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    College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Hawaii USA research news Aquaponics, hydroponics plus funding sources College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Hawaii USA research news Aquaponics, hydroponics plus funding sources Document Transcript

    • CTAHR ReseARCH News March 2010 Volume 6, Issue 3 (47) Special focus on aquaculture, hydroponics and aquaponics Clyde Tamaru stands behind a WCC modified “barrel-ponics” system growing taro.Water-based NIFA / AFRI Student, Kristenagriculture in CTAHR funding is Domingcil, wins announced education support
    • In this issue From the Associate Dean and Expanding aquaculture extension . .. . .. . .. . .. . p 3 Associate Director for Research W Aquaponics in the ith the Health Care Initiative programs into teams so that we can Pacific . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . p 8 passed out of the House, respond to these national priorities in the focus is now back on future years. Creating new fish foods . . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . p 10 how to control federal spending. The Linda and I are working on our Democrats have challenged the annual accomplishment report and the Optimizing shrimp Republicans to do away with special new Plan of Work. We went through harvesting. .. . .. . .. . .. . p 11 grants to private companies and the a major transition several years ago Republicans countered by proposing to in submitting our annual report and Non-circulating hydroponics . . .. . .. . .. . p 13 get rid of all special grants completely! where just starting to feel comfortable This line of discussion makes me very with the format, when all of a sudden a Aquaculture education p 15 nervous. Representative Young (R, FL) set of new directives reached us earlier has been the sponsor of the TSTAR this year. We are now required to add FCS APDM’s Kristen special grant program from the House the five new national priorities under Domingcil wins award p 17 side, while Senator Inouye does the the Agriculture and Food Research TSTAR update . . .. . .. . p 18 same from the Senate side. Rep. Initiative into our existing report and Young will no longer sponsor TSTAR for our Plan of Work. USDA is serious NIFA funds announced p 19 the next fiscal year! The reality of not with these new changes, and we need Open grants. . .. . .. . .. . p 20 having special grants for our research to adjust our programs to stay in the programs is getting closer each day. game. NIFA / AFRI deadlines p 22 We have substantially changed the We have chosen “aquaculture/ way we manage our special grants to aquaponics/hydroponics” as our Grants won .. . .. . .. . .. . p 26 soften the potential disruption of our theme for this month. We have New publications .. . .. . p 26 programs. However, it is also critical tried the theme format once before for us to increase our efforts to secure (Sustainability, January, 2009), and competitive grants from now on. would like to do more themes in Speaking of competitive grants, the coming months. Thanks to Dr. Clyde USDA released six RFA’s during the Tamaru of Molecular Biosciences and spring break. It is quite clear the USDA Bioengineering, for providing us the is pushing through a major effort to re- lead story. Samir Khanal, PingSun direct the national research agenda. Leung, Harry Ako, Spencer Malecha, We touched on this topic last month, and Bernie Kratky also contributed to and are following up with another this issue. piece to give more details on the AFRI As USDA moves to fund largerCTAHR competitive programs. I encourage our team-oriented grants it is critical thatOffice of Research faculty to read the specific RFA which we have various academic teamsCollege of Tropical Agriculture matches your research program. It is in place so we hope that this themeand Human Resources clear that we need to be active in writing format will help our faculty members3050 Maile Way and submitting proposals to these form collaborative teams. See youGilmore Hall 202 programs. If your research does not fall next month!University of Hawaii at Manoa under one of the five priorities areas, itHonolulu, HI 96822 USA will have to fit under the “Foundationalph 808.956.4142 Science” program. Note that eachfx 808.956.9150 program is required to spend at leastresearch@ctahr.hawaii.edu 30% on integrated projects, which is awww.ctahr.hawaii.edu code word for research projects with an C.Y. Hu extension or educational component. Associate DeanCRN staff Dr. Linda Cox and I will work together and AssociateJames R. Hollyer to organize our research and extension Director forSharee Pepper ResearchCTAHR Research News 2 March 2010
    • Expanding and diversifying CTAHR’saquaculture extension and outreachcapacityBy Clyde TamaruAquaculture SpecialistDepartment of Molecular Biosciences and Biological EngineeringGorilla ogo removal from Waikalua Fishpond.B ecoming a member of CTAHR’s faculty has both locally, nationally and internationally. Aquaculture been one of the most positive career moves extension is alive and well in CTAHR and continues that I have experienced and cannot thank my to make a positive impact on the aquaculture industry,new family enough for all of their support during the fastest growing segment in diversified agriculturethese challenging times. Aquaculture extension in in Hawaii that posted a record $34.7 million in salesCTAHR was just a breath away of being extinguished for 2008.in the beginning of 2009 due to budget shortfalls.Working with Wayne Nishijima (now retired), MBBE Hawaiian Fishponds Loko I‘aDepartment Chair Harry Ako, and support from C.Y. It should be no surprise that some of our extensionHu and Dean Andy Hashimoto, an academic home efforts focus around Hawaiian fishponds. Hawaii’sin MBBE and a small amount of Smith Lever funding long standing history in aquaculture practices dateformed a cornerstone to build from. What a difference back to ancient times with the creation and operationa year would make and like the mythical phoenix rising of walled Hawaiian Fishponds found throughout ourfrom the ashes, our team currently includes two half islands. Today these ponds are icons to the concept oftime junior extension agents (Kathleen McGovern- “sustainability” and is particularly true when includedHopkins MBBE and RuthEllen Klinger-Bowen as part of the ancient ahupua‘a system, the basic self-MBBE), two research associates (Karen Brittain and sustaining unit that is shaped by the island’s geography.Benjamin “Bo” Alexander HIMB) and a post doctoral MBBE Junior Extension agent, Kathleen McGovern-scholar (Bradley “Kai” Fox MBBE) engaged in a Hopkins along with myself and a dedicated group ofvariety of aquaculture research and extension activities volunteers assists in the implementation of a State DOECTAHR Research News 3 March 2010
