PNOC-AFC JATROPHA
Alternative Fuels Corporation       ROADMAP




                                        Energy Investmen...
PNOC Energy Company

                     Philippine National Oil Company
                                  (PNOC)

  Ener...
PNOC-AFC

Formerly “PNOC-Petrochemical Development Corporation”
established in 1992

A Government-Owned and Controlled Cor...
PNOC-AFC Industrial Park
530-hectare EcoZone
Location:
   Limay and Mariveles, Bataan
   40 km west of Manila across Manil...
Jatropha Biodiesel Project


   MEGA                              BIODIESEL
  NURSERY        PLANTATION         PRODUCTION...
Jatropha Biodiesel Roadmap
      2006
      2006            2007
                      2007              2008
            ...
Jatropha Biodiesel Project

NURSERY
NURSERY          PLANTATION
                 PLANTATION

                             ...
Crucial Considerations
Availability of seeds and seedlings
Performance of local varieties (oil content, seed yield,
adapta...
Jatropha in the Philippines

The Philippines has sufficient lands
and favorable climatic conditions for
growing Jatropha

...
Expeditions
    Seeds/Seedlings Expeditions: Nueva Ecija,
Tarlac, Batangas, Laguna, Cavite, Quezon, Mindoro,
Palawan, Cama...
Project Sites
   INTEGRATED BIODIESEL
         PROJECT
Nurseries/Seed Orchards/Model
  Plantations:
- Fort Magsaysay (500 ...
Military Reservations
Establishment and development of jatropha mega-nursery /
model plantations in Fort Magsaysay, Nueva ...
Ancestral Lands
         Establishment and development of jatropha mega-nursery
         and model plantation in a 500-hec...
Ancestral Lands
Nursery in Cagayan de Oro (Northern Mindanao)
Private Lands
Palawan




Sarangani
Private Lands
General Santos City




Bukidnon
Private Lands
Negros Oriental
Research & Development
   Research   Development
Integrated R&D Program on Jatropha Curcas for
Biodiesel
  PNOC-AFC; Phili...
Research & Development
Project Accomplishment
   Preliminary evaluation on the jatropha curcas to improve its variety such...
Research & Development
Jatropha species geographic
      distribution map


 36 provinces, 170 municipalities,
 279 villag...
Research & Development

         Summary of morpho-chemical characteristics
                87 accessions of J. curcas
  S...
Research & Development

                                     % COMPOSITION
                              SEED
    COLLECTI...
Research & Development




      a                         b                        c




      d                         ...
Research & Development

Established extraction efficiencies
   Enzymatic Extraction Efficiency: 25-80%
   Mechanical Extra...
Research & Development
Pilot Production and Testing of Biodiesel from
Jatropha Curcas
   PNOC-AFC and DOST (Philippine Cou...
Research & Development
Project Accomplishments
  Started the fabrication of laboratory-scale prototype expeller
  Started ...
Research & Development

Quality Biodiesel from Local Jatropha Seeds
   PNOC-AFC (supply of local jatropha seeds), Technolo...
Research & Development
                                 NON-EDIBLE OIL CROPS

       Aleurites trisperma, A. mollucana, A....
In Closing
Competitive Potential: labor, vast lands, climate,
fertile soil, PNOC-AFC Industrial Park
Goal: pursue (along w...
www.pnoc-afc.com.ph
                    www.pnoc-afc.com.ph
Alternative Fuels
Jatropha Biodiesel Roadmap Philippines. More info on www.youmanitas.com
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Jatropha Biodiesel Roadmap Philippines. More info on www.youmanitas.com

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Transcript of "Jatropha Biodiesel Roadmap Philippines. More info on www.youmanitas.com"

