ALU: arithmetical and logical unit
ordered of the mathematics
operations of the computer.
AMD: advances micro device.
API: interface of programming of
BIOS: (Basic Input-Output System) program that contains the
instructions needed to begin operation and controls the data flow
between the operating system and application programs and the
Bit: Binary digits are a basic unit of information storage and
communication digital computing and digital information theory.
Blogs: is a type of website, usually maintained by an individual with
regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other
material such as graphics or video.
Bluetooth: industrial specification for wireless Personal Area Networks
that enables the transmission of voice and data between different
Broadcast : is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which
transmit programs to an audience. The audience may be the general
public or a relatively large sub-audience, such as children or young
Browse: Browsing (predation), a type of predation, A user
interface on a computer that allows navigation of
objects Web browser, used to access the World Wide
Web File browser, for managing files and related objects
Help browser, for reading online help Code browser, for
navigating source code…
Byte: The byte most often consists of 8 bits in modern
Bit: Is the smallest unit used to measure data in a
computer. A bit can have two values: 0 or 1.
Buffer: Is a memory location in a computer or a digital
instrument reserved for temporary storage of digital
information, while it is waiting to be processed.
Bus: Is a subsystem that transfers data between computer
components inside a computer or between computers.
Chat: is a virtual space where a person interacts, an automated
conversational script with a modem.
Command: a statement in a computer language.
Computer mouse: device common signaler.
Computer: electronics able to receive an instruction set and to
execute being made them calculations on the numeric
data, or compiling and correlating other types of information.
Cyberchondria: is an illness, depending on which you ask, you
may get information about what characterizes this condition.
configuration In software, configure is the output of
Autotoola and used to detect system configuration. a
configuration file is used to configure the initial settings
for a computer program.
Cable modem: it is a special type of modem designed to
modulate the sign of data on a television infrastructure
Cache: This allows memory when it comes to a program or
file, make a copy for when you want to re-enter the
access is faster
Chipset: Is mediates of communication between the CPU
and the other components of the system, including
DAM: direct memory access, does not take part the processor.
DOS: (Disk Operating System) general word that describes any
operating system loaded from devices of disc when initiating
or to reinitiate the system.
DATABASE: Is a data set within a context and systematically
stored for later use.
DLS Modem: It is a device used to connect a single computer or
router to a DSL phone line, in order to use an ADSL service.
Like other modems it is a type of transceiver.
E-mail: is any method of creating, transmitting, or storing
primarily text-based human communications with digital
Ethernet: A trademark for a system for exchanging massages
between computers on a local area network using
coaxial, fiber optic or twisted-pair cables.
External Bus Controllers: Support ports for external peripherals.
These ports may be controlled directly by the Southbridge
Floppy disk: small magnetic data
storage disk coated in a rigid plastic
case on which data can be stored or
retrieved by a computer.
Gigabyte: means 1000000000bytes
Googol: is the large number 10100.
GUI: Graphical User Interface.
Hardware: the material components of a
computer science system.
Html: Hypertext Markup Language.
Hyperlinks: (or links for short), are a word or
several words in a document whose
function is to direct e.g. a web browser to
the address (local or remote) they link to
when clicked on.
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
Internet: The red bigger of de Word, is a global network of
interconnected computers. it is a group of interconnected
communication nets, they use the family of protocols
TCP/IP, guaranteeing that the heterogeneous physical nets
that compose it work like an unique logical net, of world
ISA: architecture set of instructions.
Internal Buses: Connect the CPU to various internal components
and to expansion cards for graphics and sound.
Key board: Set of keys of diverse apparatuses or machines
that handle by means of bellboys of control or keys.
Keys: a piece of information that controls the operation of
an algorithm, a software verification tool.
Kilobyte: equal to either 1,024 bytes (210) or 1,000 bytes
Kernel: Is the central component of most computer
operating systems. Its responsibilities include managing
the system's resources (the communication between
harware and software components)
LAN: local area network the maximum distance is
a house, building.
Language program: artificial language that can be
used to define a sequence of instructions for its
processing by a computer or computer.
Laptop: or notebook is a personal computer
designed for mobile use small enough to sit on
Login: (logging or signing in, also log on) is the
process by which individual access to a
computer system is controlled by identification
of the user using credentials provided by the
MAC: Media Access Control.
MAN: metropolitan area network the maximum
distance is a locality or city.
MAR: memory addresses register, address
register of a file.
MDR: memory data register data stored in a
Memory: The area of a computer that
determines how much information can be
maintained for instant retrieval and
MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Monoprogramming: Is when the operative
system allows the execution of one
program, no memory management, since all
of this to the running program. An example
might be the DOS operating system.
Motherboard: Is the body of the computer, it’s a
circuit card that support from other parts of
Multiprogramming: Is when the operative
system allows the execution of more than one
process. The memory is shared across all
Network: A system of two or more
computers, terminals, and
communications devices linked by
wires, cables, or a telecommunications
system in order to exchange data.
NIC: network interface card
NOS: network operating system
Operative System: is an interface
between hardware and applications; it
is responsible for the management
and coordination of activities and the
sharing of the limited resources of the
PAN: Personal Area Network the Maxima distances is a writing-
PDA: Personal Digital Assistant.
Pop up: window that to appear suddenly and unexpectedly.
Pornography: or porn is the explicit depiction of sexual subject
matter with the sole intention of sexually exciting the viewer.
Program: it defines the work by means of an instruction set
which must to do internally in a computer.
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect): Is a computer bus
standard for connecting peripheral devices directly to your
motherboard. These devices can be expansion cards that fit
Processor or (CPU): Is the brain of the computer. It makes the
logical process of the computer.
Radio waves: are electromagnetic waves occurring on the radio
frequency portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Record: Storage medium that contains data (more specifically
Router: is a networking device whose software and hardware are
usually tailored to the tasks of routing and forwarding
RAM (Random Access Memory): Is the system's main
memory, and holds data and instructions for running
applications and the operating system. Is the memory where
the processor receives instructions and save the results. It is
the work area for the most software in a computer.
Router: it is a hardware device for interconnection of net of
computers that operates in the layer three.
Screen: Window screen, a wire mesh that covers a window
Security: The objective of computer security can include
protection of information from theft or corruption, or the
preservation of availability, as defined in the security policy.
Software: programs of computers.
Symbol: is something such as an object, picture, written
word, sound, or particular mark that represents something
else by association, resemblance, or convention.
Socket: Is an electromechanical system of support and
wiring, installed on the motherboard, which is used to set and
connect a microprocessor.
Terabyte: is equal to 1012
(1000000000000bytes) or 1000
Typing QWERTY: The first six keyboard
USB: Universal Serial Bus. Is a serial bus
standard to connect devices to a host
UPLOAD:download is to receive data to a local
system from a remote system, such as a
webserver, FTP server, email server, or other
similar systems. A download is any file that
is offered for downloading or that has been
Virus: Software program capable of
reproducing itself and usually capable of
causing great harm to files or other
programs on the same computer.
Virtual Machine: Is a software that allows you
to use more than one operative system on a
WAN: wide area network the maximum distance
of a country or continent.
Web search engine: is a tool designed to search
for information on the World Wide Web
Wordstar: It was the word processor with more
characteristic and easier of using in the
operating system CP/M.
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