    • Comparison of various larval fish stages of C. fisheri, C. resplendens and their hybrid.standards based fishpond curriculum (Kahea Loko:The Marine OrnamentalsCall of The Pond). The lessons are designed around The ornamental trade in freshwater and marinethe use of Hawaiian fishponds as an educational tool organisms relies on a combination of cultured andthat empowers Hawaii’s students to learn about the host collected specimens and spans the whole gambit ofculture, science and values such as stewardship (Malama plants, invertebrates and vertebrates. Advances inI Ka ‘Aina). Each year some 3,500 students and other the artificial propagation of the various species hasvisitors participate in educational programs that take led to the belief that culturing marine organismsplace at Waikalua loko located in Kaneohe Bay. These can alleviate some of the fishing pressure on wildprograms, however, remain threatened largely because stocks and also create small or large-scale industries.the fishpond is privately owned by local developers. Latest estimates are that 90 – 95% of the freshwaterWith support from the U.S. Department of Housing and species and only 5% of the marine species are farmed.Urban Development (HUD) our partners, Windward Propagating ornamentals has an added value thatCommunity College, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, is often overlooked. It is an opportunity to expandand the Pacific American Foundation are working the basic knowledge of many biological aspectstowards acquiring Waikalua fishpond. The impact of of a species that would otherwise be difficult if notthe acquisition would be for the fishpond to remain in impossible to obtain. Nowhere is this more evidentperpetuity as an educational and cultural resource for than with the work being done by Frank Baenschall of the people of these islands and for generations to at his home in Kaimuki. Founder of Reef Culturecome. Technologies he has successfully propagated 10 species of marine angelfishes that were once thoughtCTAHR Research News 4 March 2010
    • Bradley Fox (right) provides training for the State Hospital staff at Windward Community College Aquaculture Complex.to be impossible to produce in captivity (see: http:// Extension and Outreachwww.rcthawaii.com/). Because of his pioneering work In addition to our usual responses to technical assistanceaspects of their reproductive and early life histories have by the aquaculture community, our working group hasnow been documented. In turn, he supports his efforts been bombarded with requests for technical assistanceby marketing his outputs, some of which command in utilizing aquaponic technologies in backyard orexceptionally high prices (e.g., $5,000 for a single commercial settings. Fortunately our team, which hasindividual). Frank’s association with CTAHR began a substantial amount of aquaculture expertise, can alsowith obtaining his Master’s degree with advisor Doug draw on the considerable amount of plant expertiseVincent of HNFAS. I serve as his advisor as he works present in CTAHR’s research and extension facultythrough MBBE and an MOU with Nagasaki University (e.g., Bernard Kratky TPSS, Theodore Radovichwhere he plans to attain his doctorate via their Ronpaku TPSS, Jari Sugano CES, Jim Hollyer ADAP) andprogram. This is the same degree program I obtained the hard work of graduate and undergraduate studentsmy Ph.D. through the University of Tokyo. The major (Adam Baker MBBE, Jensen Uyeda TPSS, andrequirement is publication of his work in peer reviewed Marissa Lee MBBE). Based on the research outputsjournals that must be listed in the Citation Index. His of Harry Ako, Adam Baker MBBE and personalmost recent accomplishment is the hybridization of experiences of Bradley Fox MBBE since Novembertwo pygmy angelfishes, Centropyge fisheri and C. 2009 we have been able to provide two informationalresplendens. Academically, the results show a much workshops on Oahu and one on Maui with our Seacloser biological relationship than what you expect Grant counterpart Robert Howerton that in total drewfor two separate species. The results are of practical over 300 participants. Outcomes of the workshopsvalue because he has shown that a cultured product is have been an ever increasing number of individualsstill obtainable by substituting the rare and valuable establishing aquaponic and hydroponic systems both inindividual with a more easily obtainable species. their backyards and also in commercial settings (e.g.CTAHR Research News 5 March 2010
    • Fred Lau) on Oahu. Anticipated impacts will be the to be used to sustain the operation by having patients,realization of a decreased dependence of imported food working with staff, producing fresh fish and vegetablesitems improving our ability to be self sustainable. to supply their cafeteria and opening micro-enterprises One of our more interesting projects is a work in within the hospital. If all goes well marketing outsideprogress with Tiffany Kawaguchi and staff from the of the hospital is also a possibility.State Hospital who plan to use a combination of static A real challenge for Hawaii’s aquaponic systems ishydroponic and aquaponic systems as ‘Horticultural that tilapia is the preferred species for culture becauseTherapy’ for patients. The therapeutic benefits of of its tolerance to water quality conditions that normallygardening have been recognized since humans first occur in these types of systems. Local acceptance ofcultivated plants, but there is now a growing professional tilapia as a valued farmed product has been painfullypractice linking gardening to numerous, wide-ranging slow in coming as it has the dubious reputation of beinghealth benefits. In order to meet the needs of Hawaii’s the “Ala Wai” fish and one of the more serious invasiveunique culture, hospital staff have developed a Hawaiian species that are now established in Hawaii. OurGarden class which helps their clients recover from working group has been collaborating with Ilima Hothe effects of substance use and mental illness through and members of the Waimanalo Homestead Associationcreating individualized, meaningful activities that along with Sam Moku (DHHL) by providing assistancefosters physical, cognitive, social, and emotional growth in establishing aquaponic systems with a focus onand the learning of Hawaiian values. The challenges growing taro in these systems. It is easy to get folksof transferring technology is being accomplished by excited about growing taro in these units as the conceptour working group but fiscal constraints are being of having your own source of fresh fish and poi in yourovercome in the true spirit of Aloha and Kokua from own backyard is very attractive. However, it is a bita variety of groups and individuals that include C.N. of a challenge getting folks past the stigma that theLee HNFAS, Joe Blanco (former UH Board of Regents fish component is going to be tilapia even if you grewChair), Jimmy Yamada Jr., (CEO of A-l A-Lectrician it yourself. Work being done to improve the imageand leader of GS Foundation) and Stan Kodama of home grown tilapia by our aquaculture partners,(Waimanalo Feeds). Production units have recently Todd Low (Department of Agriculture’s Aquaculturebeen completed and anticipated production outputs are Development Program) and Ron Weidenbach (Hawaii Additions of aquaponic growout beds at Fred Lau’s nursery operation in Mililani.CTAHR Research News 6 March 2010
    • Deep fried tilapia that you can eat bones and all. Baked tilapia.Fresh Fish Company), include featuring farmed tilapia as fried tilapia (my personal favorite) were creations thata main course by well known chefs such as Alan Wong. were enjoyed by all. Increase in aquaponic producersAt the aquaponics workshop held for the Waimanalo may have a farther reaching impact if tilapia becomesHomestead Association we provided farmed tilapia an accepted fresh fish for the local community as it willthat was prepared by the organizers of the workshop to be cause for further expansion of Hawaii’s aquacultureparticipants. The expression “broke da mouth” kind of industry. All of these efforts should lead to an increasesums up the response that we got for the tilapia dishes in the ability to locally produce our own food and thesuch as tilapia crab cakes, Chinese style steamed tilapia, realization of CTAHR’s commitment to creating abeer batter tilapia tempura, baked tilapia in mayonnaise sustainable future for our island communities.stuffed with lopchong, tilapia in miso soup and deep Clyde S. Tamaru Baensch, F. and C.S. Tamaru. 2009. Spawning and development of eggs, larvae and juveniles of the Hometown: Kailua, Hawaii rare Pomacanthid, Centropyge debelius (1988), Joined CTAHR: 2009 in the hatchery. J. World Aquaculture Society, Vol.40(4):425-439. Educational History: B.S., Biology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1976; Hollyer, J., C.S., Tamaru, A. Riggs, R. Klinger-Bowen, R. M.S., Zoology, University of Hawaii Howerton, D. Okimoto, L. Castro, T. Ron, B. K. Fox, at Manoa, 1981; Ph.D., Faculty of V. Troegner and G. Martinez. 