  1. 1. PNOC-AFC JATROPHA Alternative Fuels Corporation ROADMAP Energy Investment Forum 19 December 2007, Renaissance Hotel, Makati City
  2. 2. PNOC Energy Company Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC) Energy Energy Shipping & Shipping & Exploration Exploration Development Development Alternative Alternative Development Development Transport Transport Corp. Corp. & Mgt. Corp. & Mgt. Corp. Fuels Corp. Fuels Corp. Corp. Corp. Corp. Corp. Marine Marine Geothermal Geothermal Oil and gas Oil and gas transport of transport of Development and Development and Industrial estate Industrial estate energy energy exploration exploration petroleum petroleum commercialization commercialization development & development & exploration and exploration and and and products & products & of alternative of alternative management management development development development development energy energy fuels fuels resources resources
  3. 3. PNOC-AFC Formerly “PNOC-Petrochemical Development Corporation” established in 1992 A Government-Owned and Controlled Corporation re- mandated through Presidential Directive and officially registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 13, 2006 A wholly-owned subsidiary of the state-owned Philippine National Oil Company with the mandate to: Explore, develop and accelerate the utilization and commercialization of … and carry on the business of alternative fuels and other related activities Engage in and carry on the business of petrochemicals in any and/or all its activities
  4. 4. PNOC-AFC Industrial Park 530-hectare EcoZone Location: Limay and Mariveles, Bataan 40 km west of Manila across Manila Bay and 140 km by land Fully integrated industrial complex: Raw and fire water distribution system Road network and drainage system Power distribution system 1.3 km feedstock pier/jetty with 12-meter deep sea berth Current locators: Philippine Resins Industries Inc. (polyvinyl chloride) NPC Alliance (polyethylene) Phoenix (polypropylene) Future locators: Biodiesel Processing Plants Central Biofuels Terminal Facility Coal-to-Liquids Plant
  5. 5. Jatropha Biodiesel Project MEGA BIODIESEL NURSERY PLANTATION PRODUCTION 1,500 hectares 700,000 hectares 1,000,000 MT/year (PNOC-AFC) (Partners) (Partners)
  6. 6. Jatropha Biodiesel Roadmap 2006 2006 2007 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009 2010 2010 2011 2011 Assessment and site selection for nursery and plantation sites (2006) Sourcing/inventory of planting materials (2006) Assessment of technology and market (2006-2007) Agreements with joint venture partners (2006-2008) Research and Development (2007-onwards) MEGA-NURSERY 1,500 hectares (provenance testing, seed production, model plantation, farming techniques, R&D) Seeds/Seedlings PLANTATION 140,000 has 250,000 has 310,000 has 700,000 hectares (2008-2010) Seeds 100,000 MT 400,000 MT 500,000 MT BIODIESEL PROCESSING 1 million metric tons (2009-2011) Biodiesel Market: Domestic and Export
  7. 7. Jatropha Biodiesel Project NURSERY NURSERY PLANTATION PLANTATION SEED SEED SEED SEED BIODIESEL BIODIESEL COLLECTION COLLECTION STORAGE & STORAGE & REFINERY REFINERY CENTER CENTER OIL EXPELLER OIL EXPELLER TYPES TYPES SEED COLLECTION 1. PNOC-AFC CENTER OIL MILL OIL MILL REFINERY REFINERY 1. PNOC-AFC Managed/ Managed / Supervised Supervised 2. Privately Owned/ Managed 2. LGU/ 3. LGU and Privately PNOC-AFC Owned 4. Others
  8. 8. Crucial Considerations Availability of seeds and seedlings Performance of local varieties (oil content, seed yield, adaptability to various climatic/soil conditions, varietal improvement, etc.) Land availability and uninterrupted long term use (social, political, ownership/claim issues) Labor (availability, trainability and long term arrangements)
