 “Agile Manifesto” Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland - 1994
  • 11. The Goal of Scrum Manage Complexity, Unpredictability and Change through Visibility, Inspection and Adaptation
  • 12. Scrum is A methodology framework An iterative process A wrapper for existing practices A way to improve communications A way to maximize productivity A buzzword
  • 13. Scrum is not A silver bullet A magic wand Just for software About engineering pratices A shortcut A step-by-step cookbook approach Easy: it needs time and discipline
  • 14. Scrum Roles
  • 15. Product Owner Owner of project vision Represents the customer
  • 16. Product Owner Define features (according to vision) Prioritize features (according to ROI) Pick release dates Give feedback Manage stakeholders Accept or reject results
  • 17. The Team Small (5–9 people) Colocated - Cross-functional Self-organized - Full-time
  • 18. The Team Define tasks Estimate effort Develop product Ensure quality Evolve processes
  • 19. Scrum Master Servant leader Team protector Scrum guide
  • 20. Scrum Master Remove impediments Prevent interruptions Facilitate the team Support the process Manage management
  • 21. Scrum Process
  • 22. Scrum Process
  • 23. Product Backlog
  • 24. Product Backlog Owned by Product Owner High-level requirements Expressed as business value Not complete, nor perfect Expected to change & evolve Limited view into the future
  • 25. Product Backlog Prioritized by value & risk Includes rough estimates Better to describe as user stories Publicly visible
  • 26. Sprints Timeboxed – Frozen features Variable scope – Shippable result
  • 27. Sprint Planning + + =
  • 28. Sprint Planning Face to face communication Small reversible steps User’s perspective
  • 29. Sprint Planning (Part 1) Strategical level planning Prioritize/select features Discuss acceptance criteria Verify understanding ½ - 1 hour per sprint/week
  • 30. Sprint Planning (Part 2) Tactical level planning Define sprint backlog items Estimate sprint backlog items Use velocity (Yesterday’s Weather) Share commitment ½ - 1 hour per sprint/week
  • 31. Sprint Backlog Breakdown of business value into assignable tasks
  • 32. Sprint Backlog
  • 33. Sprint Backlog Owned by the team Team allocates work No additions by others
  • 34. Daily Scrum The heartbeat of Scrum
  • 35. Daily Scrum What I did since last meeting What I will do until next meeting What things are in my way Only the team talks Not to Scrum Master No problem solving Max 15 minutes
  • 36. Task Board Information irradiator
  • 37. Definition of Done ...Coded, commented, checked in, integrated, reviewed, unit tested, deployed to test environment, passed user acceptance test & documented...
  • 38. Burndown Chart
  • 39. Sprint Review Satisfy Product Owner Get feedback on product
  • 40. Sprint Review Informal, no slides Whole team participates The world is invited Show complete features Accept or reject results ½ - 1 hour per sprint/week
  • 41. Sprint Retrospective Evolve the process
  • 42. Sprint Retrospective Reflect on process and product Whole team participates What to start doing What to stop doing What to continue doing
  • 43. Sprints Steady pull of business value Inspect and Adapt
  • 44. Sprints Driven by Product Owner Welcome change Include design and testing Share commitment “Fail fast”
  • 45. Abnormal Sprint Termination Only in extreme cases Team terminates: cannot meet sprint goal Product Owner terminates: priority change Raises visibility of problems
  • 46. Results effects of applying Scrum
  • 47. Managed Uncertainty Rolling wave planning Simpler mini-projects lowers risk Flexible Scope Allow changes at fixed intervals Releases enable learning
  • 48. Faster Delivery Shorter time to market Value delivered in increments Higher Quality Testing happens continuously Process improvement built-in
  • 49. Eliminated Waste Nothing is designed that is not built Nothing is built that is not used Increased Visibility All problems are made visible Progress is running tested software
  • 50. Scrum applied
  • 51. Scrum Taskboard
  • 52. Planning poker cards
  • 53. Pomodoro timer
  • 54. Rules
  • 55. Sprint Backlog
  • 56. Q&A?