2009. On-Farm food Agriculture, Department of Fisheries, safety: Aquaponics. College of Tropical Agriculture University of Tokyo, 1988. and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa. Food Safety Technology, July 2009 Specialization: Aquaculture FST-37. 8 pp. Current Work: Developing hatchery and growout Recent Grants technologies for a variety of freshwater and marine fish Collaborative Effort for Utilizing Biofuel Byproducts. species. Providing technical assistance to aquaculture Agreement No. 58-5320-8-392 (Amendment 01) with stakeholders statewide. USDA-ARS. $200,000 Language Spoken: English Purchase of Waikalua Loko Fishpond (Acquisition of Real Property) U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Recent Publications Development. $799,000 Campora, C.E. , C. S. Tamaru, Y. Hokama , B. Anderson and D. Vincent. 2010. Evaluating the Risk of Sustainable Aquaculture for Food Security in Hawaii: Ciguatera Fish Poisoning from Reef Fish Grown Survey and Improvement of Farm Production and Post at Marine Aquaculture Facilities in Hawai’i. World Harvest Practices for Biosecurity and Food Safety. Aquaculture Society. Vol: 41(1):1-10. Department of Commerce, National Oceanographic Atmospheric Administration. $153,146CTAHR Research News 7 March 2010
    • Aquaponics in the Pacific: studies usinga Nutrient Flux approachBy Harry Ako, Researcher, and Adam Baker, Graduate StudentDepartment of Molecular Biosciences and BioengineeringExperimental trays of lettuce displayed at the Governor’s Aquaculture Week Proclamation held at Magoon AgriculturalResearch Station. Adam Baker (left) is speaking to Governor Linda Lingle (in lei) and Harry Ako (green shirt) is chattingwith UHM Chancellor Virginia Hinshaw (in pink).I nitial interest was to develop an aquaponics system seats for our workshop held in November of 2009. for the Pacific Islands. Such systems would grow Attendees included folks interested in a more sustainable a cash crop such as lettuce for sale to restaurants living that included a group of Hawaiian Homesteadersand would also grow fish which are prized by local seeking a greener, more sustainable lifestyle and someresidents as food. Fish would be fed and would release dirt and hydroponics farmers interested in expandingmetabolites in the water. These metabolites would be into aquaponics.converted to non-toxic nutrients by bacteria in the water We reviewed the literature before we started ourand would be transferred to plants where they would research and found that after 15 years of research therenourish the plants. A demonstration of this system were no commercial aquaponics producers. This waswas displayed at the Governor’s Aquaculture Week taken to indicate that something was lacking in theProclamation in May of 2009 (photo). When enough research and this lack had to be remedied. However, wepreliminary data was generated, we initially planned also found much of the lettuce we eat are produced bya small workshop for interested fellow aquaculturists. hydroponics or growing plants in fertilized water. WhenHowever, we were surprised when 205 people reserved we began our research, we leaned heavily on colleaguesCTAHR Research News 8 March 2010
    • realizing that multidisciplinary research saves time and is needed to produce lettuce that greatly simplifies theeffort. We began by consulting Tropical Plant and Soil design of an aquaponic system. Several growth trialsScience colleagues Professors Bernie Kratky and Kent verified that lettuce plants grew as well aquaponicallyKobayashi. We also leaned heavily on Ray Uchida’s as hydroponically when fish water met these nutritionalAgricultural Diagnostic Service Center for Inductively specifications. Lettuce plants were harvested at weightsCoupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP- (minus roots) of between 175-325 g per plant. LargerAES). lettuce plants were obtained in the summer when Lettuce plants Lactuca sativa were provided a measured light levels were higher and smaller plantsfertilizer whose composition reflected a consensus were obtained in the winter when sunlight was less.among hydroponics scientists. The nutrients taken up Thus, we were able to report on the development ofover time were quantified by ICP–AES. An accurate an inexpensive, maintenance-free aquaponics systemassessment of nutrient needs was obtained and was and shared our results at the Governor’s Aquaculturetested by modifying concentrations in hydroponic Week Proclamation held at Magoon Agriculturesolutions and observing whether lettuce plants grew as Research Station in May of 2009. It is suited forpredicted or whether the hypothesized nutrient needs transfer to remote Pacific Islands and also for Hawaiiwere inaccurate. The model was to provide fish water, among aquaponics farmers and backyarders interested20 L at a time, one time a day to trays growing 48 lettuce in a more sustainable lifestyle. Schools are using it toplants. teach the science involved with the nitrogen cycle to Next, tilapia Oreochromis sp. were stocked in children. One challenge has been to provide CTAHR-200 L shaded tanks that were vigorously aerated and quality extension assistance to stakeholders in a timelyprovided with a biofilter. Shading was intended to manner because of the large number of requests.prevent microalgae from growing and using up plant The assistance must be clear and concise, but mostnutrients. Vigorous aeration was intended to provide important, based on very sound research. There areoxygen to the fish which, on hindsight, would be grown similar systems other members of the team developedat high density (e.g., 20 kg/m3). The biofilter would and our iteration has only one electrical component, anconvert toxic nitrogen metabolites to non-toxic nitrate air pump to oxygenate the water for fish and minimizeplant fertilizer. In the experiments, fish biomass and denitrification (loss of nitrate fertilizer as nitrogenfeed inputs were increased and fish water chemical gas) in the fish tank. Preliminary experiments byprofiles were determined, again by ICP–AES. Fish Bradley Fox MBBE and Clyde Tamaru MBBE arewater suitable for 48 lettuce plants harvested once every yielding revolutionary results for the cultivation of5-6 weeks was obtained when 2.3–2.5 kg of tilapia kalo Colocasia esculenta. Aquaponics growth of thiswere fed 40–59 g of feed/day. This water contained species seems to be occurring faster than when usingbenchmark levels of 44–49 mg/L nitrate nitrogen. The traditional wet and dry methods and an area that is incritical result was defining the lower density of fish that need of much future research. Large scale lettuce experiments in Manoa.CTAHR Research News 9 March 2010