  9. 9. Jatropha in the Philippines The Philippines has sufficient lands and favorable climatic conditions for growing Jatropha Potential area for plantation • 4 million hectares (captive plantation) • 1 million hectares (hedge plantation) 15 million hectares of forest areas (> 5 million denuded or logged out) evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year (particularly in Southern Philippines)
  10. 10. Expeditions Seeds/Seedlings Expeditions: Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Batangas, Laguna, Cavite, Quezon, Mindoro, Palawan, Camarines, Albay, Sorsogon, Masbate, Negros, Cebu, Samar, Leyte, Zamboanga, Bukidnon, Cagayan de Oro, Lanao, Misamis Oriental/Occidental, Davao, North/South Cotabato, Agusan del Norte, Surigao. Land Expeditions: Bukidnon, Misamis Oriental/ Occidental, Agusan del Norte/Sur, North/South Cotabato, Sarangani, General Santos, Lanao del Norte/Sur, Davao, Bataan, Zambales, Palawan, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Cebu, Bohol, Mindoro, Quezon
  11. 11. Project Sites INTEGRATED BIODIESEL PROJECT Nurseries/Seed Orchards/Model Plantations: - Fort Magsaysay (500 has) - Cagayan de Oro (500 has) LUZON - Quezon, Gen. Santos, Sarangani, Ozamis, Agusan Sur Plantations (700,000 has): - Military Reservations - Penal colonies VISAYAS - Private/ancestral lands - Government lands Biodiesel Plants (1 million MT/yr): - PNOC-AFC Industrial Park (Bataan) - Phividec Industrial Estate (Misamis Oriental) MINDANAO
  12. 12. Military Reservations Establishment and development of jatropha mega-nursery / model plantations in Fort Magsaysay, Nueva Ecija (500 has.) and other military reservations
  13. 13. Ancestral Lands Establishment and development of jatropha mega-nursery and model plantation in a 500-hectare ancestral land in Cagayan de Oro (Northern Mindanao) Land Preparation Nursery Intercropping
  14. 14. Ancestral Lands Nursery in Cagayan de Oro (Northern Mindanao)
  15. 15. Private Lands Palawan Sarangani
  16. 16. Private Lands General Santos City Bukidnon
  17. 17. Private Lands Negros Oriental
  18. 18. Research & Development Research Development Integrated R&D Program on Jatropha Curcas for Biodiesel PNOC-AFC; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD), and; University of the Philippines-Los Baños (UPLB) Project Components Germplasm management, varietal improvement and seed technology R&D Cost-effective propagation techniques for rapid multiplication Soil fertility management technologies Flowering and fruiting physiology Pest and disease management Enzyme bioetechnology for oil extraction Wastes and by-products de-toxification
  19. 19. Research & Development Project Accomplishment Preliminary evaluation on the jatropha curcas to improve its variety such as seed quality testing, storage and development of cost-effective propagation technique for rapid multiplication, flowering and fruiting management, application of enzyme biotechnology for oil extraction, among others.
  20. 20. Research & Development Jatropha species geographic distribution map 36 provinces, 170 municipalities, 279 villages 317 accessions of J. curcas 25 accessions being evaluated for the parental pool Other jatropha species: 38 accessions of J. gossypifolia 22 accessions of J. podagrica 8 accessions of J. multifida 17 accessions of J. pandurifolia/ hastata
  21. 21. Research & Development Summary of morpho-chemical characteristics 87 accessions of J. curcas Seed Data On-site Data Chemical Properties Length (cm): No. fruits/cluster: % Oil: 1.60 – 1.98 2 – 15 12.50 – 46.00 Width (cm): Tree Age: % FFA: 1.03 – 1.16 8 mos.; 20 – 70 yrs 0.00 – 42.28 Weight (g): Tree Vigor: 0.13 – 0.789 Low – High % MC: Mature leaf color: 2.87 – 10.00 Green to dark green