    • Converting biofuel residues intoprotein-rich fish feedBy Samir Kumar KhanalAssistant ProfessorDepartment of Molecular Biosciences and BioengineeringH awaii is a highly energy dependent state in Freeze-dried the United States. There is a significant effort biomass cultivated on towards increasing Hawaii’s local production vinasse.of energy and food for the islands’ sustainability.The major challenge of producing renewable energy,especially biofuel (bioethanol and biodiesel), in Hawaiiis the cost of production. The biofuel plants also producea significant amount of low-value by-products (such asstillage/vinasse from bioethanol plants and glycerinefrom biodiesel plants). It is important to realize that thedays of cheap oil import to Hawaii is going to come toan end within the foreseeable future. We must becomeless dependent on import of energy as well as food. Ourresearch focus is to convert low-value biofuel residuesinto high-value products, like protein-rich fish feed substitute for imported fish feed from locally availableingredients, which could provide additional revenue feedstocks could reduce the fish production costto the biofuel plants. The project aims at providing greatly. Hawaii’s largest producer of biodiesel, Pacificlocally produced ingredients to aquaculture enterprises Biodiesel, uses waste cooking oil to produce biodiesel.in the Pacific islands. Glycerine produced by the plant is a major residue to The cost of commercial feed accounts for 40 deal with. Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar Companyto 60% of the total fish production costs. The high has to address a byproduct called vinasse that resultsfeed cost is impacting the aquaculture enterprises in from bioethanol production process. Both sourcesour islands. Thus, producing an alternative protein are rich in organic carbon and nutrients. Our research looks at growing a protein-rich edible fungus, Rhizopus microsporus, on these residues. The fungal biomass contains 45 to 50% crude protein with significantly high amounts of amino acids such as arginine and threonine. With the establishment of a protein stream, the fungal biomass can be readily processed into a product that could substitute fish or shrimp feed. We envision that the process may eventually be used to produce high-grade edible fungus, as a dietary protein supplement for humans. Research collaborators are Clyde Tamaru, Harry Ako and Jon-Paul Bingham (MBBE), and Warren Dominy (Oceanic Institute).Samir Khanal (right) and Saoharit Nitayavardhana (Ph.D. student)discussing the fungal project in the lab.CTAHR Research News 10 March 2010
    • Shrimp partial harvesting decisionsupport systemBy PingSun Leung, Economist Lotus Kam, Post-docDepartment of Natural Resources and Environmental Management Department of Molecular Biosciences and BioengineeringRun Yu, Assistant Researcher Paul Bienfang, ResearcherDepartment of Molecular Biosciences and Bioengineering UHM OceanographyI n shrimp culture and many other aquaculture systems, with the ability to determine the most efficient partial an entire crop is usually harvested at one time, i.e., harvesting scheme that maximizes the returns from single batch harvesting. However, since growth and farming operations, subject to market and demandsurvival are density-dependent, single-batch harvesting conditions. The concept behind this model views thecan lead to competitive pressures that lower individual entire production cycle as a series of growout phases.growth and increase mortalities. In comparison to single At the end of each phase, the crop can be either partiallybatch harvesting, a partial harvesting approach can or completely extracted. Hence, the optimizationenhance growth procedure needsrates and total to compareyield since the many possiblereduction in total combinationsbiomass reduces of the harvestcompetitive schemes forpressure. In partial each growoutharvesting, a crop phase within thecan be partially- production cycle.harvested so that This is exactlyonly a portion the formidableof the crop is challenge thatextracted. A is faced by anynumber of pilot farm productionexperiments m a n a g e rand analytical consideringstudies have p a r t i a ldemonstrated harvesting. Withthe promising the aid of a PCpotential of partial harvesting in enhancing the and readily available computational program (MSproductivity and profitability of growout facilities in Excel with Solver), the PHDSS identifies the bestintensive shrimp culture. However, the implementation partial harvesting strategy that meets the managerialof partial harvesting in practical operation is not easy, due objective of the aqua-farm in a matter of a few minutes.to its complex nature. To assist aquafarmers, especially The robustness of the PHDSS has been successfullythe shrimp producers to explore the potential of partial validated through several case studies. The PHDSSharvesting for their farming system, a decision support is flexible enough to handle a variety of managerialsystem has been developed with funding support from conditions and objectives. It is a useful managementthe Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture tool for determining the harvesting strategy for(CTSA), USDA. aquaculture operations. Additional expert opinions The partial harvesting decision support system might be necessary in the practical use of the PHDSS.(PHDSS) is designed to provide the aqua-farmers Nevertheless, the system adds a new facet to the aqua-CTAHR Research News 11 March 2010
    • Main Menumanagers’ toolkit that assists them with complex and its user’s manual can be retrieved from the CTSA’smanagement decisions relating to partial harvesting. web-site at http://www.ctsa.org/PublicationList.aspx. The PHDSS is available to anyone upon request Results 56 61CTAHR Research News 12 March 2010
    • Non-circulating hydroponic methods forgrowing vegetablesBy Bernie KratkyHorticulturistDepartment of Tropical Plant and Soil SciencesH ow would you grow high quality vegetables if transplanted into a tapered growing medium plug which you don’t have soil or if your soil is infested is supported by the neck of the bottle. The lower 2 cm with diseases or nematodes or if you don’t of the plug is immersed in the nutrient solution. Thiswant to spend time and effort for weed control? moistens the entire medium in the plug by capillary Consider growing with a simple hydroponic method. action, thus automatically watering the young plant.Hydroponics generally refers to growing plants using Plant growth causes the nutrient solution level tonutrient solution (fertilizer + water) in situations where decrease and creates an expanding moist air space. Thea sterile growing medium is employed instead of soil extending root system is capable of absorbing nutrientas a substrate for roots. Non-circulating or passive solution from the bottle even after the liquid level dropshydroponic methods may be designed to utilize water below the growing medium. Roots occupying theand fertilizer very efficiently. These systems avoid the moist air space above the solution have been describedadditional production costs and complexities associated as oxygen roots whose main function is aeration;with mechanical aeration and circulation including the these roots experience vigorous lateral and branchingneed for electrical power and pumps which are required growth. Roots extending into the nutrient solutionin many conventional hydroponic systems. The most are considered to be water and nutrient roots that havecommon non-circulating hydroponic techniques limited elongation capabilities, because the oxygeninvolve suspended pot, floating topcover and sub- content of the nutrient solution becomes progressivelyirrigation methods. lower with depth. The nutrient solution level should The suspended pot method is a powerful technique not be raised, because submerging the oxygen roots willfor growing short-term vegetables such as lettuce cause the plants to ‘drown’. Lettuce may be harvestedbecause the entire crop can be grown with only an at about 5 to 7 weeks from seeding. Other small-scaleinitial application of water and nutrients. After planting embodiments of this method include growing 3 lettuceor transplanting, no additional labor is required until plants on a 20-liter plastic bucket with a lid or 6 lettuce harvesting. plants on a plastic storage container or an ice chest. The most basic system consists of a 2-liter plastic bottle which is nearly filled with water after 3 grams of a complete hydroponic granular fertilizer are added. Lettuce is seeded orGrowing lettuce in a 2-liter plastic bottle Big Island grower Hank Schultz demonstrates hiswith a suspended pot, non-circulating commercial-scale, non-circulating hydroponic lettucehydroponic method. growing operation.CTAHR Research News 13 March 2010
    • CTAHR Research Technician Eric Magno harvests Growing tomatoes by a sub-irrigation hydroponic method.hydroponically-grown watercress. Commercial lettuce growers emulate this method any attention at which time it is harvested. A ratoonby lining lumber tanks with polyethylene and covering crop of watercress may be harvested after about onethem with a polystyrene sheet or similar material. The month. Then, the tank is drained and the whole growingtank is nearly filled with water prior to transplanting. process is repeated.Two fertilizer stock solutions are added to prepare Crops requiring large amounts of water such asa nutrient solution. No additional watering and tomatoes (usually more than 100 liters per plant) andfertilization are needed for the crop. Lettuce seedlings other long-term vegetables are often grown with someare transplanted into 5 cm net pots which are then version of a sub-irrigation method. Fertilizers may besupported by the tank cover. The lower portion of injected into the irrigation water or nutrient solutionthe net pots is immersed in the nutrient solution. By stored in elevated tanks may flow to growing tanksharvest time, the nutrient solution level may drop 6 to by gravity feed. In a typical production tank, growing12 cm. A 200 gram lettuce plant typically consumes containers are immersed in or suspended slightly aboveonly about 3-6 liters of nutrient solution. Leafy or semi- a constant level (5 cm) of nutrient solution throughouthead lettuce is ready for harvest in about 5 weeks from the life of the crop. Remarkably, even root crops liketransplanting depending upon the season and cultivar. edible ginger and taro have been successfully grown byGrowers usually harvest and replant on the same day, various sub-irrigation methods.thus maintaining full capacity of the tanks. Mosquitoes may breed and multiply in non- Watercress may be grown by a floating topcover circulated nutrient solution and become a healthmethod. Growing tanks are filled with nutrient menace as well as a nuisance to workers, so mosquitosolution. Holes for 5-cm net pots are cut in a 1.2 cm- control must often be practiced when growing withthick extruded polystyrene board which is placed in non-circulating hydroponic systems.the tank and floats on the nutrient solution. Net pots Educators may use these inexpensive methods toare filled with a peat-perlite growing medium. They teach students about plant growing concepts and willare supported by the floating polystyrene boards. The be happy to learn that there is no need for weekendbottoms of the net pots are immersed in the nutrient watering! Gardeners may use these methods to growsolution. This moistens the growing medium in the vegetables in rainshelters, on lanais and under thecontainers by capillary action, thus automatically overhangs of buildings. Researchers may conductwatering and fertilizing the plants. Approximately nutritional studies, test pesticides and produce seed10-20 watercress seeds are sown on the surface of the with these methods. Farmers may grow high qualitygrowing medium in the net pot with a shaker-type tube crops with non-circulating hydroponic methods.seeder. Seeds usually germinate within 3 days andwatercress continues to grow for 4 to 6 weeks withoutCTAHR Research News 14 March 2010
    • Undergraduate aquaculture educationBy Spencer MalechaProfessorDepartment of Human Nutrition, Food and Animal SciencesA n active undergraduate aquaculture curriculum is conducted in the Department of HNFAS which includes the only aquaculture coursesoffered at UH Manoa. An aquaculture certificateprogram is planned so that undergraduate studentswill have a “major” to focus on. The lecture formattedcourse, Aquaculture Production (AnSci/Ocn 450),is popular throughout the campus with students inCTAHR, Environmental Sciences, Marine Biology andother disciplines because it provides a comprehensivecoverage of the basic theory and practice of all themajor aquaculture animal groups. In AnSci/Ocn 450we “go around the world” with Google Earth to studyexamples of aquaculture systems, many from mytravel, consulting, and business experience. All courses Aquaculture Laboratory (AnSci 465L) student, Austinare “paperless”: all class material is posted on the class Stankus, determines Ammonia, Nitrite, Nitrate, and pH levels in aquaponics and closed recirculation systemLaulima web sites. I welcome readers to visit these water as part of class activities on materials balance.sites by contacting me (SMal1113@aol.com) with theiremail address and I will give you a visitor password. and Entrpeneurship course (AnSci 490), I use the actual business documents from my commercial experience to teach students to write a commercial business plan for an aquaculture business which includes assessments of markets and competition, sales strategy, mission statements and objectives, financial analysis, staffing, intellectual property and technology development, leases, land acquisition, and production plans. In the Aquaculture Laboratory course (AnSci 465L) students do all hands-on work using commercial methods on a variety of live animals. Both full strength seawater and freshwater systems have been set up in theStudent Aquaponics Project in Aquaculture Production St. John teaching laboratory and outdoor tanks. AnSciLaboratory (AnSci 465L). Tank contains Asian catfish that 465L is intensive and is not a dry lab! Students mustsupport lettuce, strawberries, herbs, tomatoes, duckweed,and other plants. tend to their animals in shifts every day, seven days a week. They culture the larvae and juveniles stages of the freshwater prawn, marine shrimp, rainbow trout, AnSci/Ocn 450 is taught in the Fall and is a and Asian catfish which come from females they spawnprerequisite to the follow-on courses taught in the with hormonal methods. Students learn how to makeSpring. The Biology and Culture of Freshwater Prawns and apply the food for these life forms. AnSci 465Land Marine Shrimp course (AnSci 460) is designed as students also set-up and operate a closed recirculationa follow-up to AnSci/Ocn 450 for students interested in and aquaponics system and conduct water qualitya more in-depth study of certain aspects of freshwater testing. Here they learn the nutrient material flow basisprawn and shrimp culture. In the Aquaculture Business for biological filtration and successful plant aquaponicsCTAHR Research News 15 March 2010
    • Left: Aquaculture Laboratory (AnSc 465L) students (left to right) Jason Chow, Koi Lorence, Lori Nitahara, and MelanieIwaishi set-up a commercial trout hatchery module for rearing trout eggs to the “swim-up” stage. Right: “sac fry” (larvalfish with egg sac attached) being raised by AnSc 465L students.production. Outdoor shrimpand fish tanks are used to studycritical standing crop theory andpractice and animal growth. As an example of studentresearch in AnSci 499:Undergraduate Research,which flows from the otherHNFAS aquaculture courses,Jenilee Dowda, a recent HNFASundergraduate (Dec. 2009)presented her research work onlow temperature tolerance inthe freshwater prawn at annualmeetings of the U.S. FreshwaterPrawn and Shrimp GrowersAssociation (North Carolina, “Tropical” freshwater prawns being held at 170 C in a stupor for three months2008; Mississippi, 2009). Her with no feeding, filtration, aggression and movement in a prototype “liveresearch was so well received warehousing” system designed and operated by AnSci 499 researchby the industry that she was undergraduate HNFAS student Jenilee Dowda.invited to work with producersand extension agents to furtherdevelop low temperature livewarehouse technology.CTAHR Research News 16 March 2010
    • FCS APDM undergrad, KristenDomingcil, receives a UHM summerresearch award - congrats!!CTAHR Research News 17 March 2010