  22. 22. Research & Development % COMPOSITION SEED COLLECTION NO. NO. FRUITS/ WEIGHT % FFA % OIL CLUSTER (g)/10 seeds 1. MLHV/LSG 2007-0051 1.90 44.81 8-10 2. LSG/FSDCJ 2007-0071 7.29 0.00 38.00 Few 3. MLHV/LSG 2007-0065 7.12 1.21 38.00 4 4. LSG/LCR/LPDG 2007-0139 6.09 1.15 38.28 2 5. M 0.90 31.81 6. MLHV/LSG 2007-0064 7.89 2.24 38.00 6-8 7. SGB/LSG/LPDG-07-0275 6.88 0.24 32.30 Few 8. LSG/FSDCJ 2007-0098 6.83 1.34 35.35 Many 9. SGB/LSG/LPDG-07-0276 5.91 2.21 38.90 10. MLHV/LSG 2007-0056 6.44 0.00 31.00 8-10 11. MLHV/LSG 2007-0042 7.39 1.61 34.90 3-4 12. LSG/FSDCJ 2007-0078 6.25 5.28 36.00 Many 13. LSG/FSDCJ 2007-0076 5.49 17.46 46.00 3-5
  23. 23. Research & Development a b c d e (a) Physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) whole plant; (b) immature fruits; (c) excised seeds from immature fruits; (d) embryonic axes excised from immature seeds; and (e) seedlings germinated on Murashige and Skoog medium.
  24. 24. Research & Development Established extraction efficiencies Enzymatic Extraction Efficiency: 25-80% Mechanical Extraction Efficiency: 50-70% Transesterification Enzymatic ester yield: 89% Reduction of reaction time: 30 to 60 min By-product utilization High total Nitrogen and crude protein content of seed cake
  25. 25. Research & Development Pilot Production and Testing of Biodiesel from Jatropha Curcas PNOC-AFC and DOST (Philippine Council for Industry and Energy Research & Development, Industrial Technology Development Institute and Metals Industry Research & Development) Project Components Jatropha oil and methyl ester production and characterization Development of high-value by-products Performance testing of Jatropha Methyl Ester
  26. 26. Research & Development Project Accomplishments Started the fabrication of laboratory-scale prototype expeller Started construction of building that will house the facilities/equipment and laboratory for oil extraction and fuel testing
  27. 27. Research & Development Quality Biodiesel from Local Jatropha Seeds PNOC-AFC (supply of local jatropha seeds), Technological University of the Philippines (jatropha crude oil extraction) and Chemrez, Inc. (transesterification) Properties EN14214 ASTMD6751 JME Kinematic Viscosity at 40°C 3.5-5.0 1.9-6.0 4.35 Water and Sediment, %Vol 0.05 0.05 0.04 Iodine value 120 max - 100 %FFA As Oleic - - 0.35 Cold Filter Plug Point (°C) Country Report -2 report Cloud Point (°C) Report Report +1 Flash Point(°C) 120 min 130min 165 % Total Glycerine 0.24 max 0.24 max 0.16
  28. 28. Research & Development NON-EDIBLE OIL CROPS Aleurites trisperma, A. mollucana, A. triloba (Lumbang) 200-300 trees/ha; 5-20 tons of nuts/ha/yr; 30 to 80 kg of oil/tree; 6 to 20 tons oil/ha. Ricinus communis or castor plant (Tangan-Tangan) Seeds contain 45 to 50% oil; oil yield is about 1,200 to 2000 liters/ha. Pongamia pinnata (Bani) 27-36% oil; 9-90kg seed/ tree; 900-9,000 kg seed/ha (Source: James Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops, 1983)
  29. 29. In Closing Competitive Potential: labor, vast lands, climate, fertile soil, PNOC-AFC Industrial Park Goal: pursue (along with partners) 1 Million MT biofuel refining capacity and 700,000 hectares of plantation (expandable to 2 million hectares) Benefits: energy security and fuel diversification, reduction in air pollution, climate change mitigation, strengthen agriculture economy Social Impact: bring job opportunities to poverty- afflicted regions of the country Vision: lead the Philippines to the forefront of the Global Biofuels Industry
  30. 30. www.pnoc-afc.com.ph www.pnoc-afc.com.ph Alternative Fuels

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