    • Update on 2010 T-STAR programBy Po-Yung LaiSpecial Program Director for Grants and ContractsT he RFP guidelines for the 2010 TSTAR grant submitted under Category IV were coincidently further were sent to faculty of the Pacific Basin broken down into 6 subcategories including economic institutions on September 4, 2009. The deadline analysis (3), modeling agricultural land (1), marketingfor submission of Letters of Intent was on Friday, (1), aquaculture (2), livestock (3), and value-addedOctober 2, 2009 and the deadline for submission of production (4).proposals was on Friday, October 30, 2009. A total of 50 The comments and scores provided by theproposals with a total requested budget of $8,678,135 reviewers were submitted to the TSTAR Pacific Basinwere submitted, of which, 43 were from Hawaii, 5 Administrative Group (PBAG) for reference in makingfrom Guam, 1 from American Samoa and 1 from its decisions on the final selections of proposals forPalau. Based on the categories identified by the PDs funding. After much discussion and considerationin their respective Letters of Intent, the 51 submitted at the PBAG meeting held on February 25-26, 2010,proposals were grouped into four categories as follows: a total of 17 (34%) proposals, out of the 50 eligible18 proposals in Category I (Plant Protection), 9 in proposals submitted, were selected for funding; ofCategory II (Plant Biotechnology), 9 in Category III which, 13 (77%) proposals were from Hawaii, 3 (18%)(Soil, Water & Environment), and 14 in Category IV from Guam and 1 (6%) from American Samoa. These(Others). proposals were further broken down on the basis of Among the four categories, Categories I and the four categories as follows: 5 (30%) proposals inII focused more on specific disciplinary areas; the Category I (Plant Protection), 3 (18%) in Category IIformer on Plant Protection related subjects including (Plant Biotechnology), 4 (24%) in Category III (Soil/plant pathology, nematology and entomology and the Water/Environment), and 5 (30%) in Category IVlatter on Plant Biotechnology. Setting up scientific (Others). Of the $3,107,035 available in FY2010, a totalreview panels for these two categories was easier. of $2,986,817 was allocated to fund the 17 proposalsHowever, Categories III and IV are different, focusing for two years in FY2010 and FY2011.on diverse subject areas; the former on Soil, Water In anticipation of Congressional appropriationand Environment and the latter on Others, including for the continued funding of the TSTAR program inaquaculture, livestock, nutrition, food technology and FY2011, the PBAG has decided to move up the decisionmarketing or economically related subjects. Inviting making schedule to mid-November 2010. As such, thequalified scientists to serve on the review panels for RFP for TSTAR proposals for FY2011 will also havethese two categories was difficult. To illustrate the to be moved up accordingly. Tentatively, the RFP isdiversity of Categories III and IV, the 9 proposals scheduled to be sent out in August or September 2010.submitted under Category III were further broken down Since the TSTAR review process is quite competitive,into 6 subcategories with the number of proposals in faculty are urged to start early when preparing theirparenthesis, including soil (2), water (1), environment proposals for submission to meet the relatively short(2), green roof technology (1), waste management turnaround time in FY2011.(2), and biofuel (1). Similarly, the 14 proposalsCTAHR Research News 18 March 2010
    • USDA/NIFA releases new RFAsBy CY HuAssociate Dean and Director for ResearchN ational Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA, announcement, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE formerly CSREES) released its Agriculture and which allows you to Food Research Initiative (AFRI) Competitive provide feedbackPrograms RFA on March 22. Starting this year, NIFA directly to NIFA.will have only seven RFA’s for its AFRI competitive The link to readprograms. Six were released last week, and the NIFA the RFA’s is here: |NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTUREfellowship program will be released in April. USDA has http://www.nifa.increased substantially the size of the AFRI competitive usda.gov/funding/grant programs. AFRI has received a total of $262 rfas/afri_rfa.html.million for this year’s programs. After taking 4% as As I mentionedNIFA’s overhead, the balance is distributed among the last month, Dr.following seven programs: Roger Beachy, NIFA Director, has 1. Foundational Science - $64 million issued a statement that NIFA will focus its research and resources on a limited number of initiatives, and they 2. Childhood Obesity Prevention - $25 million are now formally established in the five RFA’s. All 3. Climate Change - $55 million other subjects will be covered under the “Foundational Science” RFA. Individual faculty members with 4. Global Food Security - $19 million research appointments should concentrate their research 5. Food Safety - $20 million effort in one of these areas. As Dr. Beachy indicated, we cannot afford to spread our research effort too thin and 6. Sustainable Bioenergy - $40 million we need to concentrate on a smaller number of projects and show some concrete impacts in a short period of 7. NIFA Fellowship - $6 million, to be announced time. Dr. Beachy has also mandated that we submit in April our annual Plan of Work and annual accomplishmentMany of the awards designated as targeting societal reports to include these five priory areas starting thischallenges will be larger in size and longer in duration year. Dr. Linda Cox and I have already re-alignedthan awards in previous years (with funding up to our research and extension efforts to meet this new$45 million over a five-year award period) and some requirement in our report. It is clear that we need togrants will be eligible for renewal upon achieving shift our research focus to be more in alignment withspecific goals. NIFA expects that such grants will the national priorities so that we increase our chanceestablish collaborations among multiple institutions of getting more competitive grant money. Dr. Beachyand organizations and will integrate basic and applied also strongly suggested that we consider shifting ourresearch with deliberate education or extension formula fund research to match national priorities.programs. NIFA will post a series of webinars focused Therefore, it is critical that we begin the conversationon the individual RFAs to provide an overview of the to respond to these changes at the national level.program areas. Visit www.nifa.usda.gov/afri for more The new book published by the NAS titled “A Newinformation. Biology for the 21st Century” is a must read for all of us, Since these are brand new RFA’s, I strongly as this is the book Dr. Roger Beachy is using as the roadrecommend that you carefully read those that are most map to direct the NIFA programs. You can download aclosely related to your research program. Many RFAs also free copy at the National Academy of Sciences websiterequire a Letter of Intent, the majority of which are due at: http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12764.in April or early May. Please note the stakeholder inputCTAHR Research News 19 March 2010
    • NIFA grants are now available!By Sharee PepperGrant coachT he following list includes some current funding $ - USDA, FIFA - New Era Rural Technology Competitive opportunities that may be of interest to CTAHR Grants Program (RTP) faculty. If the deadline is too short for this Deadline: April 14, 2010year, it is still a good indication of the likely due http://www.nifa.usda.gov/funding/rfas/new_era.htmldate for next year. Let us know if we can be of any $- USDA - Farmers Market Promotion Program (FMPP)assistance with developing and editing your grant Deadline: April 15, 2010application. http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/FMPPFor information on submitting grants electronically on $ - USDA, NIFA - The Center for Tropical and Subtropicalgrants.gov the following publication may be useful. Aquaculture (CTSA)USDA, NIFA Grants.gov Application Guide – A Deadline April 16, 2010 (pre-proposal) http://www.ctsa.org/EventDetail.aspx?eID=1210guide for the preparation and submission of NIFAapplications via grants.gov. $ - Western SARE - Farmer Rancher Grant (FRG) andhttp://www.nifa.usda.gov/funding/grant_forms/ Professional + Producer Grant (PPG)electronic_app_guide.pdf Application Window: April 14, 2009 to December 04, 2009 https://wsare.usu.edu/grants/?ok=Vw_RFAsAgriculture, Rural and Community Development Grants $ - Farm Foundation Deadlines: April 30 and October 31See appendix table at end for new AFRI deadline http://www.farmfoundation.org/webcontent/Farm-dates or URL: http://www.nifa.usda.gov/funding/afri/ Foundation-NFP-Small-Grants-Program-357.afri_program_deadline_dates.html aspx?z=85&a=357$ - Western SARE - Sustainable Ag Tours Grant (TRG) $ -USDA, NIFA - Western Sustainable Agriculture ResearchDeadline: April 01, 2010 and Education Programhttps://wsare.usu.edu/grants/RFA/TRG_ed_10.pdf Sustainable Agriculture Tours Deadline: Open until funding is exhausted$ - USDA, NIFA, – Arthropod and Nematode Biology and http://wsare.usu.edu/grants/docs/RFA_SAT.pdfManagement: Tools, Resources, and GenomicsDeadline: April 1, 2010 $ - USDA, Rural Developmenthttp://www.nifa.usda.gov/fo/ Community Facilities Loan and Grant Programarthropodnematodetoolsresourcesgenomicsafri.cfm Deadline: Applications accepted on an ongoing basis http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/rhs/cf/cp.htm$ - USDA, NIFA - Beginning Farmer and Rancher http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/rhs/cf/brief_cp_grant.htmDevelopment ProgramDeadline: April 6, 2010http://www.nifa.usda.gov/funding/rfas/bfrdp.html Education $ - NOAA - Environmental Literacy Grants (ELG) for$ - DHHS, Administration for Children and Families (ACF) Informal/Nonformal Science Education- Social and Economic Development Strategies - Special Deadlines - Letters of Intent (Required): February 16,Initiative 2010.Deadline: April 9, 2010 Deadline for full applications: April 6, 2010.http://www.anapacificbasin.org An informational teleconference: January 21, 2010. http://www.oesd.noaa.gov/funding_opps.htmlCTAHR Research News 20 March 2010
    • $ - Western SARE - Graduate Student Grant (GSG) Financial GrantsDeadline: May 31, 2010https://wsare.usu.edu/grants/?ok=Vw_RFAs $ - Money Management International Financial Education Foundation,$ - Human Frontier Science Program – Short Term Financial Education GrantsFellowship Program Deadline: rolling – applications accepted year roundDeadline: rolling – applications accepted year round http://www.mmifoundation.org/GrantSeekers.asphttp://www.hfsp.org/how/appl_forms_STF.php $ - Hitachi Foundation: Business and Communities Grants$ - NSF – Active Funding Opportunities ProgramDeadline: Multiple Grants Address Economically Isolated Communitieshttp://www.nsf.gov/funding/pgm_list. Interested organizations may submit an online inquiry tojsp?org=NSF&ord=date provide information about project ideas at any time and the Foundation’s will determine if it fits their priorities.Environment, Water, Energy, Invasive Species Grants http://www.hitachifoundation.org/grants/guidelines/index. html$ - National Fish and Wildlife (NFWF) FoundationAccepting Pre-proposals for Acres for AmericaConservation Program Health, Nutrition, Food & Biomedical GrantsDeadline: April 1, 2010 annually (Pre-proposals)http://www.nfwf.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Charter_ $ - Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) - ActivePrograms_List&Template=/TaggedPage/ Living Research and New Connections Grant OpportunitiesTaggedPageDisplay.cfm&TPLID=60&ContentID=15055 Proposal Deadline: April 14, 2010 http://www.rwjf.org/applications/solicited/cfp.$ - National Science Foundation (NSF) - Climate Change jsp?ID=21041Education Partnership (CCEP) Program, Phase I (CCEP-I)(program solicitation NSF 10-542) $ - Robert Wood Johnson (RWJ) Foundation - HealthyDeadline: Letter of Intent due April 23, 2010 (required) Eating Research Announces 2010 Call for ProposalsFull Proposal Deadline(s): May 24, 2010 Phase I Deadline: Healthy Eating and New Connections – MayPartnership Proposals 13, 2010http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2010/nsf10542/nsf10542.pdf Rapid-Response Grants due any time until September 1, 2010$ - National Forest Foundation: Community Assistance http://www.healthyeatingresearch.org/component/content/Program article/230Local Forest Partnerships FundDeadline: proposals accepted on a rolling basis $ - Aetna Foundation Announces 2010 Grant Programthroughout year Funding Prioritieshttp://www.natlforests.org/consp_05_cap.html Deadlines: Quarterly - February 15, May 15, August 15, & November 15, 2010$ - National Geographic Conservation Trust Offers Funding http://foundationcenter.org/pnd/rfp/rfp_item.to Preserve Earth’s Resources jhtml?id=288000014Deadline: Openhttp://www.nationalgeographic.com/field/grants-programs/ $ - Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and Pew Charitableconservation-trust-application.html Trusts Announce Health Impact Project Deadline: Open http://www.rwjf.org/applications/solicited/cfp.Families, Youth and Children Grants jsp?ID=20921$ - CHS FoundationRural Youth and Leadership DevelopmentDeadline: rolling – applications accepted year roundhttp://www.chsfoundation.org/programs/ryld.htmCTAHR Research News 21 March 2010
    • Science Grants UH, Hawaii and Regional Grants$ - DOE, Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) - $ - UH, University Research Council - Faculty Travel FundsGrid-Scale Rampable Intermittent Dispatchable Storage Proposal Deadline: rolling – applications must be in >4(GRIDS) weeks before travel.Concept Paper Deadline: 4/2/2010 http://www.hawaii.edu/urc/pdf/factravel_g.pdfhttps://arpa-e-foa.energy.gov/ http://www.hawaii.edu/urc/pdf/factravel_f.pdfNSF – Active Funding OpportunitiesDeadline: Multiplehttp://www.nsf.gov/funding/pgm_list.jsp?org=NSF&ord=date$ - National Geographic Society – Waitt Grants ProgramDeadline: Rollinghttp://www.nationalgeographic.com/field/grants-programs/waitt-grants-application.html NIFA / AFRI deadlinesThe Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) encompasses several different Request for Applications (RFA) thatcontain many Program Areas. These Program Areas cover a broad array of issues and topic important to US agriculture.Important deadlines are summarized in the table below. Refer to the following RFAs for related detailed information onProgram Area Priorities for FY2010:AFRI Foundational Program RFAAFRI Childhood Obesity Prevention Challenge Area RFAAFRI Climate Change Challenge Area RFAAFRI Food Safety Challenge Area RFAAFRI Global Food Security Challenge Area RFAFRI Sustainable Bioenergy Challenge Area RFAURLs: http://www.nifa.usda.gov/funding/rfas/afri_rfa.html or http://www.nifa.usda.gov/funding/afri/afri_program_deadline_dates.htmlFoundational Program within AFRI ($64 million) Funds Letter of Intent Deadline Application Deadline Available (Millions) Plant Health and Production and Plant $7.5 Tuesday, April 20, 2010 Wednesday, July 07, 2010 Products (A1101) Pest and Beneficial Insects in Plant $6.0 Thursday, April 22, 2010 Thursday, June 10, 2010 Systems (A111) Animal Health and Reproduction: Ani- $5.0 Wednesday, April 21, 2010 Wednesday, July 14, 2010 mal Bioinformatics and Development of Tools for Livestock, Poultry, and Aquaculture (A1201) Animal Health and Reproduction: $4.0 Not Required Tuesday, May 04, 2010 Animal Reproduction (A1211) Animal Health (1221) $5.0 Not Required Wednesday, May 05, 2010 Food-borne Pathogen-Plant Interac- $3.5 Wednesday, April 14, 2010 Wednesday, May 26, 2010 tions (1301) Practical Approaches to Food Safety $2.0 Wednesday, May 12, 2010 Wednesday, August 04, 2010 (1311) Reducing Food Allergies by Improving $4.5 Wednesday, April 14, 2010 Monday, June 14, 2010 Food Quality (A1321)CTAHR Research News 22 March 2010
    • Microbial Communities in Soil (A1401) $4.5 Monday, May 03, 2010 Monday, August 23, 2010 Agriculture Water Science (A1411) $4.5 Not Required Wednesday, May 19, 2010 Engineering Approaches for Improved $4.0 Wednesday, April 14, 2010 Thursday, July 08, 2010 or Alternative Management Systems to Safeguard Animal Welfare (A1501) Nanoscale Science and Nanotechnol- $3.5 Not Required Friday, May 14, 2010 ogy to Ensure Safe Food (A1511) Prosperity of Small and Medium- $7.0 Not Required Wednesday, July 14, 2010 Sized Farms and Rural Communities (A1601) Economics of Markets and Develop- $3.0 Not Required Wednesday, July 07, 2010 ment (A1611)Childhood Obesity Prevention ($25 million) Funds Letter of Intent Deadline Application Deadline Available (Millions) Integrated Research, Education and As many as Not Required Tuesday, June 29, 2010 Extension to Prevent Childhood Obe- 15 awards up sity (A2101) to $1.0 million per award per year Extension Interventions to Prevent As many as Not Required Tuesday, June 29, 2010 Childhood Obesity (A2111) 5 awards up to $0.2 million per award per year Transdisciplinary Graduate Education As many as Not Required Tuesday, August 03, 2010 and Training in Nutrition and Family 2 awards up Sciences or Child Development or to $1.0 million Related Fields to Prevent Childhood per award per Obesity (A2121) year Methodological Research to Assess As many as Not Required Tuesday, June 29, 2010 the Effectiveness of Obesity Preven- 4 awards up tion Strategies (A2131) to $0.5 million per award per year Community-based Childhood Obesity As many as Monday, May 03, 2010 Tuesday, August 03, 2010 Prevention (A2141) 1 award up to $5 million per award per yearClimate Change ($55 million) Funds Letter of Intent Deadline Application Deadline Available (Millions) Regional Approaches to Climate As many as Friday, May 07, 2010 Friday, July 16, 2010 Change (A3101) 5-8 awards up to $4.0 million per award per year Regional Approaches to Climate As many as Not Required Friday, May 14, 2010 Change: Planning (A3111) 10 awards up to $0.05 mil- lion per award per year National Cereal Germplasm Phenotyp- As many as Friday, May 07, 2010 Friday, July 16, 2010 ing (A3121) 2 awards up to $5.0 million per award per yearCTAHR Research News 23 March 2010
    • Impacts of Climate Change on Animal As many as Friday, April 30, 2010 Friday, July 02, 2010 Health and Production (A3131) 5 awards up to $0.5 million per award per year Climate Change Mitigation and Adap- As many as Friday, April 30, 2010 Friday, July 02, 2010 tation in Agriculture (A3141) 13 awards up to $1.0 million per award per year Global Food Security ($19 million) Funds Avail- Letter of Intent Deadline Application Deadline able (Mil- lions) Improving Sustainability by Improving As many as Wednesday, April 14, 2010 Wednesday, July 14, 2010 Feed Efficiency of Animals (A5101) 3 awards up to $3.0 million per award per year Minimizing Losses from Dairy Diseas- As many as 1 Friday, April 23, 2010 Tuesday, July 13, 2010 es with Major Impact on Production, award up to Marketing, and/or Trade (A5111) $2.0 million per award per year Oomycete Pathosystems in Crop As many as Monday, April 26, 2010 Monday, August 02, 2010 Plants to Minimize Disease (A5121) 2 awards up to $1.9 million per award per year Program Delivery and Implementation As many as 1 Wednesday, May 19, 2010 Wednesday, August 11, 2010 of Wide-area Pest Monitoring (A5131) award up to $1.2 million per award per year Improved Sustainable Food Systems As many as Friday, April 30, 2010 Tuesday, June 29, 2010 to Reduce Hunger and Food Insecurity 5 awards up Domestically and Globally (A5141) to $1.0 million per award per year Food Safety ($20 million) Funds Letter of Intent Deadline Application Deadline Available (Millions) Prevention, Detection, and Control of As many as Wednesday, May 05, 2010 Wednesday, September 22, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli 1-2 awards 2010 from Pre-Harvest through Consump- up to $5.0 tion of Beef Products (A4101) million per award per year Microbial Ecology and Shiga toxin- As many as Wednesday, April 21, 2010 Tuesday, June 29, 2010 producing Escherichia coli Shedding in 7 awards up Cattle (A4111) to $0.5 million per award per year Prevention, Detection, and Control of As many as Monday, April 26, 2010 Wednesday, September 01, Food-borne Viruses in Food: A Focus 1-2 awards 2010 on Noroviruses (A4121) up to $5.0 million per award per yearCTAHR Research News 24 March 2010
    • Food Processing Technologies to De- As many as Wednesday, April 21, 2010 Tuesday, June 29, 2010 stroy Food-borne Pathogens with an 4 awards up Emphasis on Viruses and Shiga toxin- to $1.0 million producing Escherichia coli (A4231) per award per year Addressing Critical and Emerging As many as Wednesday, April 28, 2010 Tuesday, June 29, 2010 Food Safety Issues (A4141) 5 awards up to $0.3 million per award per year National Education Programs for Food As many as Wednesday, April 28, 2010 Tuesday, June 29, 2010 Safety (A4151) 2 awards up to $0.5 million per award per year Sustainable Funds Letter of Intent Deadline Application Deadline Bioenergy ($40 million) Available (Millions) Regional Approaches to Sustainable As many as Friday, July 09, 2010 Wednesday, September 15, Bioenergy (A6101) 3-5 awards 2010 up to $9.0 million per award per year Regional Approaches to Sustainable As many as 4 Not Required Friday, May 14, 2010 Bioenergy: Planning (A6111) awards up to $0.05 million per award per year Sustainable Bioenergy Research As many as Friday, April 30, 2010 Monday, June 14, 2010 (A6121) 40 awards up to $0.2 million per award per year Investing in Americans Scien- As many as Friday, April 30, 2010 Monday, June 14, 2010 tific Corps: Stimulating a New Era of 2 awards up Students and Faculty in Bioenergy to $1.0 million (A6131) per award per year National Loblolly Pine Genome Se- As many as 1 Friday, May 07, 2010 Friday, July 16, 2010 quencing (A6141) award up to $3.0 million per award per yearCTAHR Research News 25 March 2010
    • New grants won! (3-1 to 3-25, 2010)Last First Name Proposal Title Sponsor Department Description Award AmountName NameGrace, Kenneth Biology and Agriculture, PEPS Develop tools and assessment $5,842 Control of the Dept - FED methods to support communi- Formosan ty-wide termite management; Subterranean detect and establish research Termite methods for new invasive termites in Hawaii.Leung, PingSun Comparative Agriculture, NREM To document and assess the $38,295 Advantage Dept - HI competitive and comparative of Hawaii’s advantage of selected agri- Agricultural cultural exports to Japan and Exports to the summarize the results in a fact- Japan Markets sheet for public dissemination.Rubinoff, Daniel Z Evaluation Defense, PEPS Rearing and evaluation of two $108,916 of Oleander Dept - Defense moth species, one in Hawaii Sphinx Moth Threat Reduc- and one in Florida for Hybrid Daphnis nerii tion Agcy MEMS technology and the Giant Sphinx Moth, Cocytius an- taeus, as Mod Award Count: 3 Total: $153,053Faculty publicationsRussell Messing (PEPS) Rubinoff, D. B.S. Holland, A. Shibata, R. H. Messing, andKroder, S. & R. H. Messing. 2010. A new parasitoid from M. G. Wright. 2010. Rapid invasion despite extremelyKenya, Fopius ceratitivorus, complements the extant low genetic diversity in the invasive Erythrina Gallparasitoid guild attacking Mediterannean fruit fly in Hawaii. Wasp (Quadrastichus erythrinae Kim Delvare and LaBiological Control 53: 223-229. Salle 2004). Pacific Science 64:23-31.Dan Rubinoff (PEPS)King, C. B. A, W. P. Haines and D. Rubinoff. 2010. Impacts of invasive parasitoids on declining endemic Hawaiian leafroller moths (Omiodes: Crambidae) vary among sites and species. Journal of Applied Ecology. 47:299-308.CTAHR Research News 26 March 2010